The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Beauvoir claim to be the only solution for those who are oppressed?
(a) Deny the harmony of mankind by revolting against the tyrants.
(b) Negate oppression by willing oneself free.
(c) Avoid the negative consequences of oppression by producing as directed.
(d) Assume the Aesthetic Attitude and escape the turmoil of the world for an existence of contemplation.

2. Of what does Beauvoir accuse political parties in their effort to control the ambiguity of the human condition?
(a) Making contradictory statements to appeal to all people.
(b) Abuse of language.
(c) Glorifying war.
(d) Creating conflicts.

3. How does Beauvoir explain that an individual might be responsible for what they accept, but not guilty for acting upon it?
(a) An individual is responsible for what he learns in the world because he is responsible for his presence, but he is not guilty if his adhesion to beliefs is not a resignation of his freedom.
(b) An individual is responsible for what he learns because he applies it, but he is not guilty because those who are affected have freedom to reject him.
(c) An individual is responsible for what he learns because he takes time to learn it, but he is not guilty for those who face unintended consequences.
(d) An individual is responsible for what he learns because he can reject it, but he is not guilty for actions that come from his teaching.

4. How does Beauvoir suggest that the ends can justify the means.
(a) Only if the focus of those taking action are on the future.
(b) Only if the motivations of those taking action are on full display.
(c) Only if the end is completely disclosed in the course of the present enterprise.
(d) Only if those taking action consider the consequences before they take action.

5. How does Beauvoir claim that "The Ethics of Ambiguity" compare to the individualism of Christian ethics?
(a) Both Christian ethics and the Ethics of Ambiguity have their greatest influence on individual practice.
(b) Christian salvation is provided by an individual source as are the Ethics of Ambiguity.
(c) Christian ethics dispenses salvation to the individual as the Ethics of Ambiguity depends on the individual accepting the nature of their ambiguity.
(d) Both Christian ethics and the Ethics of Ambiguity depend upon individual devotion.

6. What does Beauvoir claim is needed to make an ethical choice in a complex situation?
(a) Means that justify an end.
(b) Long analysis.
(c) A strong sense of ambiguity.
(d) Transcendent goals.

7. How does Beauvoir claim to be the only means by which the present can retrieve itself?
(a) Through similar events through history.
(b) By transcending itself toward the permanence of future being.
(c) Through politicians who deny obvious truth so as to delay the consequences of their present decisions.
(d) By holding with an existentialist who has adopted the Aesthetic Attitude.

8. What are the two clans that Beauvoir claims to come from oppression?
(a) Those who believe their status allows them the freedom to oppress and those whose freedom is taken for the benefit of those of status.
(b) Those who enlighten mankind by thrusting it ahead of itself, and those who are condemned to mark time hopelessly.
(c) The oppressors and the oppressed.
(d) Those who escape into their aesthetic only to allow their oppressive ideas to penetrate reality and subject the freedom of others to mechanically toil to satisfy their needs.

9. What Beauvoir claim to happen to a democratic regime that defends itself by acts of oppression?
(a) It is pursuing political goals.
(b) It faces the possibility of becoming oppressive.
(c) It betrays its virtues.
(d) It is embracing the ambiguity of existence.

10. What does Beauvoir recognize as the paradox that faces a man who is willing to fight for a valid cause?
(a) Only sacrifice can lead to achievement.
(b) The only way a man can make an important gain is to sacrifice something equally important.
(c) Man can only assure better life by causing death to those who would destroy it.
(d) No action can be generated for man without its being immediately generated against men.

11. In the challenge for those who suffer more than one oppressor, what answer does Beauvoir offer?
(a) The issue is moral, not political, and the moral consensus must be reached with at least one oppressor.
(b) Only by working with the least offensive of the oppressors could other oppressors be removed.
(c) Overthrowing the oppressors is a matter of opportunity and efficiency.
(d) Only by generating full support of the masses could any of the oppressors be dispatched.

12. What does Beauvoir mean when she writes, "...festivals whose role is to stop the movement of transcendence?"
(a) Festivals marking a movement's success obscure the means used to attain the success.
(b) Festivals take people away from their future ambiguity.
(c) The end has been set up as an end.
(d) Festivals become both a means and an end to obscure the meaninglessness of both the present and the future.

13. What possibility does Beauvoir claim the fundamental ambiguity of the human condition opens to men?
(a) The choice of freedom over oppression.
(b) The choice of existentialism over materialism.
(c) The choice of being and lack of being.
(d) The possibility of opposing choices.

14. For whom do Beauvoir and Marx agree that the cause of freedom is most urgent?
(a) The unenlightened who does not realize their exploitation.
(b) To the oppressed that it appears as immediately necessary.
(c) The proletariat who is controlled by the bourgeois.
(d) Women who are unaware of the subjugation to men.

15. Upon what does Beauvoir claim existence is based?
(a) Doing something.
(b) Goals.
(c) Freedom.
(d) Ambiguity.

Short Answer Questions

1. What example does Beauvoir use to illustrate "The Antinomies of Action"?

2. How does Beauvoir suggest an individual can find tranquility of the serious?

3. What three considerations an individual make before acting are abstract, according to Beauvoir?

4. What example does Beauvoir use to illustrate "...festivals (that) stop the movement of transcendence?"

5. What does Beauvoir suggest to be the motivation of those who adopt the Aesthetic Attitude?

(see the answer keys)

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