The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who does Hobsbawm say typified the third kind of thinking that arose in the early 1800s?
(a) Rousseau and Hegel.
(b) Wordsworth and Blake.
(c) Coleridge.
(d) Goethe.

2. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of Hobbes' "Leviathan".
(b) The publication of "Jane Eyre".
(c) The publication of 'Wealth of Nations".
(d) The publication of "Bleak House".

3. How were the working classes influenced by religion after the French Revolution?
(a) The were less influenced by it than before.
(b) They relied on it as another social service.
(c) They found consolation in the church for their hard lives.
(d) They remained tithed to the church.

4. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?
(a) The population needed to expand.
(b) It had to be freed from large owners.
(c) The temperature of Europe had to rise one degree.
(d) The scientific understanding needed to evolve that would let farmers work the land more efficiently.

5. In what way, in Hobsbawm's account, did the nobility use religion?
(a) As a source of stability and legitimacy.
(b) As a club to keep the lower classes down.
(c) As an expensive charity to donate to.
(d) As a prop to demonstrate their conspicuous leisure.

6. What did the new view hold that was spreading through Europe?
(a) The progress of society through reason and philosophical enlightenment.
(b) The spiritual unification of humanity in a global community.
(c) The improvability of the system by engineers and scientists.
(d) The value of tradition in ritual and mystery.

7. What change does Hobsbawm say took place in the neighborhoods of the working poor?
(a) They were segregated from the middle class.
(b) They were integrated with the industrial centers of production.
(c) They were abandoned to squalor.
(d) They were transformed and redesigned for high density living.

8. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) Russia.
(b) Britain and America.
(c) Austria and Prussia.
(d) France and Spain.

9. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?
(a) Industrial centers.
(b) Suburbs.
(c) An international slave trade.
(d) Religious persecution.

10. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) A commodity that could be bought and sold.
(b) A tamed beast.
(c) Feudal domains.
(d) Farmland again, after years of being battefields.

11. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?
(a) Remain in the place of their birth, emigrate, or start a busines of their own.
(b) Immigrate to America, move to a city, or suffer in poverty.
(c) Suffer in poverty, elevate themselves to the middle class, or rebel.
(d) The working poor did not have options, as a whole.

12. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry gain by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?
(a) Tradition.
(b) Money.
(c) Culture.
(d) Freedom.

13. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(b) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(c) It was becoming more radical.
(d) It was in general decline.

14. What contrast became very clear as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) The contrast between Eastern and Western European.
(b) The contrast between bourgeoisie and aristocracy.
(c) The contrast between working poor and middle class.
(d) The contrast between men's and women's employments.

15. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
(a) Prussia.
(b) Austria.
(c) France.
(d) Britain.

Short Answer Questions

1. How was Beethoven's Eroica connected to the politics of Beethoven's time, in Hobsbawm's account?

2. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?

3. What state were other economies in 1848?

4. What role did Chartists play in politics?

5. What began to develop as industrialism developed in Europe?

(see the answer keys)

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