The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is one approach to knowledge considered by Popper?
(a) Inductive.
(b) Common sense.
(c) Purposive.
(d) Accidental.

2. What does Popper fear philosophers will think about methodological investigations?
(a) There is no substance in them.
(b) They do not belong to philosophy.
(c) They contradict years of thought.
(d) They do not work.

3. How many conditions must a statement satisfy in order to be falsifiable?
(a) 5.
(b) 2.
(c) 4.
(d) 3.

4. How does Popper investigate the chain of logical reasoning?
(a) Breaking it into steps.
(b) Relying of previous research.
(c) Understanding metaphysics.
(d) Identifying trends.

5. According to conventionalists, what will yields more complete results of science?
(a) Greater mastery.
(b) Inferences.
(c) Experimentation.
(d) Logical constructions of nature.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is used to capture and explain the world?

2. Also referred to as singular statements, what are subsets of events?

3. What denotes what is universal about an occurrence?

4. How are theories used to explain the world?

5. What type of hypotheses does Popper warn against?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why is the concept of numerical universality a problem for Popper?

2. With regard to universal and singular statements, what does Popper note about symbolic logic?

3. What does Popper state is not the goal of science?

4. How do methodological rules differ from logical or deductive rules?

5. What is Fries' trilemma?

6. What must an experimenter do in order to test a theory?

7. How does metaphysics factor into the scientific process?

8. What must be assumed to justify a universal statement?

9. What argument does Popper present against conventionalists and positivists regarding the testing of a theory?

10. How is causality related to tautological arguments?

(see the answer keys)

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