The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
(a) To his ideal state that combined the most successful institutions from those civilizations.
(b) To his projections of the future in which Machiavelli speculated on how power would be preserved.
(c) To great works of antique art that have been found and preserved.
(d) To the state of political instability in which was common to Machiavelli's day.

2. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.
(b) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(c) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.
(d) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.

3. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?
(a) The general population became dissatisfied with the distribution of wealth.
(b) The larger population of citizens became unhappy with the the political preferences of the Princes.
(c) They degenerated from their fathers, and surpassed others in sumptuousness and lasciviousness and in every other kind of delight.
(d) Less powerful people desired the power of the Prince.

4. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?
(a) The princes.
(b) The plebeian branch.
(c) The legislative branch.
(d) The judicial (magistrates) branch.

5. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(b) Obscurity.
(c) The financial ability to buy protection.
(d) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).

6. What does "Crescit interea Roma Albae ruinis" mean?
(a) Rome grew on the ruins of Alba .
(b) The Roman interrogations ruined Albanian Fertile Crescent.
(c) Rome and Alba ruined Crete's industry.
(d) Creative Romans will bring ruins to Alba.

7. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?
(a) By removing ambitious and unquiet spirits that makes men want to move up in rank.
(b) By uniting the whole public behind wars and efforts to grow the Empire.
(c) By assuring that the assets that create wealth are kept within the power of the State.
(d) By finding methods to maintain poverty throughout the general masses.

8. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(b) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.
(c) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(d) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.

9. What was a rival Empire to Rome as Rome began its expansion?
(a) The Spartans.
(b) The Carthaginians.
(c) The Babylonians.
(d) The Egyptians.

10. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?
(a) It made frequent use of elections to allow the citizens to influence government.
(b) It continually sent soldiers to expand its empire.
(c) It continued to make new laws and new institutions to confront corruption.
(d) It made public displays of punishments for lawbreakers.

11. What does Machiavelli announce as the purpose of Book Two of "The Discourses" in the preface?
(a) How to use truth to persuade Citizens to support the power of the Prince.
(b) How to secure freedom for an Empire by keeping the military active.
(c) How to secure power by expanding it.
(d) What Roman people did to aggrandize the Empire.

12. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?
(a) Without the empire is it possible that the hazards the empire faced would not have materialized.
(b) Without the Caesars, provinces of the Empire would have moved to avoid hazards.
(c) The cost of Empire caused hazards to gather domestically as well as throughout the Empire.
(d) If the Nobles of Rome had not sought to possess distant provinces, there would have been no need for Caesars.

13. According to Machiavelli in Section 1 of Book One, who are the two types of people who build cities?
(a) Princes and generals.
(b) Farmers and merchants.
(c) Men born in their location or foreigners.
(d) Craftsmen and politicians.

14. What were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes that Machiavelli reported were taken by Roman Nobility in Book 1, Section 52?
(a) A regular schedule of holidays throughout the year that gave Plebes an opportunity to rest.
(b) A reduction of taxes and the initiation of public works jobs for which Plebes would have the first opportunity for hiring.
(c) Offerings to Plebes of land in newly captured territories.
(d) Allowing Plebes to contend for four Tribune positions and paying wages to soldiers.

15. How does Machiavelli suggest that a man with power should present himself to a city in turmoil?
(a) "...(W)ith as much grace and as honorably as he can, attiring himself with the insignia of his rank which he holds in order to make himself more revered."
(b) "The man of power should present himself with cold ruthlessness and avoid any show of sentimentality."
(c) "Arbitrary power is most easily established on the ruins of liberty abused to licentiousness."
(d) "Beauty is power; a smile is its sword."

Short Answer Questions

1. Reviewing earlier chapters of "The Discourses", why would Machiavelli consider long wars in foreign lands important?

2. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example to be provided by leaders in a Republic?

3. What advice does Machiavelli offer in Book 1, Section 52 to those who want to pursue their ambitions?

4. According to Machiavelli, what caused the Roman Republic to form?

5. Why does Machiavelli recommend that those who want to reform a city should retain the appearance of the institutions they want to reform?

(see the answer keys)

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