The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Book 3, Section 1, what does Machiavelli declare to be, "...a most true thing...."
(a) That, "...the only thing we learn from history is we do not learn from history."
(b) That, "...regardless, all who rise suddenly will fall with the same rapidity."
(c) That, "...all the things of the world have to have an ending to their existence."
(d) That, "...all will face death and taxes."

2. According to Machiavelli, what is the sign of a truly powerful Republic?
(a) It has the wealth to buy other lands.
(b) It has the diplomatic skill to cajole the support of other Republics.
(c) It can intimidate other Cities to become part of it without fighting battles.
(d) It does not take land or gain support with money, but through the virtue of its army and war.

3. According to Machiavelli, why did Livius believe the Roman Republic grew?
(a) Because of the wisdom of its Magistrates.
(b) Because of the virtue of its Captains.
(c) Because of the strength of its soldiers.
(d) Because of the money of its Nobles.

4. According to Machiavelli, if men have prospered greatly by one procedure, what is not possible?
(a) To undo their success.
(b) To undo their honor.
(c) To remove them from their position.
(d) To persuade them they can do well with other procedures.

5. What does Machiavelli advise to Princes who desire to take something from another Prince?
(a) To keep their plans a secret.
(b) To make sure that their generals know tactics of deception.
(c) To act quickly to force a quick decision on the other Prince.
(d) To take the Prince captive first but make no hasty decisions afterwards.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the difference between the tactics of the two Roman Consuls Machiavelli used as an example?

2. What does Machiavelli identify as the three divisions of armies of his day?

3. What type of person does Machiavelli advise against promoting to important positions in a Republic?

4. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?

5. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

2. Why does Machiavelli consider defending an army with fortifications useless with the artillery that was new to his day?

3. Why does Machiavelli consider saving an army from attack to be an effective method for defending a country?

4. Why does Machiavelli consider sustaining an initial thrust of an enemy to be an effective strategy for winning a battle?

5. Why did "Captains of Fortune" favor cavalry over infantry?

6. What are two points that you can take from Book Three, Section 13 to suggest that Machiavelli believes that it is better for a Prince to have a strong army badly captained rather than a bad army strongly captained?

7. What does Machiavelli recommend to Captains as an element of strategy to assure success in capturing a town?

8. Why does Machiavelli in Section 28 recommend that Citizens be allowed to obtain honors through public means, but prevented from seeking honors through private means?

9. Why does Machiavelli consider negotiating peace treaties with insurrectionists to be the most harmful method of ending conflicts in a City?

10. What does Machiavelli believe is the consequence of insulting anyone with words?

(see the answer keys)

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