The Control of Nature Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In 1973, the eruptions in Heimaey begin on January 23 and continue vigorously before diminishing in strength through when?
(a) March 1st.
(b) February 5th.
(c) February 25th.
(d) January 30th.

2. Heimaey is considered to be an important what?
(a) Cultural hub.
(b) Lumber producer.
(c) Fishing center.
(d) Polar bear sanctuary.

3. What nickname do the residents of Heimaey give to Sveinn Eiriksson?
(a) Powell.
(b) Patton.
(c) Roosevelt.
(d) Grant.

4. What does the U.S. Army Air Corps do to an insulating vent on Mauna Loa volcano in 1935?
(a) Floods it with water.
(b) Bombs it.
(c) Fills it with boulders.
(d) Attaches vibration sensors.

5. Why do residents of Heimaey hose down oncoming lava?
(a) It was attempted there before successfully.
(b) Because of local superstitions.
(c) Create a chilled wall of lava to stop the flow.
(d) Act of desperation in fear of the oncoming lava.

Short Answer Questions

1. Heimaey is about the same size as:

2. During the 1973 volcanic eruptions, many farmers and fishermen leave Heimaey:

3. After work crews deal with the moving mountain on Iceland's erupting island, what challenge do they face?

4. How tall does the erupting volcano in Heimaey grow to above sea level?

5. After the eruptions of 1973 end, how many of Heimaey's evacuees return?

Short Essay Questions

1. Describe work crews' first attempts at cooling off the lava flows of Heimaey in 1973.

2. Describe how Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson and Sveinn Eiriksson work together to fight against the lava that threatens Heimaey's town and harbor.

3. What is the population of Iceland's Heimaey before and after the 1973 eruptions?

4. Who is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson, and what idea does he come up with?

5. How do the views of Hawaiian natives towards volcanoes differ from the views of the U.S. Army Air Corps?

6. How is Heimaey's harbor altered after the eruptions and lava flows of 1973?

7. Describe what happens to the north side of the growing volcano on Heimaey.

8. The author moves away from his discussion of Iceland's 1973 lava eruptions to talk about Hawaii's volcanoes. Describe what he writes about the U.S. Army Air Corps' attempts to stop lava from burying Hawaii's towns and cities.

9. How does the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration protect its sensitive, expensive equipment against damaging lava in Hawaii?

10. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.

(see the answer keys)

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