The Jugurthine War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Jugurtha do after the Roman representatives leave?

2. What does Memmuis do about Jugurtha?

3. What does Adherbal manage to do when he is caught in Cirta?

4. What does Jugurtha tell Annius he wants to do?

5. What does Sallust say is Metellus's primary character trait?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Rome feel about Metellus's encounters with Jugurtha and what is Metellus's response to this?

2. How does Metellus handle Jugurtha's ambush and what does he do after the first encounter with Jugurtha?

3. How does Jugurtha take care of Annuis?

4. What does Jugurtha do after he flees Thala?

5. What does Jugurtha tell his army and what do they do?

6. How does the Roman public react to Marius and Metellus's falling out?

7. What does the Senate tell Jugurtha he must do about Adherbal and what is Jugurtha's response?

8. How does the war between Jugurtha and Adhrbal start?

9. How, when and why did a rift develop between Jugurtha and his brothers?

10. Who is Marcus Scaurus and what does the Senate have him do? How does Jugurtha respond to Scaurus?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Bocchus calls a meeting with Maruis, who sends Sylla in his place. Bocchus offers his submission and asks if he can come to Rome to meet with the Senate. Rome grants permission and they decide Bocchus was lead astray by Jurgurtha.

1. The above statement seems to imply that the Roman Senate is allowing Bocchus to abdicate responsibility for his actions. Do you think this is reasonable? Why or why not? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. What do you think is the similarities and differences between the Senate's decision about Bocchus and what is called "mitigating circumstances" in our justice system?

3. Do you think claiming to be under the influence of someone else is a valid mitigating circumstance? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 2

Sallust presents the Roman army as ill-disciplined brutes. They buy everything instead of making it and live a luxurious life that is not conducive to being men of war.

1. Explain in detail why you think Sallust's evaluation of how soldiers should live is correct or wrong. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss in detail the moral implications of the politicians who send soldiers to war living at a much higher standard than the soldiers. Include in your discussion if you believe the disparity between soldiers' lives and politicians lives make it easier for politicians to use soldiers.

3. Military personnel in America receive fairly low compensation for their jobs although in peacetime the benefits and compensation may seem adequate, when faced with combat, it might seem too little. Discuss what you think is a fair wage for combat soldiers and what they should receive as veterans.

Essay Topic 3

Jugurtha motivates his troops by saying they have conquered the Romans before and they will do it again. He says they are at an advantage because they know the land.

1. Why do you think Jugurtha appeals to his troops history with the Romans in order to motivate them? Does the fact that the Romans are in control of Numidia negate his argument? How does it affect what Jugurtha says to his troops about fighting the Romans?

2. Discuss why Jugurtha troops knowing the land will be an advantage over the Roman troops. Use examples to support your answer.

3. Speeches before battle is a type of manipulation. If one can appeal to the emotions of soldiers they will be more likely to be willing to die for their leader. How do you think this type of manipulation can be used or is used in modern armies?

(see the answer keys)

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