|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which scientist is mentioned in Chapter 14 as strongly advocating the need for measurement in science?
(a) Blaise Pascal.
(b) Lord Kelvin.
(c) Marie Curie.
(d) Louis Pasteur.
2. On which island do humans not normally live?
(b) Santa Cruz.
(c) San Cristóbal.
3. In what state did Benjamin Walsh build his homestead?
(d) West Virginia.
4. How many people carry the bacteria that causes tuberculosis?
(a) 1 in 3.
(b) 1 in 9.
(c) 1 in 4.
(d) 1 in 6.
5. According to Ernst Mayr, what animal has "specialized in despecialization"?
(b) Giant pandas.
Short Answer Questions
1. What plant did the botanist Edgar Anderson study in the Ozarks?
2. Which plant has dominated Daphne Major since the flood?
3. What animal does the Hawaiian Drosophila Project study?
4. What is different from farm to farm in the Mississippi Delta?
5. What color was the moth Biston betularia in the early 1800s?
Short Essay Questions
1. Answer Weiner's question, "Why are there so many kinds of animals?"
2. Why do plants hybridize rather readily?
3. What did Lewontin and Birch discover about the Dacus tryoni?
4. Explain the humor that the Grants find in the painting Science Is Measurement.
5. Describe the two shorelines that Weiner discusses in Chapter 11.
6. What is the significance of the finch's songs? Explain in detail.
7. What significance did Hermon Carey Bumpus discover in the sparrows' deaths? What significance did Peter Grant see?
8. Explain how bacteria build up resistance to antibiotics.
9. Explain the Drosophila experiment and its significance.
10. Describe how Biston betularia changed color and why it is changing back.
This section contains 786 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)