The Control of Nature Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. With "City Flow" moving towards them in Heimaey, what do pumping crews do?
(a) Dismantle and move equipment to save it.
(b) Board a ship and leave.
(c) Abandon efforts and run away.
(d) Send an emergency request for more crews and equipment.

2. What does the author observe about historical attempts to control lava?
(a) Lava is impossible to control.
(b) Too many workers perish.
(c) Most have worked well.
(d) They're usually not successful.

3. To cool the lava flows of 1973, what does Valdimar Jonsson suggest?
(a) Using ice and snow.
(b) Stacking ice blocks along the lava's path.
(c) Using ten times more water.
(d) Redirecting the flow towards an iceberg.

4. The oldest parts of Iceland are how old?
(a) Twenty-nine million years.
(b) Five millions years.
(c) Fourteen million years.
(d) One and a half million years.

5. What gives Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson the idea to cool the oncoming flow of lava?
(a) Watching lava cool by the sea.
(b) His post-graduate studies.
(c) Stories he'd heard of ancestors doing the same.
(d) Watching children play by the water.

Short Answer Questions

1. How much water is pumped onto a lava field directly in the path of the moving mountain headed towards Heimaey's town and harbor?

2. In 1973, the eruptions in Heimaey begin on January 23 and continue vigorously before diminishing in strength through when?

3. Sigurdur Jonsson is an Iceland resident who works on what?

4. Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson is a native of which country?

5. Officials propose to protect Hilo, Hawaii's second-largest city and port, against lava flows through what?

Short Essay Questions

1. How do the views of Hawaiian natives towards volcanoes differ from the views of the U.S. Army Air Corps?

2. How old are the oldest parts of Hawaii and Iceland?

3. Describe how Heimaey residents are evacuated following the eruptions that begin unexpectedly in 1973.

4. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.

5. The author moves away from his discussion of Iceland's 1973 lava eruptions to talk about Hawaii's volcanoes. Describe what he writes about the U.S. Army Air Corps' attempts to stop lava from burying Hawaii's towns and cities.

6. What hazards do workers face as they try to stop the lava flows?

7. How is Heimaey's harbor altered after the eruptions and lava flows of 1973?

8. Is there any warning prior to the eruption in Heimaey that began on January 23, 1973?

9. How do the working crews stop the large chunk of mountain from crashing into Heimaey's town and port?

10. How does the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration protect its sensitive, expensive equipment against damaging lava in Hawaii?

(see the answer keys)

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