Introduction, and Chapter 1, Air
• Air pollution in the late 1800s was not understood.
• For many air pollution was seen as a sign of industry, others even thought it could cure ailments.
• Pigs and horses were a source of air pollutants.
• Smog from industrial vapors caused lung irritation, vomiting, sickness and depression.
• The worst offender of smog was Hunter's Point.
• Hunter's Point was called by one observer a "nasal disaster."
• Streets were lined with trash.
• Wind and the heat of summer exacerbated the problem of the constant putrid stench.
• Tenement residents often slept cramped together in windowless rooms, causing many deaths due to heat stroke and dehydration.
Chapter 2, Traffic
• Traffic in large cities was terrible due to the prevalence of the horse and cart.
• Street cars were hot in the summer, freezing in the winter.
• Street cars riders were encouraged to carry weapons for protection.
• Street cars were massively...
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