The Jugurthine War Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What type of people in general, did Sallust say the army had?

2. What type of debate does the Senate have over the men Cicero arrests?

3. Where does Catiline tell the Senate he is going because of the accusations against him?

4. Where are the enemies of Catiline's army?

5. According to Sallust, why did men join the army in the early days of Rome?

Short Essay Questions

1. What did Catiline do before he was married?

2. Who does Catiline attempt to recruit for allies and how do they respond?

3. What assassinations does Catiline plot and what does he plan to do with Piso?

4. What is Catiline's only choice for his army? Who takes over Antonio's army and why? What does he do with the army before they fight?

5. What does Catiline say about Volturcius's statements to the Senate, who does he name as a conspirator and how is that accusation handled by the Senate?

6. What did Cicero do when he uncovered Catiline's plans and how did this stymie Cataline's plans?

7. What do Catiline's followers want to do with Cicero?

8. Who reads a letter from Catiline to the Senate, what does the letter say and what is the Senate's reaction to it?

9. Who does Catiline attract people to his cause and what kind of people does he attract?

10. In what manner did Sylla take over the government and what did he do with the army?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Men joined the army where they aimed to earn renown as a hero. At that time, money and power were more in the background. He states that the Romans do not have greater literature because their people did not want to record merits but wanted their own merits celebrated.

1. There are many reasons why one might join an army. Discuss at least four reasons and whether you believe those are better reasons than to join it for fame.

2. Discuss why Sallust thinks self-aggrandizing has interfered with greater literature being produced.

3. Sallust states that money and power were more in the background at the time as far as what people wanted. Discuss why it is possible that money and power follow fame and admiration.

Essay Topic 2

Sallust includes a speech he makes to the people in which he says that the government is corrupt but the people should not get violent.

1. Explain how Sallust's statement about violence contradicts his positive portrayal of Jugurtha. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. The United States of America is just one of many countries that have been started by violent revolution. How does the existence of America contradict the above statement that Sallust has about corruption in government and violence?

3. Explain, in detail, how Jugurtha might have been able to peaceably obtain his goals.

Essay Topic 3

Sallust presents the Roman army as ill-disciplined brutes. They buy everything instead of making it and live a luxurious life that is not conducive to being men of war.

1. Explain in detail why you think Sallust's evaluation of how soldiers should live is correct or wrong. Use examples from the text to support your answer.

2. Discuss in detail the moral implications of the politicians who send soldiers to war living at a much higher standard than the soldiers. Include in your discussion if you believe the disparity between soldiers' lives and politicians lives make it easier for politicians to use soldiers.

3. Military personnel in America receive fairly low compensation for their jobs although in peacetime the benefits and compensation may seem adequate, when faced with combat, it might seem too little. Discuss what you think is a fair wage for combat soldiers and what they should receive as veterans.

(see the answer keys)

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