|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Machiavelli suggest wars should be quick with limited damage to the conquered City?
(a) So armies can be readied for the next war.
(b) To reduce the cost to the conquering Prince and preserve the resources of the conquered city as booty for the conquering forces.
(c) So armies can be brought home to participate in a productive economy.
(d) So Citizens are not burdened by the demands of the war.
2. What does Machiavelli claim will make a City great?
(a) Many industries.
(b) Many soldiers.
(c) Many inhabitants.
(d) Many administrators.
3. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?
(a) They have no alternative but to join alliances with powerful Republics that will take control of them.
(b) They cannot settle conflicts except with force because their weakness prevents them from resolving doubts over issues.
(c) They will eventually fade away and reemerge as a tyranny.
(d) They face invasion, destruction and anhilation.
4. How long did Sparta peacefully exist without changing its laws, according to Machiavelli?
(a) Through the reign of Lycurgus.
(b) Until its domination by Rome.
(c) 800 years.
(d) 350 years.
5. What does Machiavelli identify as an important action for Nobles to take to control the ambitions of Citizens seeking position?
(a) Have them kidnapped and killed.
(b) Forestall their paths to attain the rank they seek.
(c) Find ways to have them sent to war.
(d) Find ways to bring the ambitious Citizens into Noble circles to keep them under watch and compromise their influence.
6. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?
(a) Family strife and lack of work.
(b) Racial conflict and economic injustice.
(c) Overcrowding and social unrest.
(d) Pestilence, famine or war.
7. In Book 1, Section 37, what does Machiavelli claim to be the foundation of well-ordered Republics?
(a) They keep the public [State] rich and its Citizens poor.
(b) They keep the public and the Citizens poor.
(c) They keep the public and the Citizens rich.
(d) They keep the Citizens rich and the public poor.
8. What were the reasons that Machiavelli cited for the Roman Senate choosing to pay a public stipend to fighting men (soldiers)?
(a) To keep the citizens in poverty so they would support wars.
(b) Because without the stipend, wars could not be made for any length of time, neither could Rome besiege towns nor lead armies to a distance.
(c) To increase the number of soldiers in the army.
(d) To hide the increased taxes that were used to build houses for Nobles.
9. From what did Machiavelli develop the information that he wrote into "The Discourses"?
(a) From interviews with political thinkers of the day.
(b) From long experience and continuous study of worldly affairs.
(c) From research that he did in the many libraries throughout the former Roman Empire.
(d) From his world travels to study governments in other cultures.
10. What does Machiavelli establish as the relationship between gold and good soldiers?
(a) Gold is not sufficient to find good soldiers, but good soldiers are indeed sufficient to find gold.
(b) Gold attracts good soldiers.
(c) The promise of gold will make soldiers weaker.
(d) Gold will cause good soldiers to go bad.
11. What does Machiavelli predict will come to Republics that do not provide for dictatorships or powerful authorities in times of urgent perils?
(a) They will always be ruined in grave incidents.
(b) The gathering of officials will paralyze the Republic in debate.
(c) A Republican government will always move in the benefit of everyone dependent on them.
(d) The trust leaders show in the people will inspire them to overcome the peril.
12. What did Machiavelli establish as the cycle of governing forms?
(a) Anarchy to democracy to oligarchy to monarchy to anarchy.
(b) Aristocracy to republic to oligarchy to monarchy to aristocracy.
(c) Monarchy (principality) to aristocracy to oligarchy to democracy to monarchy.
(d) Democracy to republic go aristocracy to oligarchy to anarchy to democracy.
13. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?
(a) By removing ambitious and unquiet spirits that makes men want to move up in rank.
(b) By assuring that the assets that create wealth are kept within the power of the State.
(c) By uniting the whole public behind wars and efforts to grow the Empire.
(d) By finding methods to maintain poverty throughout the general masses.
14. What was an example from Roman history that Machiavelli used to suggest the Plebes possesses greater wisdom than Nobles?
(a) The failed attempt of the Nobles to put Plebes of ill-repute to selection for Tribunes.
(b) The willingness of the Plebes to go to war for the glory of Rome.
(c) The Magistrates decision to delay battle against the Samnites.
(d) A time when the Plebes could have chosen all Plebes for four Tribunes, chose, instead, four Nobles because they recognized the weaknesses of Plebes filling those offices.
15. What does Machiavelli consider to be the means of someone rising from the bottom to gain a great fortune?
(a) Force and fraud.
(b) Deceit and self preservation.
(c) Hard work and creativity.
(d) Diligence and humility.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Machiavelli identify as the easiest way to "...ruin a Republic where the People have authority...."
2. When Machiavelli writes, "For sometimes of necessity our judgment is the truth, as human affairs are always in motion, either ascending or descending," what is he writing about what he believes about truth?
3. What is the main point Machiavelli investigates as he prepares to discuss the affects of strong Princes and weak Princes?
4. According to Machiavelli, what caused so much hard work for Rome as it expanded its Empire to distant provinces?
5. Reviewing earlier chapters of "The Discourses", why would Machiavelli consider long wars in foreign lands important?
This section contains 1,120 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)