|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What example does Beauvoir use to illustrate "The Antinomies of Action"?
(a) That unwise action against oppressors taken without considering the future will lead to more vicious oppression by opportunists.
(b) That the thinkers who can define the evils of oppression actually become oppressors by making people realize their plight but offering no action to correct it.
(c) Men who commit violence against an oppressor for the cause of freedom become oppressors themselves and must reduce the oppressor as a thing to be removed.
(d) If those who lead actions against oppression are not under continual scrutiny, they will plan insurrections for their own benefit.
2. When does Beauvoir claim that science acquires meaning?
(a) When it is seen as a movement toward freedom.
(b) When scientific processes prove phenomena that transcend time.
(c) When science explains material properties of present conditions.
(d) When science can cross the boundaries of the physical to the aesthetic.
3. How does Beauvoir illustrate how ambiguity affected Christianity?
(a) She illustrated that the Reformation challenged the seriousness of the Catholic Church with the Christian Spirit.
(b) She showed how works bound to the dead law were replaced with faith and charity.
(c) She showed how interpretation of scripture was replaced by researching scripture.
(d) She showed how poverty allowed a break from salvation through indulgences.
4. Why does Beauvoir claim one cannot assert that everything may be the object of contemplation?
(a) Because contemplation cannot exist without action.
(b) Because the most notable events in history often take up action and forsake contemplation.
(c) Because all action is combined with contemplation.
(d) Because man never contemplates, he does.
5. Why does Beauvoir suggest that if man waits for universal peace to establish his existence validly, he will wait indefinitely?
(a) Because struggles for controlling the future by politicians will prevent universal peace.
(b) Because peace is not required to establish validity.
(c) Because the world has always been at war and always will be.
(d) Because it is man's reaction to war that establishes validity.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Beauvoir claim to be the only means by which the present can retrieve itself?
2. What does Beauvoir note to be the objection of oppressors who are facing overthrow for the cause of freedom?
3. What knowledge comes to the man who has known real loves, real revolts, real desires and real will according to Beauvoir?
4. What comes of the man of action who does not recognize the ambiguity that appears during the pursuit of his goal, according to Beauvoir?
5. For whom do Beauvoir and Marx agree that the cause of freedom is most urgent?
Short Essay Questions
1. What is an example that Beauvoir uses to illustrate the "Antinomies of Action"?
2. How does Beauvoir characterize the world at the beginning of Section III?
3. How does Beauvoir define the Aesthetic Attitude?
4. What is the contradiction that Beauvoir states regarding the difficulty of living the in the modern age?
5. What does Beauvoir mean when she says life id ambiguous?
6. Why does Beauvoir write that the only way way that the oppressed can fulfill his freedom is through revolt?
7. What are the two meanings that Beauvoir gives for the future?
8. What does Beauvoir claim becomes of those who adopt the Aesthetic Attitude?
9. How does the individual who claims to have adopted the Aesthetic Attitude view historical work, according to Beauvoir?
10. How does Beauvoir claim that science can find truth?
This section contains 944 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)