The Discourses Quiz | Eight Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book One, The Development of Rome's Constitution, Sundry Reflections on the Kings of Rome, The Introduction of New Forms of Government, Ingratitude.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are the five types of government identified by Machiavelli?
(a) Tyranny, constitutional, military oligarchy, principality, and democracy.
(b) Monarchy, aristocracy, democracy, oligarchy, and anarchy.
(c) Democracy, anarchy, monarchy, constitutional, and institutional.
(d) Republic, fascistic, democracy, principality, and oligarchy.

2. What are three reasons that Machiavelli gives for cities becoming unhappy?
(a) When cities are compelled to reorganize laws by themselves, when the laws diverge from their established institutions, and when the laws lead cities from the right path.
(b) When leaders drain resources to fight wars, when laws become tools for Princes to become more wealthy, when there is taxation without representation.
(c) When cities face armed challenges from outside institutions, the courts do not act justly, and when leaders abuse their power.
(d) When taxes drain Plebes of their wages, when resources are not allocated equitably, and when Princes seek to expand their influence with wars.

3. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's view of freedom based upon reading view of weak and strong Princes?
(a) That Machiavelli is focused on keeping cities free from outside influences rather than individual freedom.
(b) That Machiavelli considers freedom only suited to those who can earn it or buy it.
(c) That Machiavelli considered civil rights and individual liberties indispensable to the strength of a city.
(d) That Machiavelli uses the term freedom in reference to the actions of Princes only.

4. How does Machiavelli expect a city can keep its freedom after a weak Prince follows an excellent Prince?
(a) Only if the city does not fall into war with a more virtuous city.
(b) Only if the citizens ignore the weak Prince and organize themselves to retain virtue.
(c) Only if a Prince with the virtue of the excellent Prince follows the weak Prince.
(d) Only if administrators conspire to act with the virtue of the excellent Prince.

5. What is the main point Machiavelli investigates as he prepares to discuss the affects of strong Princes and weak Princes?
(a) Whether a free state can exist with virtuous Princes.
(b) Whether a free state can exist without laws.
(c) Whether a free state (government) can exist in a city that is corrupted.
(d) How strict power eliminates corruption and maintains freedom.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?

2. What can be inferred of Machiavelli's idea of virtue from reading the review of the first three kings of Rome as he begins his discourse of weak Princes and excellent Princes?

3. According to Machiavelli, what type of people seek what office to cause a city to become corrupt?

4. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?

5. What did Machiavelli report led gatherings of people to make laws?

(see the answer key)

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