The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. From what does methodological rule differ?

2. What deductive tests determine if a theory is a scientific advance?

3. In order to be true statements of science, what characteristic must these statements have?

4. What does Popper fear philosophers will think about methodological investigations?

5. What does Popper think about statements in which individuals names do not occur?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the conventionalist view of science?

2. What are three characteristics of theories?

3. What does Popper say about the blind acceptance of auxiliary hypothesis?

4. Why is the concept of numerical universality a problem for Popper?

5. What must an experimenter do in order to test a theory?

6. With regard to universal and singular statements, what does Popper note about symbolic logic?

7. How is causality related to tautological arguments?

8. Why does Popper state that observability is not psychological?

9. What is the purpose of empirical systems being consistent and falsifiable?

10. How does Popper define a scientist?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Discuss the Axiom of Randomness and the Axiom of Convergence. What are they? What theory or theories do they apply? What criticism have they received? Do you think the criticism is warranted?

Essay Topic 2

In an essay, discuss why theories that suggest causality can only be deductive. Provide reasoning and examples for your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Explain the problem of demarcation according to Popper. How does Popper feel about demarcation? How does this issue relate to empirical science? Explain your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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