Short Essay Questions Key
1. According to the Introduction, what has Jean-Jacques Rousseau inspired?
Jean-Jacques Rousseau has inspired extreme reactions among his readers, according to the Introduction, and is probably the most read author of 18th century France.
2. What is the most popular form of government in 18th century France and how is it described?
In 18th century France, the most popular form of government was enlightened despotism, which is described as traditional rulers having arbitrary and almost unlimited power as long as they do not challenge the rights of aristocracy.
3. What are three main influences on Rousseau's work, according to the Introduction?
According to the Introduction, the three main factors that influence Rousseau's work include the tradition of Western thought as presented by Aquainas, orthodox parts of French society that focus on absolute truth and sanctioned monarchy. These involve a rational character of natural law to outline social, moral and secular duties.
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