The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are Machiavelli's two thoughts on fortresses?
(a) They are important for protection and wise for storing armaments.
(b) They are costly and hard to maintain.
(c) They are not necessary and harmful.
(d) They build confidence and demonstrate power.

2. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?
(a) Bad administrators.
(b) People corrupted by the times.
(c) Leaders who are irresolute in their decisions.
(d) Bad Captains.

3. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?
(a) Captains.
(b) Tribunes.
(c) Plebs.
(d) The cavalry.

4. What are the two things that give an army confidence according to Machiavelli?
(a) Tactics and technology.
(b) That it is well armed and organized and each man should know the other.
(c) Victory and technology.
(d) Deception and strength.

5. What does Machiavelli believe comes to a good army without a good Captain?
(a) It becomes insolent and dangerous.
(b) It regroups and promotes its most virtuous member.
(c) It breaks apart and goes home.
(d) It sells itself to the highest bidder.

Short Answer Questions

1. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?

2. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?

3. How did Phillip of Macedonia avoid battles with Fabius Maximus?

4. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three ways to restore a divided city?

5. Why does Machiavelli consider men prudent for considering the proverb he cites at the beginning of Book 2, Section 49?

Short Essay Questions

1. When Machiavelli uses the word "esteemed" in reference to artillery and infantry, what does he mean?

2. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three methods of reuniting a City that has been divided?

3. Why does Machiavelli recommend that any organization maintain itself by frequently renewing its founding principals?

4. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

5. Why does Machiavelli recommend to avoid appointing anyone who has been offended to an important position in government?

6. Why does Machiavelli warn Princes from using auxiliary soldiers from another Prince?

7. What are two reasons that Machiavelli claims men have a hard time changing with the times?

8. What is the advice that Machiavelli gives to Princes who take possessions from another Prince?

9. What were the two evils that Machiavelli claims came to Rome as its Empire grew in geographical size?

10. Why does Machiavelli consider saving an army from attack to be an effective method for defending a country?

(see the answer keys)

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