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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How long does the the Mauna Loa eruption of 1984 last?
(a) Three months.
(b) Thirty-three days.
(c) Three weeks.
(d) Thirty-three weeks.
2. The oldest parts of Iceland are how old?
(a) One and a half million years.
(b) Fourteen million years.
(c) Five millions years.
(d) Twenty-nine million years.
3. What does the U.S. Army Air Corps do to an insulating vent on Mauna Loa volcano in 1935?
(a) Bombs it.
(b) Floods it with water.
(c) Fills it with boulders.
(d) Attaches vibration sensors.
4. After work crews deal with the moving mountain on Iceland's erupting island, what challenge do they face?
(a) Orders from Iceland's government to stop all cooling efforts.
(b) New lava flow that threatens the town.
(c) Pumps that fail due to excessive heat.
(d) Blinding blizzard that buries the equipment.
5. Even though Hawaii's Hilo is often threatened by lava flows, Hilo has thus far been protected because:
(a) Flows stop within a dozen to one mile of the port.
(b) A tall mountain stands between Hilo and the lava.
(c) A freshwater stream slows the lava flow.
(d) Of man-made barriers.
6. For the most part, residents of Heimaey are what during the 1973 eruptions?
7. With "City Flow" moving towards them in Heimaey, what do pumping crews do?
(a) Board a ship and leave.
(b) Abandon efforts and run away.
(c) Dismantle and move equipment to save it.
(d) Send an emergency request for more crews and equipment.
8. How tall does the erupting volcano in Heimaey grow to above sea level?
(a) One hundred feet.
(b) Seven hundred feet.
(c) One thousand two hundred feet.
(d) Three thousand feet.
9. In 1973, the eruptions in Heimaey begin on January 23 and continue vigorously before diminishing in strength through when?
(a) January 30th.
(b) February 25th.
(c) February 5th.
(d) March 1st.
10. Over two centuries of recorded history, Mauna Loa erupts how often on average?
(a) Every three and a half years.
(b) Twice a year.
(c) Every twelve years.
(d) Three times a year.
11. Heimaey is about the same size as:
(a) San Francisco north of Chinatown.
(b) Manhattan south of the Empire State Building.
(c) Washington, D.C. east of the Washington Monument.
(d) Seattle west of the Space Needle.
12. In "Cooling the Lava," when the author redirects his conversation to Hawaii he talks about the The Hawaiian Research Association which formed in:
13. What is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson's vocation?
14. During Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson's test run to cool lava by the coastline, what happens?
(a) Lava cools completely and stops flowing.
(b) Water solidifies lava, but it doesn't cool completely.
(c) Lava cools slightly, but it doesn't solidify.
(d) Water evaporates before it can solidify lava.
15. What ultimately happens to the moving piece of mountain on Vestmannaeyjar?
(a) Completely destroys the town and stops.
(b) Hits another mountain and stops.
(c) Falls into the ocean.
(d) Breaks up into smaller, non-moving pieces.
Short Answer Questions
1. Heimaey is considered to be an important what?
2. Reykjavik is the capital city of what nation?
3. Sigurdur Jonsson is an Iceland resident who works on what?
4. What does the author observe about historical attempts to control lava?
5. Both Iceland and Hawaii are the world's most what?
This section contains 534 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)