|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Bettmann in the chapter "Air," what did some people think air pollution was a good sign of?
(a) Wind currents.
2. How did most landlords treat their tenants in the late 1800s?
(a) With a hands-off policy.
(b) With reasonable rents.
(c) With unfair cruelty.
(d) Landlords kept their places nice for good tenants.
3. When the railroads came to a town after the Civil War, where were they placed?
(a) They went straight through the towns.
(b) They were placed a minimum of one mile from any residential area.
(c) They were usually run through the industrial areas.
(d) They were run on the outskirts of town.
4. According to "Rural Life," where were children most likely to be on the prairie?
(a) Physically working to help their parents.
(b) Boarding school.
(c) Playing games on the farm.
(d) At school.
5. How did parents react to child labor in the late 1800s?
(a) They encouraged it.
(b) They fought against it.
(c) They hid their children with distant relatives.
(d) They sued the industries that practiced it.
6. What was the main cause of lung irritation, vomiting and sickness for people in the large cities in the early 19th century?
(a) Food poisoning.
(c) Industrial vapors.
(d) Smoking tobacco.
7. Where was the El Train introduced?
(a) New York.
8. What danger did many industrial laborers face in the latter part of the 19th century?
(a) Lack of medical benefits.
(b) Toxic inhalants.
(c) Unsafe working equipment.
(d) Fire hazards.
9. Which industries were the most dangerous for workers after the Civil War?
(a) Railroad and steel.
(b) Steel and textile.
(c) Textile and railroad.
(d) Construction and steel.
10. What was the original purpose of the El Train?
(a) To show off new technology.
(b) To relieve massive overcrowding.
(c) To improve commute times.
(d) To replace the horse and cart.
11. What was a common difficulty for frontiersmen after the Civil War?
(a) The ground often did not yield a crop.
(b) Financial hardship.
(c) The threat of Indians.
(d) Animals kept dying.
12. According to Bettmann in "Rural Life," why would many young girls leave the country for the promise of the city?
(a) They would be sent to earn a wage to help the family.
(b) They watched their mothers grow prematurely old with toil.
(c) They thought they could find husbands easier in the city.
(d) Their families could no longer afford to feed them.
13. In the time after the Civil War, air pollution was:
(a) Not a problem.
(b) Much less than it was before the Civil War.
(c) Only a problem in the South.
(d) Not understood.
14. In "Air," what was a common misconception about air pollution?
(a) That it helped horticulture.
(b) That it cured ailments.
(c) That it attracted business.
(d) That it created envy in nations overseas.
15. How did the electric trolley car create even bigger traffic problems for cities?
(a) It was poorly scheduled.
(b) It was way too slow.
(c) It was built on the busiest streets.
(d) Too many people wanted to ride.
Short Answer Questions
1. In 1890, what was the ratio of railroad workers to work-related deaths?
2. What major problem did window screening help with in the late 1800s?
3. In the era after the Civil War, what was the most dangerous sweatshop activity?
4. In what year was the electric trolley car introduced?
5. Due to a lack of a sanitation department in the late 1800s, many streets in the large American cities were lined with what?
This section contains 561 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)