The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Machiavelli, what is the first thing that Citizens seek when starting on the path of chasing their ambitions?
(a) The support of a wealthy Noble.
(b) Means to win access to public office.
(c) A cause that will incite the passions of the general masses.
(d) Not to be harmed by citizens or magistrates.

2. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?
(a) Persisting in harsh punishments for misdemeanors.
(b) Refusing to provide sufficient education for the youth.
(c) Persisting in acts that are considered offensive to citizens.
(d) Refusing to provide wealth to the general masses.

3. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.
(b) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.
(c) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(d) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.

4. When Machiavelli writes, "For sometimes of necessity our judgment is the truth, as human affairs are always in motion, either ascending or descending," what is he writing about what he believes about truth?
(a) Machiavelli considers truth to be relative.
(b) Truth is not as important as the people you make relationships with.
(c) Truth is irrelevant to the reason for making judgments.
(d) You can't make sound judgments without having a firm grasp on the truth.

5. Why does Machiavelli suggest wars should be quick with limited damage to the conquered City?
(a) So armies can be brought home to participate in a productive economy.
(b) So Citizens are not burdened by the demands of the war.
(c) To reduce the cost to the conquering Prince and preserve the resources of the conquered city as booty for the conquering forces.
(d) So armies can be readied for the next war.

6. What is the main point Machiavelli investigates as he prepares to discuss the affects of strong Princes and weak Princes?
(a) Whether a free state (government) can exist in a city that is corrupted.
(b) Whether a free state can exist without laws.
(c) Whether a free state can exist with virtuous Princes.
(d) How strict power eliminates corruption and maintains freedom.

7. According to Machiavelli in Section 1 of Book One, who are the two types of people who build cities?
(a) Men born in their location or foreigners.
(b) Farmers and merchants.
(c) Craftsmen and politicians.
(d) Princes and generals.

8. How does Machiavelli predict a citizen will conduct himself if he is not punished for his misdeeds because of his reputation for doing good deeds, according to Machiavelli.
(a) He will become the most effective aide to the Prince and help expand his power over the citizens.
(b) He will find ways to subvert the Prince and take his power.
(c) He will eventually become overwhelmed by his conscience and slip away into obscurity.
(d) He will, in short time, become so insolent as to put an end to all civil law.

9. What does Machiavelli believe inspired the expansion of the Roman Empire?
(a) Virtue.
(b) Harsh Captains guiding the military.
(c) Aggression and murder.
(d) Keeping Citizens in poverty.

10. What was the inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Discourses"?
(a) Machiavelli's desire to guide politicians to serve the public needs.
(b) Machiavelli's fascination for power.
(c) Machiavelli's interest in forms of government.
(d) Livy's account of the history of Rome written around 25 B.C.

11. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?
(a) The larger population of citizens became unhappy with the the political preferences of the Princes.
(b) They degenerated from their fathers, and surpassed others in sumptuousness and lasciviousness and in every other kind of delight.
(c) The general population became dissatisfied with the distribution of wealth.
(d) Less powerful people desired the power of the Prince.

12. What were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes that Machiavelli reported were taken by Roman Nobility in Book 1, Section 52?
(a) Offerings to Plebes of land in newly captured territories.
(b) A regular schedule of holidays throughout the year that gave Plebes an opportunity to rest.
(c) Allowing Plebes to contend for four Tribune positions and paying wages to soldiers.
(d) A reduction of taxes and the initiation of public works jobs for which Plebes would have the first opportunity for hiring.

13. What support did Machiavelli use for his view of what he considers to be the worst example provided by leaders?
(a) A recent denial of appeal by Girolamo Savonarola to five citizens sentenced to death after Savonarola wrote the law allowing appeals.
(b) Tribunes who called the army from foreign provinces and decommissioned its Captains.
(c) A series of Caesars who named friends to be Captains.
(d) The lawlessness that overtook Carthage as its Princes suspended harsh sentences for crimes against the State.

14. What are the two means that Machiavelli identifies as how laws are developed in cities at the beginning of Section 2, Book One.
(a) By war and by peace.
(b) Through dominion of the wealthy or through bartering agreements.
(c) Through Princes or through Republics.
(d) At one time by one man and by chance at several times according to events.

15. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example to be provided by leaders in a Republic?
(a) For leaders to make a law and refuse to observe it.
(b) For leaders to avoid harsh punishments for law breakers.
(c) For leaders to neglect the ordering of an army.
(d) For leaders to choose weak captains.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Machiavelli, what was one negative consequence of the Roman Senate's decision to pay soldiers out of public money?

2. What does Machiavelli consider to be the means of someone rising from the bottom to gain a great fortune?

3. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?

4. What should the reader consider as evil when Machiavelli is advising Princes to "recognize evils".

5. What did Machiavelli establish as the cycle of governing forms?

(see the answer keys)

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