The Discourses Quiz | Four Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book One, The Development of Rome's Constitution, The Use and Abuse of Dictatorship, The Road to Ruin, Sundry Reflections Based on the Decemvirate.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Machiavelli believe to the nature of men that causes them to either fight from ambition or from necessity?
(a) They fight so they can have the power to deliver liberty to themselves and the City.
(b) Men that choose to fight always fight for the glory of the City.
(c) Men that choose to fight always fight for personal benefit.
(d) They are able to desire everything but are not able to attain everything.

2. To what does Machiavelli compare great kingdoms and republics from history?
(a) To great works of antique art that have been found and preserved.
(b) To his ideal state that combined the most successful institutions from those civilizations.
(c) To his projections of the future in which Machiavelli speculated on how power would be preserved.
(d) To the state of political instability in which was common to Machiavelli's day.

3. What support did Machiavelli use for his view of what he considers to be the worst example provided by leaders?
(a) A series of Caesars who named friends to be Captains.
(b) The lawlessness that overtook Carthage as its Princes suspended harsh sentences for crimes against the State.
(c) A recent denial of appeal by Girolamo Savonarola to five citizens sentenced to death after Savonarola wrote the law allowing appeals.
(d) Tribunes who called the army from foreign provinces and decommissioned its Captains.

4. What are three reasons that Machiavelli gives for cities becoming unhappy?
(a) When cities face armed challenges from outside institutions, the courts do not act justly, and when leaders abuse their power.
(b) When cities are compelled to reorganize laws by themselves, when the laws diverge from their established institutions, and when the laws lead cities from the right path.
(c) When leaders drain resources to fight wars, when laws become tools for Princes to become more wealthy, when there is taxation without representation.
(d) When taxes drain Plebes of their wages, when resources are not allocated equitably, and when Princes seek to expand their influence with wars.

5. What are reasons Machiavelli cited for a group of people leaving their native country to seek a new home?
(a) Overcrowding and social unrest.
(b) Family strife and lack of work.
(c) Racial conflict and economic injustice.
(d) Pestilence, famine or war.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Machiavelli suggest causes corruption?

2. According to Machiavelli, what type of people seek what office to cause a city to become corrupt?

3. In defending his view that Roman Dictators served their city well, what phrase does Machiavelli use to explain how the Caesars absorbed their power?

4. What did Machiavelli cite as the method that Rome used to maintain its freedom?

5. According to Machiavelli, what caused the Roman Republic to form?

(see the answer key)

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