The Discourses Quiz | Four Week Quiz A

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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Book One, The Development of Rome's Constitution, The Use and Abuse of Dictatorship, The Road to Ruin, Sundry Reflections Based on the Decemvirate.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the inspiration for Machiavelli's "The Discourses"?
(a) Machiavelli's desire to guide politicians to serve the public needs.
(b) Machiavelli's fascination for power.
(c) Machiavelli's interest in forms of government.
(d) Livy's account of the history of Rome written around 25 B.C.

2. Of what should Princes be most ashamed in Machiavelli's view?
(a) Missing opportunities to conquer other cities.
(b) Lacking their own soldiers for defense and offense.
(c) Being discovered to be self-absorbed and not devoted to building the strength of their cities.
(d) Consuming his wealth in debauchery.

3. What is Machiavelli's explanation for initiating his recommended approach with enemies against an empire?
(a) Because the public humiliation of the enemy will expose supporters to the Citizens who will then act to neutralize the conspiracy.
(b) Because taking out the head of a movement will lead to the death of the body.
(c) Because those who try to crush it, make its force greater, and make that evil which is suspected from it to be accelerated.
(d) Because putting the leaders of enemies in positions of public responsibility will require them to make decisions that will be rejected by conspiracies.

4. What historical records did Machiavelli use to support his point for keeping two important items out of peril?
(a) Historical records of Tullus and Metius.
(b) Historical records of Rome and France.
(c) Historical records of Hannibal and England.
(d) Historical records of military tactics.

5. What are three reasons that Machiavelli gives for cities becoming unhappy?
(a) When taxes drain Plebes of their wages, when resources are not allocated equitably, and when Princes seek to expand their influence with wars.
(b) When cities face armed challenges from outside institutions, the courts do not act justly, and when leaders abuse their power.
(c) When leaders drain resources to fight wars, when laws become tools for Princes to become more wealthy, when there is taxation without representation.
(d) When cities are compelled to reorganize laws by themselves, when the laws diverge from their established institutions, and when the laws lead cities from the right path.

Short Answer Questions

1. What do fertile areas offer to those who settle there according to Machiavelli?

2. What did Machiavelli establish as the cycle of governing forms?

3. How does Machiavelli suggest that Princes and other leaders deal with acts that offend their citizens?

4. Why does Machiavelli suggest that those who have received great rewards should not be spared punishments for acting badly?

5. What support did Machiavelli use for his view of what he considers to be the worst example provided by leaders?

(see the answer key)

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