The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Popper, what philosophy ignores the hypothetical character of statistically derived estimates?
(a) Metaphysics.
(b) Conventionalism.
(c) Positivism.
(d) Inductivism.

2. What increases with the amount of falsifiability?
(a) The amount of information.
(b) The opportunity for error.
(c) The level of research.
(d) The complexity of a study.

3. What does Popper note about conventionalists appeal to simplicity?
(a) It could not save them from arbitrariness.
(b) It cannot be practical.
(c) There was no logic in it.
(d) It was too fundamental.

4. Why does Popper find Heisenberg's lack of logic and statistical testing disturbing?
(a) The theory is metaphysical without these factors.
(b) The theory is not logical without these factors.
(c) It lacks scientific validity.
(d) It lacks original thought.

5. What is retained by old theories when their success is demonstrated through research?
(a) Determinants.
(b) Regularities.
(c) Validity.
(d) Assumptions.

6. What is determined by obscuring a logical connection between statistical and non-statistical interpretations, with regard to uncertainty theory?
(a) A logical basis.
(b) A physical basis.
(c) A metaphysical basis.
(d) A mental basis.

7. Who does Popper feel has been unsuccessful in purging atomic science of metaphysical influences?
(a) Newton.
(b) Einstein.
(c) Bohr.
(d) Heisenberg.

8. What does Popper eliminate from the common frequency theory by using mathematical and narrative approaches?
(a) Doubt.
(b) Subjectivity.
(c) Axioms of convergence.
(d) Chance.

9. What principle does science presuppose?
(a) The homogeneity of nature.
(b) The variability of nature.
(c) The uniformity of nature.
(d) The chaos of nature.

10. What does Popper feel about an axiom in relations of von Mises view of an axiom of randomness?
(a) It is a weak construct.
(b) It is self-contradicting.
(c) Mathematical validity is high.
(d) It is a powerful construct.

11. What scientific thought suggests that probability can be regarded as a generalization of the concept of a singular truth?
(a) Positivism.
(b) Naturalism.
(c) Conventionalism.
(d) Inductivism.

12. What theory does Heisenberg begin this investigation with?
(a) Particle theory.
(b) Wave theory.
(c) Sound theory.
(d) Light theory.

13. What theory does Schrödinger begin this investigation with?
(a) Sound theory.
(b) Wave theory.
(c) Light theory.
(d) Particle theory.

14. What relationships does Popper explore in chapter 8?
(a) Probability and assumptions.
(b) Probability and experience.
(c) Probability and scientific fact.
(d) Probability and simplicity.

15. What, according to von Mises, is derived from certain initial probabilities and distributions?
(a) Event sequences.
(b) Alternatives.
(c) Normative probabilities.
(d) Collectives.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Popper thinks about Wittgenstein, Schlick, and Feigl's thoughts on simplicity as a basic law?

2. How does Popper negate positivist notions regarding the meaninglessness of certain scientific statements?

3. What involves considering the number of favorable cases divided by the number of possible cases?

4. What is considered only if one class includes the other?

5. What occurs with non-numerical probability statements when converted into numerical problems?

(see the answer keys)

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