The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the paradox in France's failure to develop its industries?
(a) The peasants had more autonomy as a result of land reforms, but they were not well positioned to capitalize on their land.
(b) The peasants gained more political power, but with so many voices, the government was paralyzed.
(c) The aristocracy lost the land, but retained the right to what the land produced.
(d) The workers became more efficient, but the cost of living skyrocketed.

2. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Political campaigns.
(b) Demonstrations.
(c) Strikes and riots.
(d) Organized terrorism.

3. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the Industrial Revolution made to the arts?
(a) It introduced artists to the terrors of large-scale warfare.
(b) It stimulated artists by the plight of the working classes.
(c) It appalled artists with the possibilities of a technological future.
(d) It produced more funding for the arts.

4. What contrast became very clear as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) The contrast between men's and women's employments.
(b) The contrast between bourgeoisie and aristocracy.
(c) The contrast between Eastern and Western European.
(d) The contrast between working poor and middle class.

5. What was the political ideology behind the organizers' promises to the working poor?
(a) Communism.
(b) Radicalism.
(c) Fourierism.
(d) Utopianism.

6. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) Britain and America.
(b) France and Spain.
(c) Russia.
(d) Austria and Prussia.

7. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?
(a) The scientific understanding needed to evolve that would let farmers work the land more efficiently.
(b) The population needed to expand.
(c) The temperature of Europe had to rise one degree.
(d) It had to be freed from large owners.

8. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They installed local officials as a new aristocracy.
(b) They stripped away the wealth of the North African countries.
(c) They brought civilization to North Africa for the first time.
(d) They created a discontented class of people who eventually revolted.

9. Why, according to Hobsbawm, did land reform take place in France?
(a) Because of the ravages of the Napoleonic Wars.
(b) Because of the French Revolution.
(c) Because of the Industrial Revolution.
(d) Because of Napoleon's defeat in Russia.

10. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?
(a) It was highly aesthetic.
(b) As an 'extremist crowd'.
(c) It proposed new ways of representing reality.
(d) It valued conformity.

11. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(b) It was becoming more powerful.
(c) It was declining.
(d) It was expanding.

12. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?
(a) They seemed to lack the quality that had allowed others to move into the middle class.
(b) They seemed to be freer than the middle class, who had to be ambitious to get ahead.
(c) They knew how to perform the manual labor that others no longer performed.
(d) They did not need to finance their lives with untrustworthy paper money.

13. Which religion was expanding from Turkey through Africa and to the east?
(a) Islam.
(b) Confucianism.
(c) Hinduism.
(d) Shinto.

14. What capability was open to the middle class, as a result of the age of revolutions, that was not open before the revolutions?
(a) Class mobility.
(b) Small business ownership.
(c) Land speculation.
(d) Migration.

15. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?
(a) It was not well-organized enough to be a threat.
(b) It was still a lot of dreaming by people who were powerless to act.
(c) It was meeting the political will to begin to strive towards achieving its goals.
(d) It was establishing coalitions with policemen, soldiers, and union leaders to present demands and back them with force.

Short Answer Questions

1. What landmark event does Hobsbawm see as the peak of the middle class ideology?

2. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?

3. What did France produce as other countries' economies changed?

4. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?

5. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?

(see the answer keys)

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