The Jugurthine War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Sallust say about men's lives and fate in Chapter I-XII?

2. Who does the Roman public favor in the next consul election?

3. Why does the Senate send Calpurnius to Numidia?

4. Why does Jugurtha send his best men to Zama?

5. Why does Sallust say he is writing this book?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Jugurtha do after he flees Thala?

2. How does Metellus handle Jugurtha's ambush and what does he do after the first encounter with Jugurtha?

3. What does Jugurtha hear about Metellus, what is his response to that and how does Metellus respond to Jugurtha?

4. How does Jugurtha provoke Adherbal into resuming hostilities?

5. What forces the Senate to act against Jugurtha and what do they do?

6. What does Memmuis tell Jugurtha he must do when Cassius brings him to Rome and how does Jugurtha get out of it?

7. What does Jugurtha decide to do after he agrees to surrender to Metellus?

8. What does Jugurtha tell his army and what do they do?

9. How does Rome feel about Metellus's encounters with Jugurtha and what is Metellus's response to this?

10. How do the Romans finally arrest Jugurtha?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Cato implies that the government is full of corrupt and power-hungry individuals who promote their own wealth over the health of the state.

1. What have you read in this book that would lead you to agree with Cato? Use examples from the book to support your answer.

2. There are many who would say almost all governments are full of corruption. Do you agree or disagree with this? Why or why not?

3. There are some people who compare present day America with the last years of Rome. Compare the two nations with what you see are the similarities and the differences.

Essay Topic 2

It seems strange that Sallust represents Jugurtha as an honorable man and then suggests that his motives behind his violence were nothing more than a lust for power, control and war.

1. Discuss, with examples from the text, the above statement.

2. Jugurtha committed many atrocities in his quest for power. Discuss how you believe his behavior would be settled in an international court for war crimes. How are his actions similar to some of the war crimes which have been tried in the past twenty years?

3. Jugurtha killed not only many people, but his own adopted brothers and even tortured Adherbal. Do you think fratricide is morally more reprehensible than murder of a person who is unknown to the criminal? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

Men joined the army where they aimed to earn renown as a hero. At that time, money and power were more in the background. He states that the Romans do not have greater literature because their people did not want to record merits but wanted their own merits celebrated.

1. There are many reasons why one might join an army. Discuss at least four reasons and whether you believe those are better reasons than to join it for fame.

2. Discuss why Sallust thinks self-aggrandizing has interfered with greater literature being produced.

3. Sallust states that money and power were more in the background at the time as far as what people wanted. Discuss why it is possible that money and power follow fame and admiration.

(see the answer keys)

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