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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Machiavelli believe will come of agreements made by force?
(a) The will lead to the capture of those who are under the power.
(b) They will lead to the overthrow of he who has the power to enforce them.
(c) They will not last.
(d) They aid to enhance the power of the Prince.
2. According to Machiavelli in Section 1 of Book One, who are the two types of people who build cities?
(a) Farmers and merchants.
(b) Princes and generals.
(c) Craftsmen and politicians.
(d) Men born in their location or foreigners.
3. Reviewing earlier chapters of "The Discourses", why would Machiavelli consider long wars in foreign lands important?
(a) Because Machiavelli suggested long wars helped to keep Republics united.
(b) Because long wars give Nobles an opportunity for Nobles to encourage Plebes to perform glorious works for the Republic.
(c) Because Machiavelli considers fighting wars and building empires to be signs of virtuous leaders.
(d) Because long wars assures that poverty will be maintained for everyone in the Republic.
4. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's idea of virtue from reading the review of the first three kings of Rome as he begins his discourse of weak Princes and excellent Princes?
(a) That he believes being ferocious and warlike is an indispensible virtue for a Prince.
(b) That he considers bureaucratic expertise to be an important virtue for Princes.
(c) The he considers moral integrity to be the primary virtue for Princes.
(d) That he considers the most weak Princes to practice ambivalence to virtue.
5. What does Machiavelli identify as an important action for Nobles to take to control the ambitions of Citizens seeking position?
(a) Find ways to have them sent to war.
(b) Forestall their paths to attain the rank they seek.
(c) Find ways to bring the ambitious Citizens into Noble circles to keep them under watch and compromise their influence.
(d) Have them kidnapped and killed.
6. What does Machiavelli believe to the nature of men that causes them to either fight from ambition or from necessity?
(a) They are able to desire everything but are not able to attain everything.
(b) Men that choose to fight always fight for personal benefit.
(c) They fight so they can have the power to deliver liberty to themselves and the City.
(d) Men that choose to fight always fight for the glory of the City.
7. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?
(a) Make the offense quickly then act to reassure them and give them cause to quiet and firm their spirits.
(b) Increase their power and penalties for crimes and scare the Citizens into submission and acceptance.
(c) Distract the Citizens by making war against a nearby province.
(d) Increase taxes on the wealthy and use the money in ways that benefit the general masses.
8. What are the two means that Machiavelli identifies as how laws are developed in cities at the beginning of Section 2, Book One.
(a) At one time by one man and by chance at several times according to events.
(b) Through Princes or through Republics.
(c) Through dominion of the wealthy or through bartering agreements.
(d) By war and by peace.
9. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?
(a) His reputation and family.
(b) His fortune and his reputation.
(c) His city and his chief advisers.
(d) His fortune and forces.
10. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?
(a) The general population became dissatisfied with the distribution of wealth.
(b) Less powerful people desired the power of the Prince.
(c) They degenerated from their fathers, and surpassed others in sumptuousness and lasciviousness and in every other kind of delight.
(d) The larger population of citizens became unhappy with the the political preferences of the Princes.
11. Considering Machiavelli's praise for the example of how Nobles manipulated the opportunity for Plebes to select their peers for positions of influence, who is the clear intended audience of "The Discourses"?
(a) Plebes who need to know the tactics of Nobles to control them.
(b) Nobles seeking methods to keep their power.
(c) Future candidates for election who need to know how to win.
(d) Those who are concerned with how the Republic is being manipulated by people with power.
12. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.
(b) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(c) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.
(d) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.
13. Why does Machiavelli suggest that a Prince keep his conquered territories disunited from the City over which he has his power?
(a) So his City is not affected by immigration.
(b) So the merchants can benefit from the trade between the City and the conquered territory.
(c) So the conquered territories cannot unite with his existing Citizens to overthrow him.
(d) So that the Prince alone can profit from the acquisition.
14. What advice does Machiavelli offer in Book 1, Section 52 to those who want to pursue their ambitions?
(a) "Ambition is the last infirmity of Noble minds."
(b) "Keep away from those who try to belittle your ambitions. Small people always do that, but the really great make yhou believe that you too can become great."
(c) "...(C)onsider the defects and perils which it [presents], and not to undertake it if it should be more dangerous than useful,...."
(d) "He who is blinded by ambition, raises himself to a position whence he cannot mount higher must herafter fall with greatest loss."
15. What does Machiavelli claim new sects (religions) do as they rise to prominence?
(a) Influence Citizens to be obedient to the Prince.
(b) Influence the culture to defy the Prince.
(c) Destroy all the signs, including language, of the old sects they come to dominate.
(d) Cause Citizens to avoid fighting in wars.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Machiavelli consider an important tool in maintaining the order of a Republic?
2. If a cliché could be given to the preface to Book Two of "The Discourses", what would it be?
3. What does Machiavelli suggest as the intention to make war?
4. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
5. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?
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