The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli establish as the relationship between gold and good soldiers?
(a) Gold is not sufficient to find good soldiers, but good soldiers are indeed sufficient to find gold.
(b) Gold will cause good soldiers to go bad.
(c) Gold attracts good soldiers.
(d) The promise of gold will make soldiers weaker.

2. How long did Sparta peacefully exist without changing its laws, according to Machiavelli?
(a) 800 years.
(b) Through the reign of Lycurgus.
(c) Until its domination by Rome.
(d) 350 years.

3. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.
(b) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(c) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.
(d) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.

4. What does Machiavelli claim will make a City great?
(a) Many industries.
(b) Many soldiers.
(c) Many administrators.
(d) Many inhabitants.

5. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?
(a) By uniting the whole public behind wars and efforts to grow the Empire.
(b) By assuring that the assets that create wealth are kept within the power of the State.
(c) By removing ambitious and unquiet spirits that makes men want to move up in rank.
(d) By finding methods to maintain poverty throughout the general masses.

6. What does Machiavelli believe inspired the expansion of the Roman Empire?
(a) Virtue.
(b) Aggression and murder.
(c) Harsh Captains guiding the military.
(d) Keeping Citizens in poverty.

7. How does Machiavelli expect a city can keep its freedom after a weak Prince follows an excellent Prince?
(a) Only if the citizens ignore the weak Prince and organize themselves to retain virtue.
(b) Only if a Prince with the virtue of the excellent Prince follows the weak Prince.
(c) Only if administrators conspire to act with the virtue of the excellent Prince.
(d) Only if the city does not fall into war with a more virtuous city.

8. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?
(a) The judicial (magistrates) branch.
(b) The legislative branch.
(c) The plebeian branch.
(d) The princes.

9. What are the two means that Machiavelli identifies as how laws are developed in cities at the beginning of Section 2, Book One.
(a) At one time by one man and by chance at several times according to events.
(b) Through dominion of the wealthy or through bartering agreements.
(c) Through Princes or through Republics.
(d) By war and by peace.

10. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
(a) To the state of political instability in which was common to Machiavelli's day.
(b) To his projections of the future in which Machiavelli speculated on how power would be preserved.
(c) To great works of antique art that have been found and preserved.
(d) To his ideal state that combined the most successful institutions from those civilizations.

11. According to Machiavelli, what is the first thing that Citizens seek when starting on the path of chasing their ambitions?
(a) Not to be harmed by citizens or magistrates.
(b) The support of a wealthy Noble.
(c) Means to win access to public office.
(d) A cause that will incite the passions of the general masses.

12. What does Machiavelli identify as an important action for Nobles to take to control the ambitions of Citizens seeking position?
(a) Forestall their paths to attain the rank they seek.
(b) Find ways to bring the ambitious Citizens into Noble circles to keep them under watch and compromise their influence.
(c) Have them kidnapped and killed.
(d) Find ways to have them sent to war.

13. What was a rival Empire to Rome as Rome began its expansion?
(a) The Carthaginians.
(b) The Babylonians.
(c) The Egyptians.
(d) The Spartans.

14. What historical records did Machiavelli use to support his point for keeping two important items out of peril?
(a) Historical records of military tactics.
(b) Historical records of Hannibal and England.
(c) Historical records of Rome and France.
(d) Historical records of Tullus and Metius.

15. Why does Machiavelli suggest that those who have received great rewards should not be spared punishments for acting badly?
(a) Because doing so helps to find the most ardent supporters of the Prince.
(b) Because doing so helps the Republic remain free for a long time.
(c) Because doing so gives the Prince the opportunity to prove his harshness.
(d) Because doing so keeps the most famous citizens obedient to the Prince.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?

2. In Book 1, Section 46, Machiavelli credits the ruin of Republics on citizens who jump from one ambition to another. What was the phrase that Sallust put in the mouth of Caesar that explains how such ambitions begin?

3. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?

4. What is a Prince as Machiavelli uses the term?

5. Through what means does Machiavelli suggest that a City can achieve what he considers greatness?

(see the answer keys)

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