The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What social structure attended the profession that emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) A hierarchical bureaucracy.
(b) A plutocracy.
(c) A new aristocracy.
(d) An oligarchy.

2. What view of society was beginning to be adopted widely, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) A spiritual view.
(b) A liberal view.
(c) A conservative view.
(d) A mechanical view.

3. Based on these landmarks, what were the dates of the beginning and the peak of middle class ideology?
(a) 1789 and 1830.
(b) 1795 and 1848.
(c) 1791 and 1812.
(d) 1776 and 1817.

4. What changed in other countries, but did not change in France, in Hobsbawm's analysis?
(a) France did not begin to idealize its ancient past.
(b) Inflation did not remain low.
(c) Mercantile colonialism did not provide large amounts of revenue.
(d) Population did not increase.

5. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry lose by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?
(a) Protections.
(b) Freedom.
(c) Dependence on local government.
(d) Ambition.

6. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?
(a) They were caught between expensive colonialism abroad, and lack of tax revenues at home.
(b) They were caught between wanting to industrialize, but also to keep their culture the same.
(c) Those in power were torn between ideological affection for democracy, but faith in the elite as rulers.
(d) They were torn between exhaustion with warfare, and the need to expand their territory.

7. When, in Hobsbawm's opinion, did the rate of change begin to increase quickly?
(a) 1815.
(b) 1848.
(c) 1830.
(d) 1832.

8. What distinguished the new class of workers that emerged in the Age of Revolution?
(a) They went to school for their trade.
(b) They received pay in money, not goods.
(c) They no longer needed patrons.
(d) They did not use their hands.

9. What was Chartism?
(a) A movement to abolish the monarchy in Prussia.
(b) A movement that called for election and parliamentary reform.
(c) A movement to unify the workers of the world.
(d) A movement to send workers to domesticate unexplored territories.

10. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
(a) Decreased agricultural production.
(b) Unprecedented efficiency.
(c) Guerilla warfare against the British.
(d) Economic failure.

11. Which religion was expanding from Turkey through Africa and to the east?
(a) Hinduism.
(b) Islam.
(c) Shinto.
(d) Confucianism.

12. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was in general decline.
(b) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(c) It was becoming more radical.
(d) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.

13. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?
(a) They seemed to be freer than the middle class, who had to be ambitious to get ahead.
(b) They knew how to perform the manual labor that others no longer performed.
(c) They seemed to lack the quality that had allowed others to move into the middle class.
(d) They did not need to finance their lives with untrustworthy paper money.

14. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was becoming more powerful.
(b) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(c) It was declining.
(d) It was expanding.

15. In what way, in Hobsbawm's account, did the nobility use religion?
(a) As a prop to demonstrate their conspicuous leisure.
(b) As a club to keep the lower classes down.
(c) As an expensive charity to donate to.
(d) As a source of stability and legitimacy.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did many countries impose this transformation of land use on the people?

2. What capability was open to the middle class, as a result of the age of revolutions, that was not open before the revolutions?

3. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?

4. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?

5. What contrast became very clear as industrialism developed in Europe?

(see the answer keys)

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