The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the illustration Beauvoir uses to prove her assertion of stubbornness in the face of impossibility?
(a) Beating her fist upon a stone.
(b) The deaths that preceded the first successful climb of Mt. Everest.
(c) The sapling that grows through a sidewalk.
(d) The development of the airplane.

2. What role does time play what Beauvoir identifies as the ability to will oneself free?
(a) Time is required for the individual to understand that he is free.
(b) The goal of freedom is pursued and confirmed in time.
(c) The individual uses time to manipulate the physical world to exercise his freedom.
(d) Time allows the accumulation of spontaneous acts to define their direction.

3. How does Beauvoir characterize the fate of the "sub-man"?
(a) He finds nothing to appreciate and in turn no one appreciates him.
(b) His ethics and facticity have no consequences, therefore they are nonexistent.
(c) He makes his way across a world deprived of meaning toward a death which merely confirm his long negation of himself.
(d) He does not recognize his facticity, therefore he does not experience the triumph of freedom through the development of his ethics.

4. Beauvoir claims that dualists use their basic belief to establish what idea?
(a) To embrace nihilism.
(b) To seek to find life on other planets.
(c) To diminish the part of the self that cannot be saved.
(d) To guide their adherents to prepare exclusively for the after life.

5. Beauvoir claims that critics of existentialism claim that it is solipsistic. What is solipsism?
(a) The theory that life is nothing more than a creation in the mind of God.
(b) The theory that life is replicated on many planets in many worlds.
(c) The theory that only the self (mind) exists or can be proven to exist.
(d) The theory that only the physical life exists and matter is eternal.

6. At what time does Beauvoir suggest that children begin to notice the contradictions, hesitations and weaknesses of adults?
(a) At the time the become interested in the opposite sex.
(b) Adolescence.
(c) When they begin to see how their actions affect the world around them.
(d) The age of accountability.

7. What does Beauvoir report to be the child's situation?
(a) His ambiguity is compounded by his ignorance of right and wrong.
(b) He is subject to accept all things based upon what others tell him.
(c) He faces the reality that his freedom is continually reduced by his growing knowledge.
(d) He is cast into a universe which he has not helped to establish and appears as an absolute to which he can only submit.

8. What does Beauvoir identify as the certain truth contained in the nihilist attitude?
(a) The nihilist attitude is prepared for obstacles that always come from a complex world.
(b) The nihilist attitude understands the finite nature of life.
(c) In the nihilist attitude one experiences the ambiguity of the human condition.
(d) The nihilist attitude realizes the unreliability of man.

9. During their stage of freedom, how does Beauvoir claim that a child sees adults?
(a) As divinities.
(b) As benevolent dictators that provide their needs.
(c) As physically threatening.
(d) As fanciful projections of their uninhibited minds.

10. How does Beauvoir explain how goals supplant freedom in the life of the serious man?
(a) Rather than finding freedom in choosing goals, the serious man chooses goals to avoid his freedom.
(b) The serious man rejects all independent thought for the sake of achieving his goal.
(c) The serious man is defined by his goal not by his choices or acts.
(d) Goals become the means of defining the existence of the serious man at the cost of freedom and individually defining his ethics.

11. What does Beauvoir claim a child can do due to his state of security?
(a) He can have all his needs provided without labor.
(b) He can choose a direction in which he desires to remove his ignorance.
(c) He can do with impunity whatever he likes.
(d) He can create the world he wants to exist.

12. To what conclusion to Beauvoir arrive regarding Sartre's internal choices that are affected by personal passions?
(a) Since passions and their choices are internal, there are no objective standards by which to define their usefulness.
(b) Since man is directed by his eternal passions, the external force of God has no influence in Sartre's existentialism.
(c) Sartre's man eliminates the needs for external moral influence by following passions that eventually lead to personal benefit.
(d) Since Sartre considers man as driven by internal passions, he brings to question the existence of the physical world and its causes and effects.

13. How does human spontaneity give purpose to a human life, according to Beauvoir?
(a) By spontaneous acts require conscious evaluation to determine their usefulness.
(b) By spontaneous acts have affects in a physical world.
(c) By the fact the spontaneous act of an individual draws a response from others.
(d) By spontaneity always projecting itself toward something.

14. How does Beauvoir define materialist philosophers?
(a) Those who see "no value in thought".
(b) Those who have "striven to reduce mind to matter".
(c) Those who "conceive all matter as eternal".
(d) Those who "see no life after this one".

15. Upon what does Beauvoir claim that a child's freedom is based?
(a) Upon ignorance that makes all his decisions meaningless.
(b) Upon his willingness to trust adults without question.
(c) Upon adults whom he is only to respect and obey.
(d) Upon his inability to grasp the concept of cause and effect.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Beauvoir explain the differences between the conditions of Western women from that of children?

2. What does Beauvoir claim comes of the man who does not use his the necessary instruments to escape the lie of his serious life that prevents his freedom?

3. How does Beauvoir characterize the purpose of the body?

4. What does Beauvoir report to the the qualities of God that establishes moral standards?

5. How does Beauvoir claim that a spontaneous action, or flight, can be converted into will?

(see the answer keys)

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