|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. After work crews deal with the moving mountain on Iceland's erupting island, what challenge do they face?
(a) Orders from Iceland's government to stop all cooling efforts.
(b) Blinding blizzard that buries the equipment.
(c) Pumps that fail due to excessive heat.
(d) New lava flow that threatens the town.
2. Even though Hawaii's Hilo is often threatened by lava flows, Hilo has thus far been protected because:
(a) A freshwater stream slows the lava flow.
(b) A tall mountain stands between Hilo and the lava.
(c) Of man-made barriers.
(d) Flows stop within a dozen to one mile of the port.
3. Reykjavik is the capital city of what nation?
4. Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson is a native of which country?
5. What do work crews call the two-million ton floating mountain that breaks off during the 1973 eruptions?
(a) Haukadalur the Ominous.
(b) Dettifoss the Mountain.
(c) Flakkarinn the Wanderer.
(d) Surtsey the Fiery.
Short Answer Questions
1. Sigurdur Jonsson is an Iceland resident who works on what?
2. What is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson's idea to stop the flow of lava?
3. Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson decides to try to stop the chunk of mountain moving towards Heimaey's town and harbor by:
4. Both Iceland and Hawaii are the world's most what?
5. Vestmannaeyjar holds how much of Iceland's total population?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe how Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson and Sveinn Eiriksson work together to fight against the lava that threatens Heimaey's town and harbor.
2. Is there any warning prior to the eruption in Heimaey that began on January 23, 1973?
3. Briefly describe Mauna Loa.
4. How do residents of Heimaey benefit from the cooling but still hot lava after the 1973 eruptions?
5. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.
6. How do the working crews stop the large chunk of mountain from crashing into Heimaey's town and port?
7. What is threatened in Heimaey as a result of the unexpected volcanic eruption of 1973?
8. Describe how Heimaey residents are evacuated following the eruptions that begin unexpectedly in 1973.
9. How does the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration protect its sensitive, expensive equipment against damaging lava in Hawaii?
10. How do the views of Hawaiian natives towards volcanoes differ from the views of the U.S. Army Air Corps?
This section contains 925 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)