The Discourses Quiz | Eight Week Quiz C

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book One, The Development of Rome's Constitution, The Popular Demand for a Share in Government, The Management of the Populace, The Advantages of Popular Government.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What support did Machiavelli use for his view of what he considers to be the worst example provided by leaders?
(a) The lawlessness that overtook Carthage as its Princes suspended harsh sentences for crimes against the State.
(b) A recent denial of appeal by Girolamo Savonarola to five citizens sentenced to death after Savonarola wrote the law allowing appeals.
(c) A series of Caesars who named friends to be Captains.
(d) Tribunes who called the army from foreign provinces and decommissioned its Captains.

2. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?
(a) Increase taxes on the wealthy and use the money in ways that benefit the general masses.
(b) Distract the Citizens by making war against a nearby province.
(c) Increase their power and penalties for crimes and scare the Citizens into submission and acceptance.
(d) Make the offense quickly then act to reassure them and give them cause to quiet and firm their spirits.

3. In Book 1, Section 46, Machiavelli credits the ruin of Republics on citizens who jump from one ambition to another. What was the phrase that Sallust put in the mouth of Caesar that explains how such ambitions begin?
(a) "All evil examples have their origins in good beginnings."
(b) "I see the better things, and approve; I follow the worse."
(c) "Vini. Vidi. Vici."
(d) "Beware the Ides of March."

4. In defending his view that Roman Dictators served their city well, what phrase does Machiavelli use to explain how the Caesars absorbed their power?
(a) "Justice and power must be brought together, so that whatever is just may be powerful, and whatever is powerful may be just."
(b) "It is power that easily acquires a name, not a name power."
(c) "Power corrupts. Knowledge is power. Study hard. Be evil."
(d) "He who controls others may be powerful, but he who has mastered himself is mightier still."

5. What do fertile areas offer to those who settle there according to Machiavelli?
(a) Resources that will sustain a growing population.
(b) The means by which a city can grow and have the ability to defend themselves.
(c) The ability to affect the economy of sterile areas.
(d) Raw materials that can be sent to sterile areas for manufacturing and refinement.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider the Roman Caesars to have been a benefit to the Roman Empire?

2. What does Machiavelli identify as the easiest way to "...ruin a Republic where the People have authority...."

3. What is Machiavelli's conclusion regarding how someone can establish a Republic where there is great equality?

4. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?

5. Why does Machiavelli claim these forms of government developed?

(see the answer key)

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