The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli claim to be the conduct of excellent and courageous men whether they experience good fortune or bad?
(a) They keep their courage in any fortune.
(b) They find enemies and defeat them.
(c) They adjust to the times.
(d) They never refuse any type of challenge.

2. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?
(a) Through war and crisis.
(b) Through life threatening disaster or through the death of rivals.
(c) Through conspiracy and corruption.
(d) Through friendship and common wealth.

3. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?
(a) To confuse enemies at war.
(b) To Amuse the Nobles.
(c) To please a powerful Prince.
(d) To confuse political enemies.

4. What are the two things that Machiavelli cites as the causes of the dissolution of the Roman Republic?
(a) Sloth and leisure.
(b) Contentions that arose from the Agrarian law and the prolongation of military commands.
(c) Defiance of laws by Nobles and corruption of Plebs.
(d) Inflation of the currency and bureaucracy.

5. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the strength of its soldiers.
(b) Because of the money of its Nobles.
(c) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(d) Because of the virtue of its Captains.

Short Answer Questions

1. What are the two things that give an army confidence according to Machiavelli?

2. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?

3. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?

4. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?

5. What does Machiavelli write will prevent a bad Citizen from working evil in a Republic?

Short Essay Questions

1. When Machiavelli uses the word "esteemed" in reference to artillery and infantry, what does he mean?

2. What are two reasons that Machiavelli claims men have a hard time changing with the times?

3. What are two points that you can take from Book Three, Section 13 to suggest that Machiavelli believes that it is better for a Prince to have a strong army badly captained rather than a bad army strongly captained?

4. What does Machiavelli write of in Book Three, Section 14 when he reviews, "...new inventions and new voices...," and why does he recommend these to be used in the heat of battle?

5. What does Machiavelli recommend to Captains as an element of strategy to assure success in capturing a town?

6. Why does Machiavelli believe, "that men born in a province observe for all time almost the same natures (Book 3, Section 43)?"

7. Why did "Captains of Fortune" favor cavalry over infantry?

8. Why does Machiavelli devote his longest section of "The Discourses" to discussing conspiracy?

9. Why does Machiavelli consider impetuosity and audacity to often be successful for a Prince to take a province that belongs to another Prince?

10. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

(see the answer keys)

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