The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Beauvoir claim is needed to make an ethical choice in a complex situation?

2. What are some of the causes that Beauvoir points out that oppressors will claim to defend in their battles against those who try to overthrow them?

3. How does Beauvoir summarize Hegel's view of the future?

4. What is the future that Beauvoir sees for herself?

5. If an individual does not inform a slave of his oppression, what does Beauvoir suggest of their position regarding tyranny?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does the individual who claims to have adopted the Aesthetic Attitude view historical work, according to Beauvoir?

2. How do societies attempt to help individuals hold onto the present according to Beauvoir?

3. How does Beauvoir define the Aesthetic Attitude?

4. How does Beauvoir characterize the world at the beginning of Section III?

5. Why does Beauvoir suggest man's life must always be an energetic striving?

6. What two views of how history affects the future does Beauvoir note?

7. How does Beauvoir claim that science can find truth?

8. What is the one solution that Beauvoir offers to the oppressed?

9. How does Beauvoir show that the complexity of the world affects those who are fighting for a cause?

10. What is an example that Beauvoir uses to illustrate the "Antinomies of Action"?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Beauvoir devotes her section on "Ambiguity" to answering criticism of her views regarding its role in personal freedom. Compare and contrast Beauvoir's position to those that she answers both in Chapter Three and earlier in the book. What are of Beauvoir's views on ambiguity as well as those which dissent with her view? What are the disadvantages of each? Do you agree with Beauvoir or her detractors. Explain your answer.

Essay Topic 2

Beauvoir begins Chapter Three by explaining the social aspect of freedom and then details the affect of the "Aesthetic Attitude" on it. Examine the "Aesthetic Attitude", whether or not it has a positive influence on freedom, and what sort of individual detailed by Beauvoir (the sub-man, the serious man, the adventurer, the nihilist, or the passionate man) is most likely to adopt this attitude.

Essay Topic 3

Are Beauvoir's writings on accepting the ambiguous nature of life practical today? Identify three principles she articulates in "The Ethics of Ambiguity" that you consider to be important to preserving freedom today. Write why you consider them to be important, what sort of affect the application of these principles on a broad basis would have on freedom and general society, and how you plan to implement these principles in your life.

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