The Logic of Scientific Discovery Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who does Popper feel has been unsuccessful in purging atomic science of metaphysical influences?
(a) Bohr.
(b) Einstein.
(c) Heisenberg.
(d) Newton.

2. What does Popper feel about an axiom in relations of von Mises view of an axiom of randomness?
(a) It is self-contradicting.
(b) It is a powerful construct.
(c) Mathematical validity is high.
(d) It is a weak construct.

3. What do the fractions between 0 and 1 represent?
(a) Falsifiability.
(b) Tautological methods.
(c) Justification.
(d) Metaphysical numbers.

4. What is the most significant factor when selecting a theory?
(a) The understandability.
(b) The degree of testability.
(c) Previous research.
(d) Its universality.

5. How do conventionalists define simplicity?
(a) Unpractical.
(b) Aesthetic and practical.
(c) As a means to an end.
(d) As a unified practice.

6. In chapter 9, what does Popper use to test his probability theory?
(a) Mathematics.
(b) Quantum physics.
(c) Psychology.
(d) Biology.

7. According to many theorists, what gives meaning to classes of events?
(a) Class dimensions.
(b) Subclass events.
(c) Power.
(d) Testability.

8. According to Popper, what takes the place of strict laws in atomic science?
(a) Probability.
(b) Theory.
(c) Hypothesis.
(d) Logic.

9. Why does Popper find Heisenberg's lack of logic and statistical testing disturbing?
(a) It lacks scientific validity.
(b) The theory is metaphysical without these factors.
(c) The theory is not logical without these factors.
(d) It lacks original thought.

10. When comparing empirical content, what two factors must the relationship points fall between?
(a) Contradiction and metaphysical.
(b) Tautology and metaphysical.
(c) Contradiction and tautology.
(d) Logical and metaphysical.

11. If a system is protected what will its degree of falsifiability be equal to?
(a) 1.
(b) 0.
(c) -1.
(d) 2.

12. What hypothetical estimate of frequency suggests equal distribution, normally based on considerations of symmetry?
(a) Extrapolation of statistical findings.
(b) Objective probability hypothesis.
(c) Random events hypothesis.
(d) Equal choice hypothesis.

13. What, according to von Mises, is derived from certain initial probabilities and distributions?
(a) Collectives.
(b) Alternatives.
(c) Event sequences.
(d) Normative probabilities.

14. What key component of Popper's view does not equate to truth?
(a) Corroboration.
(b) Logic.
(c) Universal statements.
(d) Falsifiability.

15. What is Popper's goal in researching a theory?
(a) To determine its value.
(b) To determine if it is corroborated.
(c) To determine if it is a singular statement.
(d) To determine if it is probable.

Short Answer Questions

1. What will classes with greater dimensions have?

2. What are hypothetical estimates of frequency?

3. What is complimentary to the degree of falsifiability?

4. What does Popper feel is one of the premier scientific achievements?

5. What type of classes are singled out and can not be subject to the rigors of scientific empirical scrutiny?

(see the answer keys)

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