The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli identify as the easiest way to "...ruin a Republic where the People have authority...."
(a) Cause them to distribute wealth.
(b) For Nobles to cultivate rivalries between partisans among the People.
(c) For the Nobles to promote corrupted Citizens in elections.
(d) Involve them in a brave enterprise.

2. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?
(a) How virtue can destroy fortune.
(b) Whether the Roman Empire was built upon fortune or virtue.
(c) Why fortune is more important that virtue.
(d) How to develop fortune and virtue.

3. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?
(a) Racial conflict and economic injustice.
(b) Pestilence, famine or war.
(c) Overcrowding and social unrest.
(d) Family strife and lack of work.

4. How did Roman soldiers provide for themselves before the Senate decided to pay them?
(a) They received sponsorships from Nobles.
(b) They worked as farmers.
(c) They worked as aides to Senators.
(d) They were required to provide for their own needs.

5. What does Machiavelli claim will make a City great?
(a) Many inhabitants.
(b) Many administrators.
(c) Many soldiers.
(d) Many industries.

6. What do fertile areas offer to those who settle there according to Machiavelli?
(a) Resources that will sustain a growing population.
(b) The means by which a city can grow and have the ability to defend themselves.
(c) The ability to affect the economy of sterile areas.
(d) Raw materials that can be sent to sterile areas for manufacturing and refinement.

7. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?
(a) That Machiavelli is focused on keeping cities free from outside influences rather than individual freedom.
(b) That Machiavelli considered civil rights and individual liberties indispensable to the strength of a city.
(c) That Machiavelli uses the term freedom in reference to the actions of Princes only.
(d) That Machiavelli considers freedom only suited to those who can earn it or buy it.

8. According to Machiavelli, what type of people seek what office to cause a city to become corrupt?
(a) Generals seek to become senators.
(b) The working poor seek to become plebes.
(c) The rich and powerful, rather than the virtuous, seek to become judges (magistrates).
(d) Weak and dependent people seek to become senators.

9. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?
(a) The larger population of citizens became unhappy with the the political preferences of the Princes.
(b) The general population became dissatisfied with the distribution of wealth.
(c) They degenerated from their fathers, and surpassed others in sumptuousness and lasciviousness and in every other kind of delight.
(d) Less powerful people desired the power of the Prince.

10. What does Machiavelli predict will come to Republics that do not provide for dictatorships or powerful authorities in times of urgent perils?
(a) A Republican government will always move in the benefit of everyone dependent on them.
(b) The gathering of officials will paralyze the Republic in debate.
(c) The trust leaders show in the people will inspire them to overcome the peril.
(d) They will always be ruined in grave incidents.

11. How does Machiavelli expect a city can keep its freedom after a weak Prince follows an excellent Prince?
(a) Only if the citizens ignore the weak Prince and organize themselves to retain virtue.
(b) Only if administrators conspire to act with the virtue of the excellent Prince.
(c) Only if a Prince with the virtue of the excellent Prince follows the weak Prince.
(d) Only if the city does not fall into war with a more virtuous city.

12. How did Machiavelli begin the preface to "The Discourses"?
(a) As a warning to future generations of the tenuous nature of freedom.
(b) As a cynical commentary to the weakness of leaders of his time.
(c) As a letter to two political thinkers from Florence.
(d) With advice to two friends on how to keep their friends close and their enemies closer.

13. Why does Machiavelli consider the Roman Caesars to have been a benefit to the Roman Empire?
(a) The Roman Caesars were skilled in choosing advisers to direct the directions of the Republic.
(b) Because without the power of the Caesars, the empire would have had difficulty avoiding hazards.
(c) The Roman Caesars had the convenience of acting quickly to confront hazards.
(d) The Roman Caesars acted ruthlessly when confronted with challenges.

14. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(b) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.
(c) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(d) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.

15. What historical records did Machiavelli use to support his point for keeping two important items out of peril?
(a) Historical records of Hannibal and England.
(b) Historical records of military tactics.
(c) Historical records of Rome and France.
(d) Historical records of Tullus and Metius.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?

2. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

3. Why does Machiavelli suggest that those who have received great rewards should not be spared punishments for acting badly?

4. What does Machiavelli suggest causes corruption?

5. According to Machiavelli, what caused the Roman Republic to form?

(see the answer keys)

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