The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Beauvoir define as the drama of original choice?
(a) That it justifies the positions of existentialists.
(b) That it has both cause and effect.
(c) That it goes on moment by moment for an entire lifetime.
(d) That its affects are ambiguous.

2. What irony does Beauvoir suggest contributes to the most optimistic ethics.
(a) That although ethics are pursued to define man's existence, they always lead to ambiguity.
(b) That although they seek to lift man to utopia, the eventually lead man to distopia.
(c) That all ethics eventually lead man to rationalize violations of their ethics.
(d) That they have all begun by emphasizing the element of failure involved in the condition of man.

3. During their stage of freedom, how does Beauvoir claim that a child sees adults?
(a) As divinities.
(b) As fanciful projections of their uninhibited minds.
(c) As benevolent dictators that provide their needs.
(d) As physically threatening.

4. To what conclusion to Beauvoir arrive regarding Sartre's internal choices that are affected by personal passions?
(a) Since passions and their choices are internal, there are no objective standards by which to define their usefulness.
(b) Since man is directed by his eternal passions, the external force of God has no influence in Sartre's existentialism.
(c) Since Sartre considers man as driven by internal passions, he brings to question the existence of the physical world and its causes and effects.
(d) Sartre's man eliminates the needs for external moral influence by following passions that eventually lead to personal benefit.

5. What relationship does Beauvoir identify between ethics and facticity?
(a) Ethics is the ambiguous manipulation of facticity.
(b) Ethics is the triumph of freedom over facticity.
(c) Ethics cannot exist without facticity upon which to base them.
(d) Ethics are the spawn of facticity.

6. How does Beauvoir claim that the child develops the conviction of good and evil?
(a) Through punishments, prizes, words of praise or blame.
(b) Through pain and healing.
(c) Through joy and disappointment.
(d) Through observation and learning.

7. What does Beauvoir claim to protect the child from the risk of existence?
(a) His inability to comprehend the consequences of decisions.
(b) His budding existentialist belief that only thoughts matter.
(c) His obedience to adults.
(d) The ceiling which human generations have built over his head.

8. What comes to the individual at the point he begins to notice the conflicts of the adult world, according to Beauvoir?
(a) The individual faces the daunting challenge of pursuing ethics that have none of the inconsistencies that have plagued societies through history.
(b) The individual has the choice of holding to existentialist myths or accepting his ambiguity.
(c) The individual can pursue freedom or seriousness.
(d) The individual must at last assume his subjectivity.

9. At what time does Beauvoir suggest that children begin to notice the contradictions, hesitations and weaknesses of adults?
(a) At the time the become interested in the opposite sex.
(b) Adolescence.
(c) When they begin to see how their actions affect the world around them.
(d) The age of accountability.

10. How does Beauvoir define materialist philosophers?
(a) Those who "conceive all matter as eternal".
(b) Those who have "striven to reduce mind to matter".
(c) Those who "see no life after this one".
(d) Those who see "no value in thought".

11. Beauvoir claims that dualists use their basic belief to establish what idea?
(a) To guide their adherents to prepare exclusively for the after life.
(b) To embrace nihilism.
(c) To diminish the part of the self that cannot be saved.
(d) To seek to find life on other planets.

12. What is the illustration Beauvoir uses to prove her assertion of stubbornness in the face of impossibility?
(a) The development of the airplane.
(b) The sapling that grows through a sidewalk.
(c) Beating her fist upon a stone.
(d) The deaths that preceded the first successful climb of Mt. Everest.

13. What does Descartes credit man's unhappiness to, according to Beauvoir?
(a) The inner conflict between doing right and doing what he wants.
(b) His inability to accept his ambiguity.
(c) His lack of freedom.
(d) Having first been a child.

14. What does Beauvoir suggest becomes the intellectual responsibility of existentialists who reject God?
(a) He bears responsibility for a world which is not the work of strange power.
(b) He has the responsibility of defining how works for self-benefit are also beneficial to his environs.
(c) He bears the responsibility to show his works for self-benefit do not affect others in his environs.
(d) He bears the responsibility to prove the lives of others have not affects on himself, starting with the union of his parents that brought his existence.

15. What does Beauvoir claim to be the basis upon which a man decides upon what he wants to be?
(a) Upon the basis of his ethical code providing the greatest benefit.
(b) Upon the basis of moral choice.
(c) Upon the basis of the most beneficial consequences of his acts.
(d) Upon the basis of what he has been.

Short Answer Questions

1. What idea regarding ethics does Beauvoir attribute to Hegel?

2. Who does Beauvoir use as an example of moving through such obstacles?

3. What does Beauvoir report to the the qualities of God that establishes moral standards?

4. What type of man does Beauvoir identify as being nihilistic?

5. What does Beauvoir identify as the certain truth contained in the nihilist attitude?

(see the answer keys)

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