The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir suggest an individual can find tranquility of the serious?
(a) By rejecting the sloppy thinking that the present oppression will vanish on its own.
(b) By projecting himself toward a Future-Thing and submerge their freedom it it.
(c) By considering their projects to be divinely inspired so their seriousness has eternal significance.
(d) By occupying their present only with serious matter.

2. What does Beauvoir claim to be the meaning and substance of all action?
(a) Existentialism.
(b) Ambiguity.
(c) Freedom.
(d) The future.

3. Since human life is finite, with what does Beauvoir suggest the individual should concern himself?
(a) Dedicating himself to projects that transcend time.
(b) Finding a balance between goals and means.
(c) Finding purpose in ambiguity.
(d) Will himself free.

4. What is a flaw that Beauvoir claims some people make about their present situation regarding the natures of human nature and the present?
(a) Some serenely think that the present oppression has no importance, and that oppression will be wiped out by itself.
(b) Since no one can fully occupy the present, many obsess on either the past or on future things.
(c) Some believe that since the present conflicts with the nature of thought, that morality has no purpose.
(d) Some serenely believe that the future is in the hands of a benevolent God, therefore they pursue no worthwhile projects in the present.

5. How does Beauvoir suggest that Christian charity, Epicurean cult of friendship, and Kantian moralism share the same point of views?
(a) By recognizing the failures of their histories.
(b) By recognizing the limits of their moral laws.
(c) By making the individual the ends of which their actions must aim.
(d) By recognizing the similarities that define their ambiguity.

Short Answer Questions

1. What type of individual does Beauvoir claim adopts the Aesthetic Attitude?

2. How does Beauvoir illustrate how ambiguity affected Christianity?

3. What does Beauvoir claim is needed to make an ethical choice in a complex situation?

4. How does Beauvoir claim an individual can prevent life from being defined as an escape toward nothingness?

5. Why does Beauvoir suggest that if man waits for universal peace to establish his existence validly, he will wait indefinitely?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Beauvoir represent the present in the face of the future?

2. How does Beauvoir claim that science can find truth?

3. What is an example that Beauvoir uses to illustrate the "Antinomies of Action"?

4. What is the contradiction that Beauvoir states regarding the difficulty of living the in the modern age?

5. How does Beauvoir show that the complexity of the world affects those who are fighting for a cause?

6. How does Beauvoir claim that we can best secure our personal freedom?

7. How does Beauvoir claim living as an existentialist would affect men?

8. How does Beauvoir characterize freedom that is won through denying freedom to others?

9. How does Beauvoir define the Aesthetic Attitude?

10. What is the example of the conservative that Beauvoir uses to illustrate how tyrants will attempt to prevent revolt?

(see the answer keys)

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