The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. To what conclusion to Beauvoir arrive regarding Sartre's internal choices that are affected by personal passions?
(a) Since Sartre considers man as driven by internal passions, he brings to question the existence of the physical world and its causes and effects.
(b) Since passions and their choices are internal, there are no objective standards by which to define their usefulness.
(c) Since man is directed by his eternal passions, the external force of God has no influence in Sartre's existentialism.
(d) Sartre's man eliminates the needs for external moral influence by following passions that eventually lead to personal benefit.

2. What does Beauvoir claim to be the affect of rejecting any extrinsic justification for internal choices?
(a) Such rejection would also reject the original pessimism which she seeks to address with her work.
(b) Such rejection also eliminates any standard by which choices are determined to be useful.
(c) Such rejection would lead to the erosion of any social order that makes choice useful.
(d) Such rejection also removes the motivations upon passions are fueled.

3. How does Beauvoir characterize the response of Western women when the structures that shelter them seem to be in danger?
(a) They become confused and bewildered to the point of despair.
(b) They drive themselves further into the subjection that makes them child like.
(c) They become harder, more bitter and even more furious or cruel than their masters.
(d) They become detached and unemotional.

4. During their stage of freedom, how does Beauvoir claim that a child sees adults?
(a) As fanciful projections of their uninhibited minds.
(b) As benevolent dictators that provide their needs.
(c) As physically threatening.
(d) As divinities.

5. What is the illustration Beauvoir uses to prove her assertion of stubbornness in the face of impossibility?
(a) The sapling that grows through a sidewalk.
(b) The development of the airplane.
(c) Beating her fist upon a stone.
(d) The deaths that preceded the first successful climb of Mt. Everest.

Short Answer Questions

1. Beauvoir claims that dualists use their basic belief to establish what idea?

2. What is the paradox with which Beauvoir closes Chapter One?

3. How does Beauvoir explain how the passionate man different from the adventurer man?

4. What does Beauvoir define as the drama of original choice?

5. What does Beauvoir identify as the spirit of seriousness?

Short Essay Questions

1. How does Beauvoir claim that man can rise to a higher moral freedom?

2. What does Beauvoir report that Sartre taught regarding the being of man?

3. To what does Beauvoir credit the development of many different philosophical world views?

4. According to Beauvoir, how have existentialists defined their philosophy?

5. How does Beauvoir relate nature of man's existence to the past, present, and future in Part I?

6. What are two descriptions that Beauvoir gives to man at the beginning of Part I, Ambiguity and Freedom?

7. What does Beauvoir detail as the consequences of failure to the serious man?

8. How does Beauvoir claim an individual makes himself a "sub-man"?

9. How does Beauvoir explain that willing bad is possible?

10. According to Beauvoir, how does man cast himself into the world?

(see the answer keys)

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