The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What claim of existentialists does Beauvoir offer in defense of detractors to existentialism?
(a) Bouvoir claims that existentialists offer their detractors important challenges to prove their theories.
(b) Bouvoir claims that existentialists give focus to the importance of matter in reality.
(c) Bouvoir claims that existentialists help to accentuate the strengths of other theories.
(d) Bouvoir claims that existentialists believe that the world is willed by man, insofar as his will expresses his genuine reality.

2. How does Beauvoir bring into question the Marxist claim that pure proletariat revolution is generated by the proletariat class?
(a) The Proletariat can be influenced by materialistic gain.
(b) A proletariat revolution is too often halted by various conditions in various locations.
(c) Too often members of the proletariat seek to become bourgeois.
(d) That even a Marxist needs to make a personal decision to join one party or another.

3. To what does Beauvoir compare the "sub-man"?
(a) An unpublished writer.
(b) A bad painter.
(c) A common laborer.
(d) A dull book.

4. What comes to the individual at the point he begins to notice the conflicts of the adult world, according to Beauvoir?
(a) The individual has the choice of holding to existentialist myths or accepting his ambiguity.
(b) The individual must at last assume his subjectivity.
(c) The individual can pursue freedom or seriousness.
(d) The individual faces the daunting challenge of pursuing ethics that have none of the inconsistencies that have plagued societies through history.

5. What does Beauvoir claim comes of an accomplished act that is left behind by an individual?
(a) It becomes nothing more than a fact.
(b) It has a diminished affect as time and spontaneous acts have different consequences.
(c) The act remains as an experience that lends to the development of the will.
(d) The affects of the act continue, but the act becomes forgotten.

6. How does Beauvoir claim that the child develops the conviction of good and evil?
(a) Through joy and disappointment.
(b) Through observation and learning.
(c) Through punishments, prizes, words of praise or blame.
(d) Through pain and healing.

7. What does Beauvoir seek to prove regarding man's mastery of the world?
(a) Man's mastery of the world is futile, because nature is constantly changing beyond man's ability to contain it.
(b) That the more widespread men attain mastery of the world, the more they find themselves crushed by it.
(c) Man's journey to master the world is a quest to meet God.
(d) With each gain to control his surroundings, man feels himself more insignificant within the immense collectivity on the earth.

8. What does Beauvoir claim a child can do due to his state of security?
(a) He can have all his needs provided without labor.
(b) He can do with impunity whatever he likes.
(c) He can choose a direction in which he desires to remove his ignorance.
(d) He can create the world he wants to exist.

9. How does Beauvoir explain how the passionate man different from the adventurer man?
(a) The passionate man fails to fulfill his subjectivity rather than the content of the subjectivity.
(b) The passionate man acts from internal desires.
(c) The passionate man attaches his adventure to unmovable ethics.
(d) The passionate man has a focus guiding his adventures.

10. What does Beauvoir identify as the certain truth contained in the nihilist attitude?
(a) The nihilist attitude realizes the unreliability of man.
(b) The nihilist attitude is prepared for obstacles that always come from a complex world.
(c) In the nihilist attitude one experiences the ambiguity of the human condition.
(d) The nihilist attitude understands the finite nature of life.

11. How does the child's life begin actually become serious according to Beauvoir?
(a) By learning which erases his ignorance.
(b) Through following the examples of role models.
(c) By restricting his actions to those that gain rewards.
(d) By feeling the consequences of poorly thought decisions.

12. How does Beauvoir explain what Descartes meant when he said that the freedom of man is infinite, but this power is limited?
(a) That man is free to believe all things, but achieving them is subject to the physical universe.
(b) That the will is defined only by raising obstacles and by the contingency of certain obstacles that let themselves be conquered and others that do not.
(c) The individual man has the power to follow his desires until his pursuit is obstructed by a more power man.
(d) That man's mind has no limits in thought, but his physical body does not have the ability to follow the thoughts.

13. What does Beauvoir state is the goal at which her freedom aims?
(a) "Seeing the doors of defeat before initiating and act."
(b) "...(C)onquering existence across the always inadequate density of being."
(c) "Understanding the difference between delusion, denial, and stone pounding to affirm true existence."
(d) "Rejecting the verdicts of doubters and seeing the possibility of achieving ends through obstacles."

14. What is a principle that Beauvoir states that an ethics of ambiguity will refuse to deny a priori?
(a) That, by definition, "ethics of ambiguity" must remained undefined.
(b) That separate existants can be bound to each other, such as individual freedoms can forge laws valid for all.
(c) That "ethics of ambiguity" are as solipsistic as is existentialism.
(d) That the most important element of "ethics of ambiguity" is to disallow them from defining the conduct of those outside their understanding.

15. How does Beauvoir identify dualism?
(a) They are thinkers that believe that the only two human values are life and death.
(b) They are thinkers that set to prove that each life has a dual existence in a different dimension.
(c) They are thinkers that establish a hierarchy between body and soul.
(d) They are thinkers that claim that each individual is destined to live a brief physical life and an eternal spiritual life.

Short Answer Questions

1. At what point does Beauvoir claim an individual has the ability to decide and choose?

2. How does Beauvoir explain that Marxists perceive that acts can be regarded as good or bad?

3. In what way does Beauvoir consider nihilistic thinking to be right?

4. In what way does Beauvoir suggest Marxists practice free will?

5. In the face of emerging violence of man's growing mastery of the world, what does Beauvoir suggest to individuals who seek to navigate it?

(see the answer keys)

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