The Ethics of Ambiguity; Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Descartes credit man's unhappiness to, according to Beauvoir?
(a) The inner conflict between doing right and doing what he wants.
(b) His lack of freedom.
(c) His inability to accept his ambiguity.
(d) Having first been a child.

2. How does Beauvoir explain that Marxists perceive that acts can be regarded as good or bad?
(a) Only when systems are formed in which each gives according to his ability.
(b) Only through the destruction of private property.
(c) Through the revolt of a class which define aims and goals from a which a new state appears as desirable.
(d) Only when systems are designed that each takes according to his need.

3. Although Beauvoir reports that existentialism defined itself as a philosophy of ambiguity, what does she claim to be existentialism's fundamental flaw?
(a) It is so deeply ambiguous that its true understanding cannot be achieved.
(b) Its true ambiguity is superficial since it has no moral code.
(c) It is incapable of furnishing any principle for making choices.
(d) Existentialism is essentially taken by individuals seeking to pursue what is normally antisocial and contributes to the violence of mastery of nature.

4. What type of man does Beauvoir identify as being nihilistic?
(a) When a man who faces failure becomes conscious of being unable to be anything and decides to be nothing.
(b) The man who disputes the seriousness of another man's goals to the point that his goals are regarded as generally useless as a consequence.
(c) The point at which the serious man realizes the pursuit of his goals have been made at the expense of his freedom.
(d) The man who sees the futility of his goals and realizes he has missed the benefits of his ambiguity.

5. What idea regarding ethics does Beauvoir attribute to Hegel?
(a) "Ethics is self-contained because reality is self-contained."
(b) "Ethics is irrelevant because they only affect manipulation of a material universe."
(c) "There is an ethics only if there is a problem to solve."
(d) "Ethics are the creation of minds that fear facing problems."

6. In what way does Beauvoir suggest Marxists practice free will?
(a) By choosing to participate or deny proletariat revolution.
(b) By identifying the bourgeois.
(c) By choosing to become Marxists.
(d) By acting and preaching to others to act.

7. During their stage of freedom, how does Beauvoir claim that a child sees adults?
(a) As benevolent dictators that provide their needs.
(b) As fanciful projections of their uninhibited minds.
(c) As physically threatening.
(d) As divinities.

8. How does Beauvoir suggest a child has a state of security?
(a) By virtue of the fantasy world he creates in his mind.
(b) By virtue of his hopes for the future.
(c) By virtue of his very insignificance.
(d) By virtue of the adults who control his life.

9. What prevents a moral question from presenting itself to the child according to Beauvoir?
(a) Ignorance of consequences.
(b) The misunderstanding of spontaneity and affects.
(c) Ignorance of the physical world.
(d) A lack of perspective to see himself in the past or seeing himself in the future.

10. How does Beauvoir explain that a child, himself, is not serious?
(a) A child is allowed to play and expend his existence freely to passionately pursue and joyfully attain goals which he has set up for himself.
(b) A child is not affected by the knowledge of things that have been established before him.
(c) A child is not aware that his fate is the grave.
(d) A child's thoughts are often fanciful and unrealistic.

11. In what sense does Beauvoir claim that every man is free?
(a) In the sense that only consequences affect his choices.
(b) In the sense that he spontaneously casts himself into the world.
(c) In the sense that he can choose his own ethic.
(d) In the sense that he is free to end or continue his existence.

12. How does Beauvoir explain that the Marxist paradox lends to her theory the scheme of man is ambiguous?
(a) She suggests that, although, "Marxists deride traditional moral codes that forbid theft and adultery as being 'bourgeois', she points out that strict adherence to Marxist dogma is a moral imperative for revolution."
(b) She points out that , "He wants to be, and to the extent that the coincides with this wish, he fails."
(c) She shows that, "Morality is based on denial, while work and labor is based upon acquisition."
(d) She agrees that, "One even the most devoted proletariat has what he needs, he begins feeding his desires."

13. How does Beauvoir identify dualism?
(a) They are thinkers that establish a hierarchy between body and soul.
(b) They are thinkers that believe that the only two human values are life and death.
(c) They are thinkers that set to prove that each life has a dual existence in a different dimension.
(d) They are thinkers that claim that each individual is destined to live a brief physical life and an eternal spiritual life.

14. How does Beauvoir claim that a spontaneous action, or flight, can be converted into will?
(a) By assuming the project positively.
(b) By evaluating the usefulness of the spontaneous act.
(c) By accepting the consequences of the spontaneous act.
(d) By recognizing the effects of the spontaneous act on the physical world.

15. At what time does Beauvoir suggest that children begin to notice the contradictions, hesitations and weaknesses of adults?
(a) The age of accountability.
(b) At the time the become interested in the opposite sex.
(c) When they begin to see how their actions affect the world around them.
(d) Adolescence.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is the paradox with which Beauvoir closes Chapter One?

2. What does Beauvoir report comes to the individual at the time the world changes in his perspective?

3. What does Beauvoir claim comes of the man who does not use his the necessary instruments to escape the lie of his serious life that prevents his freedom?

4. What quote from Lenin does Beauvoir use to demonstrate the Marxist revolution has human meaning?

5. What does Beauvoir identify as the certain truth contained in the nihilist attitude?

(see the answer keys)

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