The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. To what conclusion to Beauvoir arrive regarding Sartre's internal choices that are affected by personal passions?
(a) Since passions and their choices are internal, there are no objective standards by which to define their usefulness.
(b) Since Sartre considers man as driven by internal passions, he brings to question the existence of the physical world and its causes and effects.
(c) Since man is directed by his eternal passions, the external force of God has no influence in Sartre's existentialism.
(d) Sartre's man eliminates the needs for external moral influence by following passions that eventually lead to personal benefit.

2. What does Beauvoir claim defines the "sub-man"?
(a) The man who rejects the passion of his human condition and lives according to the world than has been established before him.
(b) The man who lives below the potential of his abilities because of choice.
(c) The man who avoids choice and lives a lack of being.
(d) The man whose lack of being is defined by his choice.

3. How does Beauvoir show how her example of moving through obstacles prove her arguments?
(a) She explained that Adalai Stevenson believed his intellectualism would over come Dwight Eisenhower's popular reputation in two presidential elections.
(b) She pointed out that Hitler had desires to rule the world in spite of the fact that he did not have the ability to take his navy outside of the North Sea.
(c) She asserted that Van Gogh, despite being institutionalized, integrated his his past as a painter and continued to communicate through his talent.
(d) She explained that Sisyphus was condemned to rolling the boulder up the mountain despite his the fact that it would roll back down once he got it to the top.

4. Beauvoir claims that critics of existentialism claim that it is solipsistic. What is solipsism?
(a) The theory that only the physical life exists and matter is eternal.
(b) The theory that life is replicated on many planets in many worlds.
(c) The theory that life is nothing more than a creation in the mind of God.
(d) The theory that only the self (mind) exists or can be proven to exist.

5. What is the point at which existentialism is opposed to dialectic materialism according to Beauvoir?
(a) Where subjectivity and objectivity become equally determined by the revolt of the proletariat.
(b) When the proletariat universally works to eliminate its class.
(c) Where intellectual and bourgeois revolutions are considered suspiciously by the proletariat.
(d) Where revolt, need, hope, rejection, and desire are only the resultants of external forces.

Short Answer Questions

1. Although Beauvoir reports that existentialism defined itself as a philosophy of ambiguity, what does she claim to be existentialism's fundamental flaw?

2. How does Beauvoir suggest a child has a state of security?

3. How does Beauvoir explain that the serious man becomes a dangerous tyrant?

4. How does Beauvoir claim that Marxists consider man's actions to be valid?

5. What does Beauvoir state is the goal at which her freedom aims?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Beauvoir suggest causes the infantile world to begin to pass away by adolescence?

2. To what does Beauvoir credit the development of many different philosophical world views?

3. How does Beauvoir show that the "sub-man" passes into being a serious man?

4. How does Beauvoir define the child's world?

5. What does Beauvoir point out as the difference between the passionate man and the adventurer?

6. What faces the adolescent who is being liberated from the infantile world, according to Beauvoir?

7. How does Beauvoir define the serious man?

8. What does Beauvoir note has been claimed of the nature of existentialism as a philosophy?

9. How does Beauvoir claim one can avoid nihilism?

10. How does Beauvoir claim that the truly free will is produced?

(see the answer keys)

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