The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What kinds of men are frowned upon in corrupt Republics?
(a) Excellent men.
(b) Common men.
(c) Vocal men.
(d) Scribes.

2. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(b) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(c) Because of the virtue of its Captains.
(d) Because of the strength of its soldiers.

3. What finally forced Phillip into battle with Fabius, according to Machiavelli?
(a) The prolonged war worsened his condition and that of his subjects.
(b) He was chased to his home and had to put a call out to his soldiers.
(c) He was laid siege in his fort.
(d) The Samnites fell victim to the Trojans.

4. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?
(a) That they are not to be observed when the force is removed.
(b) To observe them until which time they can fight for freedom.
(c) To deceive the party who forces the promise until they can make alliances that will defeat him.
(d) To observe them without reservation as they put themselves in the situation due to incompenence.

5. Why does Machiavelli consider men prudent for considering the proverb he cites at the beginning of Book 2, Section 49?
(a) Because Machiavelli believes, "It is better to know where you have been to know what direction you are going."
(b) Because Machiavelli believes, "Men are too quick to neglect the achievements of their fathers."
(c) Because Machiavelli believes, "for all the things of the world in every time have had the very resemblance as those of ancient times.
(d) Because Machiavelli believes, "only the fool says there is no God."

Short Answer Questions

1. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?

2. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?

3. What are the two things that Machiavelli cites as the causes of the dissolution of the Roman Republic?

4. What does Machiavelli claim that prudent men usually say?

5. What does Machiavelli predict comes to those Republics that are changed violently.

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the advice that Machiavelli gives to Princes who take possessions from another Prince?

2. Why doesn't Machiavelli expect promises made under force to be kept?

3. What does Machiavelli mean when he discusses using "...deceit in the managing of a war..." and why does he consider it a glorious thing?

4. What are two points that you can take from Book Three, Section 13 to suggest that Machiavelli believes that it is better for a Prince to have a strong army badly captained rather than a bad army strongly captained?

5. Why does Machiavelli recommend to avoid appointing anyone who has been offended to an important position in government?

6. Why does Machiavelli claim that the Senate and Plebes rose up to take control of Rome from Tarquinius Superbus ?

7. What does Machiavelli advise those who seek to change a Republic?

8. What does Machiavelli write of in Book Three, Section 14 when he reviews, "...new inventions and new voices...," and why does he recommend these to be used in the heat of battle?

9. Why does Machiavelli consider sustaining an initial thrust of an enemy to be an effective strategy for winning a battle?

10. Why did "Captains of Fortune" favor cavalry over infantry?

(see the answer keys)

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