The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What often happens to Captains who see a tactical error committed by their enemies?
(a) They move into passes and ambush the enemy.
(b) They are blinded by the desire for victory.
(c) They are overly cautious and bring defeat.
(d) They take the steps to assure victory.

2. Who does Machiavelli credit with protecting Rome from the ambitions of the Tribunes?
(a) Junius Claudius.
(b) Lucius Brutus.
(c) Appius Claudius.
(d) Claudius Lucius.

3. Why does Machiavelli admire Fabius Maximus for avoiding battles?
(a) Because his soldiers were unqualified for battle.
(b) Because it gave the Senate time to negotiate a treaty.
(c) Because he waited until the time for battle was in his favor.
(d) Because he did not have a sufficient number of soldiers.

4. What knowledge is necessary for a Captain to be successful?
(a) The knowledge of sites (geography).
(b) The knowledge of deception.
(c) The knowledge of tactics.
(d) The knowledge of the enemy.

5. In Book 3, Section 25, what does Machiavelli repeat to be the most useful thing to establish in a Republic?
(a) That its Citizens are to be kept poor.
(b) Universal suffrage.
(c) Women's rights.
(d) Public mechanisms for delivering benefits.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli believe to be important to extending the life of what he calls "mixed bodies" (Republics and Sects)?

2. What does Machiavelli consider the most useful possession for the defense of a Republic?

3. What are the two ways that Machiavelli claims that envy can be extinguished?

4. Who was esteemed as being wise for acting foolish from Livius' history of Rome?

5. What does Machiavelli believe is the only consideration to be made when the defense of a country is at stake?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

2. Why does Machiavelli consider negotiating peace treaties with insurrectionists to be the most harmful method of ending conflicts in a City?

3. Why does Machiavelli recommend to avoid appointing anyone who has been offended to an important position in government?

4. What were the two evils that Machiavelli claims came to Rome as its Empire grew in geographical size?

5. Why did "Captains of Fortune" favor cavalry over infantry?

6. What does Machiavelli advise those who seek to change a Republic?

7. Why doesn't Machiavelli expect promises made under force to be kept?

8. Why does Machiavelli consider impetuosity and audacity to often be successful for a Prince to take a province that belongs to another Prince?

9. What are some of methods that Machiavelli identifies that Citizens use to earn private honors?

10. What are two remedies that Machiavelli recommends in Book Three, section16 to prevent a City from becoming corrupted by periods of peace and wealth?

(see the answer keys)

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