The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, Ambiguity and Freedom.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir claim that Marxists consider man's actions to be valid?
(a) Only if the man has not helped initiate his action by an internal movement or through free will.
(b) Only if the actions eliminate private property.
(c) Only if the actions are in opposition of the bourgeois.
(d) Only if the actions support the revolution of the proletariat.

2. According to Beauvoir, what is the goal of dualist teachings to their disciples?
(a) To escape ambiguity.
(b) To see the physical life as ambiguous.
(c) To eliminate ambiguity from extraterrestrial life.
(d) To eliminate ambiguity from the after life.

3. Beauvoir claims that critics of existentialism claim that it is solipsistic. What is solipsism?
(a) The theory that only the physical life exists and matter is eternal.
(b) The theory that only the self (mind) exists or can be proven to exist.
(c) The theory that life is nothing more than a creation in the mind of God.
(d) The theory that life is replicated on many planets in many worlds.

4. How does Beauvoir accuse Marxists of accepting moral superiority?
(a) By morally condemning any member of the proletariat who does not participate in revolution.
(b) By considering any movement in which a Marxist is involved to be part of the revolution of the proletariat.
(c) By being suspicious of any bourgeois revolution.
(d) When Marxists find fault with their adversaries and charge them with cowardice, lying, selfishness, and venality.

5. What is the illustration Beauvoir uses to prove her assertion of stubbornness in the face of impossibility?
(a) Beating her fist upon a stone.
(b) The deaths that preceded the first successful climb of Mt. Everest.
(c) The sapling that grows through a sidewalk.
(d) The development of the airplane.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Beauvoir require for an individual to genuinely desire an end in the present?

2. How does Beauvoir suggest a past accomplishment can be made relevant in the present?

3. Although Beauvoir reports that existentialism defined itself as a philosophy of ambiguity, what does she claim to be existentialism's fundamental flaw?

4. In what sense does Beauvoir claim that every man is free?

5. What explanation does Beauvoir give to assert that existentialist thought helps to build community.

(see the answer key)

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