The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is a principle that Beauvoir states that an ethics of ambiguity will refuse to deny a priori?
(a) That "ethics of ambiguity" are as solipsistic as is existentialism.
(b) That, by definition, "ethics of ambiguity" must remained undefined.
(c) That separate existants can be bound to each other, such as individual freedoms can forge laws valid for all.
(d) That the most important element of "ethics of ambiguity" is to disallow them from defining the conduct of those outside their understanding.

2. What does Beauvoir claim defines the "sub-man"?
(a) The man who rejects the passion of his human condition and lives according to the world than has been established before him.
(b) The man who lives below the potential of his abilities because of choice.
(c) The man whose lack of being is defined by his choice.
(d) The man who avoids choice and lives a lack of being.

3. How does Beauvoir explain that a child, himself, is not serious?
(a) A child is not affected by the knowledge of things that have been established before him.
(b) A child is not aware that his fate is the grave.
(c) A child's thoughts are often fanciful and unrealistic.
(d) A child is allowed to play and expend his existence freely to passionately pursue and joyfully attain goals which he has set up for himself.

4. How does Beauvoir claim that a spontaneous action, or flight, can be converted into will?
(a) By recognizing the effects of the spontaneous act on the physical world.
(b) By evaluating the usefulness of the spontaneous act.
(c) By accepting the consequences of the spontaneous act.
(d) By assuming the project positively.

5. At what time does Beauvoir suggest that children begin to notice the contradictions, hesitations and weaknesses of adults?
(a) The age of accountability.
(b) At the time the become interested in the opposite sex.
(c) When they begin to see how their actions affect the world around them.
(d) Adolescence.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Beauvoir report comes to the individual at the time the world changes in his perspective?

2. How does Beauvoir explain that Marxists perceive that acts can be regarded as good or bad?

3. How does Beauvoir accuse Marxists of accepting moral superiority?

4. What prevents a moral question from presenting itself to the child according to Beauvoir?

5. What does Beauvoir claim to be the affect of rejecting any extrinsic justification for internal choices?

Short Essay Questions

1. According to Beauvoir, how does man cast himself into the world?

2. How does Beauvoir show that the "sub-man" passes into being a serious man?

3. What does Beauvoir suggest to be a flaw in Existential philosophy?

4. Upon what basis does Beauvoir suggest that a man decides upon what he wants to be?

5. How does Beauvoir claim an individual makes himself a "sub-man"?

6. What does Beauvoir point out as the difference between the passionate man and the adventurer?

7. How does Beauvoir describe the difference between Marxists and existentialist?

8. How does Beauvoir claim that man can disclose being?

9. What does Beauvoir note has been claimed of the nature of existentialism as a philosophy?

10. How does Beauvoir relate nature of man's existence to the past, present, and future in Part I?

(see the answer keys)

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