The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir establish the relationship between things and man in human action?
(a) Things validate the actions of man through being the products of projects of man.
(b) Things remain through history after the actions of man bring them to reality.
(c) Things are the result of the actions of man and help man transcend time and space.
(d) This sustain the actions of man by presenting themselves as obstacles.

2. How does Beauvoir claim that oppressive regimes become stronger?
(a) Through indiscriminate violence that removes all pretense of freedom.
(b) Through ruthlessly enforcing law.
(c) Through being willing to kill allies.
(d) Through the degradation of the oppressed.

3. What does Beauvoir claim is revealed through art?
(a) Art reveals the transitory as an absolute.
(b) Art reveals the aesthetic qualities of the will of freedom.
(c) Art reveals that aesthetic contemplation at some point must make contact with time and space.
(d) Art reveals that ambiguous principles of truth and beauty can occupy time and space.

4. At what point does Beauvoir declare the death of an individual is not a failure?
(a) If the cause for which he died is carried on by his survivors.
(b) When the cause for which he died preserves freedom for all.
(c) If his death leads to the victory of his cause.
(d) When it is integrated into a project which surpasses the limits of life.

5. What comes of the man of action who does not recognize the ambiguity that appears during the pursuit of his goal, according to Beauvoir?
(a) He will lose his ability to evaluate his choices.
(b) He will fall victim to the oppression he is fighting.
(c) He can become a dictator.
(d) He will lose sight of his goal.

6. How does Beauvoir claim that "The Ethics of Ambiguity" compare to the individualism of Christian ethics?
(a) Both Christian ethics and the Ethics of Ambiguity depend upon individual devotion.
(b) Christian ethics dispenses salvation to the individual as the Ethics of Ambiguity depends on the individual accepting the nature of their ambiguity.
(c) Both Christian ethics and the Ethics of Ambiguity have their greatest influence on individual practice.
(d) Christian salvation is provided by an individual source as are the Ethics of Ambiguity.

7. Since human life is finite, with what does Beauvoir suggest the individual should concern himself?
(a) Will himself free.
(b) Dedicating himself to projects that transcend time.
(c) Finding purpose in ambiguity.
(d) Finding a balance between goals and means.

8. What knowledge comes to the man who has known real loves, real revolts, real desires and real will according to Beauvoir?
(a) He has no need of any outside guarantee to be sure of his goals.
(b) He has grasped his ambiguity.
(c) He knows freedom.
(d) He has reached transcendence.

9. How does Beauvoir illustrate her example proves her point that, "festivals stop the movement of transcendence?"
(a) Christians allow the influences of pagan observances to obscure the principles of the Bible.
(b) The festival regarding the liberation of Paris allowed people to temporarily ignore the coming difficulties that were to come to their post-war society.
(c) Throughout history empires leave the discipline that made their systems transcendent for the pleasures found during festivals.
(d) Pagans who adopt Christian labels for the celebrations are starting the process of renouncing their paganism.

10. What does Beauvoir suggest to be the motivation of those who adopt the Aesthetic Attitude?
(a) It is a means of understanding the role of oppression in history.
(b) It is taken so the individual can reflect on the role of the will in using freedom.
(c) It is a way of fleeing the truth of the present.
(d) It is meant to understand the beauty of freedom.

11. How is Beauvoir asking each one to confirm their existence through the ethics of ambiguity?
(a) As a means to an end.
(b) By the transcendence of goals.
(c) By combining mind to matter through projects.
(d) As a value for all others.

12. How does Beauvoir suggest that Christian charity, Epicurean cult of friendship, and Kantian moralism share the same point of views?
(a) By recognizing the limits of their moral laws.
(b) By recognizing the failures of their histories.
(c) By recognizing the similarities that define their ambiguity.
(d) By making the individual the ends of which their actions must aim.

13. What example does Beauvoir use to illustrate "...festivals (that) stop the movement of transcendence?"
(a) Christian festivals that have been implemented during pagan observations separate Christian doctrine from its literary roots.
(b) Pagan festivals that adopt Christian labels ignore the conflict between the two.
(c) Noted festivals through history note the coming decadence and collapse of the societies that embraced them.
(d) The festivals celebrating the liberation of Paris exalted the end of the history of Nazi occupation of Paris.

14. How will an oppressor use history to justify his oppression, according to Beauvoir?
(a) He will subjectively use the past to justify his power.
(b) He will negative aspects of history that existed before his power was attained.
(c) He will point out only past actions of his benevolence.
(d) He will create new history to confuse his enemies.

15. What does Beauvoir claim is needed to make an ethical choice in a complex situation?
(a) Means that justify an end.
(b) Long analysis.
(c) Transcendent goals.
(d) A strong sense of ambiguity.

Short Answer Questions

1. For whom do Beauvoir and Marx agree that the cause of freedom is most urgent?

2. How does Beauvoir claim failure affects art and science?

3. Why does Beauvoir suggest that the idea of the ambiguity of existence should not be considered absurd?

4. How does Beauvoir claim an individual can prevent life from being defined as an escape toward nothingness?

5. What type of individual does Beauvoir claim adopts the Aesthetic Attitude?

(see the answer keys)

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