The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?
(a) Decius and Fabius.
(b) Claudius and Brutus.
(c) Fabius and Junius.
(d) Decius and Octavius.

2. What example does Machiavelli use to show how a Republic can handle a malady?
(a) Immigrants taking part in elections and affecting the laws of government.
(b) Captains using deception to preserve freedom.
(c) Plebs developing industry to create wealth.
(d) The Senate using wisdom to avert disaster.

3. What does Machiavelli believe to be important to extending the life of what he calls "mixed bodies" (Republics and Sects)?
(a) Staying in a continual state of war.
(b) Keeping turmoil alive between common masses.
(c) Returning to their original principles.
(d) Providing the means from the state to keep them secure.

4. Of what is Machiavelli critical regarding the military tactics of his day?
(a) That they do not employ the tactics of ancient Rome.
(b) They rely on Artillery too much.
(c) They do not employ Cavalry to its fullest potential.
(d) They avoid frontal assault.

5. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?
(a) Success.
(b) New uses of artillery.
(c) Surprise.
(d) Feigned foolishness.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?

2. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."

3. What does Machiavelli claim that prudent men usually say?

4. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?

5. What does Machiavelli praise of the ancient Roman battlefield tactics?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli believe, "that men born in a province observe for all time almost the same natures (Book 3, Section 43)?"

2. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

3. What are two remedies that Machiavelli recommends in Book Three, section16 to prevent a City from becoming corrupted by periods of peace and wealth?

4. Why does Machiavelli recommend to avoid appointing anyone who has been offended to an important position in government?

5. Why does Machiavelli in Section 28 recommend that Citizens be allowed to obtain honors through public means, but prevented from seeking honors through private means?

6. Why doesn't Machiavelli expect promises made under force to be kept?

7. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three methods of reuniting a City that has been divided?

8. Why does Machiavelli consider saving an army from attack to be an effective method for defending a country?

9. Why does Machiavelli recommend that any organization maintain itself by frequently renewing its founding principals?

10. What does Machiavelli advise those who seek to change a Republic?

(see the answer keys)

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