The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?
(a) If the Nobles of Rome had not sought to possess distant provinces, there would have been no need for Caesars.
(b) Without the Caesars, provinces of the Empire would have moved to avoid hazards.
(c) The cost of Empire caused hazards to gather domestically as well as throughout the Empire.
(d) Without the empire is it possible that the hazards the empire faced would not have materialized.

2. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?
(a) His fortune and forces.
(b) His reputation and family.
(c) His city and his chief advisers.
(d) His fortune and his reputation.

3. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(b) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).
(c) Obscurity.
(d) The financial ability to buy protection.

4. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?
(a) They will eventually fade away and reemerge as a tyranny.
(b) They face invasion, destruction and anhilation.
(c) They have no alternative but to join alliances with powerful Republics that will take control of them.
(d) They cannot settle conflicts except with force because their weakness prevents them from resolving doubts over issues.

5. In Book 1, Section 46, Machiavelli credits the ruin of Republics on citizens who jump from one ambition to another. What was the phrase that Sallust put in the mouth of Caesar that explains how such ambitions begin?
(a) "Beware the Ides of March."
(b) "All evil examples have their origins in good beginnings."
(c) "I see the better things, and approve; I follow the worse."
(d) "Vini. Vidi. Vici."

6. What is a Prince as Machiavelli uses the term?
(a) A hereditary noble.
(b) A dispatched bureaucrat that carries out orders over a territory.
(c) An underling to the ruling authority.
(d) A monarch over a sovereign system of government and territory.

7. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.
(b) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.
(c) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(d) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.

8. According to Machiavelli, what caused so much hard work for Rome as it expanded its Empire to distant provinces?
(a) The love of people of other lands for liberty.
(b) The damage to families who sent their working sons to war.
(c) The cost of sending the military to distant provinces.
(d) The demands on farmers to provide the food for soldiers on long trips.

9. From what did Machiavelli develop the information that he wrote into "The Discourses"?
(a) From interviews with political thinkers of the day.
(b) From his world travels to study governments in other cultures.
(c) From long experience and continuous study of worldly affairs.
(d) From research that he did in the many libraries throughout the former Roman Empire.

10. What was the inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Discourses"?
(a) Machiavelli's desire to guide politicians to serve the public needs.
(b) Machiavelli's interest in forms of government.
(c) Machiavelli's fascination for power.
(d) Livy's account of the history of Rome written around 25 B.C.

11. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?
(a) Pestilence, famine or war.
(b) Family strife and lack of work.
(c) Racial conflict and economic injustice.
(d) Overcrowding and social unrest.

12. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?
(a) That Machiavelli considers freedom only suited to those who can earn it or buy it.
(b) That Machiavelli uses the term freedom in reference to the actions of Princes only.
(c) That Machiavelli considered civil rights and individual liberties indispensable to the strength of a city.
(d) That Machiavelli is focused on keeping cities free from outside influences rather than individual freedom.

13. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(b) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(c) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.
(d) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.

14. What does Machiavelli consider to be the means of someone rising from the bottom to gain a great fortune?
(a) Hard work and creativity.
(b) Diligence and humility.
(c) Force and fraud.
(d) Deceit and self preservation.

15. What does Machiavelli believe to the nature of men that causes them to either fight from ambition or from necessity?
(a) They are able to desire everything but are not able to attain everything.
(b) Men that choose to fight always fight for personal benefit.
(c) Men that choose to fight always fight for the glory of the City.
(d) They fight so they can have the power to deliver liberty to themselves and the City.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider an important tool in maintaining the order of a Republic?

2. What were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes that Machiavelli reported were taken by Roman Nobility in Book 1, Section 52?

3. What does Machiavelli believe inspired the expansion of the Roman Empire?

4. If a cliché could be given to the preface to Book Two of "The Discourses", what would it be?

5. How does Machiavelli predict a citizen will conduct himself if he is not punished for his misdeeds because of his reputation for doing good deeds, according to Machiavelli.

(see the answer keys)

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