The Jugurthine War Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Sallust say about men's lives and fate in Chapter I-XII?

2. What does Jugurtha do once the Senate has made its decision on Numidia?

3. Where does Marius retreat to when attacked by Jugurtha?

4. What was Jugurtha's relationship to Micipas?

5. What does Metellus realize about Zama?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Sallust concentrates on the action, often presenting everything in very black and white. For example, the good guys such as Cicero are inherently good, while Catiline, of course, is completely bad. It is interesting that when Antonio pardons himself from fighting, Sallust passes no judgment on him.

1. Discuss the problems that can be caused in a situation when good or bad are the only two judgments that can be made about that situation. Use examples from the text and your own life to illustrate your ideas.

2. Rigidity in thinking has been the cause of much disagreements and misunderstanding in the world. When two people or two cultures or two countries are unable to see the viewpoint of another, communication cannot take place. Sallust seeing some persons as all good or all bad is an example of rigid thinking. Discuss a problem in the present time which is caused or aggravated by rigid thinking.

3. Debate the following statement: All people have both good and bad within and no one is all bad or all good. Use examples of well known individuals in history and individuals in this book, to illustrate both sides of the issue.

Essay Topic 2

Bocchus calls a meeting with Maruis, who sends Sylla in his place. Bocchus offers his submission and asks if he can come to Rome to meet with the Senate. Rome grants permission and they decide Bocchus was lead astray by Jurgurtha.

1. The above statement seems to imply that the Roman Senate is allowing Bocchus to abdicate responsibility for his actions. Do you think this is reasonable? Why or why not? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. What do you think is the similarities and differences between the Senate's decision about Bocchus and what is called "mitigating circumstances" in our justice system?

3. Do you think claiming to be under the influence of someone else is a valid mitigating circumstance? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

Discuss one of the following:

1. Trace and analyze the theme of manipulation and power in The Jugurthine War. Consider the following questions as you write: Which persons are most concerned with manipulation and power? Why? What are some symbols of manipulation and power? Symbols of powerlessness? Which persons seem powerless?

2. Trace and analyze the theme of hypocrisy in The Jugurthine War. Which persons seem hypocritical? Why? Which persons seem sincere? Why? Which ones seem not to care about looking good to others? What is the difference between how the two types live?

3. Trace and analyze the theme of death in The Jugurthine War. Compare and contrast how the people of the Roman era view death to the views of those in 2010. Which is most like your own view of death? Who seems afraid of dying? Not afraid? Who meets death gracefully? In resignation? With joy? With fear?

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