|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, Ambiguity and Freedom.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Beauvoir claim to be the affect of rejecting any extrinsic justification for internal choices?
(a) Such rejection would also reject the original pessimism which she seeks to address with her work.
(b) Such rejection also eliminates any standard by which choices are determined to be useful.
(c) Such rejection would lead to the erosion of any social order that makes choice useful.
(d) Such rejection also removes the motivations upon passions are fueled.
2. By quoting Dostoyevsky ("If God does not exist, then everything is permitted"), what examination does Beauvoir make?
(a) The role of an external moral code in extinguishing passions.
(b) The role of a dualistic spiritual existence in directing passion.
(c) The role of the physical world on the development of a moral code.
(d) The role of the existence of God in defining the existence of man and the world.
3. How does Beauvoir introduce the role of God in the discussion of ethics?
(a) By considering the endless pursuit of pure ethics and the failure to achieve such places the power of judgement in the hands of God.
(b) By suggesting the wide views of the nature of God actually makes God ambiguous.
(c) By pointing out that Sartre's view of existentialism ends with man attempting to make himself God.
(d) By pointing out that all ethics end up being an effort to define God.
4. What irony does Beauvoir suggest contributes to the most optimistic ethics.
(a) That all ethics eventually lead man to rationalize violations of their ethics.
(b) That although ethics are pursued to define man's existence, they always lead to ambiguity.
(c) That they have all begun by emphasizing the element of failure involved in the condition of man.
(d) That although they seek to lift man to utopia, the eventually lead man to distopia.
5. What role does time play what Beauvoir identifies as the ability to will oneself free?
(a) The individual uses time to manipulate the physical world to exercise his freedom.
(b) The goal of freedom is pursued and confirmed in time.
(c) Time allows the accumulation of spontaneous acts to define their direction.
(d) Time is required for the individual to understand that he is free.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Beauvoir show how her example of moving through obstacles prove her arguments?
2. According to Beauvoir, what is the goal of dualist teachings to their disciples?
3. How does Beauvoir bring into question the Marxist claim that pure proletariat revolution is generated by the proletariat class?
4. What does Beauvoir call pursuing the movement toward an end despite the obstacle of certain failure?
5. In what sense does Beauvoir claim that every man is free?
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