The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes that Machiavelli reported were taken by Roman Nobility in Book 1, Section 52?
(a) A reduction of taxes and the initiation of public works jobs for which Plebes would have the first opportunity for hiring.
(b) Offerings to Plebes of land in newly captured territories.
(c) A regular schedule of holidays throughout the year that gave Plebes an opportunity to rest.
(d) Allowing Plebes to contend for four Tribune positions and paying wages to soldiers.

2. How does Machiavelli recommend a Republic deal with enemies that spring up within an empire?
(a) He advocates smearing them with public proclamations about the threat they pose.
(b) He advises Princes to allow his supporters to conspire to assassinate the enemies.
(c) Princes should name appoint them to offices to leave their actions open to public scrutiny.
(d) He recommends that efforts be made to temporize (compromise) them rather than crush them.

3. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(b) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.
(c) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.
(d) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.

4. In defending his view that Roman Dictators served their city well, what phrase does Machiavelli use to explain how the Caesars absorbed their power?
(a) "Power corrupts. Knowledge is power. Study hard. Be evil."
(b) "Justice and power must be brought together, so that whatever is just may be powerful, and whatever is powerful may be just."
(c) "It is power that easily acquires a name, not a name power."
(d) "He who controls others may be powerful, but he who has mastered himself is mightier still."

5. What does Machiavelli identify as the easiest way to "...ruin a Republic where the People have authority...."
(a) Cause them to distribute wealth.
(b) For the Nobles to promote corrupted Citizens in elections.
(c) Involve them in a brave enterprise.
(d) For Nobles to cultivate rivalries between partisans among the People.

6. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?
(a) They reduced taxes on themselves and used their increased wealth to buy back their land.
(b) Rome would send out armies to colonize lands that were then distributed to Nobles.
(c) They raised taxes on Plebes who used the land awarded to them by the Agrarian Laws.
(d) The Nobles took political control over the Senate and changed the laws to allow Nobles to control all the land of the Empire.

7. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?
(a) By assuring that the assets that create wealth are kept within the power of the State.
(b) By removing ambitious and unquiet spirits that makes men want to move up in rank.
(c) By uniting the whole public behind wars and efforts to grow the Empire.
(d) By finding methods to maintain poverty throughout the general masses.

8. What was the inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Discourses"?
(a) Machiavelli's desire to guide politicians to serve the public needs.
(b) Machiavelli's interest in forms of government.
(c) Machiavelli's fascination for power.
(d) Livy's account of the history of Rome written around 25 B.C.

9. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?
(a) The legislative branch.
(b) The princes.
(c) The plebeian branch.
(d) The judicial (magistrates) branch.

10. What did Machiavelli establish as the cycle of governing forms?
(a) Democracy to republic go aristocracy to oligarchy to anarchy to democracy.
(b) Anarchy to democracy to oligarchy to monarchy to anarchy.
(c) Aristocracy to republic to oligarchy to monarchy to aristocracy.
(d) Monarchy (principality) to aristocracy to oligarchy to democracy to monarchy.

11. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?
(a) Family strife and lack of work.
(b) Overcrowding and social unrest.
(c) Racial conflict and economic injustice.
(d) Pestilence, famine or war.

12. What historical records did Machiavelli use to support his point for keeping two important items out of peril?
(a) Historical records of Rome and France.
(b) Historical records of Hannibal and England.
(c) Historical records of Tullus and Metius.
(d) Historical records of military tactics.

13. What does Machiavelli suggest as the intention to make war?
(a) To prove the power of the Prince to the Citizens.
(b) To keep Citizens attached to the power of the Prince.
(c) To keep Citizens focused on refining their virtue.
(d) To acquire and maintain the acquisition, so as to enrich themselves and not to impoverish the [conquered] country the home country.

14. According to Machiavelli, what type of people seek what office to cause a city to become corrupt?
(a) Weak and dependent people seek to become senators.
(b) The rich and powerful, rather than the virtuous, seek to become judges (magistrates).
(c) The working poor seek to become plebes.
(d) Generals seek to become senators.

15. In Book 1, Section 37, what does Machiavelli claim to be the foundation of well-ordered Republics?
(a) They keep the public [State] rich and its Citizens poor.
(b) They keep the public and the Citizens poor.
(c) They keep the public and the Citizens rich.
(d) They keep the Citizens rich and the public poor.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli suggest causes corruption?

2. What did Machiavelli report led gatherings of people to make laws?

3. What support did Machiavelli use for his view of what he considers to be the worst example provided by leaders?

4. Based upon Machiavelli's details, for whose benefit were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes devoted?

5. What are the three ways a Republic can expand that Machiavelli recognized?

(see the answer keys)

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