The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, The Positive Aspect of Ambiguity, Sections 1-3, The Aesthetic Attitude, Freedom and Liberation, The Antinomies of Action.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir characterize the purpose of the body?
(a) It becomes the vessel that evaluates the harm or benefit of consequences.
(b) It becomes the barometer that marks the move from child to adolescent to mature adult.
(c) It enjoys the pleasures of freedom before consequences are manifest.
(d) It expresses our relationship to the world.

2. How will an oppressor use history to justify his oppression, according to Beauvoir?
(a) He will point out only past actions of his benevolence.
(b) He will create new history to confuse his enemies.
(c) He will subjectively use the past to justify his power.
(d) He will negative aspects of history that existed before his power was attained.

3. How does Beauvoir characterize the fate of the "sub-man"?
(a) He does not recognize his facticity, therefore he does not experience the triumph of freedom through the development of his ethics.
(b) He makes his way across a world deprived of meaning toward a death which merely confirm his long negation of himself.
(c) His ethics and facticity have no consequences, therefore they are nonexistent.
(d) He finds nothing to appreciate and in turn no one appreciates him.

4. What does Beauvoir identify as the irony of the serious man?
(a) He defends the seriousness of his goals while disputing the seriousness of the goals of others.
(b) He claims that he freely chose his goals, but they are extensions of the structures that formed his childhood.
(c) He pursues his serious goals but finds them to be insufficient once they are achieved.
(d) He considers his goals to be serious whereas the free man considers them to be trivial.

5. What does Beauvoir assert to be the consequences of a world in which every man has to do with other men?
(a) Every man must accept his ambiguity and will his freedom.
(b) Every man must recognize that his freedom is only secured as long as no one attempts to oppress others.
(c) The world is a human world in which each object is penetrated with human meanings.
(d) The world is subject to the will of men who seek either freedom or oppression.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Beauvoir suggest a child has a state of security?

2. What does Beauvoir suggest to be the motivation of those who adopt the Aesthetic Attitude?

3. When does Beauvoir claim that science acquires meaning?

4. How does Beauvoir suggest that a child console himself when confronted with personal imperfection?

5. What are some of the causes that Beauvoir points out that oppressors will claim to defend in their battles against those who try to overthrow them?

(see the answer key)

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