The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir explain that Marxists perceive that acts can be regarded as good or bad?
(a) Only through the destruction of private property.
(b) Only when systems are formed in which each gives according to his ability.
(c) Through the revolt of a class which define aims and goals from a which a new state appears as desirable.
(d) Only when systems are designed that each takes according to his need.

2. What does Beauvoir claim to be the affect of rejecting any extrinsic justification for internal choices?
(a) Such rejection would lead to the erosion of any social order that makes choice useful.
(b) Such rejection would also reject the original pessimism which she seeks to address with her work.
(c) Such rejection also eliminates any standard by which choices are determined to be useful.
(d) Such rejection also removes the motivations upon passions are fueled.

3. How does Beauvoir suggest that a child console himself when confronted with personal imperfection?
(a) By holding to ignorance so as not to have to explain his predicament.
(b) By blaming his problem on another child.
(c) By pinning his hopes on the future.
(d) By denying the flaw and moving to his next goal.

4. What explanation does Beauvoir give to assert that existentialist thought helps to build community.
(a) Beauvoir asserts, "Despite their disparate views, existentialists easily welcome any detractor because they only see them as creations of their own minds."
(b) Beauvoir asserts, "Existentialists are more often inviting of debate since they do not consider any idea as wrong because they accept no idea as right."
(c) Beauvoir asserts, "...existentialism,...(is) the plurality of concrete particular men projecting themselves toward their ends on the basis of situations whose particularity is as radical and irreducible as subjectivity.
(d) Beauvoir asserts, "Existentialists, with their dogmatic adherence to solipsism, help to rally a wide range of theorists to disprove their irrationality."

5. What does Beauvoir suggest becomes the intellectual responsibility of existentialists who reject God?
(a) He bears the responsibility to prove the lives of others have not affects on himself, starting with the union of his parents that brought his existence.
(b) He bears responsibility for a world which is not the work of strange power.
(c) He bears the responsibility to show his works for self-benefit do not affect others in his environs.
(d) He has the responsibility of defining how works for self-benefit are also beneficial to his environs.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what way does Beauvoir consider nihilistic thinking to be right?

2. By quoting Dostoyevsky ("If God does not exist, then everything is permitted"), what examination does Beauvoir make?

3. What does Beauvoir define as the drama of original choice?

4. Who does Beauvoir use as an example of moving through such obstacles?

5. According to Beauvoir, what is the goal of dualist teachings to their disciples?

Short Essay Questions

1. What are two descriptions that Beauvoir gives to man at the beginning of Part I, Ambiguity and Freedom?

2. What does Beauvoir suggest to be a flaw in Existential philosophy?

3. How does Beauvoir claim one can avoid nihilism?

4. How does Beauvoir define the serious man?

5. How does Beauvoir claim that man can rise to a higher moral freedom?

6. What does Beauvoir detail as the consequences of failure to the serious man?

7. How does Beauvoir explain the characteristic feature of all ethics?

8. How does Beauvoir describe the difference between Marxists and existentialist?

9. How does Beauvoir explain that nihilism becomes the desire for power?

10. What type of adults does Beauvoir claim stays in an infantile world?

(see the answer keys)

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