|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The Hawaiian Research Association forms for what purpose?
(a) Preventing lava from burying cities.
(b) Revisiting Hawaiian legends to learn more about lava.
(c) Relocating residents directly in the path of flowing lava.
(d) Studying the nature of lava flows.
2. What do doctors dispense to workers who are cooling down the lava in Iceland to soothe their hoarse throats?
(a) Norwegian chest drops.
(b) Icelandic throat lozenges.
(c) Finnish cough drops.
(d) Swedish chest lozenges.
3. How does Sigurdur Steinthorsson monitor volcanic gases during the 1973 eruption?
(a) Particle detector.
(b) Smoking cigars.
(c) Infrared glasses.
(d) Measuring static electricity.
4. What does the U.S. Army Air Corps do to an insulating vent on Mauna Loa volcano in 1935?
(a) Bombs it.
(b) Floods it with water.
(c) Fills it with boulders.
(d) Attaches vibration sensors.
5. What is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson's idea to stop the flow of lava?
(a) Digging channels and ditches.
(b) Redirecting it.
(c) Cooling it.
(d) Building a metal wall.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does "City Flow" do in Heimaey?
2. How are residents and livestock evacuated from Heimaey during the 1973 eruptions?
3. In gallons, how much water is pumped onto the lava flows of Heimaey each day?
4. During the 1973 volcanic eruptions, many farmers and fishermen leave Heimaey:
5. What childhood fear does Magnus Magnusson share with the author?
Short Essay Questions
1. What hazards do workers face as they try to stop the lava flows?
2. How do residents of Heimaey benefit from the cooling but still hot lava after the 1973 eruptions?
3. How does the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration protect its sensitive, expensive equipment against damaging lava in Hawaii?
4. What is the population of Iceland's Heimaey before and after the 1973 eruptions?
5. Describe how Heimaey residents are evacuated following the eruptions that begin unexpectedly in 1973.
6. What is threatened in Heimaey as a result of the unexpected volcanic eruption of 1973?
7. How do the working crews stop the large chunk of mountain from crashing into Heimaey's town and port?
8. How do the views of Hawaiian natives towards volcanoes differ from the views of the U.S. Army Air Corps?
9. Describe work crews' first attempts at cooling off the lava flows of Heimaey in 1973.
10. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.
This section contains 914 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)