1. When did the Monuments Men operate? What was their mission in World War II?
The “Monuments Men” were “a group of soldiers who served in the Western Allied military effort from 1943 until 1951. Their initial responsibility was to mitigate combat damage, primarily to structures— churches, museums, and other important monuments.”
2. Who comprised the group known as the Monuments Men? How does the author characterize these individuals in his introduction to Part I: “The Mission”?
The author states that "The Monuments Men were a group of men and women from thirteen nations, most of whom volunteered for service in the newly created Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives section, or MFAA." Most of the early volunteers had expertise as museum directors, curators, etc.
3. Who founded the city of Karlsruhe, Germany? What was notable about the people who settled in this city?
The city of Karlsruhe, Germany was founded in 1715 by the Margrave Karl Wilhelm von Baden-Durlach. As Karl Wilhelm desired to develop the city into a regional power, he invited all races to settle where they liked; this was a luxury for Jews, who were relegated to Jewish-only neighborhoods throughout most of Eastern Europe.
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