The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They stripped away the wealth of the North African countries.
(b) They brought civilization to North Africa for the first time.
(c) They created a discontented class of people who eventually revolted.
(d) They installed local officials as a new aristocracy.

2. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Dickens.
(b) Dreiser.
(c) Wordsworth.
(d) Goethe.

3. What did the new view hold that was spreading through Europe?
(a) The value of tradition in ritual and mystery.
(b) The progress of society through reason and philosophical enlightenment.
(c) The improvability of the system by engineers and scientists.
(d) The spiritual unification of humanity in a global community.

4. Which religions gained adherents after the French Revolution?
(a) Paganism and Protestantism.
(b) Islam and Protestantism.
(c) Hinduism and Islam.
(d) Protestantism and folk religions.

5. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?
(a) As a backwards set of superstitions.
(b) As the foundation for industrialism.
(c) As a legacy of improvements.
(d) As a hindrance to economic growth.

6. The most industrialized countries saw more and more adherents of what religion?
(a) Paganism.
(b) Catholicism.
(c) Protestantism.
(d) Folk religion.

7. How did this social structure change in the years after the Napoleonic Wars?
(a) It developed into trade unionism.
(b) It expanded its reach into all aspects of French culture.
(c) It developed into radical socialism.
(d) It merged into the old aristocracy.

8. What change does Hobsbawm say took place in the neighborhoods of the working poor?
(a) They were transformed and redesigned for high density living.
(b) They were segregated from the middle class.
(c) They were integrated with the industrial centers of production.
(d) They were abandoned to squalor.

9. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of "Bleak House".
(b) The publication of Hobbes' "Leviathan".
(c) The publication of "Jane Eyre".
(d) The publication of 'Wealth of Nations".

10. Who does Hobsbawm say typified the third kind of thinking that arose in the early 1800s?
(a) Rousseau and Hegel.
(b) Goethe.
(c) Coleridge.
(d) Wordsworth and Blake.

11. What was the political ideology behind the organizers' promises to the working poor?
(a) Radicalism.
(b) Communism.
(c) Fourierism.
(d) Utopianism.

12. What motive does Hobsbawm say would have to motivate the new owners of the land, if the land were going to develop economically?
(a) The urge to power.
(b) Altruism.
(c) The profit motive.
(d) Communist sympathy.

13. How was Beethoven's Eroica connected to the politics of Beethoven's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It glorified conquest.
(b) Beethoven had been deafened by cannon fire before he wrote it.
(c) It was dedicated to Napoleon.
(d) It contained cannons.

14. What caused the middle class ideology to decline, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) The advent of monopolies.
(b) Cutthroat capitalist competition.
(c) It was vulgarized by business interests.
(d) Communism was taking hold.

15. In what way, in Hobsbawm's account, did the nobility use religion?
(a) As a source of stability and legitimacy.
(b) As an expensive charity to donate to.
(c) As a prop to demonstrate their conspicuous leisure.
(d) As a club to keep the lower classes down.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Hobsbawm, what characterized conditions in the neighborhoods of the working poor?

2. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?

3. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?

4. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?

5. What was Chartism?

(see the answer keys)

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