The First and Second Discourses: By Jean-Jacques Rousseau Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Roger Masters
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is best represented by the "Philosophes"?
(a) The French Revolution.
(b) The Enlightenment.
(c) Changes in the Monarchy.
(d) Democracy.

2. What part of society increased according to Rousseau?
(a) It's thirst for knowledge?
(b) It's desire for art.
(c) It's size.
(d) It's reliance on science.

3. What are the two laws of nature and natural right according to Rousseau?
(a) Rational man and irrational nature.
(b) Physical nature and irrational man.
(c) Physical nature and rational man.
(d) Physical nature and the king is always right.

4. What does Rousseau say the restrictions imposed by arts and sciences do?
(a) Make despotic governments bearable.
(b) Make people civilized.
(c) Make untalented people famous.
(d) Make people think.

5. Where was Rousseau born according to the Introduction?
(a) Nice.
(b) Geneva.
(c) Paris.
(d) Lyon.

6. What is needed by arts according to Rousseau?
(a) Museums.
(b) Riches.
(c) Intelligence.
(d) Paint.

7. How does Rousseau qualify the time doing nothing as?
(a) Wicked.
(b) Rest.
(c) Time to reflect.
(d) Wasted.

8. What does Rousseau argue the arts force men to reward people based on?
(a) Fortune.
(b) Appearance.
(c) Birth.
(d) Intelligence.

9. What does Rousseau say is the reason for the increase he saw in France?
(a) Art has become easily accessible.
(b) Men left their ignorance behind.
(c) Sciences made people want more.
(d) The bourgeois extended their hold on the economy.

10. What does laziness do to men according to Rousseau?
(a) Turn them into artists.
(b) Makes them into thieves.
(c) Makes them philosophers.
(d) Regress them to the state of nature.

11. What does Rousseau say humanity possessed even before the advent of art?
(a) Paintings.
(b) Morality.
(c) Patience.
(d) Knowledge of what is beautiful.

12. What should the preface of the Second Discourse say philosophers must focus on?
(a) The oppression of the masses.
(b) Inequality between men and women.
(c) Nature of man.
(d) Why philosophers are great.

13. What does Rousseau argue about the the society in which he was living in the First Discourse?
(a) It is on the brink of chaos.
(b) It has high moral standards.
(c) It is morally depraved.
(d) It is as perfect as it can be.

14. What displays apparent contradiction between virtue and enlightenment according to Rousseau in the First Discourse?
(a) Government and philosophy.
(b) Monarchy and prisons.
(c) Despotism and freedom.
(d) Sciences and arts.

15. What does Rousseau say men can hide from open discernment?
(a) Science.
(b) Their love of God.
(c) Their motives.
(d) Their incompetence.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does the pursuit of art and science not teach citizens?

2. What does Rousseau argue enlightenment usually produces?

3. What question does Rousseau try to answer about society?

4. Why does Rousseau reject the notion of natural law?

5. What is Chapter 1 about?

(see the answer keys)

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