The Ethics of Ambiguity; Quiz | One Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, The Positive Aspect of Ambiguity, Sections 1-3, The Aesthetic Attitude, Freedom and Liberation, The Antinomies of Action.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Beauvoir explain that a child, himself, is not serious?
(a) A child's thoughts are often fanciful and unrealistic.
(b) A child is not aware that his fate is the grave.
(c) A child is not affected by the knowledge of things that have been established before him.
(d) A child is allowed to play and expend his existence freely to passionately pursue and joyfully attain goals which he has set up for himself.

2. What does Beauvoir claim is revealed through art?
(a) Art reveals the transitory as an absolute.
(b) Art reveals that aesthetic contemplation at some point must make contact with time and space.
(c) Art reveals the aesthetic qualities of the will of freedom.
(d) Art reveals that ambiguous principles of truth and beauty can occupy time and space.

3. What does Beauvoir claim comes of the man who does not use his the necessary instruments to escape the lie of his serious life that prevents his freedom?
(a) He is condemned to living a life in which all his ethics, morality, and decisions are made for him.
(b) He is no longer a man, but a father, a boss, a member of the Christian Church or the Communist party.
(c) He slips back into the defined existence of a child.
(d) He becomes a "sub-man" who has no more purpose in existing than pebbles or trees.

4. What does Beauvoir report comes to the individual at the time the world changes in his perspective?
(a) He can begin to control the consequences of his acts.
(b) He faces the choice of repeating past mistakes or breaking from them.
(c) He has the moment of moral choice.
(d) The world is no longer ready made.

5. How does Beauvoir explain how goals supplant freedom in the life of the serious man?
(a) The serious man rejects all independent thought for the sake of achieving his goal.
(b) The serious man is defined by his goal not by his choices or acts.
(c) Goals become the means of defining the existence of the serious man at the cost of freedom and individually defining his ethics.
(d) Rather than finding freedom in choosing goals, the serious man chooses goals to avoid his freedom.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what sense does Beauvoir claim that every man is free?

2. What example did Beauvoir use to show how those who fight for a cause will come to accept certain contradictions.

3. For whom do Beauvoir and Marx agree that the cause of freedom is most urgent?

4. How does Beauvoir suggest that a child console himself when confronted with personal imperfection?

5. Although Beauvoir reports that existentialism defined itself as a philosophy of ambiguity, what does she claim to be existentialism's fundamental flaw?

(see the answer key)

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