The Discourses Quiz | Eight Week Quiz D

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book Two, The Growth of Rome's Empire, Preface, Methods of Expansion, Colonization and War: Its Causes and Cost, Diplomacy and War.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli suggest wars should be quick with limited damage to the conquered City?
(a) So armies can be readied for the next war.
(b) So Citizens are not burdened by the demands of the war.
(c) So armies can be brought home to participate in a productive economy.
(d) To reduce the cost to the conquering Prince and preserve the resources of the conquered city as booty for the conquering forces.

2. What does Machiavelli believe to the nature of men that causes them to either fight from ambition or from necessity?
(a) They are able to desire everything but are not able to attain everything.
(b) Men that choose to fight always fight for the glory of the City.
(c) They fight so they can have the power to deliver liberty to themselves and the City.
(d) Men that choose to fight always fight for personal benefit.

3. What were the reasons that Machiavelli cited for the Roman Senate choosing to pay a public stipend to fighting men (soldiers)?
(a) To keep the citizens in poverty so they would support wars.
(b) To increase the number of soldiers in the army.
(c) To hide the increased taxes that were used to build houses for Nobles.
(d) Because without the stipend, wars could not be made for any length of time, neither could Rome besiege towns nor lead armies to a distance.

4. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?
(a) That Machiavelli considered civil rights and individual liberties indispensable to the strength of a city.
(b) That Machiavelli is focused on keeping cities free from outside influences rather than individual freedom.
(c) That Machiavelli considers freedom only suited to those who can earn it or buy it.
(d) That Machiavelli uses the term freedom in reference to the actions of Princes only.

5. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?
(a) Because the Caesars ended Rome's state of continual war.
(b) Because Machiavelli believed that the Decemvirs were too lax on punishments for violators of the law.
(c) Because under the Caesar, there remained the Tribunes, Consuls, and the Senate, to whom the Caesar remained responsible.
(d) Because, according to Machiavelli, the Decemvirs did not pursue expansion of the Empire.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Machiavelli suggest is the advantage of settling in areas that were "sterile" (barren)?

2. What is the branch of government that Machiavelli recognizes as that which most prevents or causes corruption to come over a city?

3. According to Machiavelli, what was one negative consequence of the Roman Senate's decision to pay soldiers out of public money?

4. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?

5. What does Machiavelli claim new sects (religions) do as they rise to prominence?

(see the answer key)

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