The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Machiavelli, what type of people seek what office to cause a city to become corrupt?
(a) The working poor seek to become plebes.
(b) Generals seek to become senators.
(c) The rich and powerful, rather than the virtuous, seek to become judges (magistrates).
(d) Weak and dependent people seek to become senators.

2. What does Machiavelli predict will come to Republics that do not provide for dictatorships or powerful authorities in times of urgent perils?
(a) They will always be ruined in grave incidents.
(b) The gathering of officials will paralyze the Republic in debate.
(c) The trust leaders show in the people will inspire them to overcome the peril.
(d) A Republican government will always move in the benefit of everyone dependent on them.

3. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?
(a) Because Machiavelli believed that the Decemvirs were too lax on punishments for violators of the law.
(b) Because, according to Machiavelli, the Decemvirs did not pursue expansion of the Empire.
(c) Because the Caesars ended Rome's state of continual war.
(d) Because under the Caesar, there remained the Tribunes, Consuls, and the Senate, to whom the Caesar remained responsible.

4. How did Machiavelli report that the Nobles controlled the process of Plebes having the opportunity to choose Plebes for four Tribunes?
(a) They were in charge of counting the votes.
(b) They began a war and had many Plebes sent to a foreign province.
(c) They controlled the means of Plebes to provide for themselves.
(d) They offered choices between highly reputable Nobles and ignoble Plebes who asked to be considered for the positions.

5. What are the two means that Machiavelli identifies as how laws are developed in cities at the beginning of Section 2, Book One.
(a) At one time by one man and by chance at several times according to events.
(b) By war and by peace.
(c) Through Princes or through Republics.
(d) Through dominion of the wealthy or through bartering agreements.

6. What are three reasons that Machiavelli gives for cities becoming unhappy?
(a) When leaders drain resources to fight wars, when laws become tools for Princes to become more wealthy, when there is taxation without representation.
(b) When cities face armed challenges from outside institutions, the courts do not act justly, and when leaders abuse their power.
(c) When taxes drain Plebes of their wages, when resources are not allocated equitably, and when Princes seek to expand their influence with wars.
(d) When cities are compelled to reorganize laws by themselves, when the laws diverge from their established institutions, and when the laws lead cities from the right path.

7. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?
(a) Refusing to provide wealth to the general masses.
(b) Refusing to provide sufficient education for the youth.
(c) Persisting in harsh punishments for misdemeanors.
(d) Persisting in acts that are considered offensive to citizens.

8. Why does Machiavelli recommend that those who want to reform a city should retain the appearance of the institutions they want to reform?
(a) Because the general masses are satisfied with appearances and are moved by things as they appear rather than by the way they operate (perception is reality).
(b) Because keeping the appearance of those institutions helps to hide the true agenda of the Prince.
(c) Because keeping the appearance of those institutions helps to keep important advisers within the circle of government.
(d) Because keeping the appearance of those institutions assures a smooth transition of power.

9. Why does Machiavelli suggest wars should be quick with limited damage to the conquered City?
(a) So armies can be readied for the next war.
(b) So Citizens are not burdened by the demands of the war.
(c) So armies can be brought home to participate in a productive economy.
(d) To reduce the cost to the conquering Prince and preserve the resources of the conquered city as booty for the conquering forces.

10. What does Machiavelli believe inspired the expansion of the Roman Empire?
(a) Virtue.
(b) Harsh Captains guiding the military.
(c) Keeping Citizens in poverty.
(d) Aggression and murder.

11. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.
(b) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.
(c) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(d) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.

12. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?
(a) Increase taxes on the wealthy and use the money in ways that benefit the general masses.
(b) Make the offense quickly then act to reassure them and give them cause to quiet and firm their spirits.
(c) Distract the Citizens by making war against a nearby province.
(d) Increase their power and penalties for crimes and scare the Citizens into submission and acceptance.

13. What is Machiavelli's explanation for initiating his recommended approach with enemies against an empire?
(a) Because the public humiliation of the enemy will expose supporters to the Citizens who will then act to neutralize the conspiracy.
(b) Because taking out the head of a movement will lead to the death of the body.
(c) Because those who try to crush it, make its force greater, and make that evil which is suspected from it to be accelerated.
(d) Because putting the leaders of enemies in positions of public responsibility will require them to make decisions that will be rejected by conspiracies.

14. Why does Machiavelli claim these forms of government developed?
(a) So those with wealth could protect themselves from those who had none.
(b) So those with influence could hold it without violence.
(c) To provide defense for people who gathered together.
(d) To prevent people with the ability to use force from destroying each other.

15. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?
(a) They reduced taxes on themselves and used their increased wealth to buy back their land.
(b) The Nobles took political control over the Senate and changed the laws to allow Nobles to control all the land of the Empire.
(c) They raised taxes on Plebes who used the land awarded to them by the Agrarian Laws.
(d) Rome would send out armies to colonize lands that were then distributed to Nobles.

Short Answer Questions

1. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?

2. What does Machiavelli establish as the relationship between gold and good soldiers?

3. What did Machiavelli report led gatherings of people to make laws?

4. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?

5. According to Machiavelli, what is the first thing that Citizens seek when starting on the path of chasing their ambitions?

(see the answer keys)

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