The Discourses Quiz | Eight Week Quiz B

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book One, The Development of Rome's Constitution, The Use and Abuse of Dictatorship, The Road to Ruin, Sundry Reflections Based on the Decemvirate.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli consider prudence in a Prince or a King?
(a) Keeping friends close and enemies closer.
(b) In times of peace not neglecting the arrangements of war.
(c) Knowing that the enemy of his enemy is his friend.
(d) Picking battles that are important enough to fight and small enough to win.

2. What historical records did Machiavelli use to support his point for keeping two important items out of peril?
(a) Historical records of Tullus and Metius.
(b) Historical records of Hannibal and England.
(c) Historical records of military tactics.
(d) Historical records of Rome and France.

3. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's idea of virtue from reading the review of the first three kings of Rome as he begins his discourse of weak Princes and excellent Princes?
(a) That he believes being ferocious and warlike is an indispensible virtue for a Prince.
(b) The he considers moral integrity to be the primary virtue for Princes.
(c) That he considers bureaucratic expertise to be an important virtue for Princes.
(d) That he considers the most weak Princes to practice ambivalence to virtue.

4. What is an obvious counterpoint to Machiavelli's assertion to the benefits of the power of the Caesars to the Roman Empire?
(a) If the Nobles of Rome had not sought to possess distant provinces, there would have been no need for Caesars.
(b) Without the Caesars, provinces of the Empire would have moved to avoid hazards.
(c) The cost of Empire caused hazards to gather domestically as well as throughout the Empire.
(d) Without the empire is it possible that the hazards the empire faced would not have materialized.

5. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
(a) To great works of antique art that have been found and preserved.
(b) To the state of political instability in which was common to Machiavelli's day.
(c) To his ideal state that combined the most successful institutions from those civilizations.
(d) To his projections of the future in which Machiavelli speculated on how power would be preserved.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does Machiavelli consider the Roman Caesars to have been a benefit to the Roman Empire?

2. How does Machiavelli expect a city can keep its freedom after a weak Prince follows an excellent Prince?

3. What was the inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Discourses"?

4. In defending his view that Roman Dictators served their city well, what phrase does Machiavelli use to explain how the Caesars absorbed their power?

5. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?

(see the answer key)

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