|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What came to an end in 1830, according to Hobsbawm?
2. How did the concept of nationalism spread through Europe?
3. Why did the international congress among Europe's ruling nations dissolve after a few years?
4. What area was affected by what Hobsbawm calls the third wave of revolutions?
5. How does Hobsbawm describe the agrarian workers of the world?
Short Essay Questions
1. What role did religion serve, even as Europe was becoming more secular?
2. In Hobsbawm's account, was the Napoleonic War worth the destruction it caused for the economic benefits that followed?
3. How does Hobsbawm say France in particular created opportunities for a new middle class?
4. What does Hobsbawm say was the first wave of revolutions to follow the French Revolution?
5. How does Hobsbawm describe France's effect on land reform?
6. Which artist does Hobsbawm cite as examples of the high standards reached in the arts in the mid-1800s?
7. How did the Napoleonic Wars affect the slave trade, in Hobsbawm's account?
8. Describe the beginnings of the French Revolution, from 1789 to 1792.
9. How does Hobsbawm say religion was changing after the French Revolution?
10. Why, in Hobsbawm's account, was Britain the only industrialized nation in 1848?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Make a brief time line of the changes that were taking place in America from 1789 to 1848. How was the shape of the nation changing? How were the politics changing, and the arts and technology?
Essay Topic 2
Not everyone was thrilled by the development of a new middle class, a new middle class ideology, and a Romantic or liberal perspective on history, culture, and the arts. Describe the opposition to progress, Romanticism, liberalism, and Communism. Who were the groups, classes or individuals who resisted the revolutions that changed the world in the 19th century?
Essay Topic 3
Considering the changes that were happening at the time in the early- to mid-1800s, it's no surprise that people were anxious about the future; but Marx saw Communism as the goal and perfection of human society. How had the times created this view in Marx and in European culture? What movements does Hobsbawm discuss which contributed to the development of Communism as an alternative to the capitalist exploitation of the Earth and the workers?
This section contains 1,576 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)