The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider it impossible to establish a perpetual Republic?
(a) Because in a thousand unforeseen ways its ruin may be caused.
(b) Because all the ruling Nobles will have to be sent to colonies.
(c) Because a Republic will always have ambitious men.
(d) Because a Republic must always send its best men to war.

2. Of what is Machiavelli referring when he addresses the use of deceit in managing wars?
(a) Fooling the Senate to put him where he can win.
(b) Fooling his soldiers to do things he needs.
(c) Using tactics that mislead the enemy in battle.
(d) Fooling the city he attacks to hide in a fort.

3. Against whom are conspiracies made?
(a) Captains and Kings.
(b) Republics and Senates.
(c) Princes and countries.
(d) Citizens and Plebs.

4. In what cases does Machiavelli endorse acting foolishly?
(a) To Amuse the Nobles.
(b) To confuse enemies at war.
(c) To please a powerful Prince.
(d) To confuse political enemies.

5. What does Machiavelli claim that prudent men usually say?
(a) "Only God knows the future and I am not God;..."
(b) "The only thing we learn from history is that we do not learn from history..."
(c) "You have a reference to analyze the past, but none such for the future;..."
(d) "Whoever wants to see what is to be, considers what has been;...."

Short Answer Questions

1. What are the two ways that Republics are altered that Machiavelli examines?

2. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?

3. In the comparison between the tactics of Scipio and Hannibal, what does Machiavelli consider to be praiseworthy?

4. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?

5. What does Machiavelli consider necessary to take control over a Republic to install a bad form of government over it?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider defending an army with fortifications useless with the artillery that was new to his day?

2. What were the two evils that Machiavelli claims came to Rome as its Empire grew in geographical size?

3. What does Machiavelli write of in Book Three, Section 14 when he reviews, "...new inventions and new voices...," and why does he recommend these to be used in the heat of battle?

4. Why does Machiavelli in Section 28 recommend that Citizens be allowed to obtain honors through public means, but prevented from seeking honors through private means?

5. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

6. Why does Machiavelli consider sustaining an initial thrust of an enemy to be an effective strategy for winning a battle?

7. What does Machiavelli recommend to Captains as an element of strategy to assure success in capturing a town?

8. Why does Machiavelli recommend that any organization maintain itself by frequently renewing its founding principals?

9. Why does Machiavelli consider impetuosity and audacity to often be successful for a Prince to take a province that belongs to another Prince?

10. What are two points that you can take from Book Three, Section 13 to suggest that Machiavelli believes that it is better for a Prince to have a strong army badly captained rather than a bad army strongly captained?

(see the answer keys)

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