The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir illustrate how ambiguity affected Christianity?
(a) She showed how poverty allowed a break from salvation through indulgences.
(b) She illustrated that the Reformation challenged the seriousness of the Catholic Church with the Christian Spirit.
(c) She showed how interpretation of scripture was replaced by researching scripture.
(d) She showed how works bound to the dead law were replaced with faith and charity.

2. For whom do Beauvoir and Marx agree that the cause of freedom is most urgent?
(a) The proletariat who is controlled by the bourgeois.
(b) To the oppressed that it appears as immediately necessary.
(c) Women who are unaware of the subjugation to men.
(d) The unenlightened who does not realize their exploitation.

3. According to Beauvoir, if every man is free:
(a) His will must remain free.
(b) He cannot will himself free.
(c) He must work to free other men.
(d) He is free to oppress the freedom of others.

4. How does Beauvoir illustrate her example proves her point that, "festivals stop the movement of transcendence?"
(a) Throughout history empires leave the discipline that made their systems transcendent for the pleasures found during festivals.
(b) Christians allow the influences of pagan observances to obscure the principles of the Bible.
(c) The festival regarding the liberation of Paris allowed people to temporarily ignore the coming difficulties that were to come to their post-war society.
(d) Pagans who adopt Christian labels for the celebrations are starting the process of renouncing their paganism.

5. What possibility does Beauvoir claim the fundamental ambiguity of the human condition opens to men?
(a) The choice of being and lack of being.
(b) The choice of freedom over oppression.
(c) The possibility of opposing choices.
(d) The choice of existentialism over materialism.

6. What is the meaning that Beauvoir gives to Festivals?
(a) Societies use festivals to exalt their virtues.
(b) Politicians use festivals to obscure their oppression.
(c) Individuals in festivals attempt to escape the uncertainty of the future.
(d) Existence attempts in festivals to confirm itself as positive.

7. How does Beauvoir suggest violent action against oppression becomes a contradiction to the cause of freedom?
(a) Because those who fight oppression generally desire the power of those they attempt to overthrow.
(b) Because those who see oppressors as being beneficial will believe they fight for freedom in defense of an oppressor.
(c) Because conquering enemies requires reducing the enemies to things and those who fight oppression must reduce themselves to things as well.
(d) Because those who fight oppression must oppress those who fight with them to command the battle.

8. How will an oppressor use history to justify his oppression, according to Beauvoir?
(a) He will negative aspects of history that existed before his power was attained.
(b) He will subjectively use the past to justify his power.
(c) He will point out only past actions of his benevolence.
(d) He will create new history to confuse his enemies.

9. In what way does Beauvoir claim that "The Ethics of Ambiguity" is individualistic?
(a) By allowing the individual to withdraw from social life to gain moral perspective.
(b) In that it comes to the individual to choose to follow them.
(c) It accords the individual absolute value and recognizes him as the power of laying the foundations of his own existence.
(d) It provides the individual the reasoning to choose between being free or being serious.

10. According to Beauvoir, why does society exist?
(a) Society exists only by the means of the existence of particular individuals.
(b) Society exists because like-minded people work to form institutions.
(c) Society exists because the mind exists.
(d) Society exists to distribute matter.

11. Why does Beauvoir claim that no project can be considered to be purely contemplative?
(a) Because an individual is continually projects himself toward something in the future through a project.
(b) Because projects are contemplated differently by others who act differently from their perspectives.
(c) Because projects are contemplated in the present to be completed in the future and become part of the past.
(d) Because a project requires putting action to contemplation.

12. How does Beauvoir claim an individual can put himself on the plane of the universal and the infinite?
(a) By taking goals that will transcend their lives.
(b) By considering a system abstractly and theoretically.
(c) By assuring the means and the ends justify each other.
(d) By considering the ambiguity of their decisions.

13. How does Beauvoir claim that the individual with the Aesthetic Attitude regard his role in history?
(a) He considers his thoughts to form the existential material of history.
(b) He considers himself outside of time, and does not belong to history.
(c) He considers his will to remain free to be the driving force of history.
(d) He considers history to have no affect on his Aesthetic Attitude.

14. What does Beauvoir claim to be the only solution for those who are oppressed?
(a) Deny the harmony of mankind by revolting against the tyrants.
(b) Negate oppression by willing oneself free.
(c) Assume the Aesthetic Attitude and escape the turmoil of the world for an existence of contemplation.
(d) Avoid the negative consequences of oppression by producing as directed.

15. What does Beauvoir claim is needed to make an ethical choice in a complex situation?
(a) A strong sense of ambiguity.
(b) Transcendent goals.
(c) Means that justify an end.
(d) Long analysis.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Beauvoir, what stops an individual's life from appearing as a negligible thing?

2. How does Beauvoir claim to be the only means by which the present can retrieve itself?

3. What is the future that Beauvoir sees for herself?

4. According to Beauvoir, upon what do politicians rely to sustain their influence over individuals?

5. What example does Beauvoir use to illustrate "...festivals (that) stop the movement of transcendence?"

(see the answer keys)

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