The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did the new view hold that was spreading through Europe?
(a) The improvability of the system by engineers and scientists.
(b) The value of tradition in ritual and mystery.
(c) The spiritual unification of humanity in a global community.
(d) The progress of society through reason and philosophical enlightenment.

2. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They attempted to repress it, generally.
(b) They embraced it only reluctantly.
(c) They either followed it or ignored it.
(d) They turned it to their advantage politically.

3. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?
(a) It killed off a generation of older artists.
(b) It inured people to gory descriptions of war.
(c) It saw the development of a publishing industry for newspapers and books.
(d) It inspired artists with an example of people fighting for freedom.

4. What contrast became very clear as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) The contrast between bourgeoisie and aristocracy.
(b) The contrast between working poor and middle class.
(c) The contrast between Eastern and Western European.
(d) The contrast between men's and women's employments.

5. Which religion was expanding from Turkey through Africa and to the east?
(a) Shinto.
(b) Confucianism.
(c) Islam.
(d) Hinduism.

6. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Dickens.
(b) Dreiser.
(c) Wordsworth.
(d) Goethe.

7. What landmark event does Hobsbawm see as the peak of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of Ricardo's 'Principles of Political Economy'.
(b) The publication of "Origin of Species".
(c) The publication of Malthus' theories.
(d) The publication of "Kubla Khan".

8. What was the state of science in the period after the French Revolution?
(a) It was still riddled with superstitions and religious stories.
(b) It still held that the world was flat.
(c) It was advancing and clashing with the church.
(d) It was developing slowly behind philosophy and literature.

9. The most industrialized countries saw more and more adherents of what religion?
(a) Catholicism.
(b) Paganism.
(c) Protestantism.
(d) Folk religion.

10. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?
(a) Russia.
(b) Britain.
(c) France.
(d) America.

11. According to Hobsbawm, what characterized conditions in the neighborhoods of the working poor?
(a) Better and more efficient organization over time.
(b) High disease.
(c) Lower and lower population density over time.
(d) Clean streets.

12. What did Hobsbawm find in conservative thinking of the period?
(a) A strong tradition, in literature in particular.
(b) The beginnings of fascism.
(c) Hobsbawm did not find much of value.
(d) Myriad alternatives to industrialization.

13. Which musician did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Schumann.
(b) Beethoven.
(c) Schubert.
(d) Bach.

14. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?
(a) They were already largely urbanized.
(b) They were established financiers.
(c) They lived in centers of trade.
(d) They were typically well-versed in science and technology.

15. What began to develop as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) A gap between developed and un-developed nations.
(b) A trade war over tariffs.
(c) An arms race between nations.
(d) Lower prices as producers competed for buyers.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?

2. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry lose by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?

3. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?

4. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?

5. Who does Hobsbawm say typified the third kind of thinking that arose in the early 1800s?

(see the answer keys)

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