The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery Test | Final Test - Easy

Eric Foner
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In what year was John C. Breckinridge born?
(a) 1821.
(b) 1818.
(c) 1833.
(d) 1861.

2. What is the political principle that the legitimacy of the state is created by the will or consent of its people, who are the source of all political power?
(a) Capitalism.
(b) Popular sovereignty.
(c) Conservatism.
(d) Democracy.

3. When was Congress called to special session in which a bill was passed declaring the war had nothing to do with slavery but was being fought in order to preserve the Constitution?
(a) October, 1862.
(b) July, 1861.
(c) June, 1860.
(d) September, 1862.

4. Where did Lincoln give a speech during the 1860 presidential campaign in which he stated that the Republicans did not want to change slavery in states where it already existed, but only wanted to stop it from expanding?
(a) New York University.
(b) The Cooper Institute.
(c) Penn State.
(d) The U.S. State House.

5. What Pennsylvania governor was a staunch defender of the war effort and Lincoln Administration policies during the Civil War?
(a) Henry Clay.
(b) Zachary Taylor.
(c) George B. McClellan.
(d) Andrew Gregg Curtin.

6. In what year did Maryland abolish slavery?
(a) 1831.
(b) 1864.
(c) 1865.
(d) 1795.

7. Where was Stephen A. Douglas from?
(a) Ohio.
(b) Indiana.
(c) Nebraska.
(d) Illinois.

8. Where was John C. Breckinridge born?
(a) Tennessee.
(b) Kansas.
(c) Alabama.
(d) Kentucky.

9. Who was an anti-slavery activist who was active in the New York Committee of Vigilance and the Underground Railroad and helped Frederick Douglass escape to freedom?
(a) John P. Hale.
(b) David Ruggles.
(c) Martin Van Buren.
(d) William Lloyd Garrison.

10. The Emancipation Proclamation did not pertain to the slaves in the border states, leaving nearly how many people in bondage?
(a) 200,000.
(b) 2 million.
(c) 4 million.
(d) 1 million.

11. Lincoln's Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation offered gradual emancipation and what to border states and any states that returned voluntarily to the Union?
(a) Freedom.
(b) The right to vote.
(c) Consequences.
(d) Compensation.

12. In 1820, the American Colonization Society began sending black volunteers where to establish a colony for freed American slaves?
(a) The Gulf Coast.
(b) The Humboldt Coast.
(c) The Gold Coast.
(d) The Pepper Coast.

13. What group in American politics of the 1860s were adherents of the Democratic Party who demanded a more aggressive policy toward the Confederacy and supported the policies of President Abraham Lincoln when the Civil War broke out?
(a) War Democrats.
(b) Forty-Eighters.
(c) The Copperheads.
(d) The Free Soilers.

14. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation under his authority as what under Article II, section 2 of the United States Constitution?
(a) "Commander in Chief."
(b) "Sovereign Body."
(c) "Vice-President."
(d) "President."

15. In January 1862, what Republican leader in the House called for total war against the rebellion to include emancipation of slaves, arguing that emancipation, by forcing the loss of enslaved labor, would ruin the rebel economy?
(a) John P. Hale.
(b) Thaddeus Stevens.
(c) Henry Clay.
(d) Frederick Douglass.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who founded the abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator?

2. What state had already mostly returned to Union control, so it was not named and was exempted from the Emancipation Proclamation?

3. What term means to seize as forfeited to the public domain; appropriate, by way of penalty, for public use?

4. What refers to a trend of thought that favors equality of some sort among moral agents, whether persons or animals?

5. What is a foreign policy which holds that political rulers should avoid alliances with other nations, but still retain diplomacy, and avoid all wars not related to direct self-defense?

(see the answer keys)

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