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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Jugurtha do to Adherbal?
2. Who does the Senate send to speak with Jugurtha?
3. What does Jugurtha do with his army?
4. What did Jugurtha oppose in Roman society?
5. Why did the society of the Libyans and the Getulians change?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does the senate decide to do about Numidia?
2. What does Sallust say about public office and what most men don't want and how they gain promotions?
3. What does Sallust say is the reason he is writing The Jugurthine War book?
4. What forces the Senate to act against Jugurtha and what do they do?
5. How does the Senate respond to Jugurtha's action towards Adherbal?
6. How does Jugurtha take care of Annuis?
7. What does Sallust say about man's intellectual ability and fate?
8. Who is Marcus Scaurus and what does the Senate have him do? How does Jugurtha respond to Scaurus?
9. What type of government does Sallust say could solve the problems but what happens when that is attempted?
10. What does Memmuis tell Jugurtha he must do when Cassius brings him to Rome and how does Jugurtha get out of it?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
From Sallust's perspective, the Jugurthine war was more akin to a civil war between the nobility and the people, and Jugurtha was an excuse for the takeover.
1. Why do you think Sallust calls the Jugurthine War a civil war? Do you agree with this assertion? Why or why not? Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. In some ways, some of the wars in which the United States has participated were civil wars, at least from Sallust's perspective. Do you think it is moral or immoral for America to interfere in a civil war in another country? Why or why not?
3. If one believes Sallust's description of civil war, then the American Revolution would have to be considered a civil war. Debate the two sides to this statement.
Essay Topic 2
Jugurtha motivates his troops by saying they have conquered the Romans before and they will do it again. He says they are at an advantage because they know the land.
1. Why do you think Jugurtha appeals to his troops history with the Romans in order to motivate them? Does the fact that the Romans are in control of Numidia negate his argument? How does it affect what Jugurtha says to his troops about fighting the Romans?
2. Discuss why Jugurtha troops knowing the land will be an advantage over the Roman troops. Use examples to support your answer.
3. Speeches before battle is a type of manipulation. If one can appeal to the emotions of soldiers they will be more likely to be willing to die for their leader. How do you think this type of manipulation can be used or is used in modern armies?
Essay Topic 3
Bocchus calls a meeting with Maruis, who sends Sylla in his place. Bocchus offers his submission and asks if he can come to Rome to meet with the Senate. Rome grants permission and they decide Bocchus was lead astray by Jurgurtha.
1. The above statement seems to imply that the Roman Senate is allowing Bocchus to abdicate responsibility for his actions. Do you think this is reasonable? Why or why not? Use examples from the text to support your answer.
2. What do you think is the similarities and differences between the Senate's decision about Bocchus and what is called "mitigating circumstances" in our justice system?
3. Do you think claiming to be under the influence of someone else is a valid mitigating circumstance? Why or why not?
This section contains 1,025 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)