The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are the two causes that will bring a corrupted Republic to take the important step of extending its life?
(a) Revolution and overthrow.
(b) Religion and industry.
(c) Wisdom and knowledge.
(d) Intrinsic and extrinsic.

2. What type of person does Machiavelli advise against promoting to important positions in a Republic?
(a) Anyone who has avoided war.
(b) Anyone who has been done a notable injury by someone.
(c) Anyone who has killed a rival.
(d) Anyone who is ambitious.

3. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?
(a) People corrupted by the times.
(b) Leaders who are irresolute in their decisions.
(c) Bad administrators.
(d) Bad Captains.

4. What are the two things that Machiavelli cites as the causes of the dissolution of the Roman Republic?
(a) Defiance of laws by Nobles and corruption of Plebs.
(b) Inflation of the currency and bureaucracy.
(c) Contentions that arose from the Agrarian law and the prolongation of military commands.
(d) Sloth and leisure.

5. What, according to Machiavelli, determines whether or not a Republic falls into tyranny.
(a) The reputation of its Citizens.
(b) The corruption of its Nobles.
(c) The absence of its military.
(d) The weakness of its Princes.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli believe is the only consideration to be made when the defense of a country is at stake?

2. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?

3. What did Livius' history of Rome identify as the three divisions of the Roman army?

4. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?

5. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?

Short Essay Questions

1. What were the two evils that Machiavelli claims came to Rome as its Empire grew in geographical size?

2. Why does Machiavelli consider towns more difficult to conquer after the Citizens have been in rebellion?

3. Why does Machiavelli recommend to avoid appointing anyone who has been offended to an important position in government?

4. Why does Machiavelli consider defending an army with fortifications useless with the artillery that was new to his day?

5. What does Machiavelli recommend to Captains as an element of strategy to assure success in capturing a town?

6. What does Machiavelli consider to be the purpose of expanding an Empire and why must a Prince be well organized in expanding it properly?

7. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

8. Why does Machiavelli consider saving an army from attack to be an effective method for defending a country?

9. Why does Machiavelli devote his longest section of "The Discourses" to discussing conspiracy?

10. Why does Machiavelli warn Princes from using auxiliary soldiers from another Prince?

(see the answer keys)

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