|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The air quality in homes was dangerous in the late 1800s because of:
(a) Animals that were kept indoors.
(b) High temperatures from the heat outside.
(c) The smog would get trapped inside.
(d) Sewer gas from primitive drainage systems.
2. To some, the time between the end of the Civil War and the early 1900s was known as what?
(a) "The Wild West Era."
(b) "Post War Era."
(c) "Hard luck times."
(d) "The Good Old Days."
3. What was a common difficulty for frontiersmen after the Civil War?
(a) Financial hardship.
(b) The ground often did not yield a crop.
(c) The threat of Indians.
(d) Animals kept dying.
4. According to Bettmann in "Air," one observer called the worst New York industrial area a:
(a) "Industrial wasteland."
(b) "Heart of the New Economy."
(c) "Nasal Disaster."
(d) "Smog City."
5. According to the chapter "Work," why were children sought after as employees?
(a) They were more obedient and cheaper than adults.
(b) They took up less space.
(c) They worked faster.
(d) They ate less.
Short Answer Questions
1. In what year was the El Train introduced?
2. When the railroads came to a town after the Civil War, where were they placed?
3. In large cities in the late 1800s, what animals created massive amounts of pollution problems?
4. According to Bettmann in "Work," in cases of a worker's death the courts ruled with the employers, calling the death:
5. According to Bettmann in "Housing," how did apartments turn into vertical versions of tenements?
Short Essay Questions
1. What were some of the toxic inhalants many industrial workers had to endure in the post Civil War era?
2. How did many farmers on the frontier become financially in debt?
3. Was the fare for streetcars affordable to the working-class?
4. How did the apartments of the late 1800s often turn into death traps for its occupants?
5. What caused the local wells on the frontier to become contaminated?
6. In the era after the Civil War, what was a major cause of the hideous traffic problems in the large American cities like New York?
7. How did many young people in the late 1800s react to seeing the laborious life their parents led?
8. How did housing reveal the contrast between the rich and the poor in the late 1800s?
9. What was the most famous sewing-related sweatshop in New York?
10. According to Bettman in "Air," how did the lack of a sanitation department contribute to the problem of filth and stench in the cities?
This section contains 731 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)