The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider to be the worst example to be provided by leaders in a Republic?
(a) For leaders to avoid harsh punishments for law breakers.
(b) For leaders to neglect the ordering of an army.
(c) For leaders to choose weak captains.
(d) For leaders to make a law and refuse to observe it.

2. How does Machiavelli predict a citizen will conduct himself if he is not punished for his misdeeds because of his reputation for doing good deeds, according to Machiavelli.
(a) He will find ways to subvert the Prince and take his power.
(b) He will, in short time, become so insolent as to put an end to all civil law.
(c) He will eventually become overwhelmed by his conscience and slip away into obscurity.
(d) He will become the most effective aide to the Prince and help expand his power over the citizens.

3. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.
(b) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(c) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.
(d) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.

4. How did Roman soldiers provide for themselves before the Senate decided to pay them?
(a) They worked as farmers.
(b) They were required to provide for their own needs.
(c) They received sponsorships from Nobles.
(d) They worked as aides to Senators.

5. How did Machiavelli report that the Nobles controlled the process of Plebes having the opportunity to choose Plebes for four Tribunes?
(a) They controlled the means of Plebes to provide for themselves.
(b) They began a war and had many Plebes sent to a foreign province.
(c) They were in charge of counting the votes.
(d) They offered choices between highly reputable Nobles and ignoble Plebes who asked to be considered for the positions.

6. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?
(a) Without the empire is it possible that the hazards the empire faced would not have materialized.
(b) The cost of Empire caused hazards to gather domestically as well as throughout the Empire.
(c) If the Nobles of Rome had not sought to possess distant provinces, there would have been no need for Caesars.
(d) Without the Caesars, provinces of the Empire would have moved to avoid hazards.

7. According to Machiavelli in Section 1 of Book One, who are the two types of people who build cities?
(a) Farmers and merchants.
(b) Men born in their location or foreigners.
(c) Craftsmen and politicians.
(d) Princes and generals.

8. How does Machiavelli recommend a Republic deal with enemies that spring up within an empire?
(a) He advises Princes to allow his supporters to conspire to assassinate the enemies.
(b) He recommends that efforts be made to temporize (compromise) them rather than crush them.
(c) Princes should name appoint them to offices to leave their actions open to public scrutiny.
(d) He advocates smearing them with public proclamations about the threat they pose.

9. What does Machiavelli identify as the easiest way to "...ruin a Republic where the People have authority...."
(a) For Nobles to cultivate rivalries between partisans among the People.
(b) For the Nobles to promote corrupted Citizens in elections.
(c) Involve them in a brave enterprise.
(d) Cause them to distribute wealth.

10. What advice does Machiavelli offer in Book 1, Section 52 to those who want to pursue their ambitions?
(a) "...(C)onsider the defects and perils which it [presents], and not to undertake it if it should be more dangerous than useful,...."
(b) "He who is blinded by ambition, raises himself to a position whence he cannot mount higher must herafter fall with greatest loss."
(c) "Keep away from those who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great make yhou believe that you too can become great."
(d) "Ambition is the last infirmity of Noble minds."

11. What does Machiavelli announce as the purpose of Book Two of "The Discourses" in the preface?
(a) How to secure power by expanding it.
(b) What Roman people did to aggrandize the Empire.
(c) How to secure freedom for an Empire by keeping the military active.
(d) How to use truth to persuade Citizens to support the power of the Prince.

12. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?
(a) Because the Caesars ended Rome's state of continual war.
(b) Because, according to Machiavelli, the Decemvirs did not pursue expansion of the Empire.
(c) Because Machiavelli believed that the Decemvirs were too lax on punishments for violators of the law.
(d) Because under the Caesar, there remained the Tribunes, Consuls, and the Senate, to whom the Caesar remained responsible.

13. What does Machiavelli predict will come to Republics that do not provide for dictatorships or powerful authorities in times of urgent perils?
(a) A Republican government will always move in the benefit of everyone dependent on them.
(b) The gathering of officials will paralyze the Republic in debate.
(c) The trust leaders show in the people will inspire them to overcome the peril.
(d) They will always be ruined in grave incidents.

14. In Book 1, Section 37, what does Machiavelli claim to be the foundation of well-ordered Republics?
(a) They keep the Citizens rich and the public poor.
(b) They keep the public and the Citizens rich.
(c) They keep the public [State] rich and its Citizens poor.
(d) They keep the public and the Citizens poor.

15. What does Machiavelli consider to be the means of someone rising from the bottom to gain a great fortune?
(a) Diligence and humility.
(b) Deceit and self preservation.
(c) Hard work and creativity.
(d) Force and fraud.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?

2. What does Machiavelli believe will come of agreements made by force?

3. What was an example from Roman history that Machiavelli used to suggest the Plebes possesses greater wisdom than Nobles?

4. When Machiavelli writes, "For sometimes of necessity our judgment is the truth, as human affairs are always in motion, either ascending or descending," what is he writing about what he believes about truth?

5. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?

(see the answer keys)

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