The Jugurthine War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Jugurtha do after the Roman representatives leave?

2. What does the Senate tell Adherbal to do after their representative in question #127 returns?

3. To where does Adherbal escape with his soldiers?

4. Why does the Senate send Calpurnius to Numidia?

5. What do Jugurtha's troops do after Marius retreats?

Short Essay Questions

1. How do the Romans finally arrest Jugurtha?

2. Who is Marcus Scaurus and what does the Senate have him do? How does Jugurtha respond to Scaurus?

3. How does the war between Jugurtha and Adhrbal start?

4. How does the Senate respond to Jugurtha's action towards Adherbal?

5. What does the Senate tell Jugurtha he must do about Adherbal and what is Jugurtha's response?

6. What does Sallust say about public office and what most men don't want and how they gain promotions?

7. What does Marius do when he is in Numidia?

8. How does Jugurtha provoke Adherbal into resuming hostilities?

9. What does Jugurtha do after he flees Thala?

10. What does Jugurtha decide to do after he agrees to surrender to Metellus?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

From Sallust's perspective, the Jugurthine war was more akin to a civil war between the nobility and the people, and Jugurtha was an excuse for the takeover.

1. Why do you think Sallust calls the Jugurthine War a civil war? Do you agree with this assertion? Why or why not? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. In some ways, some of the wars in which the United States has participated were civil wars, at least from Sallust's perspective. Do you think it is moral or immoral for America to interfere in a civil war in another country? Why or why not?

3. If one believes Sallust's description of civil war, then the American Revolution would have to be considered a civil war. Debate the two sides to this statement.

Essay Topic 2

Sallust concentrates on the action, often presenting everything in very black and white. For example, the good guys such as Cicero are inherently good, while Catiline, of course, is completely bad. It is interesting that when Antonio pardons himself from fighting, Sallust passes no judgment on him.

1. Discuss the problems that can be caused in a situation when good or bad are the only two judgments that can be made about that situation. Use examples from the text and your own life to illustrate your ideas.

2. Rigidity in thinking has been the cause of much disagreements and misunderstanding in the world. When two people or two cultures or two countries are unable to see the viewpoint of another, communication cannot take place. Sallust seeing some persons as all good or all bad is an example of rigid thinking. Discuss a problem in the present time which is caused or aggravated by rigid thinking.

3. Debate the following statement: All people have both good and bad within and no one is all bad or all good. Use examples of well known individuals in history and individuals in this book, to illustrate both sides of the issue.

Essay Topic 3

Sallust binds the theme of acting quickly with a sound political structure. In a dictatorship such of that of Sylla's and the government Catiline is trying to enforce, acting quickly does not work. Democratic leadership, Sallust says, is more apt to have success with quick decisions.

1. Explain why Sallust does not consider a dictatorship a sound political structure. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Explain the difference and similarities between a dictatorship and a democracy government.

3. What do you think is meant by Sallust binding the theme of acting quickly with a sound political structure.

(see the answer keys)

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