The Jugurthine War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Sallust say is the problem with how the Roman army lives?

2. What does the Senate decide is the reason Bocchus fights with Jugurtha?

3. What does Sallust say is Metellus's primary character trait?

4. What does Jugurtha tell Annius he wants to do?

5. How does Jugurtha motivate his troops to fight against the Romans?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does the Senate tell Jugurtha he must do about Adherbal and what is Jugurtha's response?

2. What happens as fear spreads through Numidia?

3. How does Rome feel about Metellus's encounters with Jugurtha and what is Metellus's response to this?

4. What does the Senate have Metellus do after he is elected and how does Sallust describe Metellus?

5. What does Jugurtha hear about Metellus, what is his response to that and how does Metellus respond to Jugurtha?

6. How does the war between Jugurtha and Adhrbal start?

7. Describe the circumstances surrounding Hiempsal's death?

8. What happens when Metellus tries to capture Zama?

9. What does Metellus do with Bohumilcar?

10. Who is Marcus Scaurus and what does the Senate have him do? How does Jugurtha respond to Scaurus?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Sallust said that wise leaders who could recognize people as individuals and bring them together through a shared love of their nation, built the original Roman society.

1. Why do you think Sallust thought the leaders were wise in the early days of the empire? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss why love of a nation might bind a people together better than greed or love of power.

3. Discuss what the leaders of America might be able to learn from the early leadership of Rome and how they might be able to implement similar leadership.

Essay Topic 2

Sallust starts by talking about the strengths of the mind and the body. He puts the virtues of the mind above that of the body, but he understands that war needs both the mind for planning and the body for attacking.

1. Discuss the strengths of the mind versus the strengths of the body. Include in your discussion how one might complement the other and how one might interfere with the other.

2. Discuss the different uses of the body and the mind for war. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

3. Using the text as a resource, why do you think Sallust puts the virtue of the mind above that of the body? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Sallust presents the Roman army as ill-disciplined brutes. They buy everything instead of making it and live a luxurious life that is not conducive to being men of war.

1. Explain in detail why you think Sallust's evaluation of how soldiers should live is correct or wrong. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss in detail the moral implications of the politicians who send soldiers to war living at a much higher standard than the soldiers. Include in your discussion if you believe the disparity between soldiers' lives and politicians lives make it easier for politicians to use soldiers.

3. Military personnel in America receive fairly low compensation for their jobs although in peacetime the benefits and compensation may seem adequate, when faced with combat, it might seem too little. Discuss what you think is a fair wage for combat soldiers and what they should receive as veterans.

(see the answer keys)

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