The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?
(a) Immigrate to America, move to a city, or suffer in poverty.
(b) Suffer in poverty, elevate themselves to the middle class, or rebel.
(c) The working poor did not have options, as a whole.
(d) Remain in the place of their birth, emigrate, or start a busines of their own.

2. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.
(b) As a prop to secure the middle class.
(c) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(d) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.

3. What tool did the upper classes use to discriminate against the working poor?
(a) Legislation.
(b) Hiring decisions.
(c) Military repression.
(d) Anti-union gangs.

4. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?
(a) America.
(b) France.
(c) Britain.
(d) Russia.

5. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Religious freedom.
(b) Stricter government surveillance.
(c) Libertinage.
(d) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.

6. What motive does Hobsbawm say would have to motivate the new owners of the land, if the land were going to develop economically?
(a) The profit motive.
(b) Altruism.
(c) The urge to power.
(d) Communist sympathy.

7. Which religion was expanding from Turkey through Africa and to the east?
(a) Islam.
(b) Hinduism.
(c) Confucianism.
(d) Shinto.

8. What does Hobsbawm say was the realm of all important thought at the time?
(a) It was literary.
(b) It was religious.
(c) It was secular.
(d) It was political.

9. What landmark event does Hobsbawm see as the peak of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of Ricardo's 'Principles of Political Economy'.
(b) The publication of Malthus' theories.
(c) The publication of "Origin of Species".
(d) The publication of "Kubla Khan".

10. How was the European population changing that made it possible for art to flourish during the Age of Revolution?
(a) The upper classes could travel to artistic centers to buy art.
(b) People were wealthier.
(c) People were more literate.
(d) The upper classes had more disposable income.

11. What was the new stance toward religion after the French Revolution?
(a) Radicals were openly antagonistic to the church.
(b) The church had insinuated itself into the government.
(c) The state had seized all church lands, and the church was diminished.
(d) People were not hostile, but society was becoming more secular.

12. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They depicted the history of industrialism.
(b) They depicted the eternal struggles of boys and men.
(c) They depicted the consequences of the Napoleonic Wars.
(d) They depicted the horrible working class conditions.

13. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was declining.
(b) It was expanding.
(c) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(d) It was becoming more powerful.

14. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Strikes and riots.
(b) Political campaigns.
(c) Organized terrorism.
(d) Demonstrations.

15. What profession emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) Lawyers and legal experts.
(b) Merchants and money lenders.
(c) University professors.
(d) A civil service.

Short Answer Questions

1. What fell away as industrialism developed in Europe?

2. Who were the working poor typically rebelling against, in Hobsbawm's account?

3. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry lose by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?

4. What was increasing at the same time that the railroads were expanding in the 1830s?

5. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?

(see the answer keys)

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