The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Four Week Quiz B

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, The Positive Aspect of Ambiguity, Sections 4-5, The Present and the Future, Ambiguity and Conclusion.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir consider stubbornness in the face of an obstacle that is impossible to overcome?
(a) As stupidity.
(b) As the beginning of innovation.
(c) As the seed of innocent hope.
(d) As that trial that brings experience.

2. How does Beauvoir claim that a spontaneous action, or flight, can be converted into will?
(a) By assuming the project positively.
(b) By recognizing the effects of the spontaneous act on the physical world.
(c) By accepting the consequences of the spontaneous act.
(d) By evaluating the usefulness of the spontaneous act.

3. How does Beauvoir explain that artists can betray their aim with their aesthetic justification?
(a) By addressing an evil with a work for which the beauty is more regarded than the message.
(b) By facing the reality that their epiphanies found in their contemplation require action of creation before they can be seriously considered.
(c) By creating a project that removes them from their detachment and makes them part of history.
(d) By the fact that their attempt to withdraw for the cause of aesthetics frequently lead to works that are used by the serious for their projects.

4. What is the illustration Beauvoir uses to prove her assertion of stubbornness in the face of impossibility?
(a) Beating her fist upon a stone.
(b) The sapling that grows through a sidewalk.
(c) The deaths that preceded the first successful climb of Mt. Everest.
(d) The development of the airplane.

5. Why does Beauvoir claim that some individuals have lives that slip into an infantile world?
(a) Because the labor they choose prevents them from using their minds.
(b) Because they discover they are incompetent in the direction they choose for their lives.
(c) Because they are kept in a state of servitude and ignorance and have no means of breaking the ceiling which is over their heads.
(d) Because they never leave the fanciful world they create in their minds.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Beauvoir assert to be the consequences of a world in which every man has to do with other men?

2. How does Beauvoir compare southern slaves to children?

3. What does Beauvoir claim is needed to make an ethical choice in a complex situation?

4. What does Beauvoir identify as the certain truth contained in the nihilist attitude?

5. What does Beauvoir claim to be the affect of rejecting any extrinsic justification for internal choices?

(see the answer key)

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