The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. Statements that rule things out rather than include more things are considered what type of statements?

2. What must be identical to basic statements?

3. According to conventionalism, what is required to make determinations of the natural world?

4. What do the constructions of the laws of nature determine?

5. What does Popper say about positivism?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does breaking the investigation of the chain of logical reasoning into steps allow Popper to do?

2. What is the purpose of empirical systems being consistent and falsifiable?

3. What is Fries' trilemma?

4. What must an experimenter do in order to test a theory?

5. What does Popper classify as being inductive statements?

6. What are three characteristics of theories?

7. How is causality related to tautological arguments?

8. What is the benefit of singular statements?

9. Why does Popper discredit the conventionalist view of science?

10. Why does Popper state that observability is not psychological?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

What three steps must be taken for a statement to be logically examined? Discuss each step and identify its place in this process as well as its role.

Essay Topic 2

Compare and contrast strict and numerical universality. What place does each have in research? Is one more efficient or useful than another? Explain your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Popper leaves the question of the benefits of more or fewer falsifiers open. Discuss the benefits or drawbacks of more or fewer falsifiers. Based on this information, which do you feel is better? Explain your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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