The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider the public a better judge than Princes for who should occupy public offices.
(a) Because Princes are too easily distracted by women.
(b) Because Princes play favorites.
(c) Because the public is swayed by true Nobility.
(d) Because the public is guided by what others say of a candidate beyond publicly known acts.

2. What were placed to the right and the left of every battle line of the Roman army?
(a) The cavalry.
(b) Tribunes.
(c) Captains.
(d) Plebs.

3. Who were the two Roman Consuls whose tactics Machiavelli compares as an example of how Princes can take what belongs to another?
(a) Decius and Fabius.
(b) Claudius and Brutus.
(c) Decius and Octavius.
(d) Fabius and Junius.

4. What institution does Machiavelli cite in Chapter 46 as being responsible for producing men that are either "harsh or effeminate."
(a) The Plebs.
(b) The Magistrates.
(c) The family.
(d) The Senate.

5. How do weak men handle changes in fortune, according to Machiavelli?
(a) They are arrogant in good times and cowards in bad times.
(b) They are vain and inebriated by good fortune and vile and abject in bad fortune.
(c) They are insufferable in good times and obscure in bad times.
(d) They are greedy in good times and beggars in bad times.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?

2. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?

3. What does Machiavelli claim causes men to conspire against their target?

4. How does Machiavelli advise a Captain to consider a tactical error by an enemy?

5. What does Machiavelli claim causes unity in a Republic?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider defending an army with fortifications useless with the artillery that was new to his day?

2. What does Machiavelli write of in Book Three, Section 14 when he reviews, " inventions and new voices...," and why does he recommend these to be used in the heat of battle?

3. What does Machiavelli recommend to Captains as an element of strategy to assure success in capturing a town?

4. What does Machiavelli advise those who seek to change a Republic?

5. Why did "Captains of Fortune" favor cavalry over infantry?

6. Why does Machiavelli devote his longest section of "The Discourses" to discussing conspiracy?

7. What were the two evils that Machiavelli claims came to Rome as its Empire grew in geographical size?

8. What does Machiavelli recommend as the three methods of reuniting a City that has been divided?

9. Why does Machiavelli consider impetuosity and audacity to often be successful for a Prince to take a province that belongs to another Prince?

10. Why does Machiavelli consider sustaining an initial thrust of an enemy to be an effective strategy for winning a battle?

(see the answer keys)

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