The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Eight Week Quiz G

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, The Positive Aspect of Ambiguity, Sections 4-5, The Present and the Future, Ambiguity and Conclusion.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir claim failure affects art and science?
(a) Art and science are set back because of failure.
(b) Art and science establish themselves through failure.
(c) Failure has no effect on art and science.
(d) Art and science ignore failure.

2. What is the paradox with which Beauvoir closes Chapter One?
(a) "Man cannot know existence without first knowing his nothingness."
(b) Man as an individual is, "At once alone in himself which makes up the mass of universality."
(c) Man is a being that, "in order to know the existence of achievement he must face the nothingness of failure."
(d) In order to fill his existence, man must assume himself as a being who, "makes himself a lack of being so that there might be being."

3. What does Beauvoir seek to prove regarding man's mastery of the world?
(a) With each gain to control his surroundings, man feels himself more insignificant within the immense collectivity on the earth.
(b) Man's mastery of the world is futile, because nature is constantly changing beyond man's ability to contain it.
(c) That the more widespread men attain mastery of the world, the more they find themselves crushed by it.
(d) Man's journey to master the world is a quest to meet God.

4. How does Beauvoir claim that a spontaneous action, or flight, can be converted into will?
(a) By accepting the consequences of the spontaneous act.
(b) By evaluating the usefulness of the spontaneous act.
(c) By recognizing the effects of the spontaneous act on the physical world.
(d) By assuming the project positively.

5. What irony does Beauvoir suggest contributes to the most optimistic ethics.
(a) That although ethics are pursued to define man's existence, they always lead to ambiguity.
(b) That all ethics eventually lead man to rationalize violations of their ethics.
(c) That they have all begun by emphasizing the element of failure involved in the condition of man.
(d) That although they seek to lift man to utopia, the eventually lead man to distopia.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Beauvoir suggest that if man waits for universal peace to establish his existence validly, he will wait indefinitely?

2. What is a flaw that Beauvoir claims some people make about their present situation regarding the natures of human nature and the present?

3. How does Beauvoir explain how the passionate man different from the adventurer man?

4. How does Beauvoir suggest that a child console himself when confronted with personal imperfection?

5. How does Beauvoir explain that technics (technology) is not objectively justified?

(see the answer key)

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