Greece - This was one the West's greatest civilizations in antiquity. It produced art and philosophy that retains its value to this day.
Rome - This was the apex of Pagan civilization. It rose to prominence after fending off the Carthaginians in the sometimes desperate Punic wars.
Carthage - This was a city in northern Africa which prospered largely on account of its highly efficient and hard-working culture. It was destroyed during the Punic Wars.
The Catholic Church - This is, according to Chesterton, the living messenger of Christ's Gospel.
Confucianism - This is the belief-system based on the teachings of a Chinese philosopher. It teaches one how to live one's daily life, often with a focus more on etiquette than morality.
Buddhism - This is an Oriental belief-system. According to its doctrines, one achieves happiness, or a kind of blissful oblivion, by eradicating desires.
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