The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They attempted to repress it, generally.
(b) They embraced it only reluctantly.
(c) They turned it to their advantage politically.
(d) They either followed it or ignored it.

2. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
(a) Austria.
(b) Prussia.
(c) Britain.
(d) France.

3. How was Beethoven's Eroica connected to the politics of Beethoven's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Beethoven had been deafened by cannon fire before he wrote it.
(b) It glorified conquest.
(c) It contained cannons.
(d) It was dedicated to Napoleon.

4. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It promoted Freemasonry.
(b) It promoted Jacobinism.
(c) It promoted repression of revolution.
(d) It promoted revolution.

5. What does Hobsbawm say was the realm of all important thought at the time?
(a) It was secular.
(b) It was political.
(c) It was religious.
(d) It was literary.

6. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Stricter government surveillance.
(b) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
(c) Libertinage.
(d) Religious freedom.

7. Which religions gained adherents after the French Revolution?
(a) Protestantism and folk religions.
(b) Hinduism and Islam.
(c) Islam and Protestantism.
(d) Paganism and Protestantism.

8. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?
(a) They were torn between exhaustion with warfare, and the need to expand their territory.
(b) They were caught between expensive colonialism abroad, and lack of tax revenues at home.
(c) They were caught between wanting to industrialize, but also to keep their culture the same.
(d) Those in power were torn between ideological affection for democracy, but faith in the elite as rulers.

9. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was expanding.
(b) It was declining.
(c) It was becoming more powerful.
(d) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.

10. What figure does Hobsbawm say emerged from Romanticism?
(a) The exiled emperor.
(b) The alienated genius.
(c) The fertile woman.
(d) The lonely old man.

11. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?
(a) The middle ages.
(b) Primitive man.
(c) The French Revolution.
(d) Futurism.

12. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As a prop to secure the middle class.
(b) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(c) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.
(d) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.

13. What was the state of science in the period after the French Revolution?
(a) It still held that the world was flat.
(b) It was developing slowly behind philosophy and literature.
(c) It was still riddled with superstitions and religious stories.
(d) It was advancing and clashing with the church.

14. How were the working classes influenced by religion after the French Revolution?
(a) The were less influenced by it than before.
(b) They remained tithed to the church.
(c) They relied on it as another social service.
(d) They found consolation in the church for their hard lives.

15. How did this social structure change in the years after the Napoleonic Wars?
(a) It developed into radical socialism.
(b) It expanded its reach into all aspects of French culture.
(c) It merged into the old aristocracy.
(d) It developed into trade unionism.

Short Answer Questions

1. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?

2. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?

3. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?

4. What distinguished the new class of workers that emerged in the Age of Revolution?

5. How does Hobsbawm say conditions for the working poor changed in the mid-1800s?

(see the answer keys)

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