The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Eight Week Quiz D

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 2, Personal Freedom and Others.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir compare Marxism to existentialism?
(a) Marxism establishes moral thought through mass rejection of the moral order.
(b) Marxism rejects the idea of authority in the development of organized masses.
(c) Marxism rejects the moral foundations of law that are rooted in the protection of public property.
(d) Marxism rejects the idea of inhuman objectivity and locates itself in the tradition of Kant and Hegel.

2. What explanation does Beauvoir give to assert that existentialist thought helps to build community.
(a) Beauvoir asserts, "Existentialists, with their dogmatic adherence to solipsism, help to rally a wide range of theorists to disprove their irrationality."
(b) Beauvoir asserts, "...existentialism,...(is) the plurality of concrete particular men projecting themselves toward their ends on the basis of situations whose particularity is as radical and irreducible as subjectivity.
(c) Beauvoir asserts, "Existentialists are more often inviting of debate since they do not consider any idea as wrong because they accept no idea as right."
(d) Beauvoir asserts, "Despite their disparate views, existentialists easily welcome any detractor because they only see them as creations of their own minds."

3. Who does Beauvoir use as an example of moving through such obstacles?
(a) Sisyphus.
(b) Hitler.
(c) Vincent Van Gogh.
(d) Adalai Stevenson.

4. In the face of emerging violence of man's growing mastery of the world, what does Beauvoir suggest to individuals who seek to navigate it?
(a) To seek to understand God's role in the growing environment of violence.
(b) To accept the insignificance of the individual as a means of embracing individual ambiguity.
(c) To discontinue to attempt to keep up with the changes going on in the world.
(d) To assume and know the condition of our fundamental ambiguity.

5. What is the point at which existentialism is opposed to dialectic materialism according to Beauvoir?
(a) Where subjectivity and objectivity become equally determined by the revolt of the proletariat.
(b) Where intellectual and bourgeois revolutions are considered suspiciously by the proletariat.
(c) Where revolt, need, hope, rejection, and desire are only the resultants of external forces.
(d) When the proletariat universally works to eliminate its class.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Beauvoir claim that some individuals have lives that slip into an infantile world?

2. How does Beauvoir compare southern slaves to children?

3. How does the "sub-man" submerge his freedom, according to Beauvoir?

4. At what point does Beauvoir claim an individual has the ability to decide and choose?

5. How does Beauvoir introduce the role of God in the discussion of ethics?

(see the answer key)

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