The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, Ambiguity and Freedom.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Beauvoir claim can come to people who are filled with the horror of defeat?
(a) They reach the need to recall experience to make purpose of life.
(b) They must go back to their most recent success to retrace the steps of purpose.
(c) The face the transcendent moment at which they must face failure or freedom to act.
(d) They would keep themselves from ever doing anything.

2. In the face of emerging violence of man's growing mastery of the world, what does Beauvoir suggest to individuals who seek to navigate it?
(a) To accept the insignificance of the individual as a means of embracing individual ambiguity.
(b) To assume and know the condition of our fundamental ambiguity.
(c) To discontinue to attempt to keep up with the changes going on in the world.
(d) To seek to understand God's role in the growing environment of violence.

3. What does Beauvoir claim to be the affect of rejecting any extrinsic justification for internal choices?
(a) Such rejection would also reject the original pessimism which she seeks to address with her work.
(b) Such rejection also eliminates any standard by which choices are determined to be useful.
(c) Such rejection would lead to the erosion of any social order that makes choice useful.
(d) Such rejection also removes the motivations upon passions are fueled.

4. How does Beauvoir compare Marxism to existentialism?
(a) Marxism rejects the moral foundations of law that are rooted in the protection of public property.
(b) Marxism rejects the idea of inhuman objectivity and locates itself in the tradition of Kant and Hegel.
(c) Marxism establishes moral thought through mass rejection of the moral order.
(d) Marxism rejects the idea of authority in the development of organized masses.

5. What does Beauvoir call pursuing the movement toward an end despite the obstacle of certain failure?
(a) Fighting through delusions.
(b) The stone pounding complex.
(c) The act of denial.
(d) The free movement of existence.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Beauvoir identify as the paradox of Marxist thought?

2. How does Beauvoir show how her example of moving through obstacles prove her arguments?

3. What does Beauvoir state is the goal at which her freedom aims?

4. By quoting Dostoyevsky ("If God does not exist, then everything is permitted"), what examination does Beauvoir make?

5. What irony does Beauvoir suggest contributes to the most optimistic ethics.

(see the answer key)

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