The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, Ambiguity and Freedom.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the paradox with which Beauvoir closes Chapter One?
(a) "Man cannot know existence without first knowing his nothingness."
(b) In order to fill his existence, man must assume himself as a being who, "makes himself a lack of being so that there might be being."
(c) Man as an individual is, "At once alone in himself which makes up the mass of universality."
(d) Man is a being that, "in order to know the existence of achievement he must face the nothingness of failure."

2. How does Beauvoir introduce the role of God in the discussion of ethics?
(a) By considering the endless pursuit of pure ethics and the failure to achieve such places the power of judgement in the hands of God.
(b) By pointing out that all ethics end up being an effort to define God.
(c) By suggesting the wide views of the nature of God actually makes God ambiguous.
(d) By pointing out that Sartre's view of existentialism ends with man attempting to make himself God.

3. In what sense does Beauvoir claim that every man is free?
(a) In the sense that only consequences affect his choices.
(b) In the sense that he can choose his own ethic.
(c) In the sense that he spontaneously casts himself into the world.
(d) In the sense that he is free to end or continue his existence.

4. What prevents a moral question from presenting itself to the child according to Beauvoir?
(a) Ignorance of consequences.
(b) A lack of perspective to see himself in the past or seeing himself in the future.
(c) Ignorance of the physical world.
(d) The misunderstanding of spontaneity and affects.

5. What does Beauvoir report to the the qualities of God that establishes moral standards?
(a) A moral code from God constricts believers to live within boundaries.
(b) A moral code from God contributes to establishing a moral consensus that directs thought.
(c) A God can pardon, efface and compensate.
(d) A moral code given from God removes the demands from human minds to create one.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Beauvoir claim that a spontaneous action, or flight, can be converted into will?

2. How does Beauvoir accuse Marxists of accepting moral superiority?

3. Beauvoir claims that critics of existentialism claim that it is solipsistic. What is solipsism?

4. How does Beauvoir claim that Marxists consider man's actions to be valid?

5. What does Beauvoir call pursuing the movement toward an end despite the obstacle of certain failure?

(see the answer key)

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