The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is Feigl's reasoning to the motion of simplicity?

2. What theory suggests that simplicity is expected to achieve a law-like regularity of events?

3. By seeking the highest degree of universality and precision, what type of content results?

4. What type of numerical interpretation requires that probabilities be only expressed as frequencies?

5. How does Popper describe the link between the hypothesis and physical selections in Heisenberg's theory?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the basis of the wave theory used by Schrödinger?

2. What are the two main sources for hypothetical estimates of frequencies with regard to infinite empirical sequences?

3. Why does Popper feel the view of Wittgenstein, Schlick, and Feigl regarding simplicity misses crucial points?

4. How is the physical basis for the uncertainty theory undermined?

5. Why, according to Heisenberg, can measurement not be a basis for prediction?

6. What does Popper believe regarding the logical proximity of a theory to empirical statements?

7. How does falsifiability relate to the dimensions of a statement under investigation?

8. Why does Popper prefer quantitative over qualitative methods?

9. What two scientific arguments does Popper use to verify his beliefs about inductivists?

10. What is the position taken to make the argument for sample selection in research?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Popper leaves the question of the benefits of more or fewer falsifiers open. Discuss the benefits or drawbacks of more or fewer falsifiers. Based on this information, which do you feel is better? Explain your answer.

Essay Topic 2

In an essay, discuss why theories that suggest causality can only be deductive. Provide reasoning and examples for your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Discuss the Axiom of Randomness and the Axiom of Convergence. What are they? What theory or theories do they apply? What criticism have they received? Do you think the criticism is warranted?

(see the answer keys)

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