The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What type of individual does Beauvoir claim adopts the Aesthetic Attitude?
(a) One who uses his freedom to guide others to consider the world in detached contemplation.
(b) One who claims to have no other relation with the world than that of detached contemplation.
(c) One who only contemplates his freedom while he is among others.
(d) One who detaches freedom from will.

2. How does Beauvoir claim failure affects art and science?
(a) Failure has no effect on art and science.
(b) Art and science are set back because of failure.
(c) Art and science establish themselves through failure.
(d) Art and science ignore failure.

3. What is the meaning that Beauvoir gives to Festivals?
(a) Politicians use festivals to obscure their oppression.
(b) Individuals in festivals attempt to escape the uncertainty of the future.
(c) Existence attempts in festivals to confirm itself as positive.
(d) Societies use festivals to exalt their virtues.

4. How does Beauvoir claim a goal is defined?
(a) It is defined along the road which leads to it.
(b) It is defined by the benefits it provides to those who seek it.
(c) It is defined by the motivations of those who form the goal.
(d) It is defined by its transcendence.

5. At what point does Beauvoir declare the death of an individual is not a failure?
(a) If the cause for which he died is carried on by his survivors.
(b) When it is integrated into a project which surpasses the limits of life.
(c) When the cause for which he died preserves freedom for all.
(d) If his death leads to the victory of his cause.

6. What are the two clans that Beauvoir claims to come from oppression?
(a) The oppressors and the oppressed.
(b) Those who enlighten mankind by thrusting it ahead of itself, and those who are condemned to mark time hopelessly.
(c) Those who escape into their aesthetic only to allow their oppressive ideas to penetrate reality and subject the freedom of others to mechanically toil to satisfy their needs.
(d) Those who believe their status allows them the freedom to oppress and those whose freedom is taken for the benefit of those of status.

7. Since human life is finite, with what does Beauvoir suggest the individual should concern himself?
(a) Finding purpose in ambiguity.
(b) Finding a balance between goals and means.
(c) Dedicating himself to projects that transcend time.
(d) Will himself free.

8. Why does Beauvoir claim that no project can be considered to be purely contemplative?
(a) Because projects are contemplated differently by others who act differently from their perspectives.
(b) Because a project requires putting action to contemplation.
(c) Because an individual is continually projects himself toward something in the future through a project.
(d) Because projects are contemplated in the present to be completed in the future and become part of the past.

9. What is the paradox that Beauvoir identifies in the fight against oppression?
(a) Those who desire peace and freedom are too often faced with the need to subject themselves to war.
(b) Peace and freedom cannot be won without first going through oppression and war.
(c) No action can be generated for man without its being immediately generated against men.
(d) Oppression cannot be defeated with out oppression being applied.

10. Of what does Beauvoir accuse political parties in their effort to control the ambiguity of the human condition?
(a) Abuse of language.
(b) Glorifying war.
(c) Making contradictory statements to appeal to all people.
(d) Creating conflicts.

11. When an individual aims at a goal that will be achieved beyond his own death, what does Beauvoir claim the individual should expect from the time given to the goal?
(a) The individual should expect a festival be given in his honor.
(b) The individual should not expect anything of that time for which he worked.
(c) The individual should expect his virtues to be challenged through his effort.
(d) The individual should expect those who share his vision accept his means.

12. What influence does Beauvoir claim revolt has on the world.
(a) Revolt affects even those who have adopted the Aesthetic Attitude and forces the realities of the world on every man.
(b) Revolt rises from the recognition of oppression and brings freedom to the world.
(c) Revolt rises from a detachment from things and eventually leads to oppression through the desire to control things.
(d) Revolt does not wish to be integrated, but to break the world's continuity.

13. What comes of the man of action who does not recognize the ambiguity that appears during the pursuit of his goal, according to Beauvoir?
(a) He will lose his ability to evaluate his choices.
(b) He will lose sight of his goal.
(c) He will fall victim to the oppression he is fighting.
(d) He can become a dictator.

14. According to Beauvoir, why does society exist?
(a) Society exists only by the means of the existence of particular individuals.
(b) Society exists because like-minded people work to form institutions.
(c) Society exists because the mind exists.
(d) Society exists to distribute matter.

15. What possibility does Beauvoir claim the fundamental ambiguity of the human condition opens to men?
(a) The possibility of opposing choices.
(b) The choice of freedom over oppression.
(c) The choice of being and lack of being.
(d) The choice of existentialism over materialism.

Short Answer Questions

1. What type of future does Beauvoir recognize of humans?

2. What is a flaw that Beauvoir claims some people make about their present situation regarding the natures of human nature and the present?

3. How does Beauvoir claim an individual can put himself on the plane of the universal and the infinite?

4. How does Beauvoir suggest an individual can find tranquility of the serious?

5. What does Beauvoir assert to be the consequences of a world in which every man has to do with other men?

(see the answer keys)

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