The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What scientific thought suggests that probability can be regarded as a generalization of the concept of a singular truth?
(a) Conventionalism.
(b) Inductivism.
(c) Naturalism.
(d) Positivism.

2. What are easier to test and falsify?
(a) Simple structures.
(b) Complex structures.
(c) Unified structures.
(d) Singular structures.

3. How does Popper explain the differences in his selection process?
(a) Using discrete categories.
(b) Using letters.
(c) Using rational numbers.
(d) Using ordinal numbers.

4. Where does information about precision come from?
(a) Examining objective information.
(b) Examining assumed information.
(c) Examining ranges.
(d) Examining concrete information.

5. What is the most significant factor when selecting a theory?
(a) Previous research.
(b) The understandability.
(c) The degree of testability.
(d) Its universality.

6. How do conventionalists define simplicity?
(a) Aesthetic and practical.
(b) As a means to an end.
(c) Unpractical.
(d) As a unified practice.

7. What formula, developed by Popper, suggests that no aggregate of particles is more homogeneous than a pure case?
(a) Wave formula.
(b) Particle formula.
(c) Statistical scatter relations formula.
(d) Statistical pure case formula.

8. What concept does Popper consider probability to be outside of?
(a) Positivism.
(b) Conventionalism.
(c) Falsification.
(d) Simplicity.

9. What does Popper state cannot be applied to a sequence of events?
(a) Objective methods.
(b) Scientific rules.
(c) Mathematical rules.
(d) Theory.

10. In order to validate his theory, what does Popper categorize regarding frequency theory?
(a) Continuing sequences.
(b) Random sequences.
(c) Alternative sequences.
(d) Finite sequences.

11. What is used to make laws based on observations?
(a) Probability.
(b) Theory.
(c) Simplicity.
(d) Conventionalism.

12. What does Popper feel about an axiom in relations of von Mises view of an axiom of randomness?
(a) Mathematical validity is high.
(b) It is a weak construct.
(c) It is a powerful construct.
(d) It is self-contradicting.

13. What view of probability depends on inductive logic?
(a) Inductive view.
(b) Hypothetical view.
(c) Deductive view.
(d) Naturalistic view.

14. What type of numerical interpretation requires that probabilities be only expressed as frequencies?
(a) Subjective.
(b) Psychological.
(c) Objective.
(d) Non-empirical.

15. What does Popper dismiss Weyl's use of mathematical simplicity?
(a) Weyl fails to define mathematical simplicity.
(b) Weyl fails to include probability.
(c) Weyl fails to include concrete statements.
(d) Weyl fails to test it empirically.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is Feigl's reasoning to the motion of simplicity?

2. What can be predicted using the statistical scatter principle?

3. By seeking the highest degree of universality and precision, what type of content results?

4. According to von Mises, what occurs to the frequencies of events when event sequences become longer?

5. What does Popper claim can never be probable?

(see the answer keys)

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