The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is used to make laws based on observations?

2. What increases with the increase of the degrees of falsifiability?

3. What is considered only if one class includes the other?

4. What does Popper equate simplicity with?

5. What theory does Schrödinger begin this investigation with?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why do falsifiable statements hold the greatest promise for science?

2. How is logical probability represented?

3. What does Popper suggest about hypothetical assumptions in his discussion on inductivists?

4. Why does Popper feel that intersubjective objectivity must be applied to statistical statements?

5. What role does simplicity play in theories of inductive logic?

6. What does Popper say about simplicity and the philosophers who emphasize its importance?

7. Why, according to Heisenberg, can measurement not be a basis for prediction?

8. What are the two main sources for hypothetical estimates of frequencies with regard to infinite empirical sequences?

9. Why does Popper dismiss cardinality in terms of giving meaning to a class of events?

10. How is the theory of chance solved?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Popper has suggests two significant factors about Heisenberg's programme. What are these two factors? How did Popper come to these conclusions? What are Popper's corrections of these issues? Based on the reading and Popper's previous explanations of the uncertainty relations presented in Heisenberg's programme do you feel these are adequate criticisms and solutions?

Essay Topic 2

Popper feels no conclusive disproof of a theory can be obtained. Do you agree? Explain your answer based on the readings.

Essay Topic 3

How does one differentiate between a conventionalist and an empirical theory? Based on this, how can one avoid conventionalist theories? Why would one want to avoid a conventionalist theory?

(see the answer keys)

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