|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which nation was the exception to the rule that Europe was ruled by absolute monarchs, in the late 1700s?
2. Why didn't disagreements between nations reach the level of international war?
3. What was the Code of Napoleon?
4. Who dominated the Third Estate in the 1780s in France?
5. Who does Hobsbawm say the revolutionary groups saw as the beneficiaries of their third wave of revolutions?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Hobsbawm say that the nationalistic ideal spread through Europe?
2. What conditions made Britain ripe for the Industrial Revolution, according to Hobsbawm?
3. Describe the effect of the Greek revolution on Greece and the region.
4. Describe the final defeat of the French forces at the end of the Napoleonic Wars.
5. What does Hobsbawm say was the second wave of revolutions to follow the French Revolution?
6. What was the importance of railroads, in Hobsbawm's account, in the Industrial Revolution?
7. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the world was both bigger and smaller in the late 1700s?
8. What role did the cotton market play in the Industrial Revolution, in Hobsbawm's account?
9. How did the French Revolution proceed from 1792 to 1794?
10. In Hobsbawm's account, why was 1830 a turning point in the history of Europe?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Hobsbawm says that nationalism was a new phenomenon after 1830, and that it was tied to the rise of a middle class. Explain the relationship between nationalism and the rising middle class. How did the middle class use nationalism to define itself and its desires? What problems or pressures did nationalism answer or resolve for the middle class?
Essay Topic 2
How was Napoleon the ruler and leader of France, different from Napoleon the man? What movements did Napoleon, the man, ride at the forefront of? Did he shape his mythical identity consciously, or did the people of France and Europe create his mythical role themselves?
Essay Topic 3
Was the secularization of European culture a benefit or a disadvantage of industrialization? Or, was it simply a transition, as people found their religion in other places? What functions had religion served that were now served by other, secular developments?
This section contains 776 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)