|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did people save money in sending telegraph messages?
(a) By compressing the message.
(b) By bribing the operators.
(c) By not using it.
(d) By creating their own code.
2. How were phonetic sounds represented in language?
(a) By characters.
(b) By codes.
(c) By images.
(d) By numbers.
3. What was Claude Shannon fascinated with?
4. How did the drummers of Africa differentiate between similar words?
(a) The drummer added special emphasis.
(b) The drummer added short descriptive phrases.
(c) The drummer had to let those receiving the message figure out the right words.
(d) The main drummer was assisted by another drummer.
5. What new word did Claude Shannon, a mathematical researcher at Bell Labs, introduce in the in-house journal called "A Mathematical Theory of Communication"?
(a) The transistor.
(b) The bit.
(c) The relay.
(d) The circuit.
Short Answer Questions
1. What machine was constructed by Charles Babbage?
2. What was Shannon able to theoretically compute by measuring a message in bits? By measuring information in bits, he could theoretically compute the maximum amount of information that could be transmitted through a given channel.
3. Before "A Table Alphabeticall", how were most catalogs and word lists arranged?
4. What was the main form of communication in the late 1940s?
5. In what manner was "A Table Alphabeticall" arranged?
Short Essay Questions
1. What were the two stages of a "bit" as conceived by Claude Shannon?
2. Who invented the "first" telegraph?
3. What impact did the electric telegraph have on the world?
4. Who developed the Principia Mathematica and what did it provide?
5. By the 1930s the telephone had replace the telegraph as the most advanced means of communication. What advantages did the telephone have over the telegraph?
6. What innovation was made in the 17th century by Scot mathematician John Napier?
7. By reducing information to its elemental form, Claude Shannon opened up a new field of scientific inquiry that proved to have applications not only in communications, but in what other fields?
8. How was the "telephone number" born?
9. What advanced form of communication was beginning to emerge in the 1840s?
10. What technological breakthrough resulted from Claude Shannon's theories and work?
This section contains 707 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)