The Discourses Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. If a cliché could be given to the preface to Book Two of "The Discourses", what would it be?
(a) "Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it."
(b) "Go where you belong--on the ash heap of history."
(c) ."The only thing we learn from history is that we do not learn from history."
(d) "History is written by the winners."

2. What, according to Machiavelli in Book , 1 Section 38, is the fate of irresolute Republics?
(a) They have no alternative but to join alliances with powerful Republics that will take control of them.
(b) They will eventually fade away and reemerge as a tyranny.
(c) They cannot settle conflicts except with force because their weakness prevents them from resolving doubts over issues.
(d) They face invasion, destruction and anhilation.

3. What does Machiavelli examine in Chapter 1 of Book 2?
(a) Whether the Roman Empire was built upon fortune or virtue.
(b) How virtue can destroy fortune.
(c) Why fortune is more important that virtue.
(d) How to develop fortune and virtue.

4. What does Machiavelli claim will make a City great?
(a) Many inhabitants.
(b) Many soldiers.
(c) Many industries.
(d) Many administrators.

5. What does Machiavelli claim new sects (religions) do as they rise to prominence?
(a) Influence the culture to defy the Prince.
(b) Destroy all the signs, including language, of the old sects they come to dominate.
(c) Cause Citizens to avoid fighting in wars.
(d) Influence Citizens to be obedient to the Prince.

6. What was a rival Empire to Rome as Rome began its expansion?
(a) The Egyptians.
(b) The Babylonians.
(c) The Carthaginians.
(d) The Spartans.

7. What are the two means that Machiavelli identifies as how laws are developed in cities at the beginning of Section 2, Book One.
(a) At one time by one man and by chance at several times according to events.
(b) Through dominion of the wealthy or through bartering agreements.
(c) Through Princes or through Republics.
(d) By war and by peace.

8. What does Machiavelli announce as the purpose of Book Two of "The Discourses" in the preface?
(a) How to use truth to persuade Citizens to support the power of the Prince.
(b) What Roman people did to aggrandize the Empire.
(c) How to secure power by expanding it.
(d) How to secure freedom for an Empire by keeping the military active.

9. How did Machiavelli report that the Nobles controlled the process of Plebes having the opportunity to choose Plebes for four Tribunes?
(a) They controlled the means of Plebes to provide for themselves.
(b) They began a war and had many Plebes sent to a foreign province.
(c) They were in charge of counting the votes.
(d) They offered choices between highly reputable Nobles and ignoble Plebes who asked to be considered for the positions.

10. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
(a) To great works of antique art that have been found and preserved.
(b) To the state of political instability in which was common to Machiavelli's day.
(c) To his projections of the future in which Machiavelli speculated on how power would be preserved.
(d) To his ideal state that combined the most successful institutions from those civilizations.

11. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?
(a) Persisting in acts that are considered offensive to citizens.
(b) Refusing to provide sufficient education for the youth.
(c) Persisting in harsh punishments for misdemeanors.
(d) Refusing to provide wealth to the general masses.

12. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.
(b) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.
(c) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(d) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.

13. In Book 1, Section 46, Machiavelli credits the ruin of Republics on citizens who jump from one ambition to another. What was the phrase that Sallust put in the mouth of Caesar that explains how such ambitions begin?
(a) "I see the better things, and approve; I follow the worse."
(b) "All evil examples have their origins in good beginnings."
(c) "Beware the Ides of March."
(d) "Vini. Vidi. Vici."

14. How does Machiavelli recommend a Republic deal with enemies that spring up within an empire?
(a) He recommends that efforts be made to temporize (compromise) them rather than crush them.
(b) He advises Princes to allow his supporters to conspire to assassinate the enemies.
(c) He advocates smearing them with public proclamations about the threat they pose.
(d) Princes should name appoint them to offices to leave their actions open to public scrutiny.

15. In Book 1, Section 37, what does Machiavelli claim to be the foundation of well-ordered Republics?
(a) They keep the public [State] rich and its Citizens poor.
(b) They keep the Citizens rich and the public poor.
(c) They keep the public and the Citizens poor.
(d) They keep the public and the Citizens rich.

Short Answer Questions

1. From what did Machiavelli develop the information that he wrote into "The Discourses"?

2. What is a Prince as Machiavelli uses the term?

3. What was the inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Discourses"?

4. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?

5. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?

(see the answer keys)

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