The Control of Nature Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. On January 23, 1973, the five thousand residents of Heimaey, the only populated island of Vestmannaeyjar, are threatened by what?
(a) Cracking ice shelf.
(b) Lava.
(c) Flu epidemic.
(d) War.

2. What is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson's vocation?
(a) Biologist.
(b) Environmentalist.
(c) Physicist.
(d) Chemist.

3. Heimaey is about the same size as:
(a) Washington, D.C. east of the Washington Monument.
(b) San Francisco north of Chinatown.
(c) Seattle west of the Space Needle.
(d) Manhattan south of the Empire State Building.

4. Even though Hawaii's Hilo is often threatened by lava flows, Hilo has thus far been protected because:
(a) A tall mountain stands between Hilo and the lava.
(b) A freshwater stream slows the lava flow.
(c) Of man-made barriers.
(d) Flows stop within a dozen to one mile of the port.

5. In 1973, the eruptions in Heimaey begin on January 23 and continue vigorously before diminishing in strength through when?
(a) February 25th.
(b) March 1st.
(c) February 5th.
(d) January 30th.

Short Answer Questions

1. Sigurdur Jonsson is an Iceland resident who works on what?

2. Both Iceland and Hawaii are the world's most what?

3. What do work crews call the two-million ton floating mountain that breaks off during the 1973 eruptions?

4. During the 1973 volcanic eruptions, many farmers and fishermen leave Heimaey:

5. How are residents and livestock evacuated from Heimaey during the 1973 eruptions?

Short Essay Questions

1. How do residents of Heimaey benefit from the cooling but still hot lava after the 1973 eruptions?

2. Who is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson, and what idea does he come up with?

3. Briefly describe Mauna Loa.

4. What is the "City Flow?"

5. Describe how Heimaey residents are evacuated following the eruptions that begin unexpectedly in 1973.

6. How is Heimaey's harbor altered after the eruptions and lava flows of 1973?

7. What role does Magnus Magnusson play during the 1973 volcanic eruptions in Heimaey?

8. How do the working crews stop the large chunk of mountain from crashing into Heimaey's town and port?

9. How do the views of Hawaiian natives towards volcanoes differ from the views of the U.S. Army Air Corps?

10. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.

(see the answer keys)

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