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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Before cars, what was the main source of transportation in the late 1800s?
2. In "Housing," what did Bettmann cite as an additional cause of dangerous air quality in homes?
(a) Nearby railroads.
(c) Industrial soot.
(d) Particles in the air from coal stoves.
3. What problems did the railroads add to any town in the late 1800s?
(d) Pollution and noise.
4. According to the chapter "Work," what was a typical work week in the late 1800s?
(a) Seven days.
(b) Five days.
(c) Six days.
(d) Four days on, four days off.
5. In the late 1800s, who was it that posed a threat to those on the frontier and instilled a sense of fear?
(a) Train robbers.
(b) Cattle thieves.
(c) Tramps and various vagrants.
6. In the time after the Civil War, air pollution was:
(a) Only a problem in the South.
(b) Not a problem.
(c) Much less than it was before the Civil War.
(d) Not understood.
7. What did Richard M. Hunt develop to help with overcrowding and the housing shortage?
(a) Homeless shelters.
(b) The vertical apartment building.
(c) Government sponsored housing.
(d) The suburbs.
8. According to Bettmann in "Rural Life," what frontier necessity was often a cesspool of contamination?
(a) The barn.
(b) The local well.
(c) The outhouse.
(d) Nearby streams.
9. In 1890, what was the ratio of railroad workers to work-related deaths?
(a) 1 out of 65.
(b) 1 out of 1000.
(c) 1 out of 360.
(d) 1 out of 600.
10. How did parents react to child labor in the late 1800s?
(a) They sued the industries that practiced it.
(b) They fought against it.
(c) They encouraged it.
(d) They hid their children with distant relatives.
11. Why did winter pose a health problem to those on the frontier according to Bettmann in "Rural Life"?
(a) Frostbite was common.
(b) Flu epidemics were common.
(c) It was hard to stay healthy in drafty homes.
(d) People inhaled smoke in their closed houses.
12. What percentage of farmers in the 1880s had to mortgage their land?
13. What was a common difficulty for frontiersmen after the Civil War?
(a) The threat of Indians.
(b) The ground often did not yield a crop.
(c) Animals kept dying.
(d) Financial hardship.
14. According to Bettmann in "Housing," where did poorer residents end up who could not afford tenements?
(a) Boarding homes.
(b) Homeless shelters.
(c) Sleeping at railway stations.
(d) On the outskirts of the city.
15. In what year was the El Train introduced?
Short Answer Questions
1. What danger did many industrial laborers face in the latter part of the 19th century?
2. What work did an ancient stove require on the frontier?
3. When the railroads came to a town after the Civil War, where were they placed?
4. What major problem did window screening help with in the late 1800s?
5. Due to a lack of a sanitation department in the late 1800s, many streets in the large American cities were lined with what?
This section contains 524 words
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