|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book One, The Development of Rome's Constitution, The Use and Abuse of Dictatorship, The Road to Ruin, Sundry Reflections Based on the Decemvirate.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What is Machiavelli's explanation for initiating his recommended approach with enemies against an empire?
(a) Because taking out the head of a movement will lead to the death of the body.
(b) Because putting the leaders of enemies in positions of public responsibility will require them to make decisions that will be rejected by conspiracies.
(c) Because those who try to crush it, make its force greater, and make that evil which is suspected from it to be accelerated.
(d) Because the public humiliation of the enemy will expose supporters to the Citizens who will then act to neutralize the conspiracy.
2. What support did Machiavelli use for his view of what he considers to be the worst example provided by leaders?
(a) A series of Caesars who named friends to be Captains.
(b) The lawlessness that overtook Carthage as its Princes suspended harsh sentences for crimes against the State.
(c) A recent denial of appeal by Girolamo Savonarola to five citizens sentenced to death after Savonarola wrote the law allowing appeals.
(d) Tribunes who called the army from foreign provinces and decommissioned its Captains.
3. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?
(a) It continually sent soldiers to expand its empire.
(b) It made frequent use of elections to allow the citizens to influence government.
(c) It made public displays of punishments for lawbreakers.
(d) It continued to make new laws and new institutions to confront corruption.
4. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?
(a) Increase taxes on the wealthy and use the money in ways that benefit the general masses.
(b) Increase their power and penalties for crimes and scare the Citizens into submission and acceptance.
(c) Make the offense quickly then act to reassure them and give them cause to quiet and firm their spirits.
(d) Distract the Citizens by making war against a nearby province.
5. What do fertile areas offer to those who settle there according to Machiavelli?
(a) The means by which a city can grow and have the ability to defend themselves.
(b) Raw materials that can be sent to sterile areas for manufacturing and refinement.
(c) Resources that will sustain a growing population.
(d) The ability to affect the economy of sterile areas.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Machiavelli suggest is the advantage of settling in areas that were "sterile" (barren)?
2. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
3. According to Machiavelli, how did the Nobles of Rome attempt to correct the limit on the wealth that was placed on them by Agrarian Laws?
4. Why does Machiavelli claim these forms of government developed?
5. Why does Machiavelli claim that the rule of the Caesars was preferable to the regime of the Decemvirs?
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