The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli claim to be the cause of Princes losing inherited power?
(a) Incompetence.
(b) Arrogance.
(c) Indifference to their Principality.
(d) Their rejection of laws and ancient institutions.

2. What phrase could summarize what Livius' details as qualifications for an effective Captain.
(a) His men hate his personality but love his tactics.
(b) His wisdom is established by his deceptions.
(c) He leads by deeds and not words.
(d) He earns animosity in training but trust in battle.

3. Why does Machiavelli believe that leaders of his time refuse to follow the examples of dealing with tumults set by leaders of ancient times.
(a) They were too easily influenced by women.
(b) They did not have the virtu of the Romans.
(c) They did not have the power of the Romans.
(d) They regard the judgments of ancient leaders to be inhuman and impossible to apply.

4. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?
(a) That its Citizens are to be kept poor.
(b) Women's rights.
(c) Universal suffrage.
(d) Public mechanisms for delivering benefits.

5. What does Machiavelli advise Princes in observing promises made under force?
(a) To observe them without reservation as they put themselves in the situation due to incompenence.
(b) To observe them until which time they can fight for freedom.
(c) That they are not to be observed when the force is removed.
(d) To deceive the party who forces the promise until they can make alliances that will defeat him.

Short Answer Questions

1. What knowledge is necessary for a Captain to be successful?

2. What did Roman historian Livius call Necessity?

3. Why does Machiavelli consider men prudent for considering the proverb he cites at the beginning of Book 2, Section 49?

4. What does Machiavelli claim comes to those Republics that are changed through the general public?

5. Of what is Machiavelli referring when he addresses the use of deceit in managing wars?

Short Essay Questions

1. When Machiavelli uses the word "esteemed" in reference to artillery and infantry, what does he mean?

2. Why does Machiavelli devote his longest section of "The Discourses" to discussing conspiracy?

3. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

4. What does Machiavelli believe is the consequence of insulting anyone with words?

5. What were the two evils that Machiavelli claims came to Rome as its Empire grew in geographical size?

6. What are two remedies that Machiavelli recommends in Book Three, section16 to prevent a City from becoming corrupted by periods of peace and wealth?

7. What are two points that you can take from Book Three, Section 13 to suggest that Machiavelli believes that it is better for a Prince to have a strong army badly captained rather than a bad army strongly captained?

8. Why does Machiavelli warn Princes from using auxiliary soldiers from another Prince?

9. What are two reasons that Machiavelli claims men have a hard time changing with the times?

10. Why does Machiavelli claim that the Senate and Plebes rose up to take control of Rome from Tarquinius Superbus ?

(see the answer keys)

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