The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Also referred to as singular statements, what are subsets of events?
(a) Occurrences.
(b) Post events.
(c) Situations.
(d) Sub-events.

2. What is not to be expected of methodology?
(a) Profound truths.
(b) Proven theories.
(c) False data.
(d) Logical constructs.

3. According to Popper, what can't universals be reduced to?
(a) A class of experiences.
(b) Infinite regress.
(c) Psychologism.
(d) Dogmatism.

4. What type of hypotheses does Popper warn against?
(a) Initial hypotheses.
(b) Proven hypotheses.
(c) Auxiliary hypotheses.
(d) Universal hypotheses.

5. What does Menger say about definitions?
(a) They are dogmas.
(b) They are fruitful.
(c) They serve science well.
(d) They are based on observations.

Short Answer Questions

1. Popper feels the principle of causality is not falsifiable and therefore regards it as what?

2. What challenges Poppers use of falsification as criteria in deciding is a theoretical system is empirical?

3. What does Popper feel is the result of adopting conditions to a hypothesis?

4. What guides a scientific experiment?

5. How does deductive reasoning begin?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Popper state that observability is not psychological?

2. What does Popper classify as being inductive statements?

3. What must be assumed to justify a universal statement?

4. What argument does Popper present against conventionalists and positivists regarding the testing of a theory?

5. What does Popper state is not the goal of science?

6. How is causality related to tautological arguments?

7. With regard to universal and singular statements, what does Popper note about symbolic logic?

8. What does Popper say about the blind acceptance of auxiliary hypothesis?

9. Why does Popper view positivism as narrow, limited, and misguided?

10. How does Popper define a scientist?

(see the answer keys)

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