|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What guides a scientific experiment?
(a) Deductive reasoning.
(c) Inductive reasoning.
2. What happens when theories are refined?
(a) They become proven fact.
(b) They become obsolete.
(c) Science prevails.
(d) They become better explanatory tools.
3. How does logic serve in determining if a statement is testable?
(a) It creates provability.
(b) It creates understanding.
(c) It sets up criteria.
(d) It does nothing.
4. What does Popper feel is a fruitless exercise?
(a) Naming metaphysical things.
(b) Naming universal things.
(c) Naming logical things.
(d) Naming singular things.
5. How are theories used to explain the world?
(a) As abstract thought.
(b) As concrete fact.
(c) As guides.
(d) By questioning everything.
Short Answer Questions
1. What allows for considerations of whether a theory is falsifiable?
2. What type of rule do positivists and reductionists adhere to, according to Popper?
3. What does Popper use to check his investigations?
4. What term does Popper use of empirical science?
5. What types of statements are scientific theories?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why does Popper view positivism as narrow, limited, and misguided?
2. How does metaphysics factor into the scientific process?
3. What are the two conditions that must be met for a statement to be falsifiable?
4. Why does Popper state that observability is not psychological?
5. Popper states that scientific statements cannot be conclusively disproved. If this is the case what can be determined with these statements?
6. How is a naturalistic view constraining to scientific thought?
7. What must be assumed to justify a universal statement?
8. What are three characteristics of theories?
9. What is the task of the logic of scientific discovery?
10. What does Popper classify as being inductive statements?
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