The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is Machiavelli's explanation for initiating his recommended approach with enemies against an empire?
(a) Because the public humiliation of the enemy will expose supporters to the Citizens who will then act to neutralize the conspiracy.
(b) Because those who try to crush it, make its force greater, and make that evil which is suspected from it to be accelerated.
(c) Because putting the leaders of enemies in positions of public responsibility will require them to make decisions that will be rejected by conspiracies.
(d) Because taking out the head of a movement will lead to the death of the body.

2. What does Machiavelli consider to be the means of someone rising from the bottom to gain a great fortune?
(a) Deceit and self preservation.
(b) Force and fraud.
(c) Diligence and humility.
(d) Hard work and creativity.

3. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?
(a) His fortune and his reputation.
(b) His city and his chief advisers.
(c) His reputation and family.
(d) His fortune and forces.

4. What does Machiavelli consider an important tool in maintaining the order of a Republic?
(a) Proper administration of rewards and punishments.
(b) Wars that keep the citizenry focused on supporting the City.
(c) Fear of harsh administrators.
(d) The ability to control the perceptions of citizens.

5. If a cliché could be given to the preface to Book Two of "The Discourses", what would it be?
(a) "Go where you belong--on the ash heap of history."
(b) ."The only thing we learn from history is that we do not learn from history."
(c) "History is written by the winners."
(d) "Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it."

6. What should the reader consider as evil when Machiavelli is advising Princes to "recognize evils".
(a) Evil is those human inclinations that cause them to act selfishly.
(b) Evil is anything with which a Prince does not agree.
(c) Evil should be considered to be any influence which challenges the power of the Prince.
(d) Evil is those public reactions that oppose the Prince.

7. How did Roman soldiers provide for themselves before the Senate decided to pay them?
(a) They worked as aides to Senators.
(b) They worked as farmers.
(c) They received sponsorships from Nobles.
(d) They were required to provide for their own needs.

8. What does Machiavelli recommend to a City that is unable to defend itself, but wants to be protected from anyone who would attack it?
(a) Hire mercenaries.
(b) Make alliances with powerful Cities.
(c) To give itself freely to whomever would defend the city.
(d) Train its citizens to form a strong army.

9. What was a rival Empire to Rome as Rome began its expansion?
(a) The Egyptians.
(b) The Carthaginians.
(c) The Spartans.
(d) The Babylonians.

10. Through what means does Machiavelli suggest that a City can achieve what he considers greatness?
(a) Through laws and wealth.
(b) Through love or force.
(c) Through fear and violence.
(d) Through conquest and deceit.

11. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?
(a) By removing ambitious and unquiet spirits that makes men want to move up in rank.
(b) By finding methods to maintain poverty throughout the general masses.
(c) By uniting the whole public behind wars and efforts to grow the Empire.
(d) By assuring that the assets that create wealth are kept within the power of the State.

12. According to Machiavelli in Section 1 of Book One, who are the two types of people who build cities?
(a) Craftsmen and politicians.
(b) Farmers and merchants.
(c) Men born in their location or foreigners.
(d) Princes and generals.

13. In defending his view that Roman Dictators served their city well, what phrase does Machiavelli use to explain how the Caesars absorbed their power?
(a) "He who controls others may be powerful, but he who has mastered himself is mightier still."
(b) "It is power that easily acquires a name, not a name power."
(c) "Power corrupts. Knowledge is power. Study hard. Be evil."
(d) "Justice and power must be brought together, so that whatever is just may be powerful, and whatever is powerful may be just."

14. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
(a) To his projections of the future in which Machiavelli speculated on how power would be preserved.
(b) To great works of antique art that have been found and preserved.
(c) To the state of political instability in which was common to Machiavelli's day.
(d) To his ideal state that combined the most successful institutions from those civilizations.

15. How does Machiavelli suggest that a man with power should present himself to a city in turmoil?
(a) "The man of power should present himself with cold ruthlessness and avoid any show of sentimentality."
(b) "Beauty is power; a smile is its sword."
(c) "...(W)ith as much grace and as honorably as he can, attiring himself with the insignia of his rank which he holds in order to make himself more revered."
(d) "Arbitrary power is most easily established on the ruins of liberty abused to licentiousness."

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?

2. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?

3. What is the main point Machiavelli investigates as he prepares to discuss the affects of strong Princes and weak Princes?

4. According to Machiavelli, what caused the Roman Republic to form?

5. Why does Machiavelli suggest that a Prince keep his conquered territories disunited from the City over which he has his power?

(see the answer keys)

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