|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. When the author recounts the moments before the 1973 eruption in Heimaey, he describes what?
(a) Vibrations that are not unusual for the region.
(b) A loud, deep sound emanating from the volcano.
(c) A violent shaking of the ground.
(d) An uncanny silence settling over the land.
2. On January 23, 1973, the five thousand residents of Heimaey, the only populated island of Vestmannaeyjar, are threatened by what?
(a) Flu epidemic.
(d) Cracking ice shelf.
3. What does "City Flow" do in Heimaey?
(a) Moves lava streams away from the town.
(b) Kills twenty-nine workers.
(c) Crushes houses in its path.
(d) Melts the moving mountain.
4. What happens when the north side of the volcanic mountain in Vestmannaeyjar breaks loose?
(a) It moves towards the town and harbor.
(b) It falls into the ocean depths.
(c) It crushes most of the town's homes.
(d) It melts into the lava flow.
5. How much water is pumped onto a lava field directly in the path of the moving mountain headed towards Heimaey's town and harbor?
(a) Thirty trillion gallons.
(b) Thirty million gallons.
(c) Three hundred thousand gallons.
(d) Three thousand gallons.
6. Even though Hawaii's Hilo is often threatened by lava flows, Hilo has thus far been protected because:
(a) A freshwater stream slows the lava flow.
(b) Flows stop within a dozen to one mile of the port.
(c) A tall mountain stands between Hilo and the lava.
(d) Of man-made barriers.
7. Valdimar Jonsson is a professor of what?
(a) Mob mentality.
(b) Volcanic eruptions.
(c) Icelandic folklore.
(d) Thermal fluids.
8. Reykjavik is the capital city of what nation?
9. What gives Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson the idea to cool the oncoming flow of lava?
(a) Watching children play by the water.
(b) Stories he'd heard of ancestors doing the same.
(c) Watching lava cool by the sea.
(d) His post-graduate studies.
10. After being hosed down, how long does it take for red-hot lava to turn black?
(a) Hours to days.
(b) Four weeks.
(c) Two and a half weeks.
(d) A month and a half.
11. In Hawaii, how many volcanoes are there within the group that includes Mauna Loa?
12. Both Iceland and Hawaii are the world's most what?
(a) Inhabited islands.
(b) Productive geophysical hotspots.
(c) Dangerous places to live.
(d) Earthquake-prone islands.
13. How long does the the Mauna Loa eruption of 1984 last?
(a) Thirty-three days.
(b) Three weeks.
(c) Thirty-three weeks.
(d) Three months.
14. What do work crews call the two-million ton floating mountain that breaks off during the 1973 eruptions?
(a) Flakkarinn the Wanderer.
(b) Haukadalur the Ominous.
(c) Dettifoss the Mountain.
(d) Surtsey the Fiery.
15. How are residents and livestock evacuated from Heimaey during the 1973 eruptions?
(a) By ships and trains.
(b) By trains and planes.
(c) By ships, planes, and boats.
(d) By boats, trains, and planes.
Short Answer Questions
1. When does hot lava stop glowing red?
2. What does Magnus Magnusson tell Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson to protect first during the eruptions of 1973?
3. Officials propose to protect Hilo, Hawaii's second-largest city and port, against lava flows through what?
4. Sveinn Eiriksson is a man of:
5. What is Thorbjorn Sigurgeirsson's vocation?
This section contains 511 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)