The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is important to Popper's argument for a logic of science?

2. What is one approach to knowledge considered by Popper?

3. How does Popper investigate the chain of logical reasoning?

4. What does Popper think about statements in which individuals names do not occur?

5. What term does Popper use of empirical science?

Short Essay Questions

1. Popper states that scientific statements cannot be conclusively disproved. If this is the case what can be determined with these statements?

2. With regard to universal and singular statements, what does Popper note about symbolic logic?

3. What does breaking the investigation of the chain of logical reasoning into steps allow Popper to do?

4. How is a naturalistic view constraining to scientific thought?

5. How does one make a statement falsifiable?

6. How is causality related to tautological arguments?

7. What are three characteristics of theories?

8. Why is the concept of numerical universality a problem for Popper?

9. What are the two conditions that must be met for a statement to be falsifiable?

10. What is Fries' trilemma?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Popper discusses the relationship between corroborability and testability. Discuss this relationship. Is this relationship positive or negative? Must is be one or the other in order for science to be successful? Provide support for your answer using examples and evidence from the readings.

Essay Topic 2

Popper suggests that simplicity is used in many senses. Discuss these senses and provide support from the reading. What sense of simplicity does Popper feel is appropriate in science? Do you agree with Popper? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

Compare and contrast strict and numerical universality. What place does each have in research? Is one more efficient or useful than another? Explain your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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