The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which religions gained adherents after the French Revolution?
(a) Paganism and Protestantism.
(b) Protestantism and folk religions.
(c) Islam and Protestantism.
(d) Hinduism and Islam.

2. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
(b) They were developing politically.
(c) They were still linked to agriculture.
(d) They were refining slave-based production methods.

3. What did France produce as other countries' economies changed?
(a) Raw materials for export.
(b) A full range of products.
(c) Luxury goods for export.
(d) Common goods for its domestic market.

4. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?
(a) It valued conformity.
(b) It proposed new ways of representing reality.
(c) As an 'extremist crowd'.
(d) It was highly aesthetic.

5. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They either followed it or ignored it.
(b) They embraced it only reluctantly.
(c) They attempted to repress it, generally.
(d) They turned it to their advantage politically.

6. What capability was open to the middle class, as a result of the age of revolutions, that was not open before the revolutions?
(a) Migration.
(b) Land speculation.
(c) Class mobility.
(d) Small business ownership.

7. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) France and Spain.
(b) Russia.
(c) Austria and Prussia.
(d) Britain and America.

8. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) A tamed beast.
(b) Feudal domains.
(c) Farmland again, after years of being battefields.
(d) A commodity that could be bought and sold.

9. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Political campaigns.
(b) Organized terrorism.
(c) Strikes and riots.
(d) Demonstrations.

10. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was becoming more powerful.
(b) It was expanding.
(c) It was declining.
(d) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.

11. According to Hobsbawm, what characterized conditions in the neighborhoods of the working poor?
(a) Lower and lower population density over time.
(b) Clean streets.
(c) Better and more efficient organization over time.
(d) High disease.

12. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?
(a) They were caught between wanting to industrialize, but also to keep their culture the same.
(b) They were caught between expensive colonialism abroad, and lack of tax revenues at home.
(c) Those in power were torn between ideological affection for democracy, but faith in the elite as rulers.
(d) They were torn between exhaustion with warfare, and the need to expand their territory.

13. What was the state of science in the period after the French Revolution?
(a) It was still riddled with superstitions and religious stories.
(b) It still held that the world was flat.
(c) It was developing slowly behind philosophy and literature.
(d) It was advancing and clashing with the church.

14. What fell away as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) Secularism.
(b) Apprenticeship.
(c) Sons following into their fathers' professions.
(d) Protestantism.

15. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They stripped away the wealth of the North African countries.
(b) They brought civilization to North Africa for the first time.
(c) They created a discontented class of people who eventually revolted.
(d) They installed local officials as a new aristocracy.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was Chartism?

2. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the Industrial Revolution made to the arts?

3. Why did places that had not been conquered by France reform their land use, in Hobsbawm's opinion?

4. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?

5. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?

(see the answer keys)

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