The Logic of Scientific Discovery Chapter Abstracts for Teachers

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Part I: Chapter 1, A Survey of Some Fundamental Problems

• Popper analyzes methods of empirical science.

• Popper feels metaphysical and philosophical ideas have contributed much to the sciences.
• Popper questions whether problems of epistemology are inductive or deductive.

• Inductive reasoning is dismissed by Popper.

• The claim is made that there is no logic behind inductive reasoning regarding singular statements.
• The difference between the psychology of knowledge and the logic of knowledge is discussed.

• The psychology of knowledge utilizes questions of fact.

• The logic of knowledge is concerned with justifications and validating statements.

• There are four deducing tests of scientific knowledge: internal consistency, investigating logical forms, comparing theories, and empirical applications.

Part I: Chapter 2, On the Problem of a Theory of Scientific Method

• Popper feels that epistemology should determine and guide methods used in research.

• All research should follow the rules of demarcation.

• The testability of statements should be ensured...

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