The Discourses Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why would corrupt Republics accept common deceptions?
(a) Because they keep anyone from knowing any truth.
(b) Because they help to confuse Citizens to the corruption.
(c) Because they are put forward by men who want favors more readily for themselves than for the public.
(d) Because they hide the corruption of the political class.

2. What method of dealing with leaders of tumults that divide cities does Machiavelli favor?
(a) Dividing the City's wealth among the factions.
(b) Conscripting combatants into the military.
(c) Killing the leaders of tumults.
(d) Taking the women into slavery.

3. How many commanders does Machiavelli advise over an army?
(a) One for battle and one for negotiation.
(b) A tribunal.
(c) One.
(d) One for each division.

4. What is the reason Machiavelli claims Princes with weaker armies would rush into battle?
(a) Such Princes are deluded over their power.
(b) Because a long war would be harmful to all his subjects.
(c) Such Princes face no alternative.
(d) Because their judgment was hindered by the situation.

5. What does Machiavelli claim causes disunity in a Republic?
(a) Wealth and industry.
(b) Idleness and peace.
(c) Corruption and war.
(d) Fortune and leisure.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli claim that Princes should not complain of faults of People under their authority?

2. What does Machiavelli recommend that prudent men avoid?

3. What is Machiavelli's preferred military department?

4. What does Machiavelli identify as the cause of using dishonorable words against an enemy?

5. What has Machiavelli considered many times to be the causes of good and bad fortunes to men?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider negotiating peace treaties with insurrectionists to be the most harmful method of ending conflicts in a City?

2. What does Machiavelli write of in Book Three, Section 14 when he reviews, " inventions and new voices...," and why does he recommend these to be used in the heat of battle?

3. Why does Machiavelli believe, "that men born in a province observe for all time almost the same natures (Book 3, Section 43)?"

4. Why does Machiavelli consider sustaining an initial thrust of an enemy to be an effective strategy for winning a battle?

5. What are two remedies that Machiavelli recommends in Book Three, section16 to prevent a City from becoming corrupted by periods of peace and wealth?

6. What does Machiavelli consider to be the purpose of expanding an Empire and why must a Prince be well organized in expanding it properly?

7. What is the advice that Machiavelli gives to Princes who take possessions from another Prince?

8. What does Machiavelli mean when he discusses using "...deceit in the managing of a war..." and why does he consider it a glorious thing?

9. What are two points that you can take from Book Three, Section 13 to suggest that Machiavelli believes that it is better for a Prince to have a strong army badly captained rather than a bad army strongly captained?

10. Why would there be much bloodshed in the cases that a Republic moves violently from tyranny to freedom?

(see the answer keys)

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