The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why, according to Hobsbawm, did land reform take place in France?
(a) Because of the Industrial Revolution.
(b) Because of the French Revolution.
(c) Because of Napoleon's defeat in Russia.
(d) Because of the ravages of the Napoleonic Wars.

2. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
(a) An export market for luxury items.
(b) Militarism.
(c) Nationalism.
(d) A market for common goods.

3. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They attempted to repress it, generally.
(b) They embraced it only reluctantly.
(c) They turned it to their advantage politically.
(d) They either followed it or ignored it.

4. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It promoted Jacobinism.
(b) It promoted revolution.
(c) It promoted repression of revolution.
(d) It promoted Freemasonry.

5. How were the working classes influenced by religion after the French Revolution?
(a) They found consolation in the church for their hard lives.
(b) The were less influenced by it than before.
(c) They remained tithed to the church.
(d) They relied on it as another social service.

6. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of 'Wealth of Nations".
(b) The publication of "Jane Eyre".
(c) The publication of Hobbes' "Leviathan".
(d) The publication of "Bleak House".

7. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?
(a) Religious persecution.
(b) Suburbs.
(c) An international slave trade.
(d) Industrial centers.

8. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
(b) They were still linked to agriculture.
(c) They were developing politically.
(d) They were refining slave-based production methods.

9. How does Hobsbawm say conditions for the working poor changed in the mid-1800s?
(a) He says that they largely improved.
(b) He says that they were better regulated by the government.
(c) He says that they became more and more sanitary over time.
(d) He says that they deteriorated.

10. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
(a) Britain.
(b) France.
(c) Prussia.
(d) Austria.

11. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?
(a) They did not need to finance their lives with untrustworthy paper money.
(b) They seemed to lack the quality that had allowed others to move into the middle class.
(c) They knew how to perform the manual labor that others no longer performed.
(d) They seemed to be freer than the middle class, who had to be ambitious to get ahead.

12. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
(a) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to adopt the new technologies and grow its economy.
(b) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to take the role of supreme military leader.
(c) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to capitalize on other nations' industrialization.
(d) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to open new trade routes with Asia.

13. What began to develop as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) A gap between developed and un-developed nations.
(b) Lower prices as producers competed for buyers.
(c) A trade war over tariffs.
(d) An arms race between nations.

14. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
(a) Decreased agricultural production.
(b) Economic failure.
(c) Guerilla warfare against the British.
(d) Unprecedented efficiency.

15. Based on these landmarks, what were the dates of the beginning and the peak of middle class ideology?
(a) 1789 and 1830.
(b) 1795 and 1848.
(c) 1776 and 1817.
(d) 1791 and 1812.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?

2. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?

3. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?

4. What capability was open to the middle class, as a result of the age of revolutions, that was not open before the revolutions?

5. According to Hobsbawm, what characterized conditions in the neighborhoods of the working poor?

(see the answer keys)

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