The Control of Nature Test | Final Test - Hard

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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.

Short Answer Questions

1. The oldest parts of Iceland are how old?

2. How tall does the erupting volcano in Heimaey grow to above sea level?

3. In gallons, how much water is pumped onto the lava flows of Heimaey each day?

4. The U.S. Army Air Corps' actions on an insulating vent on Mauna Loa volcano in 1935 result in what?

5. On January 23, 1973, the five thousand residents of Heimaey, the only populated island of Vestmannaeyjar, are threatened by what?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the population of Iceland's Heimaey before and after the 1973 eruptions?

2. Describe how Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson and Sveinn Eiriksson work together to fight against the lava that threatens Heimaey's town and harbor.

3. What role does Magnus Magnusson play during the 1973 volcanic eruptions in Heimaey?

4. What is the "City Flow?"

5. How do the working crews stop the large chunk of mountain from crashing into Heimaey's town and port?

6. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.

7. What is threatened in Heimaey as a result of the unexpected volcanic eruption of 1973?

8. Describe work crews' first attempts at cooling off the lava flows of Heimaey in 1973.

9. How old are the oldest parts of Hawaii and Iceland?

10. Is there any warning prior to the eruption in Heimaey that began on January 23, 1973?

Essay Topics

Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:

Essay Topic 1

Using specific examples from "Atchafalaya," describe how engineers, scientists, and politicians create new problems when they try to direct and engineer natural forces in an attempt to help the neighboring communities. What new problems are created? How do experts and officials try to solve these new problems? Are they successful or unsuccessful in their attempts? Explain.

Essay Topic 2

Explain how the work crews, commanders, and scientists in "Cooling The Lava" learn by trial and error.

1. What mistakes do they make along the way?

2. What do they learn from these mistakes, and how do they adapt?

3. What might the outcome have been had they not been as flexible in their approach?

Essay Topic 3

Part of the problem is that people settle into regions that are particularly hazardous: floodplains, active volcanic zones, and places prone to mountain landslides, brush fires, and earthquakes.

1. Using examples from the book, elaborate upon some of the reasons the author gives to explain why people settle in regions where natural forces are especially active, posing risks to the communities that develop there.

2. Is the author sympathetic or unsympathetic to man's plight in his efforts to control nature? Explain.

(see the answer keys)

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