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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

## Multiple Choice Questions

**1. What scientific thought suggests that probability can be regarded as a generalization of the concept of a singular truth?**
**(a)** Conventionalism. **(b)** Inductivism. **(c)** Naturalism. **(d)** Positivism.

**2. What are easier to test and falsify?**
**(a)** Simple structures. **(b)** Complex structures. **(c)** Unified structures. **(d)** Singular structures.

**3. How does Popper explain the differences in his selection process?**
**(a)** Using discrete categories. **(b)** Using letters. **(c)** Using rational numbers. **(d)** Using ordinal numbers.

**4. Where does information about precision come from?**
**(a)** Examining objective information. **(b)** Examining assumed information. **(c)** Examining ranges. **(d)** Examining concrete information.

**5. What is the most significant factor when selecting a theory?**
**(a)** Previous research. **(b)** The understandability. **(c)** The degree of testability. **(d)** Its universality.

**6. How do conventionalists define simplicity?**
**(a)** Aesthetic and practical. **(b)** As a means to an end. **(c)** Unpractical. **(d)** As a unified practice.

**7. What formula, developed by Popper, suggests that no aggregate of particles is more homogeneous than a pure case?**
**(a)** Wave formula. **(b)** Particle formula. **(c)** Statistical scatter relations formula. **(d)** Statistical pure case formula.

**8. What concept does Popper consider probability to be outside of?**
**(a)** Positivism. **(b)** Conventionalism. **(c)** Falsification. **(d)** Simplicity.

**9. What does Popper state cannot be applied to a sequence of events?**
**(a)** Objective methods. **(b)** Scientific rules. **(c)** Mathematical rules. **(d)** Theory.

**10. In order to validate his theory, what does Popper categorize regarding frequency theory?**
**(a)** Continuing sequences. **(b)** Random sequences. **(c)** Alternative sequences. **(d)** Finite sequences.

**11. What is used to make laws based on observations?**
**(a)** Probability. **(b)** Theory. **(c)** Simplicity. **(d)** Conventionalism.

**12. What does Popper feel about an axiom in relations of von Mises view of an axiom of randomness?**
**(a)** Mathematical validity is high. **(b)** It is a weak construct. **(c)** It is a powerful construct. **(d)** It is self-contradicting.

**13. What view of probability depends on inductive logic?**
**(a)** Inductive view. **(b)** Hypothetical view. **(c)** Deductive view. **(d)** Naturalistic view.

**14. What type of numerical interpretation requires that probabilities be only expressed as frequencies?**
**(a)** Subjective. **(b)** Psychological. **(c)** Objective. **(d)** Non-empirical.

**15. What does Popper dismiss Weyl's use of mathematical simplicity?**
**(a)** Weyl fails to define mathematical simplicity. **(b)** Weyl fails to include probability. **(c)** Weyl fails to include concrete statements. **(d)** Weyl fails to test it empirically.

## Short Answer Questions

**1.** What is Feigl's reasoning to the motion of simplicity?

**2.** What can be predicted using the statistical scatter principle?

**3.** By seeking the highest degree of universality and precision, what type of content results?

**4.** According to von Mises, what occurs to the frequencies of events when event sequences become longer?

**5.** What does Popper claim can never be probable?

This section contains 440 words(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page) |