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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Machiavelli suggest that those who have received great rewards should not be spared punishments for acting badly?
(a) Because doing so gives the Prince the opportunity to prove his harshness.
(b) Because doing so keeps the most famous citizens obedient to the Prince.
(c) Because doing so helps to find the most ardent supporters of the Prince.
(d) Because doing so helps the Republic remain free for a long time.
2. What is a Prince as Machiavelli uses the term?
(a) A dispatched bureaucrat that carries out orders over a territory.
(b) A monarch over a sovereign system of government and territory.
(c) An underling to the ruling authority.
(d) A hereditary noble.
3. Considering Machiavelli's praise for the example of how Nobles manipulated the opportunity for Plebes to select their peers for positions of influence, who is the clear intended audience of "The Discourses"?
(a) Those who are concerned with how the Republic is being manipulated by people with power.
(b) Nobles seeking methods to keep their power.
(c) Future candidates for election who need to know how to win.
(d) Plebes who need to know the tactics of Nobles to control them.
4. What are the five types of government identified by Machiavelli?
(a) Monarchy, aristocracy, democracy, oligarchy, and anarchy.
(b) Democracy, anarchy, monarchy, constitutional, and institutional.
(c) Republic, fascistic, democracy, principality, and oligarchy.
(d) Tyranny, constitutional, military oligarchy, principality, and democracy.
5. What does Machiavelli claim will make a City great?
(a) Many soldiers.
(b) Many industries.
(c) Many inhabitants.
(d) Many administrators.
6. Why does Machiavelli suggest that a Prince keep his conquered territories disunited from the City over which he has his power?
(a) So his City is not affected by immigration.
(b) So that the Prince alone can profit from the acquisition.
(c) So the conquered territories cannot unite with his existing Citizens to overthrow him.
(d) So the merchants can benefit from the trade between the City and the conquered territory.
7. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?
(a) The judicial (magistrates) branch.
(b) The princes.
(c) The plebeian branch.
(d) The legislative branch.
8. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
(a) To his projections of the future in which Machiavelli speculated on how power would be preserved.
(b) To the state of political instability in which was common to Machiavelli's day.
(c) To great works of antique art that have been found and preserved.
(d) To his ideal state that combined the most successful institutions from those civilizations.
9. Why does Machiavelli claim these forms of government developed?
(a) So those with wealth could protect themselves from those who had none.
(b) To provide defense for people who gathered together.
(c) To prevent people with the ability to use force from destroying each other.
(d) So those with influence could hold it without violence.
10. Why does Machiavelli suggest wars should be quick with limited damage to the conquered City?
(a) To reduce the cost to the conquering Prince and preserve the resources of the conquered city as booty for the conquering forces.
(b) So Citizens are not burdened by the demands of the war.
(c) So armies can be readied for the next war.
(d) So armies can be brought home to participate in a productive economy.
11. What does Machiavelli identify as an important action for Nobles to take to control the ambitions of Citizens seeking position?
(a) Have them kidnapped and killed.
(b) Forestall their paths to attain the rank they seek.
(c) Find ways to have them sent to war.
(d) Find ways to bring the ambitious Citizens into Noble circles to keep them under watch and compromise their influence.
12. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?
(a) It made frequent use of elections to allow the citizens to influence government.
(b) It made public displays of punishments for lawbreakers.
(c) It continually sent soldiers to expand its empire.
(d) It continued to make new laws and new institutions to confront corruption.
13. What did Machiavelli establish as the cycle of governing forms?
(a) Aristocracy to republic to oligarchy to monarchy to aristocracy.
(b) Democracy to republic go aristocracy to oligarchy to anarchy to democracy.
(c) Monarchy (principality) to aristocracy to oligarchy to democracy to monarchy.
(d) Anarchy to democracy to oligarchy to monarchy to anarchy.
14. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?
(a) By uniting the whole public behind wars and efforts to grow the Empire.
(b) By finding methods to maintain poverty throughout the general masses.
(c) By assuring that the assets that create wealth are kept within the power of the State.
(d) By removing ambitious and unquiet spirits that makes men want to move up in rank.
15. What does Machiavelli announce as the purpose of Book Two of "The Discourses" in the preface?
(a) How to secure power by expanding it.
(b) How to use truth to persuade Citizens to support the power of the Prince.
(c) What Roman people did to aggrandize the Empire.
(d) How to secure freedom for an Empire by keeping the military active.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Machiavelli consider an important tool in maintaining the order of a Republic?
2. In defending his view that Roman Dictators served their city well, what phrase does Machiavelli use to explain how the Caesars absorbed their power?
3. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?
4. What did Machiavelli suggest is the advantage of settling in areas that were "sterile" (barren)?
5. According to Machiavelli, how did the Agrarian Laws violate the foundation of well-ordered Republics?
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