The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Popper give credit to conventionalism for doing?

2. What should guide the methods of testing scientific statements?

3. What does the first rule of logic do?

4. What type of statement is deduced from universal statements?

5. What does Popper say about positivism?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Popper discredit the conventionalist view of science?

2. How is a naturalistic view constraining to scientific thought?

3. What does breaking the investigation of the chain of logical reasoning into steps allow Popper to do?

4. What are the two conditions that must be met for a statement to be falsifiable?

5. What is the falsification of a statement?

6. What is the benefit of singular statements?

7. How does one make a statement falsifiable?

8. How is causality related to tautological arguments?

9. What is the distinction between universal statements and singular statements?

10. How does Popper define a scientist?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Develop a counterargument for Popper's view of Fries' trilemma. Is Popper too strict on what is considered empirical? Explain your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Popper leaves the question of the benefits of more or fewer falsifiers open. Discuss the benefits or drawbacks of more or fewer falsifiers. Based on this information, which do you feel is better? Explain your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Compare and contrast strict and numerical universality. What place does each have in research? Is one more efficient or useful than another? Explain your answer.

(see the answer keys)

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