The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Beauvoir claim is needed to make an ethical choice in a complex situation?
(a) Long analysis.
(b) Means that justify an end.
(c) Transcendent goals.
(d) A strong sense of ambiguity.

2. How does Beauvoir suggest an individual can find tranquility of the serious?
(a) By projecting himself toward a Future-Thing and submerge their freedom it it.
(b) By occupying their present only with serious matter.
(c) By considering their projects to be divinely inspired so their seriousness has eternal significance.
(d) By rejecting the sloppy thinking that the present oppression will vanish on its own.

3. What does Beauvoir identify as the worst thing to be said for violence?
(a) It forces us to sacrifice men who are in our way as well those who fight on our side -- or even ourselves.
(b) It leads to our enslavement to tactics rather than thought.
(c) It breaks people out of the recognition of their ambiguity by defining absolute consequences for misuse of freedom.
(d) It begins cycles of violence motivated by revenge that removes freedom for all.

4. What is the future that Beauvoir sees for herself?
(a) The infinite and as Totality, as number and as unity of conciliation.
(b) The opportunity retrieve herself as beings in Glory, Happiness, or justice.
(c) That movement which will fulfill her present projects and will surpass them toward new ends.
(d) A reality which is given at each moment.

5. How does Beauvoir suggest that the ends can justify the means.
(a) Only if those taking action consider the consequences before they take action.
(b) Only if the motivations of those taking action are on full display.
(c) Only if the end is completely disclosed in the course of the present enterprise.
(d) Only if the focus of those taking action are on the future.

Short Answer Questions

1. What three considerations an individual make before acting are abstract, according to Beauvoir?

2. What quote from Saint-Just does Beauvoir use to point out the paradox to the fight for freedom?

3. What is the meaning that Beauvoir gives to Festivals?

4. For whom do Beauvoir and Marx agree that the cause of freedom is most urgent?

5. Why does Beauvoir claim that no project can be considered to be purely contemplative?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the one solution that Beauvoir offers to the oppressed?

2. How does Beauvoir represent the present in the face of the future?

3. What does Beauvoir mean with the phrase "Antinomies of Action"?

4. How does Beauvoir characterize the world at the beginning of Section III?

5. How does the individual who claims to have adopted the Aesthetic Attitude view historical work, according to Beauvoir?

6. How does Beauvoir characterize freedom that is won through denying freedom to others?

7. How does Beauvoir claim that science can find truth?

8. How does Beauvoir claim living as an existentialist would affect men?

9. Why does Beauvoir suggest man's life must always be an energetic striving?

10. What two views of how history affects the future does Beauvoir note?

(see the answer keys)

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