Mid-Book Test - Hard
|Name: _____________________________||Period: ___________________________|
This quiz consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where were spinning and weaving performed prior to the Industrial Revolution?
2. How does Hobsbawm describe the agrarian workers of the world?
3. What pressure drove the mechanization of production in the late 1700s?
4. Why did the French state have a financial crisis in the 1780s?
5. Which nation ruled most of Asia in the late 1700s?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who does Hobsbawm say was most receptive to Romanticism, and why?
2. Which artist does Hobsbawm cite as examples of the high standards reached in the arts in the mid-1800s?
3. In Hobsbawm's account, was the Napoleonic War worth the destruction it caused for the economic benefits that followed?
4. How did those in power react to the spread of middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
5. Describe the final defeat of the French forces at the end of the Napoleonic Wars.
6. What does Hobsbawm say was growing along with and as a result of Protestantism?
7. What does Hobsbawm say was the third kind of secular thought that developed during the middle of the nineteenth century?
8. How does Hobsbawm say that the nationalistic ideal spread through Europe?
9. Describe the beginnings of the French Revolution, from 1789 to 1792.
10. What were the geographical consequences of the Napoleonic Wars, in Hobsbawm's account?
What was the role of the Jews in the Industrial Revolution and French Revolution? How did they participate in the transformation of European society? How did they benefit by it? How was their experience different than other groups' experiences?
Was the secularization of European culture a benefit or a disadvantage of industrialization? Was it simply a transition, as people found their religion in other places? What functions had religion served that were now served by other, secular developments?
Hobsbawm describes the importance of nationalism in the development of a middle class that had developed its own characteristic ideology, which was marked by a faith in a universe that progressed either toward spiritual fulfillment (Hegel) or communism (Marx). Both of these conclusions were for the mass, though, and it would not be until Freud that people could see the difficulties of being individuals within a mass or nation.
Write an essay that addresses the importance of nationalism in your life. In what ways are you a national creature? Does your nationalism interfere with or obscure your individuality?
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