The Control of Nature Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. During Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson's test run to cool lava by the coastline, what happens?
(a) Water solidifies lava, but it doesn't cool completely.
(b) Lava cools slightly, but it doesn't solidify.
(c) Lava cools completely and stops flowing.
(d) Water evaporates before it can solidify lava.

2. What do work crews call the two-million ton floating mountain that breaks off during the 1973 eruptions?
(a) Flakkarinn the Wanderer.
(b) Dettifoss the Mountain.
(c) Surtsey the Fiery.
(d) Haukadalur the Ominous.

3. How are residents and livestock evacuated from Heimaey during the 1973 eruptions?
(a) By ships and trains.
(b) By ships, planes, and boats.
(c) By boats, trains, and planes.
(d) By trains and planes.

4. The Civil Defense Council in the Reykjavik National Emergency Center is established in 1962 as what?
(a) Storm-monitoring communication headquarters.
(b) Command-post bomb shelter.
(c) Volcano eruption monitoring station.
(d) Natural disaster preparedness center.

5. What does the author observe about historical attempts to control lava?
(a) They're usually not successful.
(b) Lava is impossible to control.
(c) Too many workers perish.
(d) Most have worked well.

Short Answer Questions

1. What gives Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson the idea to cool the oncoming flow of lava?

2. During the 1973 volcanic eruptions, many farmers and fishermen leave Heimaey:

3. On January 23, 1973, the five thousand residents of Heimaey, the only populated island of Vestmannaeyjar, are threatened by what?

4. With "City Flow" moving towards them in Heimaey, what do pumping crews do?

5. Vestmannaeyjar holds how much of Iceland's total population?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the "City Flow?"

2. What hazards do workers face as they try to stop the lava flows?

3. The author moves away from his discussion of Iceland's 1973 lava eruptions to talk about Hawaii's volcanoes. Describe what he writes about the U.S. Army Air Corps' attempts to stop lava from burying Hawaii's towns and cities.

4. How is Heimaey's harbor altered after the eruptions and lava flows of 1973?

5. How do the working crews stop the large chunk of mountain from crashing into Heimaey's town and port?

6. Describe how Heimaey residents are evacuated following the eruptions that begin unexpectedly in 1973.

7. Describe work crews' first attempts at cooling off the lava flows of Heimaey in 1973.

8. Briefly describe Mauna Loa.

9. Is there any warning prior to the eruption in Heimaey that began on January 23, 1973?

10. How do the views of Hawaiian natives towards volcanoes differ from the views of the U.S. Army Air Corps?

(see the answer keys)

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