|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. At the end of Chapter 3, how does Milosz succinctly define Ketman?
2. Peasants, in Milosz's understanding, assert what about their lives?
3. Chapter 2 notes that though it is good to be free from something, how does freedom become better?
4. Which Ketman asserts that men do not know how to rule themselves or properly distribute goods?
5. In Chapter 4, once the Nazis took over a country, how did they treat the printing presses?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Ketman create pride in the man who practices it?
2. The East uses talented artists to their full ability, yet sometimes with mediocre results. Why does this happen?
3. Why does man find such joy in the "collective warmth" of which Milosz speaks?
4. Why is cosmopolitanism linked to nationalist concerns? What does the center gain by connecting these?
5. Why, in the end, could Alpha make only one decision about joining the party?
6. Although human interaction is often characterized by some degree of acting, how do Eastern communists take this to an extreme? How does this affect them?
7. What advantages does the Center gain with the idea of "cosmopolitanism"?
8. Why does aesthetic Ketman flourish, when nothing of the sort is necessary in other countries?
9. Although only a couple presses were kept intact, in order to print Nazi propaganda, the underground writing flourished. Why?
10. .How did Alpha become a more religious writer when he turned away from Christianity?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In different ways, the Polish people learned to contain and even condense their emotions, letting only the most elemental emotions show. What does this say about man's ability to survive difficult times? To what extent were the people reduced to the physiological level of hunted animals? Use examples from the book to show how emotions were stripped down to their most basic level.
Essay Topic 2
"The moment when bullets pierce the flesh is a moment of amazement for the body. Life and death mingle for a second..." (pg. 184). How accurate is this statement (written and read by people who have never experienced death)? How does this add to the reader's horror of these deaths?
Essay Topic 3
What is the relationship between Western and Eastern communism? How do the citizens of each sphere think about and react to each other? Find specific examples of their current interactions, and project the outcome of these to the future. Will they always look at the world through such disparate viewpoints?
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