The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In defending his view that Roman Dictators served their city well, what phrase does Machiavelli use to explain how the Caesars absorbed their power?
(a) "Justice and power must be brought together, so that whatever is just may be powerful, and whatever is powerful may be just."
(b) "It is power that easily acquires a name, not a name power."
(c) "Power corrupts. Knowledge is power. Study hard. Be evil."
(d) "He who controls others may be powerful, but he who has mastered himself is mightier still."

2. What should the reader consider as evil when Machiavelli is advising Princes to "recognize evils".
(a) Evil should be considered to be any influence which challenges the power of the Prince.
(b) Evil is those public reactions that oppose the Prince.
(c) Evil is anything with which a Prince does not agree.
(d) Evil is those human inclinations that cause them to act selfishly.

3. Who were the Decemvirs?
(a) Ten citizens created by the Roman people to make the laws in Rome.
(b) Courtiers who gathered around the Caesars to protect them during times of festivals.
(c) Officials who took their power in the last month of the year.
(d) The 12 Nobles who the Caesars appointed to help him manage the Empire.

4. What does Machiavelli establish as the relationship between gold and good soldiers?
(a) Gold will cause good soldiers to go bad.
(b) Gold attracts good soldiers.
(c) Gold is not sufficient to find good soldiers, but good soldiers are indeed sufficient to find gold.
(d) The promise of gold will make soldiers weaker.

5. How does Machiavelli expect a city can keep its freedom after a weak Prince follows an excellent Prince?
(a) Only if the citizens ignore the weak Prince and organize themselves to retain virtue.
(b) Only if a Prince with the virtue of the excellent Prince follows the weak Prince.
(c) Only if administrators conspire to act with the virtue of the excellent Prince.
(d) Only if the city does not fall into war with a more virtuous city.

6. How does Machiavelli suggest that a man with power should present himself to a city in turmoil?
(a) "The man of power should present himself with cold ruthlessness and avoid any show of sentimentality."
(b) "Arbitrary power is most easily established on the ruins of liberty abused to licentiousness."
(c) "...(W)ith as much grace and as honorably as he can, attiring himself with the insignia of his rank which he holds in order to make himself more revered."
(d) "Beauty is power; a smile is its sword."

7. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(b) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(c) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.
(d) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.

8. What support did Machiavelli use for his view of what he considers to be the worst example provided by leaders?
(a) A recent denial of appeal by Girolamo Savonarola to five citizens sentenced to death after Savonarola wrote the law allowing appeals.
(b) Tribunes who called the army from foreign provinces and decommissioned its Captains.
(c) The lawlessness that overtook Carthage as its Princes suspended harsh sentences for crimes against the State.
(d) A series of Caesars who named friends to be Captains.

9. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).
(b) The financial ability to buy protection.
(c) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(d) Obscurity.

10. Through what means does Machiavelli suggest that a City can achieve what he considers greatness?
(a) Through love or force.
(b) Through fear and violence.
(c) Through conquest and deceit.
(d) Through laws and wealth.

11. What did Machiavelli identify as the cause of conspiracy against a hereditary Princes?
(a) They degenerated from their fathers, and surpassed others in sumptuousness and lasciviousness and in every other kind of delight.
(b) The larger population of citizens became unhappy with the the political preferences of the Princes.
(c) Less powerful people desired the power of the Prince.
(d) The general population became dissatisfied with the distribution of wealth.

12. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?
(a) Why fortune is more important that virtue.
(b) How virtue can destroy fortune.
(c) How to develop fortune and virtue.
(d) Whether the Roman Empire was built upon fortune or virtue.

13. What does Machiavelli recommend to a City that is unable to defend itself, but wants to be protected from anyone who would attack it?
(a) Make alliances with powerful Cities.
(b) Train its citizens to form a strong army.
(c) To give itself freely to whomever would defend the city.
(d) Hire mercenaries.

14. What historical records did Machiavelli use to support his point for keeping two important items out of peril?
(a) Historical records of military tactics.
(b) Historical records of Hannibal and England.
(c) Historical records of Rome and France.
(d) Historical records of Tullus and Metius.

15. What does Machiavelli claim causes ingratitude from a conquered citizenry?
(a) Treating conquered citizens harshly.
(b) Taking conquered citizens into slavery.
(c) Taking the property of conquered citizens.
(d) When the conquerors remove freedoms that the citizens knew before being conquered.

Short Answer Questions

1. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?

2. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?

3. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?

4. According to Machiavelli, what caused so much hard work for Rome as it expanded its Empire to distant provinces?

5. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

(see the answer keys)

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