The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What plays a vitally important role in empirical science?

2. In chapter 9, what does Popper use to test his probability theory?

3. What is Feigl's reasoning to the motion of simplicity?

4. What does Popper eliminate from the common frequency theory by using mathematical and narrative approaches?

5. What hypothetical estimate of frequency suggests equal distribution, normally based on considerations of symmetry?

Short Essay Questions

1. How is logical probability represented?

2. What is the position taken to make the argument for sample selection in research?

3. Using Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, what does Popper attempt to prove?

4. How is the physical basis for the uncertainty theory undermined?

5. What does Popper say about simplicity and the philosophers who emphasize its importance?

6. What is the basic contribution that Popper makes to the logic of the theory of probability?

7. How is the theory of chance solved?

8. Why does Popper feel the view of Wittgenstein, Schlick, and Feigl regarding simplicity misses crucial points?

9. According to Popper, where does the value of simplicity lay?

10. How does Popper feel traditional inductivists work?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Popper feels no conclusive disproof of a theory can be obtained. Do you agree? Explain your answer based on the readings.

Essay Topic 2

How does one differentiate between a conventionalist and an empirical theory? Based on this, how can one avoid conventionalist theories? Why would one want to avoid a conventionalist theory?

Essay Topic 3

Popper suggests that simplicity is used in many senses. Discuss these senses and provide support from the reading. What sense of simplicity does Popper feel is appropriate in science? Do you agree with Popper? Why or why not?

(see the answer keys)

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