The Jugurthine War Test | Lesson Plans Final Test - Hard

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Final Test - Hard

Name: _________________________ Period: ___________________

This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Sallust say is how Europeans view Africa?

2. What does Jugurtha do when he hears of Metellus's character?

3. How did the Africans under Micipas view Jugurtha?

4. Why does Jugurtha bribe Romans?

5. What does Sallust say is Metellus's primary character trait?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Jugurtha motivates his troops by saying they have conquered the Romans before and they will do it again. He says they are at an advantage because they know the land.

1. Why do you think Jugurtha appeals to his troops history with the Romans in order to motivate them? Does the fact that the Romans are in control of Numidia negate his argument? How does it affect what Jugurtha says to his troops about fighting the Romans?

2. Discuss why Jugurtha troops knowing the land will be an advantage over the Roman troops. Use examples to support your answer.

3. Speeches before battle is a type of manipulation. If one can appeal to the emotions of soldiers they will be more likely to be willing to die for their leader. How do you think this type of manipulation can be used or is used in modern armies?

Essay Topic 2

Men joined the army where they aimed to earn renown as a hero. At that time, money and power were more in the background. He states that the Romans do not have greater literature because their people did not want to record merits but wanted their own merits celebrated.

1. There are many reasons why one might join an army. Discuss at least four reasons and whether you believe those are better reasons than to join it for fame.

2. Discuss why Sallust thinks self-aggrandizing has interfered with greater literature being produced.

3. Sallust states that money and power were more in the background at the time as far as what people wanted. Discuss why it is possible that money and power follow fame and admiration.

Essay Topic 3

Cato implies that the government is full of corrupt and power-hungry individuals who promote their own wealth over the health of the state.

1. What have you read in this book that would lead you to agree with Cato? Use examples from the book to support your answer.

2. There are many who would say almost all governments are full of corruption. Do you agree or disagree with this? Why or why not?

3. There are some people who compare present day America with the last years of Rome. Compare the two nations with what you see are the similarities and the differences.

(see the answer keys)

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