The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What comprises empirical science?

2. What term does Popper use of empirical science?

3. How many conditions must a statement satisfy in order to be falsifiable?

4. What type of reasoning does Popper believe inductive reasoning is?

5. What deductive tests determine if a theory is a scientific advance?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does one make a statement falsifiable?

2. How is a naturalistic view constraining to scientific thought?

3. What is the distinction between universal statements and singular statements?

4. Why is the concept of numerical universality a problem for Popper?

5. What does breaking the investigation of the chain of logical reasoning into steps allow Popper to do?

6. How does metaphysics factor into the scientific process?

7. With regard to universal and singular statements, what does Popper note about symbolic logic?

8. What is the task of the logic of scientific discovery?

9. What does Popper say about the blind acceptance of auxiliary hypothesis?

10. What is the falsification of a statement?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

What three steps must be taken for a statement to be logically examined? Discuss each step and identify its place in this process as well as its role.

Essay Topic 2

Discuss the difference between falsifiability and falsification. How is each used in research and theory development? How can one tell the difference between a falsifiable statement and a falsification statement?

Essay Topic 3

Regarding the protocol of sentences, compare and contrast the following scientist's views: Reininger, Carnap, and Neurath. Which does Popper agree with? Explain you answer using examples as support.

(see the answer keys)

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