The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. When, in Hobsbawm's opinion, did the rate of change begin to increase quickly?
(a) 1830.
(b) 1815.
(c) 1832.
(d) 1848.

2. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Goethe.
(b) Dickens.
(c) Wordsworth.
(d) Dreiser.

3. How did Hobsbawm characterize the change in the way that people related to the land, and the way land was related to the economy?
(a) As the most catastrophic phenomenon of the period.
(b) As the least recognized phenomenon of the period.
(c) As the least forgivable development of the period.
(d) As the most lucrative development of the period.

4. Who does Hobsbawm say typified the third kind of thinking that arose in the early 1800s?
(a) Coleridge.
(b) Wordsworth and Blake.
(c) Rousseau and Hegel.
(d) Goethe.

5. Who were the working poor typically rebelling against, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) The aristocracy.
(b) The monarchy.
(c) The middle class as much as the elite.
(d) Workers in other nations.

6. Which class was Romanticism popular among, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) The bureaucracy.
(b) The aristocracy.
(c) The working poor.
(d) The middle class.

7. What contrast became very clear as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) The contrast between Eastern and Western European.
(b) The contrast between working poor and middle class.
(c) The contrast between bourgeoisie and aristocracy.
(d) The contrast between men's and women's employments.

8. How was the European population changing that made it possible for art to flourish during the Age of Revolution?
(a) People were wealthier.
(b) The upper classes had more disposable income.
(c) The upper classes could travel to artistic centers to buy art.
(d) People were more literate.

9. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) A commodity that could be bought and sold.
(b) A tamed beast.
(c) Feudal domains.
(d) Farmland again, after years of being battefields.

10. What possibility did this social structure open to French society?
(a) It became a place where the monarch could appoint friends and supporters.
(b) It became a place where aristocrats could regain their property and standing.
(c) It became a place where new immigrants could attain citizenship.
(d) It became a place where talent could succeed regardless of wealth or birth.

11. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?
(a) Russia.
(b) France.
(c) America.
(d) Britain.

12. What was the political ideology behind the organizers' promises to the working poor?
(a) Fourierism.
(b) Utopianism.
(c) Radicalism.
(d) Communism.

13. What did France produce as other countries' economies changed?
(a) Luxury goods for export.
(b) Common goods for its domestic market.
(c) Raw materials for export.
(d) A full range of products.

14. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As a prop to secure the middle class.
(b) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(c) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.
(d) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.

15. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It promoted revolution.
(b) It promoted Jacobinism.
(c) It promoted repression of revolution.
(d) It promoted Freemasonry.

Short Answer Questions

1. What state were other economies in 1848?

2. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?

3. Why, according to Hobsbawm, did land reform take place in France?

4. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?

5. In what way did conservative thinkers resist middle class ideology?

(see the answer keys)

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