The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How are theories used to explain the world?
(a) As abstract thought.
(b) By questioning everything.
(c) As guides.
(d) As concrete fact.

2. What view does Popper take to analyze scientific thinking?
(a) Linguistic.
(b) Epistemology.
(c) Metaphysical.
(d) Philosophical.

3. Popper rejects perceptions because they tie into what type of principles?
(a) Deductive.
(b) Metaphysical.
(c) Logical.
(d) Inductive.

4. What does Popper suggest is not psychological?
(a) Objectivism.
(b) Subjectivism.
(c) Existentialism.
(d) Observability.

5. What does Popper suggest is the result of using logic to justify a statement?
(a) More problems.
(b) A loop that logic cannot escape.
(c) A solution.
(d) Theories.

Short Answer Questions

1. What type of reasoning, according to Popper, is not rational?

2. According to conventionalism, what is required to make determinations of the natural world?

3. What does the principle of causality say about all events?

4. What must be maintained in at each level of the experimental process?

5. What does the first rule of logic do?

Short Essay Questions

1. What must be assumed to justify a universal statement?

2. What does Popper say about the blind acceptance of auxiliary hypothesis?

3. What is Fries' trilemma?

4. How does one make a statement falsifiable?

5. What does Popper state is not the goal of science?

6. What must an experimenter do in order to test a theory?

7. What are three characteristics of theories?

8. What is the task of the logic of scientific discovery?

9. How do methodological rules differ from logical or deductive rules?

10. According to Popper, what should epistemology do?

(see the answer keys)

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