The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli believe inspired the expansion of the Roman Empire?
(a) Keeping Citizens in poverty.
(b) Harsh Captains guiding the military.
(c) Aggression and murder.
(d) Virtue.

2. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?
(a) It made public displays of punishments for lawbreakers.
(b) It continually sent soldiers to expand its empire.
(c) It made frequent use of elections to allow the citizens to influence government.
(d) It continued to make new laws and new institutions to confront corruption.

3. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.
(b) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(c) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(d) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.

4. What are two reasons Machiavelli gives for foreign forces building a city?
(a) To offer people in other lands the benefits of the existing system and to make their abilities and resources for universally beneficial.
(b) To relieve existing towns of excessive inhabitants and for the defense of the country from which the forces come.
(c) To exercise power over enemies and expand the power of an established system.
(d) To spread the culture of the homeland and use resources for financial development.

5. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?
(a) That Machiavelli considers freedom only suited to those who can earn it or buy it.
(b) That Machiavelli considered civil rights and individual liberties indispensable to the strength of a city.
(c) That Machiavelli is focused on keeping cities free from outside influences rather than individual freedom.
(d) That Machiavelli uses the term freedom in reference to the actions of Princes only.

6. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?
(a) They have no alternative but to join alliances with powerful Republics that will take control of them.
(b) They face invasion, destruction and anhilation.
(c) They will eventually fade away and reemerge as a tyranny.
(d) They cannot settle conflicts except with force because their weakness prevents them from resolving doubts over issues.

7. What is Machiavelli's explanation for initiating his recommended approach with enemies against an empire?
(a) Because taking out the head of a movement will lead to the death of the body.
(b) Because putting the leaders of enemies in positions of public responsibility will require them to make decisions that will be rejected by conspiracies.
(c) Because the public humiliation of the enemy will expose supporters to the Citizens who will then act to neutralize the conspiracy.
(d) Because those who try to crush it, make its force greater, and make that evil which is suspected from it to be accelerated.

8. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?
(a) Persisting in acts that are considered offensive to citizens.
(b) Refusing to provide sufficient education for the youth.
(c) Refusing to provide wealth to the general masses.
(d) Persisting in harsh punishments for misdemeanors.

9. According to Machiavelli, what type of people seek what office to cause a city to become corrupt?
(a) Weak and dependent people seek to become senators.
(b) The working poor seek to become plebes.
(c) Generals seek to become senators.
(d) The rich and powerful, rather than the virtuous, seek to become judges (magistrates).

10. What does Machiavelli claim causes ingratitude from a conquered citizenry?
(a) Taking conquered citizens into slavery.
(b) Taking the property of conquered citizens.
(c) When the conquerors remove freedoms that the citizens knew before being conquered.
(d) Treating conquered citizens harshly.

11. What are the five types of government identified by Machiavelli?
(a) Tyranny, constitutional, military oligarchy, principality, and democracy.
(b) Republic, fascistic, democracy, principality, and oligarchy.
(c) Democracy, anarchy, monarchy, constitutional, and institutional.
(d) Monarchy, aristocracy, democracy, oligarchy, and anarchy.

12. Why does Machiavelli suggest that those who have received great rewards should not be spared punishments for acting badly?
(a) Because doing so keeps the most famous citizens obedient to the Prince.
(b) Because doing so gives the Prince the opportunity to prove his harshness.
(c) Because doing so helps the Republic remain free for a long time.
(d) Because doing so helps to find the most ardent supporters of the Prince.

13. What did Machiavelli suggest is the advantage of settling in areas that were "sterile" (barren)?
(a) Residents of sterile areas become more creative and develop technologies that can be sold to more fertile areas.
(b) Barren areas stand at crossroads between fertile areas so they can control trade between prosperous cities.
(c) The isolation from more fertile areas allow for greater freedom.
(d) The poverty of resources would require those living there to have less cause for discord.

14. How does Machiavelli predict a citizen will conduct himself if he is not punished for his misdeeds because of his reputation for doing good deeds, according to Machiavelli.
(a) He will eventually become overwhelmed by his conscience and slip away into obscurity.
(b) He will, in short time, become so insolent as to put an end to all civil law.
(c) He will find ways to subvert the Prince and take his power.
(d) He will become the most effective aide to the Prince and help expand his power over the citizens.

15. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(b) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).
(c) The financial ability to buy protection.
(d) Obscurity.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was an example from Roman history that Machiavelli used to suggest the Plebes possesses greater wisdom than Nobles?

2. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

3. Why does Machiavelli suggest wars should be quick with limited damage to the conquered City?

4. What does Machiavelli consider an important tool in maintaining the order of a Republic?

5. How did Roman soldiers provide for themselves before the Senate decided to pay them?

(see the answer keys)

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