The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 1, Ambiguity and Freedom.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Beauvoir claims that critics of existentialism claim that it is solipsistic. What is solipsism?
(a) The theory that only the self (mind) exists or can be proven to exist.
(b) The theory that only the physical life exists and matter is eternal.
(c) The theory that life is replicated on many planets in many worlds.
(d) The theory that life is nothing more than a creation in the mind of God.

2. What role does time play what Beauvoir identifies as the ability to will oneself free?
(a) The individual uses time to manipulate the physical world to exercise his freedom.
(b) The goal of freedom is pursued and confirmed in time.
(c) Time is required for the individual to understand that he is free.
(d) Time allows the accumulation of spontaneous acts to define their direction.

3. How does human spontaneity give purpose to a human life, according to Beauvoir?
(a) By spontaneous acts have affects in a physical world.
(b) By spontaneity always projecting itself toward something.
(c) By the fact the spontaneous act of an individual draws a response from others.
(d) By spontaneous acts require conscious evaluation to determine their usefulness.

4. How does Beauvoir explain that the Marxist paradox lends to her theory the scheme of man is ambiguous?
(a) She points out that , "He wants to be, and to the extent that the coincides with this wish, he fails."
(b) She suggests that, although, "Marxists deride traditional moral codes that forbid theft and adultery as being 'bourgeois', she points out that strict adherence to Marxist dogma is a moral imperative for revolution."
(c) She shows that, "Morality is based on denial, while work and labor is based upon acquisition."
(d) She agrees that, "One even the most devoted proletariat has what he needs, he begins feeding his desires."

5. What does Beauvoir identify as the paradox of Marxist thought?
(a) "The point at which the proletariat overthrows the bourgeois, they immediately attempt to become bourgeois."
(b) "Marxist deny accepting morality while condemning all movements that do not accept their moral view."
(c) "Marxist deny desires for material things while devoting their revolution to taking material things."
(d) "From the moment a man recognizes himself as free, he is prohibited from wishing for anything."

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Beauvoir seek to prove regarding man's mastery of the world?

2. How does Beauvoir identify dualism?

3. According to Beauvoir, what is the goal of dualist teachings to their disciples?

4. How does Beauvoir claim that a spontaneous action, or flight, can be converted into will?

5. Beauvoir claims that dualists use their basic belief to establish what idea?

(see the answer key)

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