The Discourses Quiz | Eight Week Quiz D

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book Two, The Growth of Rome's Empire, Preface, Methods of Expansion, Colonization and War: Its Causes and Cost, Diplomacy and War.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. From what did Machiavelli develop the information that he wrote into "The Discourses"?
(a) From long experience and continuous study of worldly affairs.
(b) From research that he did in the many libraries throughout the former Roman Empire.
(c) From interviews with political thinkers of the day.
(d) From his world travels to study governments in other cultures.

2. How did Machiavelli begin the preface to "The Discourses"?
(a) As a letter to two political thinkers from Florence.
(b) As a cynical commentary to the weakness of leaders of his time.
(c) As a warning to future generations of the tenuous nature of freedom.
(d) With advice to two friends on how to keep their friends close and their enemies closer.

3. Why does Machiavelli suggest wars should be quick with limited damage to the conquered City?
(a) So armies can be brought home to participate in a productive economy.
(b) To reduce the cost to the conquering Prince and preserve the resources of the conquered city as booty for the conquering forces.
(c) So armies can be readied for the next war.
(d) So Citizens are not burdened by the demands of the war.

4. What does Machiavelli consider an important tool in maintaining the order of a Republic?
(a) Fear of harsh administrators.
(b) The ability to control the perceptions of citizens.
(c) Wars that keep the citizenry focused on supporting the City.
(d) Proper administration of rewards and punishments.

5. How long did Sparta peacefully exist without changing its laws, according to Machiavelli?
(a) Until its domination by Rome.
(b) 800 years.
(c) Through the reign of Lycurgus.
(d) 350 years.

Short Answer Questions

1. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

2. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?

3. When Machiavelli writes, "For sometimes of necessity our judgment is the truth, as human affairs are always in motion, either ascending or descending," what is he writing about what he believes about truth?

4. What does Machiavelli believe to the nature of men that causes them to either fight from ambition or from necessity?

5. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?

(see the answer key)

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