The Jugurthine War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Adherbal do before he battles with Jugurtha?

2. Why does Memmuis send Lucius Cassius to Numidia?

3. Why don't the Roman representatives get to speak to Adherbal?

4. What does Jugurtha do to Hiempsal?

5. What does Metellus do with his soldiers when he retreats?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Jugurtha do after the Roman representatives leave Numidia?

2. Who is Marcus Scaurus and what does the Senate have him do? How does Jugurtha respond to Scaurus?

3. How does the war between Jugurtha and Adhrbal start?

4. What forces the Senate to act against Jugurtha and what do they do?

5. How, when and why did a rift develop between Jugurtha and his brothers?

6. What does Memmuis tell Jugurtha he must do when Cassius brings him to Rome and how does Jugurtha get out of it?

7. How does Metellus handle Jugurtha's ambush and what does he do after the first encounter with Jugurtha?

8. How do the Romans finally arrest Jugurtha?

9. What does Jugurtha tell his army and what do they do?

10. What type of government does Sallust say could solve the problems but what happens when that is attempted?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

In many ways, Sallust's recording of events reads more like a novel than an historical document. The book moves along quickly, progressing in short chapters; within the chapters, the writing is not the formal and detailed style a reader would expect from a modern history book.

1. Discuss why you do or do not agree with the above statement using examples from the text to illustrate your opinion.

2. What do you think are the reasons an historian might want to write a book of history that would be interesting for an average reader rather than just historians? What would be the benefit to more people reading a book versus a select few?

3. What do you see are the differences between Sallust's historical accounts of the Catiline Revolt and the Jugurthine War and one that might be written to teach high school students in the 21st. century? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

Essay Topic 2

The Jugurthine War is presented by Sallust as an historical account of two events in Roman history yet it seems to contain as much subjective opinion as historical facts.

1. Discuss why Sallust's book might be mere propaganda for the Roman government. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Debate the following statement: History should contain only facts not opinions or propaganda.

3. How much propaganda do you think is taught in history classes in the present time? Use examples to support your answer.

Essay Topic 3

Sallust said that wise leaders who could recognize people as individuals and bring them together through a shared love of their nation, built the original Roman society.

1. Why do you think Sallust thought the leaders were wise in the early days of the empire? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss why love of a nation might bind a people together better than greed or love of power.

3. Discuss what the leaders of America might be able to learn from the early leadership of Rome and how they might be able to implement similar leadership.

(see the answer keys)

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