The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They depicted the horrible working class conditions.
(b) They depicted the history of industrialism.
(c) They depicted the consequences of the Napoleonic Wars.
(d) They depicted the eternal struggles of boys and men.

2. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?
(a) They lived in centers of trade.
(b) They were established financiers.
(c) They were already largely urbanized.
(d) They were typically well-versed in science and technology.

3. What role did Chartists play in politics?
(a) They were elected to local councils.
(b) They agitated for liberal politicians.
(c) They disrupted the political process.
(d) They agitated for conservative politicians.

4. What was increasing at the same time that the railroads were expanding in the 1830s?
(a) Religion.
(b) Superstition.
(c) Monarchy.
(d) Migration.

5. How did many countries impose this transformation of land use on the people?
(a) By nationalizing church and state lands.
(b) By abolishing feudalism.
(c) By seizing the aristocrats' lands for the people.
(d) By founding colonies in the New World.

6. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
(b) They were developing politically.
(c) They were refining slave-based production methods.
(d) They were still linked to agriculture.

7. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?
(a) France.
(b) Britain.
(c) Russia.
(d) America.

8. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) Russia.
(b) Britain and America.
(c) Austria and Prussia.
(d) France and Spain.

9. What was the new stance toward religion after the French Revolution?
(a) People were not hostile, but society was becoming more secular.
(b) Radicals were openly antagonistic to the church.
(c) The state had seized all church lands, and the church was diminished.
(d) The church had insinuated itself into the government.

10. Why, according to Hobsbawm, did land reform take place in France?
(a) Because of the ravages of the Napoleonic Wars.
(b) Because of the French Revolution.
(c) Because of the Industrial Revolution.
(d) Because of Napoleon's defeat in Russia.

11. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.
(b) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.
(c) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(d) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.

12. In what way did conservative thinkers resist middle class ideology?
(a) By studying ancient cultures.
(b) By appealing to history and tradition.
(c) By inciting revolutions to revert to ancient values.
(d) By advocating for international trade.

13. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?
(a) Suburbs.
(b) Religious persecution.
(c) An international slave trade.
(d) Industrial centers.

14. Why did places that had not been conquered by France reform their land use, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) They saw the benefits of reforming land use.
(b) They were afraid of their peasantry rising up.
(c) They didn't want to be left behind as other countries reformed.
(d) They were inspired by France's example.

15. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It promoted Jacobinism.
(b) It promoted revolution.
(c) It promoted repression of revolution.
(d) It promoted Freemasonry.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?

2. What was Chartism?

3. How did this social structure change in the years after the Napoleonic Wars?

4. What view of society was beginning to be adopted widely, in Hobsbawm's account?

5. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry lose by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?

(see the answer keys)

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