The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir define the relationship of the "sub-man" to ethics and facticity?
(a) The "sub-man" rejects ethics and feels only the facticity of his existence.
(b) The "sub-man" rejects the ambiguity of ethics as influences over his facticity.
(c) The "sub-man" accepts ethics as the facticity of his existence as unchangeable.
(d) The "sub-man" considers ethics and facticity as interchangeable.

2. How does the child's life begin actually become serious according to Beauvoir?
(a) Through following the examples of role models.
(b) By restricting his actions to those that gain rewards.
(c) By feeling the consequences of poorly thought decisions.
(d) By learning which erases his ignorance.

3. What does Beauvoir identify as the spirit of seriousness?
(a) To consider values as ready-made things.
(b) Facing the reality that the fate of all is the grave.
(c) Leaving the fallacy of materialists that only matter matters.
(d) Leaving the fallacy of existentialism that only thought matters.

4. What does Beauvoir claim to be the affect of rejecting any extrinsic justification for internal choices?
(a) Such rejection also eliminates any standard by which choices are determined to be useful.
(b) Such rejection also removes the motivations upon passions are fueled.
(c) Such rejection would lead to the erosion of any social order that makes choice useful.
(d) Such rejection would also reject the original pessimism which she seeks to address with her work.

5. Who does Beauvoir use as an example of moving through such obstacles?
(a) Vincent Van Gogh.
(b) Sisyphus.
(c) Hitler.
(d) Adalai Stevenson.

6. How does Beauvoir compare Marxism to existentialism?
(a) Marxism rejects the moral foundations of law that are rooted in the protection of public property.
(b) Marxism rejects the idea of authority in the development of organized masses.
(c) Marxism establishes moral thought through mass rejection of the moral order.
(d) Marxism rejects the idea of inhuman objectivity and locates itself in the tradition of Kant and Hegel.

7. What does Beauvoir claim comes of an accomplished act that is left behind by an individual?
(a) It has a diminished affect as time and spontaneous acts have different consequences.
(b) The act remains as an experience that lends to the development of the will.
(c) The affects of the act continue, but the act becomes forgotten.
(d) It becomes nothing more than a fact.

8. How does Beauvoir explain that the Marxist paradox lends to her theory the scheme of man is ambiguous?
(a) She suggests that, although, "Marxists deride traditional moral codes that forbid theft and adultery as being 'bourgeois', she points out that strict adherence to Marxist dogma is a moral imperative for revolution."
(b) She agrees that, "One even the most devoted proletariat has what he needs, he begins feeding his desires."
(c) She shows that, "Morality is based on denial, while work and labor is based upon acquisition."
(d) She points out that , "He wants to be, and to the extent that the coincides with this wish, he fails."

9. How does Beauvoir explain that Marxists perceive that acts can be regarded as good or bad?
(a) Only when systems are designed that each takes according to his need.
(b) Only through the destruction of private property.
(c) Through the revolt of a class which define aims and goals from a which a new state appears as desirable.
(d) Only when systems are formed in which each gives according to his ability.

10. What does Beauvoir claim can come to people who are filled with the horror of defeat?
(a) They would keep themselves from ever doing anything.
(b) They reach the need to recall experience to make purpose of life.
(c) They must go back to their most recent success to retrace the steps of purpose.
(d) The face the transcendent moment at which they must face failure or freedom to act.

11. How does Beauvoir consider stubbornness in the face of an obstacle that is impossible to overcome?
(a) As the beginning of innovation.
(b) As that trial that brings experience.
(c) As the seed of innocent hope.
(d) As stupidity.

12. During their stage of freedom, how does Beauvoir claim that a child sees adults?
(a) As divinities.
(b) As physically threatening.
(c) As benevolent dictators that provide their needs.
(d) As fanciful projections of their uninhibited minds.

13. How does Beauvoir explain that a child, himself, is not serious?
(a) A child is allowed to play and expend his existence freely to passionately pursue and joyfully attain goals which he has set up for himself.
(b) A child is not aware that his fate is the grave.
(c) A child's thoughts are often fanciful and unrealistic.
(d) A child is not affected by the knowledge of things that have been established before him.

14. How does Beauvoir show how her example of moving through obstacles prove her arguments?
(a) She explained that Sisyphus was condemned to rolling the boulder up the mountain despite his the fact that it would roll back down once he got it to the top.
(b) She pointed out that Hitler had desires to rule the world in spite of the fact that he did not have the ability to take his navy outside of the North Sea.
(c) She explained that Adalai Stevenson believed his intellectualism would over come Dwight Eisenhower's popular reputation in two presidential elections.
(d) She asserted that Van Gogh, despite being institutionalized, integrated his his past as a painter and continued to communicate through his talent.

15. What does Beauvoir report to the the qualities of God that establishes moral standards?
(a) A God can pardon, efface and compensate.
(b) A moral code from God constricts believers to live within boundaries.
(c) A moral code from God contributes to establishing a moral consensus that directs thought.
(d) A moral code given from God removes the demands from human minds to create one.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Beauvoir suggest a child has a state of security?

2. In what way does Beauvoir consider nihilistic thinking to be right?

3. By quoting Dostoyevsky ("If God does not exist, then everything is permitted"), what examination does Beauvoir make?

4. According to Beauvoir, how is freedom present within the drama of choice?

5. How does Beauvoir explain how the passionate man different from the adventurer man?

(see the answer keys)

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