|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. After the Civil War, how did the isolation of the endless prairie affect many homesteaders?
(a) It caused people to have large families.
(b) It caused people to live in groups.
(c) It led to several trips a year to the cities.
(d) It led to depression.
2. Why was there such massive overcrowding on Manhattan Island in the late 1800s?
(a) Because of the poor transportation.
(b) Because of incoming immigrants.
(c) Because it was the only place to find work.
(d) People were too poor to leave the city.
3. According to the chapter "Work," what was a typical work week in the late 1800s?
(a) Seven days.
(b) Six days.
(c) Four days on, four days off.
(d) Five days.
4. What did Bettmann cite as the main reason for the traffic problems in the cities in the late 1800s?
(a) Unsynchronized traffic lights.
(b) Unpaved roads.
(c) Too many one-way streets.
(d) Prevalence of the horse and cart.
5. Providing the reader with a truer understanding of the late 1800s, Bettmann demonstrated:
(a) Why we should long for those simpler days.
(b) How the days from the Civil War to WWI were key to the development of our nation.
(c) The large amounts of progress our civilization has made.
(d) How the Civil War improved our economy.
6. In "Air," what was a common misconception about air pollution?
(a) That it cured ailments.
(b) That it helped horticulture.
(c) That it created envy in nations overseas.
(d) That it attracted business.
7. According to Bettmann in "Rural Life," what frontier necessity was often a cesspool of contamination?
(a) The barn.
(b) The outhouse.
(c) The local well.
(d) Nearby streams.
8. In large cities in the late 1800s, what animals created massive amounts of pollution problems?
(a) Horses and chickens.
(b) Horses and cows.
(c) Chickens and pigs.
(d) Pigs and horses.
9. What did overpopulation in the big cities mean for the tenants in the late 1800s?
(a) A housing shortage.
(b) Only very small accomodations were available.
(c) Families often had to split up.
(d) A lack of food.
10. Due to a lack of a sanitation department in the late 1800s, many streets in the large American cities were lined with what?
(b) People living on the streets.
(d) Trash bins.
11. Why did tenants in the late 1800s have such big problems when it came to housing in the big cities?
(a) There was too much housing to chose from.
(b) A lease was seldom renewed.
(c) Landlords did not allow animals.
(d) They had no laws to protect them.
12. According to Bettmann in "Housing," how did apartments turn into vertical versions of tenements?
(a) Animals indoors were commonplace.
(b) Noxious air indoors.
(c) Shoddy construction practices.
(d) Cruel landlords.
13. According to Bettmann, what percentage of New Yorkers lived in the slums between 1868 and 1875?
(a) Ten Percent.
(b) Thirty percent.
(c) Twenty-five percent.
(d) Fifty percent.
14. What was the name of the first vertical apartments?
(a) Stuyvesant Apartments.
(b) Lakeside Apartments.
(c) Park Place.
(d) The New Yorker.
15. What area in New York City had an abundance of industrial factories in the early 19th century ?
(b) Lower East side.
(c) Hunter's Point.
(d) New York City.
Short Answer Questions
1. In the late 19th century on the frontier, what was a child's formal education considered to be?
2. Just like their male counterparts, frontier women after the Civil War endured:
3. What was the biggest safety threat in the vertical apartments in the late 1800s?
4. Why did winter pose a health problem to those on the frontier according to Bettmann in "Rural Life"?
5. What was one initial problem with the electric trolley car?
This section contains 634 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)