Part I: Chapter 1, A Survey of Some Fundamental Problems
• Popper analyzes methods of empirical science.
• Popper feels metaphysical and philosophical ideas have contributed much to the sciences.
• Popper questions whether problems of epistemology are inductive or deductive.
• Inductive reasoning is dismissed by Popper.
• The claim is made that there is no logic behind inductive reasoning regarding singular statements.
• The difference between the psychology of knowledge and the logic of knowledge is discussed.
• The psychology of knowledge utilizes questions of fact.
• The logic of knowledge is concerned with justifications and validating statements.
• There are four deducing tests of scientific knowledge: internal consistency, investigating logical forms, comparing theories, and empirical applications.
Part I: Chapter 2, On the Problem of a Theory of Scientific Method
• Popper feels that epistemology should determine and guide methods used in research.
• All research should follow the rules of demarcation.
• The testability of statements should be ensured...
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