The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Upon what does Beauvoir claim existence is based?
(a) Freedom.
(b) Doing something.
(c) Ambiguity.
(d) Goals.

2. How does Beauvoir claim that the individual with the Aesthetic Attitude regard his role in history?
(a) He considers his will to remain free to be the driving force of history.
(b) He considers himself outside of time, and does not belong to history.
(c) He considers history to have no affect on his Aesthetic Attitude.
(d) He considers his thoughts to form the existential material of history.

3. When an individual aims at a goal that will be achieved beyond his own death, what does Beauvoir claim the individual should expect from the time given to the goal?
(a) The individual should not expect anything of that time for which he worked.
(b) The individual should expect those who share his vision accept his means.
(c) The individual should expect his virtues to be challenged through his effort.
(d) The individual should expect a festival be given in his honor.

4. What are the two clans that Beauvoir claims to come from oppression?
(a) Those who believe their status allows them the freedom to oppress and those whose freedom is taken for the benefit of those of status.
(b) Those who escape into their aesthetic only to allow their oppressive ideas to penetrate reality and subject the freedom of others to mechanically toil to satisfy their needs.
(c) The oppressors and the oppressed.
(d) Those who enlighten mankind by thrusting it ahead of itself, and those who are condemned to mark time hopelessly.

5. What three considerations an individual make before acting are abstract, according to Beauvoir?
(a) Is the action ambiguous, is it mental, is it physical.
(b) Is the action possible, is it future-oriented, will it affect the self.
(c) Does the action lead to a goal, is it transcendent, will it affect the self.
(d) Is the action practical, is it good, is it bad.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Beauvoir explain that technics (technology) is not objectively justified?

2. When does Beauvoir claim that science acquires meaning?

3. Of what does Beauvoir accuse political parties in their effort to control the ambiguity of the human condition?

4. What does Beauvoir claim to be the only solution for those who are oppressed?

5. How does Beauvoir define the present?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Beauvoir define the Aesthetic Attitude?

2. How does Beauvoir relate death to life?

3. Why does Beauvoir write that the only way way that the oppressed can fulfill his freedom is through revolt?

4. How does Beauvoir claim living as an existentialist would affect men?

5. How does Beauvoir claim that we can best secure our personal freedom?

6. What is the main criticism that Beauvoir makes of the Aesthetic Attitude?

7. What is the example of the conservative that Beauvoir uses to illustrate how tyrants will attempt to prevent revolt?

8. How does Beauvoir characterize freedom that is won through denying freedom to others?

9. What does Beauvoir mean with the phrase "Antinomies of Action"?

10. What is the contradiction that Beauvoir states regarding the difficulty of living the in the modern age?

(see the answer keys)

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