The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?
(a) How to develop fortune and virtue.
(b) Whether the Roman Empire was built upon fortune or virtue.
(c) Why fortune is more important that virtue.
(d) How virtue can destroy fortune.

2. What do fertile areas offer to those who settle there according to Machiavelli?
(a) Resources that will sustain a growing population.
(b) The ability to affect the economy of sterile areas.
(c) Raw materials that can be sent to sterile areas for manufacturing and refinement.
(d) The means by which a city can grow and have the ability to defend themselves.

3. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?
(a) They cannot settle conflicts except with force because their weakness prevents them from resolving doubts over issues.
(b) They will eventually fade away and reemerge as a tyranny.
(c) They face invasion, destruction and anhilation.
(d) They have no alternative but to join alliances with powerful Republics that will take control of them.

4. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?
(a) The princes.
(b) The legislative branch.
(c) The plebeian branch.
(d) The judicial (magistrates) branch.

5. Why does Machiavelli recommend that those who want to reform a city should retain the appearance of the institutions they want to reform?
(a) Because keeping the appearance of those institutions helps to keep important advisers within the circle of government.
(b) Because keeping the appearance of those institutions assures a smooth transition of power.
(c) Because the general masses are satisfied with appearances and are moved by things as they appear rather than by the way they operate (perception is reality).
(d) Because keeping the appearance of those institutions helps to hide the true agenda of the Prince.

6. What was a rival Empire to Rome as Rome began its expansion?
(a) The Spartans.
(b) The Babylonians.
(c) The Egyptians.
(d) The Carthaginians.

7. According to Machiavelli, what was one negative consequence of the Roman Senate's decision to pay soldiers out of public money?
(a) It raised taxes on Nobles.
(b) Soldiers began expecting regular pay raises.
(c) So many Citizens joined the military that there were not enough to perform necessary jobs throughout the Republic.
(d) Rome was required to produce more currency to meet the payments, so the currency was devalued.

8. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) The financial ability to buy protection.
(b) Obscurity.
(c) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(d) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).

9. What does Machiavelli recommend to a City that is unable to defend itself, but wants to be protected from anyone who would attack it?
(a) Hire mercenaries.
(b) To give itself freely to whomever would defend the city.
(c) Train its citizens to form a strong army.
(d) Make alliances with powerful Cities.

10. What does "Crescit interea Roma Albae ruinis" mean?
(a) Rome and Alba ruined Crete's industry.
(b) Rome grew on the ruins of Alba .
(c) Creative Romans will bring ruins to Alba.
(d) The Roman interrogations ruined Albanian Fertile Crescent.

11. How long did Sparta peacefully exist without changing its laws, according to Machiavelli?
(a) 350 years.
(b) Until its domination by Rome.
(c) 800 years.
(d) Through the reign of Lycurgus.

12. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?
(a) They reduced taxes on themselves and used their increased wealth to buy back their land.
(b) They raised taxes on Plebes who used the land awarded to them by the Agrarian Laws.
(c) Rome would send out armies to colonize lands that were then distributed to Nobles.
(d) The Nobles took political control over the Senate and changed the laws to allow Nobles to control all the land of the Empire.

13. What was the inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Discourses"?
(a) Machiavelli's desire to guide politicians to serve the public needs.
(b) Machiavelli's interest in forms of government.
(c) Machiavelli's fascination for power.
(d) Livy's account of the history of Rome written around 25 B.C.

14. Why does Machiavelli suggest that a Prince keep his conquered territories disunited from the City over which he has his power?
(a) So the merchants can benefit from the trade between the City and the conquered territory.
(b) So the conquered territories cannot unite with his existing Citizens to overthrow him.
(c) So his City is not affected by immigration.
(d) So that the Prince alone can profit from the acquisition.

15. What is the main point Machiavelli investigates as he prepares to discuss the affects of strong Princes and weak Princes?
(a) How strict power eliminates corruption and maintains freedom.
(b) Whether a free state can exist with virtuous Princes.
(c) Whether a free state (government) can exist in a city that is corrupted.
(d) Whether a free state can exist without laws.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Machiavelli, what caused the Roman Republic to form?

2. What does Machiavelli believe inspired the expansion of the Roman Empire?

3. Through what means does Machiavelli suggest that a City can achieve what he considers greatness?

4. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

5. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?

(see the answer keys)

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