The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?
(a) They reduced taxes on themselves and used their increased wealth to buy back their land.
(b) They raised taxes on Plebes who used the land awarded to them by the Agrarian Laws.
(c) The Nobles took political control over the Senate and changed the laws to allow Nobles to control all the land of the Empire.
(d) Rome would send out armies to colonize lands that were then distributed to Nobles.

2. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?
(a) Refusing to provide sufficient education for the youth.
(b) Persisting in harsh punishments for misdemeanors.
(c) Refusing to provide wealth to the general masses.
(d) Persisting in acts that are considered offensive to citizens.

3. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example to be provided by leaders in a Republic?
(a) For leaders to choose weak captains.
(b) For leaders to avoid harsh punishments for law breakers.
(c) For leaders to make a law and refuse to observe it.
(d) For leaders to neglect the ordering of an army.

4. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.
(b) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(c) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.
(d) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.

5. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?
(a) Without the Caesars, provinces of the Empire would have moved to avoid hazards.
(b) If the Nobles of Rome had not sought to possess distant provinces, there would have been no need for Caesars.
(c) Without the empire is it possible that the hazards the empire faced would not have materialized.
(d) The cost of Empire caused hazards to gather domestically as well as throughout the Empire.

6. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?
(a) It continually sent soldiers to expand its empire.
(b) It continued to make new laws and new institutions to confront corruption.
(c) It made frequent use of elections to allow the citizens to influence government.
(d) It made public displays of punishments for lawbreakers.

7. What do fertile areas offer to those who settle there according to Machiavelli?
(a) Raw materials that can be sent to sterile areas for manufacturing and refinement.
(b) The ability to affect the economy of sterile areas.
(c) Resources that will sustain a growing population.
(d) The means by which a city can grow and have the ability to defend themselves.

8. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?
(a) Pestilence, famine or war.
(b) Overcrowding and social unrest.
(c) Racial conflict and economic injustice.
(d) Family strife and lack of work.

9. What were the reasons that Machiavelli cited for the Roman Senate choosing to pay a public stipend to fighting men (soldiers)?
(a) To increase the number of soldiers in the army.
(b) To keep the citizens in poverty so they would support wars.
(c) Because without the stipend, wars could not be made for any length of time, neither could Rome besiege towns nor lead armies to a distance.
(d) To hide the increased taxes that were used to build houses for Nobles.

10. Why does Machiavelli suggest that those who have received great rewards should not be spared punishments for acting badly?
(a) Because doing so helps the Republic remain free for a long time.
(b) Because doing so helps to find the most ardent supporters of the Prince.
(c) Because doing so keeps the most famous citizens obedient to the Prince.
(d) Because doing so gives the Prince the opportunity to prove his harshness.

11. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's idea of virtue from reading the review of the first three kings of Rome as he begins his discourse of weak Princes and excellent Princes?
(a) That he considers bureaucratic expertise to be an important virtue for Princes.
(b) That he considers the most weak Princes to practice ambivalence to virtue.
(c) The he considers moral integrity to be the primary virtue for Princes.
(d) That he believes being ferocious and warlike is an indispensible virtue for a Prince.

12. What does Machiavelli claim new sects (religions) do as they rise to prominence?
(a) Influence the culture to defy the Prince.
(b) Influence Citizens to be obedient to the Prince.
(c) Cause Citizens to avoid fighting in wars.
(d) Destroy all the signs, including language, of the old sects they come to dominate.

13. Why does Machiavelli suggest that a Prince keep his conquered territories disunited from the City over which he has his power?
(a) So that the Prince alone can profit from the acquisition.
(b) So his City is not affected by immigration.
(c) So the conquered territories cannot unite with his existing Citizens to overthrow him.
(d) So the merchants can benefit from the trade between the City and the conquered territory.

14. What are the five types of government identified by Machiavelli?
(a) Democracy, anarchy, monarchy, constitutional, and institutional.
(b) Monarchy, aristocracy, democracy, oligarchy, and anarchy.
(c) Republic, fascistic, democracy, principality, and oligarchy.
(d) Tyranny, constitutional, military oligarchy, principality, and democracy.

15. Why does Machiavelli consider the Roman Caesars to have been a benefit to the Roman Empire?
(a) The Roman Caesars acted ruthlessly when confronted with challenges.
(b) Because without the power of the Caesars, the empire would have had difficulty avoiding hazards.
(c) The Roman Caesars were skilled in choosing advisers to direct the directions of the Republic.
(d) The Roman Caesars had the convenience of acting quickly to confront hazards.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli claim these forms of government developed?

2. What did Machiavelli suggest is the advantage of settling in areas that were "sterile" (barren)?

3. What were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes that Machiavelli reported were taken by Roman Nobility in Book 1, Section 52?

4. What does Machiavelli identify as an important action for Nobles to take to control the ambitions of Citizens seeking position?

5. According to Machiavelli, what is the first thing that Citizens seek when starting on the path of chasing their ambitions?

(see the answer keys)

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