The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Machiavelli recommend a Republic deal with enemies that spring up within an empire?
(a) Princes should name appoint them to offices to leave their actions open to public scrutiny.
(b) He advocates smearing them with public proclamations about the threat they pose.
(c) He recommends that efforts be made to temporize (compromise) them rather than crush them.
(d) He advises Princes to allow his supporters to conspire to assassinate the enemies.

2. What does Machiavelli claim will make a City great?
(a) Many soldiers.
(b) Many inhabitants.
(c) Many industries.
(d) Many administrators.

3. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?
(a) Refusing to provide sufficient education for the youth.
(b) Persisting in acts that are considered offensive to citizens.
(c) Persisting in harsh punishments for misdemeanors.
(d) Refusing to provide wealth to the general masses.

4. What are the five types of government identified by Machiavelli?
(a) Democracy, anarchy, monarchy, constitutional, and institutional.
(b) Monarchy, aristocracy, democracy, oligarchy, and anarchy.
(c) Republic, fascistic, democracy, principality, and oligarchy.
(d) Tyranny, constitutional, military oligarchy, principality, and democracy.

5. What do fertile areas offer to those who settle there according to Machiavelli?
(a) Raw materials that can be sent to sterile areas for manufacturing and refinement.
(b) The means by which a city can grow and have the ability to defend themselves.
(c) The ability to affect the economy of sterile areas.
(d) Resources that will sustain a growing population.

6. What does Machiavelli believe will come of agreements made by force?
(a) They aid to enhance the power of the Prince.
(b) They will not last.
(c) They will lead to the overthrow of he who has the power to enforce them.
(d) The will lead to the capture of those who are under the power.

7. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?
(a) Increase taxes on the wealthy and use the money in ways that benefit the general masses.
(b) Increase their power and penalties for crimes and scare the Citizens into submission and acceptance.
(c) Distract the Citizens by making war against a nearby province.
(d) Make the offense quickly then act to reassure them and give them cause to quiet and firm their spirits.

8. What should the reader consider as evil when Machiavelli is advising Princes to "recognize evils".
(a) Evil is those public reactions that oppose the Prince.
(b) Evil should be considered to be any influence which challenges the power of the Prince.
(c) Evil is those human inclinations that cause them to act selfishly.
(d) Evil is anything with which a Prince does not agree.

9. What does Machiavelli believe inspired the expansion of the Roman Empire?
(a) Harsh Captains guiding the military.
(b) Virtue.
(c) Keeping Citizens in poverty.
(d) Aggression and murder.

10. What are the three ways a Republic can expand that Machiavelli recognized?
(a) By making trade alliances with wealthy provinces, by joining in war with weak Republics, and by making alliances with powerful tyrannies.
(b) By conquering distant provinces, by supporting other provinces to conquer enemies, and to make allies with strong Republics.
(c) By joining in league with other Republics, make other Republics associates, and to make other Republics subjects immediately.
(d) By sending Nobles out to establish colonies, by sending armies out to conquer foreign provinces, and making other provinces associates.

11. What does "Crescit interea Roma Albae ruinis" mean?
(a) Rome and Alba ruined Crete's industry.
(b) The Roman interrogations ruined Albanian Fertile Crescent.
(c) Creative Romans will bring ruins to Alba.
(d) Rome grew on the ruins of Alba .

12. What were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes that Machiavelli reported were taken by Roman Nobility in Book 1, Section 52?
(a) A regular schedule of holidays throughout the year that gave Plebes an opportunity to rest.
(b) Allowing Plebes to contend for four Tribune positions and paying wages to soldiers.
(c) A reduction of taxes and the initiation of public works jobs for which Plebes would have the first opportunity for hiring.
(d) Offerings to Plebes of land in newly captured territories.

13. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's idea of virtue from reading the review of the first three kings of Rome as he begins his discourse of weak Princes and excellent Princes?
(a) That he considers the most weak Princes to practice ambivalence to virtue.
(b) That he considers bureaucratic expertise to be an important virtue for Princes.
(c) That he believes being ferocious and warlike is an indispensible virtue for a Prince.
(d) The he considers moral integrity to be the primary virtue for Princes.

14. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?
(a) They will eventually fade away and reemerge as a tyranny.
(b) They have no alternative but to join alliances with powerful Republics that will take control of them.
(c) They face invasion, destruction and anhilation.
(d) They cannot settle conflicts except with force because their weakness prevents them from resolving doubts over issues.

15. What does Machiavelli suggest causes corruption?
(a) Princes who are not cruel enough with punishment.
(b) An insufficiency of or inability to enforce laws that deal effectively with corruption.
(c) Rebellious citizens who defy ruling authorities.
(d) Princes who are preoccupied with seeking pleasure rather than power.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?

2. What were the reasons that Machiavelli cited for the Roman Senate choosing to pay a public stipend to fighting men (soldiers)?

3. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?

4. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?

5. What does Machiavelli suggest as the intention to make war?

(see the answer keys)

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