The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Through what means does Machiavelli suggest that a City can achieve what he considers greatness?
(a) Through conquest and deceit.
(b) Through love or force.
(c) Through laws and wealth.
(d) Through fear and violence.

2. What does Machiavelli believe will come of agreements made by force?
(a) They aid to enhance the power of the Prince.
(b) The will lead to the capture of those who are under the power.
(c) They will lead to the overthrow of he who has the power to enforce them.
(d) They will not last.

3. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(b) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(c) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.
(d) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.

4. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) Obscurity.
(b) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(c) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).
(d) The financial ability to buy protection.

5. What does Machiavelli establish as the relationship between gold and good soldiers?
(a) The promise of gold will make soldiers weaker.
(b) Gold attracts good soldiers.
(c) Gold is not sufficient to find good soldiers, but good soldiers are indeed sufficient to find gold.
(d) Gold will cause good soldiers to go bad.

6. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?
(a) Because the Caesars ended Rome's state of continual war.
(b) Because, according to Machiavelli, the Decemvirs did not pursue expansion of the Empire.
(c) Because under the Caesar, there remained the Tribunes, Consuls, and the Senate, to whom the Caesar remained responsible.
(d) Because Machiavelli believed that the Decemvirs were too lax on punishments for violators of the law.

7. What does Machiavelli identify as the easiest way to "...ruin a Republic where the People have authority...."
(a) Cause them to distribute wealth.
(b) For the Nobles to promote corrupted Citizens in elections.
(c) Involve them in a brave enterprise.
(d) For Nobles to cultivate rivalries between partisans among the People.

8. What did Machiavelli establish as the cycle of governing forms?
(a) Democracy to republic go aristocracy to oligarchy to anarchy to democracy.
(b) Anarchy to democracy to oligarchy to monarchy to anarchy.
(c) Aristocracy to republic to oligarchy to monarchy to aristocracy.
(d) Monarchy (principality) to aristocracy to oligarchy to democracy to monarchy.

9. According to Machiavelli in Section 1 of Book One, who are the two types of people who build cities?
(a) Farmers and merchants.
(b) Men born in their location or foreigners.
(c) Princes and generals.
(d) Craftsmen and politicians.

10. What does Machiavelli claim new sects (religions) do as they rise to prominence?
(a) Cause Citizens to avoid fighting in wars.
(b) Influence the culture to defy the Prince.
(c) Destroy all the signs, including language, of the old sects they come to dominate.
(d) Influence Citizens to be obedient to the Prince.

11. In defending his view that Roman Dictators served their city well, what phrase does Machiavelli use to explain how the Caesars absorbed their power?
(a) "It is power that easily acquires a name, not a name power."
(b) "Power corrupts. Knowledge is power. Study hard. Be evil."
(c) "Justice and power must be brought together, so that whatever is just may be powerful, and whatever is powerful may be just."
(d) "He who controls others may be powerful, but he who has mastered himself is mightier still."

12. What should the reader consider as evil when Machiavelli is advising Princes to "recognize evils".
(a) Evil is anything with which a Prince does not agree.
(b) Evil should be considered to be any influence which challenges the power of the Prince.
(c) Evil is those public reactions that oppose the Prince.
(d) Evil is those human inclinations that cause them to act selfishly.

13. What does Machiavelli recommend to a City that is unable to defend itself, but wants to be protected from anyone who would attack it?
(a) Hire mercenaries.
(b) Train its citizens to form a strong army.
(c) To give itself freely to whomever would defend the city.
(d) Make alliances with powerful Cities.

14. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example to be provided by leaders in a Republic?
(a) For leaders to make a law and refuse to observe it.
(b) For leaders to neglect the ordering of an army.
(c) For leaders to avoid harsh punishments for law breakers.
(d) For leaders to choose weak captains.

15. According to Machiavelli, what caused so much hard work for Rome as it expanded its Empire to distant provinces?
(a) The damage to families who sent their working sons to war.
(b) The demands on farmers to provide the food for soldiers on long trips.
(c) The cost of sending the military to distant provinces.
(d) The love of people of other lands for liberty.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?

2. What are two reasons Machiavelli gives for foreign forces building a city?

3. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?

4. How did Machiavelli report that the Nobles controlled the process of Plebes having the opportunity to choose Plebes for four Tribunes?

5. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?

(see the answer keys)

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