|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. After being hosed down, how long does it take for red-hot lava to turn black?
(a) Two and a half weeks.
(b) Hours to days.
(c) Four weeks.
(d) A month and a half.
2. Even though Hawaii's Hilo is often threatened by lava flows, Hilo has thus far been protected because:
(a) A freshwater stream slows the lava flow.
(b) A tall mountain stands between Hilo and the lava.
(c) Of man-made barriers.
(d) Flows stop within a dozen to one mile of the port.
3. In "Cooling the Lava," when the author redirects his conversation to Hawaii he talks about the The Hawaiian Research Association which formed in:
4. In Heimaey, who is Sveinn Eiriksson?
(c) Fire chief.
(d) Volcano expert.
5. Sigurdur Jonsson is an Iceland resident who works on what?
(a) Fishing boats.
(b) Polar bear protection.
(d) Pumping crews.
Short Answer Questions
1. Valdimar Jonsson is a professor of what?
2. Vestmannaeyjar holds how much of Iceland's total population?
3. On January 23, 1973, the five thousand residents of Heimaey, the only populated island of Vestmannaeyjar, are threatened by what?
4. How much water is pumped onto a lava field directly in the path of the moving mountain headed towards Heimaey's town and harbor?
5. The Civil Defense Council in the Reykjavik National Emergency Center is established in 1962 as what?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe how Heimaey residents are evacuated following the eruptions that begin unexpectedly in 1973.
2. Describe how workers are able to walk upon lava fields as they try to cool down the lava on Heimaey in 1973.
3. How do residents of Heimaey benefit from the cooling but still hot lava after the 1973 eruptions?
4. Describe work crews' first attempts at cooling off the lava flows of Heimaey in 1973.
5. What is the "City Flow?"
6. Describe what happens to the north side of the growing volcano on Heimaey.
7. The author moves away from his discussion of Iceland's 1973 lava eruptions to talk about Hawaii's volcanoes. Describe what he writes about the U.S. Army Air Corps' attempts to stop lava from burying Hawaii's towns and cities.
8. How is Heimaey's harbor altered after the eruptions and lava flows of 1973?
9. Who is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson, and what idea does he come up with?
10. How do the views of Hawaiian natives towards volcanoes differ from the views of the U.S. Army Air Corps?
This section contains 869 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)