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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. Who does Popper feel has been unsuccessful in purging atomic science of metaphysical influences?**
**(a)** Bohr. **(b)** Einstein. **(c)** Heisenberg. **(d)** Newton.

**2. What does Popper feel about an axiom in relations of von Mises view of an axiom of randomness?**
**(a)** It is self-contradicting. **(b)** It is a powerful construct. **(c)** Mathematical validity is high. **(d)** It is a weak construct.

**3. What do the fractions between 0 and 1 represent?**
**(a)** Falsifiability. **(b)** Tautological methods. **(c)** Justification. **(d)** Metaphysical numbers.

**4. What is the most significant factor when selecting a theory?**
**(a)** The understandability. **(b)** The degree of testability. **(c)** Previous research. **(d)** Its universality.

**5. How do conventionalists define simplicity?**
**(a)** Unpractical. **(b)** Aesthetic and practical. **(c)** As a means to an end. **(d)** As a unified practice.

**6. In chapter 9, what does Popper use to test his probability theory?**
**(a)** Mathematics. **(b)** Quantum physics. **(c)** Psychology. **(d)** Biology.

**7. According to many theorists, what gives meaning to classes of events?**
**(a)** Class dimensions. **(b)** Subclass events. **(c)** Power. **(d)** Testability.

**8. According to Popper, what takes the place of strict laws in atomic science?**
**(a)** Probability. **(b)** Theory. **(c)** Hypothesis. **(d)** Logic.

**9. Why does Popper find Heisenberg's lack of logic and statistical testing disturbing?**
**(a)** It lacks scientific validity. **(b)** The theory is metaphysical without these factors. **(c)** The theory is not logical without these factors. **(d)** It lacks original thought.

**10. When comparing empirical content, what two factors must the relationship points fall between?**
**(a)** Contradiction and metaphysical. **(b)** Tautology and metaphysical. **(c)** Contradiction and tautology. **(d)** Logical and metaphysical.

**11. If a system is protected what will its degree of falsifiability be equal to?**
**(a)** 1. **(b)** 0. **(c)** -1. **(d)** 2.

**12. What hypothetical estimate of frequency suggests equal distribution, normally based on considerations of symmetry?**
**(a)** Extrapolation of statistical findings. **(b)** Objective probability hypothesis. **(c)** Random events hypothesis. **(d)** Equal choice hypothesis.

**13. What, according to von Mises, is derived from certain initial probabilities and distributions?**
**(a)** Collectives. **(b)** Alternatives. **(c)** Event sequences. **(d)** Normative probabilities.

**14. What key component of Popper's view does not equate to truth?**
**(a)** Corroboration. **(b)** Logic. **(c)** Universal statements. **(d)** Falsifiability.

**15. What is Popper's goal in researching a theory?**
**(a)** To determine its value. **(b)** To determine if it is corroborated. **(c)** To determine if it is a singular statement. **(d)** To determine if it is probable.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** What will classes with greater dimensions have?

**2.** What are hypothetical estimates of frequency?

**3.** What is complimentary to the degree of falsifiability?

**4.** What does Popper feel is one of the premier scientific achievements?

**5.** What type of classes are singled out and can not be subject to the rigors of scientific empirical scrutiny?

This section contains 411 words(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page) |