The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Beauvoir indicate can sometimes happen when there is a failure of the serious?
(a) The serious man will have to rely on what training he had as a child to deal with failure.
(b) Sometimes the serious man will revert to his childhood and depend on others for his purpose.
(c) It can bring about a radical disorder.
(d) Sometimes the serious man will recognize his ambiguity and act freely to establish an ethic to help him through his failure.

2. How does Beauvoir explain the differences between the conditions of Western women from that of children?
(a) Children have no instrument to attack the civilization which oppresses them, but women have their charm and guile.
(b) Western women have left the life of children to accept the serious life.
(c) The condition of children are forced upon them, but women choose their condition.
(d) Because of the voting privilege of Western societies, the opinions of women must be taken more seriously than children.

3. At what point does Beauvoir claim an individual has the ability to decide and choose?
(a) When the usefulness of spontaneous acts are identifiable by the individual.
(b) When he can see and manipulate the affects of spontaneous acts on the physical world.
(c) When the moments of his life begin to be organized into behavior.
(d) When he responds to the consequences of spontaneous acts.

4. What prevents a moral question from presenting itself to the child according to Beauvoir?
(a) Ignorance of consequences.
(b) The misunderstanding of spontaneity and affects.
(c) A lack of perspective to see himself in the past or seeing himself in the future.
(d) Ignorance of the physical world.

5. What does Beauvoir identify as the irony of the serious man?
(a) He pursues his serious goals but finds them to be insufficient once they are achieved.
(b) He claims that he freely chose his goals, but they are extensions of the structures that formed his childhood.
(c) He defends the seriousness of his goals while disputing the seriousness of the goals of others.
(d) He considers his goals to be serious whereas the free man considers them to be trivial.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Beauvoir claim comes of the man who does not use his the necessary instruments to escape the lie of his serious life that prevents his freedom?

2. In what way does Beauvoir suggest Marxists practice free will?

3. What relationship does Beauvoir identify between ethics and facticity?

4. How does the "sub-man" submerge his freedom, according to Beauvoir?

5. What is the point at which existentialism is opposed to dialectic materialism according to Beauvoir?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Beauvoir report that Sartre taught regarding the being of man?

2. To what does Beauvoir credit the development of many different philosophical world views?

3. How does Beauvoir claim that man can rise to a higher moral freedom?

4. With what quote from Descartes does Beauvoir begin Section II?

5. How does Beauvoir define the child's world?

6. What does Beauvoir detail as the consequences of failure to the serious man?

7. What does Beauvoir note has been claimed of the nature of existentialism as a philosophy?

8. How does Beauvoir claim one can avoid nihilism?

9. How does Beauvoir claim that spontaneity affects man's freedom?

10. How does Beauvoir describe the difference between Marxists and existentialist?

(see the answer keys)

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