The Control of Nature Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The oldest parts of Iceland are how old?
(a) One and a half million years.
(b) Fourteen million years.
(c) Five millions years.
(d) Twenty-nine million years.

2. Sveinn Eiriksson is a man of:
(a) Action.
(b) Ill repute.
(c) Poor judgment.
(d) Few words.

3. Why do residents of Heimaey hose down oncoming lava?
(a) Create a chilled wall of lava to stop the flow.
(b) Act of desperation in fear of the oncoming lava.
(c) Because of local superstitions.
(d) It was attempted there before successfully.

4. What ultimately happens to the moving piece of mountain on Vestmannaeyjar?
(a) Breaks up into smaller, non-moving pieces.
(b) Completely destroys the town and stops.
(c) Hits another mountain and stops.
(d) Falls into the ocean.

5. Even though Hawaii's Hilo is often threatened by lava flows, Hilo has thus far been protected because:
(a) Flows stop within a dozen to one mile of the port.
(b) Of man-made barriers.
(c) A tall mountain stands between Hilo and the lava.
(d) A freshwater stream slows the lava flow.

Short Answer Questions

1. How tall does the erupting volcano in Heimaey grow to above sea level?

2. Sigurdur Jonsson is an Iceland resident who works on what?

3. During the 1973 volcanic eruptions, many farmers and fishermen leave Heimaey:

4. What childhood fear does Magnus Magnusson share with the author?

5. What do work crews call the two-million ton floating mountain that breaks off during the 1973 eruptions?

Short Essay Questions

1. How do residents of Heimaey benefit from the cooling but still hot lava after the 1973 eruptions?

2. How old are the oldest parts of Hawaii and Iceland?

3. Is there any warning prior to the eruption in Heimaey that began on January 23, 1973?

4. What is threatened in Heimaey as a result of the unexpected volcanic eruption of 1973?

5. How do the working crews stop the large chunk of mountain from crashing into Heimaey's town and port?

6. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.

7. What hazards do workers face as they try to stop the lava flows?

8. Describe how Heimaey residents are evacuated following the eruptions that begin unexpectedly in 1973.

9. The author moves away from his discussion of Iceland's 1973 lava eruptions to talk about Hawaii's volcanoes. Describe what he writes about the U.S. Army Air Corps' attempts to stop lava from burying Hawaii's towns and cities.

10. Describe what happens to the north side of the growing volcano on Heimaey.

(see the answer keys)

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