|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where did Russia expand its relationships after the French Revolution?
2. Who dominated the Orthodox Church in 1848?
3. What pressure drove the mechanization of production in the late 1700s?
4. Who was represented by the "Third Estate" in France?
5. Why does Hobsbawm say that the Industrial Revolution could only have happened in England?
Short Essay Questions
1. In Hobsbawm's account, why was 1830 a turning point in the history of Europe?
2. In Hobsbawm's account, was the Napoleonic War worth the destruction it caused for the economic benefits that followed?
3. What does Hobsbawm say was the second wave of revolutions to follow the French Revolution?
4. What conditions made Britain ripe for the Industrial Revolution, according to Hobsbawm?
5. Where does Hobsbawm say the European nations expanded their influence, for lack of war in Europe?
6. What does Hobsbawm say were the monarchies' relationships with land use and the economy in 1780?
7. What was the effect, in Hobsbawm's account, of the American Revolution on the French Revolution?
8. How does Hobsbawm say that the nationalistic ideal spread through Europe?
9. What does Hobsbawm say was the paradox of progress in certain countries of Europe?
10. What were the geographical consequences of the Napoleonic Wars, in Hobsbawm's account?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Hobsbawm says that nationalism was a new phenomenon after 1830, and that it was tied to the rise of a middle class. Explain the relationship between nationalism and the rising middle class. How did the middle class use nationalism to define itself and its desires? What problems or pressures did nationalism answer or resolve for the middle class?
Essay Topic 2
Who are the main characters in Hobsbawm's "The Age of Revolution"? Is it the nations themselves, or the political parties, or industries characters? Does Hobsbawm describe them as individual characters? Cite a few instances of how Hobsbawm relates individuals to parties, and individual experience to historical developments.
Essay Topic 3
How important was nationalism in the revolutions Hobsbawm describes? Was it a cause or an effect of the revolutions? If it was a cause, what were its effects? If it was an effect, what caused it?
This section contains 711 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)