|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How long does the the Mauna Loa eruption of 1984 last?
2. Heimaey is about the same size as:
3. In 1973, the eruptions in Heimaey begin on January 23 and continue vigorously before diminishing in strength through when?
4. What ultimately happens to the moving piece of mountain on Vestmannaeyjar?
5. How does Sigurdur Steinthorsson monitor volcanic gases during the 1973 eruption?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe how Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson and Sveinn Eiriksson work together to fight against the lava that threatens Heimaey's town and harbor.
2. What role does Magnus Magnusson play during the 1973 volcanic eruptions in Heimaey?
3. Describe how Heimaey residents are evacuated following the eruptions that begin unexpectedly in 1973.
4. Describe what happens to the north side of the growing volcano on Heimaey.
5. Who is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson, and what idea does he come up with?
6. How do the working crews stop the large chunk of mountain from crashing into Heimaey's town and port?
7. How do residents of Heimaey benefit from the cooling but still hot lava after the 1973 eruptions?
8. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.
9. How does the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration protect its sensitive, expensive equipment against damaging lava in Hawaii?
10. Describe work crews' first attempts at cooling off the lava flows of Heimaey in 1973.
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Using specific examples from "Atchafalaya," describe how engineers, scientists, and politicians create new problems when they try to direct and engineer natural forces in an attempt to help the neighboring communities. What new problems are created? How do experts and officials try to solve these new problems? Are they successful or unsuccessful in their attempts? Explain.
Essay Topic 2
From your observations of the Louisiana, Iceland, and California examples the author covers in his book, explain why people choose to live in dangerous places where the forces of nature are especially active. Do you feel that the reasons for living in these places outweigh the risks and dangers? Why or why not?
Essay Topic 3
Part of the problem is that people settle into regions that are particularly hazardous: floodplains, active volcanic zones, and places prone to mountain landslides, brush fires, and earthquakes.
1. Using examples from the book, elaborate upon some of the reasons the author gives to explain why people settle in regions where natural forces are especially active, posing risks to the communities that develop there.
2. Is the author sympathetic or unsympathetic to man's plight in his efforts to control nature? Explain.
This section contains 961 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)