The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | Four Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 2, Personal Freedom and Others.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir define materialist philosophers?
(a) Those who "see no life after this one".
(b) Those who "conceive all matter as eternal".
(c) Those who have "striven to reduce mind to matter".
(d) Those who see "no value in thought".

2. How does Beauvoir bring into question the Marxist claim that pure proletariat revolution is generated by the proletariat class?
(a) Too often members of the proletariat seek to become bourgeois.
(b) A proletariat revolution is too often halted by various conditions in various locations.
(c) The Proletariat can be influenced by materialistic gain.
(d) That even a Marxist needs to make a personal decision to join one party or another.

3. How does Beauvoir explain that the serious man becomes a dangerous tyrant?
(a) His ultimate goal is always to exert power over other people and usurp their freedom to his purposes.
(b) His choice to reject the ambiguity of his freedom combined with the desire to achieve his goal drives him to subject those in his environment to nothing more than instruments of achievement.
(c) The consequences of his choices to devote himself to his goal requires that he direct the choices of those around him.
(d) He ignores the subjectivity of his choice and sacrifices the freedom of others to achieve his goals.

4. How does Beauvoir claim that a slave can exercise freedom?
(a) By creating a world of freedom in their minds.
(b) By showing expertise in a particular field to make his existence more valuable to the slave owner.
(c) By using their influence over other slaves to overthrow the slave owner.
(d) By remaining ignorant of the consciousness of his slavery.

5. During their stage of freedom, how does Beauvoir claim that a child sees adults?
(a) As benevolent dictators that provide their needs.
(b) As divinities.
(c) As fanciful projections of their uninhibited minds.
(d) As physically threatening.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Beauvoir claim that Marxists consider man's actions to be valid?

2. What idea regarding ethics does Beauvoir attribute to Hegel?

3. Although Beauvoir reports that existentialism defined itself as a philosophy of ambiguity, what does she claim to be existentialism's fundamental flaw?

4. How does Beauvoir explain that the Marxist paradox lends to her theory the scheme of man is ambiguous?

5. Beauvoir claims that dualists use their basic belief to establish what idea?

(see the answer key)

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