The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What caused the middle class ideology to decline, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Cutthroat capitalist competition.
(b) The advent of monopolies.
(c) It was vulgarized by business interests.
(d) Communism was taking hold.

2. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Libertinage.
(b) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
(c) Religious freedom.
(d) Stricter government surveillance.

3. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
(a) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to capitalize on other nations' industrialization.
(b) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to open new trade routes with Asia.
(c) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to adopt the new technologies and grow its economy.
(d) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to take the role of supreme military leader.

4. What was Chartism?
(a) A movement that called for election and parliamentary reform.
(b) A movement to abolish the monarchy in Prussia.
(c) A movement to send workers to domesticate unexplored territories.
(d) A movement to unify the workers of the world.

5. What figure does Hobsbawm say emerged from Romanticism?
(a) The lonely old man.
(b) The alienated genius.
(c) The fertile woman.
(d) The exiled emperor.

6. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
(a) France.
(b) Prussia.
(c) Britain.
(d) Austria.

7. What was increasing at the same time that the railroads were expanding in the 1830s?
(a) Superstition.
(b) Religion.
(c) Monarchy.
(d) Migration.

8. What changed in other countries, but did not change in France, in Hobsbawm's analysis?
(a) Mercantile colonialism did not provide large amounts of revenue.
(b) Population did not increase.
(c) France did not begin to idealize its ancient past.
(d) Inflation did not remain low.

9. What motive does Hobsbawm say would have to motivate the new owners of the land, if the land were going to develop economically?
(a) Communist sympathy.
(b) The urge to power.
(c) Altruism.
(d) The profit motive.

10. Why did places that had not been conquered by France reform their land use, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) They were inspired by France's example.
(b) They saw the benefits of reforming land use.
(c) They didn't want to be left behind as other countries reformed.
(d) They were afraid of their peasantry rising up.

11. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of "Jane Eyre".
(b) The publication of Hobbes' "Leviathan".
(c) The publication of 'Wealth of Nations".
(d) The publication of "Bleak House".

12. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?
(a) Suffer in poverty, elevate themselves to the middle class, or rebel.
(b) The working poor did not have options, as a whole.
(c) Immigrate to America, move to a city, or suffer in poverty.
(d) Remain in the place of their birth, emigrate, or start a busines of their own.

13. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were developing politically.
(b) They were still linked to agriculture.
(c) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
(d) They were refining slave-based production methods.

14. What does Hobsbawm say was the realm of all important thought at the time?
(a) It was religious.
(b) It was secular.
(c) It was political.
(d) It was literary.

15. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.
(b) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(c) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.
(d) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.

Short Answer Questions

1. How did many countries impose this transformation of land use on the people?

2. What role did Chartists play in politics?

3. What did Hobsbawm find in conservative thinking of the period?

4. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?

5. How religious does Hobsbawm say the working classes were, by modern standards?

(see the answer keys)

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