|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did the concept of nationalism spread through Europe?
2. What product does Hobsbawm say was the catalyst for the Industrial Revolution?
3. What group does Hobsbawm say typified the revolutionary groups that became active in 1848?
4. Which areas were best connected, according to Hobsbawm?
5. How much does Hobsbawm say Europeans were affected by the Napoleonic Wars?
Short Essay Questions
1. What role did the cotton market play in the Industrial Revolution, in Hobsbawm's account?
2. Describe Robespierre's influence on the French Revolution.
3. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the world was both bigger and smaller in the late 1700s?
4. What does Hobsbawm say was the first wave of revolutions to follow the French Revolution?
5. In Hobsbawm's account, why was 1830 a turning point in the history of Europe?
6. How did the Napoleonic Wars affect the slave trade, in Hobsbawm's account?
7. How does Hobsbawm say that the nationalistic ideal spread through Europe?
8. What conditions made Britain ripe for the Industrial Revolution, according to Hobsbawm?
9. What were the geographical consequences of the Napoleonic Wars, in Hobsbawm's account?
10. In Hobsbawm's account, how strong were the major European nations by the end of the Napoleonic Wars?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
Not everyone was thrilled by the development of a new middle class, a new middle class ideology, and a Romantic or liberal perspective on history, culture, and the arts. Describe the opposition to progress, Romanticism, liberalism, and Communism. Who were the groups, classes or individuals who resisted the revolutions that changed the world in the 19th century?
Essay Topic 2
Hobsbawm describes the importance of nationalism in the development of a middle class that had developed its own characteristic ideology, which was marked by a faith in a universe that progressed either toward spiritual fulfillment (Hegel) or communism (Marx). Both of these conclusions were for the mass, though, and it would not be until Freud that people could see the difficulties of being individuals within a mass or nation.
Write an essay that addresses the importance of nationalism in your life. In what ways are you a national creature? Does your nationalism interfere with or obscure your individuality?
Essay Topic 3
Was the secularization of European culture a benefit or a disadvantage of industrialization? Was it simply a transition, as people found their religion in other places? What functions had religion served that were now served by other, secular developments?
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