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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was an example from Roman history that Machiavelli used to suggest the Plebes possesses greater wisdom than Nobles?
(a) A time when the Plebes could have chosen all Plebes for four Tribunes, chose, instead, four Nobles because they recognized the weaknesses of Plebes filling those offices.
(b) The Magistrates decision to delay battle against the Samnites.
(c) The willingness of the Plebes to go to war for the glory of Rome.
(d) The failed attempt of the Nobles to put Plebes of ill-repute to selection for Tribunes.
2. How did Roman soldiers provide for themselves before the Senate decided to pay them?
(a) They worked as farmers.
(b) They worked as aides to Senators.
(c) They received sponsorships from Nobles.
(d) They were required to provide for their own needs.
3. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(c) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).
(d) The financial ability to buy protection.
4. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?
(a) Why fortune is more important that virtue.
(b) How to develop fortune and virtue.
(c) Whether the Roman Empire was built upon fortune or virtue.
(d) How virtue can destroy fortune.
5. According to Machiavelli, how did the Agrarian Laws violate the foundation of well-ordered Republics?
(a) Agrarian laws allowed land owners to use their land to help the poor become wealthy.
(b) Agrarian laws distributed land from those who had more than the law allowed among plebes rather than among Nobles with which they could enrich themselves.
(c) Agrarian laws allowed Nobles to take land from Plebes with the intent to increase the land's productivity.
(d) Agrarian laws allowed the government to decide what was to be grown on land in spite of the expertise of the land owner.
6. Based upon Machiavelli's details, for whose benefit were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes devoted?
(a) The benefit of the Kings who needed occupiers throughout the Empire.
(b) Magistrates who used public works as a means of keeping political support from the general masses.
(c) The Plebes who had very busy working lives.
(d) The benefit of Nobles and people in power.
7. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?
(a) The Nobles took political control over the Senate and changed the laws to allow Nobles to control all the land of the Empire.
(b) They raised taxes on Plebes who used the land awarded to them by the Agrarian Laws.
(c) They reduced taxes on themselves and used their increased wealth to buy back their land.
(d) Rome would send out armies to colonize lands that were then distributed to Nobles.
8. Reviewing earlier chapters of "The Discourses", why would Machiavelli consider long wars in foreign lands important?
(a) Because long wars give Nobles an opportunity for Nobles to encourage Plebes to perform glorious works for the Republic.
(b) Because Machiavelli suggested long wars helped to keep Republics united.
(c) Because Machiavelli considers fighting wars and building empires to be signs of virtuous leaders.
(d) Because long wars assures that poverty will be maintained for everyone in the Republic.
9. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?
(a) Make the offense quickly then act to reassure them and give them cause to quiet and firm their spirits.
(b) Increase their power and penalties for crimes and scare the Citizens into submission and acceptance.
(c) Distract the Citizens by making war against a nearby province.
(d) Increase taxes on the wealthy and use the money in ways that benefit the general masses.
10. What is the main point Machiavelli investigates as he prepares to discuss the affects of strong Princes and weak Princes?
(a) Whether a free state can exist with virtuous Princes.
(b) Whether a free state (government) can exist in a city that is corrupted.
(c) How strict power eliminates corruption and maintains freedom.
(d) Whether a free state can exist without laws.
11. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's idea of virtue from reading the review of the first three kings of Rome as he begins his discourse of weak Princes and excellent Princes?
(a) That he considers bureaucratic expertise to be an important virtue for Princes.
(b) The he considers moral integrity to be the primary virtue for Princes.
(c) That he considers the most weak Princes to practice ambivalence to virtue.
(d) That he believes being ferocious and warlike is an indispensible virtue for a Prince.
12. How does Machiavelli recommend a Republic deal with enemies that spring up within an empire?
(a) He recommends that efforts be made to temporize (compromise) them rather than crush them.
(b) He advocates smearing them with public proclamations about the threat they pose.
(c) He advises Princes to allow his supporters to conspire to assassinate the enemies.
(d) Princes should name appoint them to offices to leave their actions open to public scrutiny.
13. What does Machiavelli believe to the nature of men that causes them to either fight from ambition or from necessity?
(a) They are able to desire everything but are not able to attain everything.
(b) Men that choose to fight always fight for personal benefit.
(c) They fight so they can have the power to deliver liberty to themselves and the City.
(d) Men that choose to fight always fight for the glory of the City.
14. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example to be provided by leaders in a Republic?
(a) For leaders to neglect the ordering of an army.
(b) For leaders to make a law and refuse to observe it.
(c) For leaders to choose weak captains.
(d) For leaders to avoid harsh punishments for law breakers.
15. How does Machiavelli suggest that a man with power should present himself to a city in turmoil?
(a) "Beauty is power; a smile is its sword."
(b) "...(W)ith as much grace and as honorably as he can, attiring himself with the insignia of his rank which he holds in order to make himself more revered."
(c) "The man of power should present himself with cold ruthlessness and avoid any show of sentimentality."
(d) "Arbitrary power is most easily established on the ruins of liberty abused to licentiousness."
Short Answer Questions
1. How did Machiavelli report that the Nobles controlled the process of Plebes having the opportunity to choose Plebes for four Tribunes?
2. According to Machiavelli, what is the first thing that Citizens seek when starting on the path of chasing their ambitions?
3. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?
4. What does Machiavelli believe will come of agreements made by force?
5. Through what means does Machiavelli suggest that a City can achieve what he considers greatness?
This section contains 1,266 words
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