|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the title of Beta's first book?
2. As the Polish fought the Germans for control of Warsaw near the end of the war, how did a few people manage to survive?
3. According to Chapter 8, how does communism define the reactionary?
4. In the context of Chapter 8, peasants are divided into three categories so that what happens?
5. In light of Beta's poetry, how does Milosz treat the modern artist's potential?
Short Essay Questions
1. Milosz states that the goals of the workers are far different from those of the state. How is this so?
2. Beta saw life only in terms of society rather than in terms of individual man. How was this his downfall?
3. In Chapter VIII, Milosz takes on the tone of a communist to describe the evils of the various classes. How is this more powerful than a mere description?
4. How does the party's definition of a reactionary reduce him to a comic level?
5. "Still, it was not easy to become a communist, for communism meant a complete revision of one's concepts of nationality " (pg. 147). How was this true?
6. Milosz calls Beta's reaction to the concentration camp life sadistic. How is this true?
7. Beta's anger toward mankind became directed toward a fear of self-deception. How did this happen?
8. Rather than blaming these four men for the choices they made, Milosz says they were slaves to history. How is this true?
9. Gamma did not even try to save his family when they were deported to Siberia. How is this a vivid example of the communist attitude toward individual lives?
10. How are the peasants, in several ways, the most helpless class of people?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Milosz called Beta's war stories terrifying because they were told simply and truthfully, almost brutally. How is it possible to tell such stories with so little emotion? To what degree is empathy a necessary quality of stories? Is it possible for the reader, removed by many decades and a culture, to experience a similar lack of sympathy?
Essay Topic 2
"The moment when bullets pierce the flesh is a moment of amazement for the body. Life and death mingle for a second..." (pg. 184). How accurate is this statement (written and read by people who have never experienced death)? How does this add to the reader's horror of these deaths?
Essay Topic 3
Though many human interactions are characterized by some degree of acting, the citizens of Soviet countries are forced to take this to an extreme. What does this tell us about the relationship between communist ideals and the individual? What should the role of government be in an individual's life? To what degree is this a perversion of how it should be? Or is this justified in the name of communist ideals?
This section contains 1,331 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)