The Jugurthine War Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Catiline mix for his followers to drink?

2. How does Sallust feel about the answer to question #35?

3. How does Sallust view the body?

4. What does Cicero ask the Allobroges to do?

5. What does Cato say about the fate of the traitors?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does the Senate tell Jugurtha he must do about Adherbal and what is Jugurtha's response?

2. Who does Catiline plan to assassinate and how does Fulvia find out about it?

3. What does Sallust say about public office and what most men don't want and how they gain promotions?

4. In what manner did Sylla take over the government and what did he do with the army?

5. Who does Catiline attract people to his cause and what kind of people does he attract?

6. What do Catiline's followers want to do with Cicero?

7. What does Catiline say about Volturcius's statements to the Senate, who does he name as a conspirator and how is that accusation handled by the Senate?

8. What happens when Cicero takes the conspirators to the Senate?

9. How does Metellus handle Jugurtha's ambush and what does he do after the first encounter with Jugurtha?

10. How does Sallust's disgust for greed relate to what Catiline said he wanted to do?

Essay Topics

Essay Topic 1

Sallust describes Metellus as an honorable man, who Jurgurtha has no chance to persuade with the lure of gold. Metullus bribes Bohumilcar to bring him Jurgurtha offering him a pardon for murder.

1. Though Metellus is touted as an honorable man by Sallust he offers a pardon for murder to get Bohumilcar. Discuss how this behavior conflicts with the concept of an honorable man.

2. Discuss, in detail, what you believe being an honorable man might mean in present day American society.

3. Discuss a situation in your own life where either honor or dishonor made a situation better or worse.

Essay Topic 2

Bocchus calls a meeting with Maruis, who sends Sylla in his place. Bocchus offers his submission and asks if he can come to Rome to meet with the Senate. Rome grants permission and they decide Bocchus was lead astray by Jurgurtha.

1. The above statement seems to imply that the Roman Senate is allowing Bocchus to abdicate responsibility for his actions. Do you think this is reasonable? Why or why not? Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. What do you think is the similarities and differences between the Senate's decision about Bocchus and what is called "mitigating circumstances" in our justice system?

3. Do you think claiming to be under the influence of someone else is a valid mitigating circumstance? Why or why not?

Essay Topic 3

Jugurtha motivates his troops by saying they have conquered the Romans before and they will do it again. He says they are at an advantage because they know the land.

1. Why do you think Jugurtha appeals to his troops history with the Romans in order to motivate them? Does the fact that the Romans are in control of Numidia negate his argument? How does it affect what Jugurtha says to his troops about fighting the Romans?

2. Discuss why Jugurtha troops knowing the land will be an advantage over the Roman troops. Use examples to support your answer.

3. Speeches before battle is a type of manipulation. If one can appeal to the emotions of soldiers they will be more likely to be willing to die for their leader. How do you think this type of manipulation can be used or is used in modern armies?

(see the answer keys)

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