The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is a principle that Beauvoir states that an ethics of ambiguity will refuse to deny a priori?

2. In what sense does Beauvoir claim that every man is free?

3. How does Beauvoir characterize the response of Western women when the structures that shelter them seem to be in danger?

4. What role does time play what Beauvoir identifies as the ability to will oneself free?

5. What does Beauvoir identify as the certain truth contained in the nihilist attitude?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Beauvoir report that Sartre taught regarding the being of man?

2. How does Beauvoir describe the difference between Marxists and existentialist?

3. According to Beauvoir, how does man cast himself into the world?

4. What type of adults does Beauvoir claim stays in an infantile world?

5. With what quote from Descartes does Beauvoir begin Section II?

6. To what does Beauvoir credit the development of many different philosophical world views?

7. What are two descriptions that Beauvoir gives to man at the beginning of Part I, Ambiguity and Freedom?

8. According to Beauvoir, how have existentialists defined their philosophy?

9. How does Beauvoir show that the "sub-man" passes into being a serious man?

10. What does Beauvoir note has been claimed of the nature of existentialism as a philosophy?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Beauvoir suggests that, "a genuine man," rejects, "foreign absolutes," and instead strive, "to be right in his own eyes." Do you agree or disagree? Can freedom for all be achieved when everyone is striving, "to be right in his own eyes?" Explain your answer using evidence from history or current events. Give your analysis as to whether Beauvoir's position on this issue strengthens or diminishes her work.

Essay Topic 2

Compare and contrast the "adventurer" from the "passionate man" and give historical examples for each. Which lives freely and which has the greatest influence on general freedom? Which one does Beauvoir seem to favor? Use her comments to support your view.

Essay Topic 3

At the end of Chapter Three, Beauvoir examines the role of politics in either establishing and protecting freedom or leading to tyranny. Choose one of Beauvoir's explanations of the role of either politics or violence leading to either freedom or tyranny and give your support or opposition to her view. Support your position with language from "The Ethics of Ambiguity" or from outside sources.

(see the answer keys)

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