The Discourses Quiz | Eight Week Quiz C

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book One, The Development of Rome's Constitution, The Popular Demand for a Share in Government, The Management of the Populace, The Advantages of Popular Government.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli suggest that those who have received great rewards should not be spared punishments for acting badly?
(a) Because doing so helps to find the most ardent supporters of the Prince.
(b) Because doing so gives the Prince the opportunity to prove his harshness.
(c) Because doing so keeps the most famous citizens obedient to the Prince.
(d) Because doing so helps the Republic remain free for a long time.

2. What does Machiavelli believe to the nature of men that causes them to either fight from ambition or from necessity?
(a) They are able to desire everything but are not able to attain everything.
(b) Men that choose to fight always fight for personal benefit.
(c) Men that choose to fight always fight for the glory of the City.
(d) They fight so they can have the power to deliver liberty to themselves and the City.

3. What is another method that Machiavelli reports leaders use to offend their citizens?
(a) Refusing to provide sufficient education for the youth.
(b) Persisting in harsh punishments for misdemeanors.
(c) Refusing to provide wealth to the general masses.
(d) Persisting in acts that are considered offensive to citizens.

4. What does Machiavelli identify as tactics the Citizen seeking not to be harmed uses?
(a) Obscurity.
(b) Acquiring friendships either through honest means or by supplying money to protect themselves from the powerful (bribes).
(c) Friendships with Citizens who are bold enough to fight.
(d) The financial ability to buy protection.

5. What support did Machiavelli use for his view of what he considers to be the worst example provided by leaders?
(a) A recent denial of appeal by Girolamo Savonarola to five citizens sentenced to death after Savonarola wrote the law allowing appeals.
(b) The lawlessness that overtook Carthage as its Princes suspended harsh sentences for crimes against the State.
(c) A series of Caesars who named friends to be Captains.
(d) Tribunes who called the army from foreign provinces and decommissioned its Captains.

Short Answer Questions

1. Based upon Machiavelli's details, for whose benefit were the "demonstrations made to the benefit" of Plebes devoted?

2. What are the two important items that Machiavelli considers to be unwise for a Prince to put entirely into peril?

3. According to Machiavelli, what was one negative consequence of the Roman Senate's decision to pay soldiers out of public money?

4. According to Machiavelli in Section 1 of Book One, who are the two types of people who build cities?

5. In Book 1, Section 46, Machiavelli credits the ruin of Republics on citizens who jump from one ambition to another. What was the phrase that Sallust put in the mouth of Caesar that explains how such ambitions begin?

(see the answer key)

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