The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who were the working poor typically rebelling against, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) The monarchy.
(b) The middle class as much as the elite.
(c) The aristocracy.
(d) Workers in other nations.

2. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.
(b) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.
(c) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.
(d) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.

3. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(b) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.
(c) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.
(d) As a prop to secure the middle class.

4. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?
(a) It valued conformity.
(b) It was highly aesthetic.
(c) It proposed new ways of representing reality.
(d) As an 'extremist crowd'.

5. Why did places that had not been conquered by France reform their land use, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) They didn't want to be left behind as other countries reformed.
(b) They were inspired by France's example.
(c) They saw the benefits of reforming land use.
(d) They were afraid of their peasantry rising up.

6. The most industrialized countries saw more and more adherents of what religion?
(a) Catholicism.
(b) Paganism.
(c) Protestantism.
(d) Folk religion.

7. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They depicted the horrible working class conditions.
(b) They depicted the history of industrialism.
(c) They depicted the consequences of the Napoleonic Wars.
(d) They depicted the eternal struggles of boys and men.

8. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) France and Spain.
(b) Britain and America.
(c) Austria and Prussia.
(d) Russia.

9. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They created a discontented class of people who eventually revolted.
(b) They stripped away the wealth of the North African countries.
(c) They installed local officials as a new aristocracy.
(d) They brought civilization to North Africa for the first time.

10. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?
(a) Immigrate to America, move to a city, or suffer in poverty.
(b) Suffer in poverty, elevate themselves to the middle class, or rebel.
(c) Remain in the place of their birth, emigrate, or start a busines of their own.
(d) The working poor did not have options, as a whole.

11. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry lose by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?
(a) Ambition.
(b) Freedom.
(c) Dependence on local government.
(d) Protections.

12. What did Hobsbawm find in conservative thinking of the period?
(a) The beginnings of fascism.
(b) Hobsbawm did not find much of value.
(c) A strong tradition, in literature in particular.
(d) Myriad alternatives to industrialization.

13. What profession emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) Lawyers and legal experts.
(b) A civil service.
(c) Merchants and money lenders.
(d) University professors.

14. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
(a) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to open new trade routes with Asia.
(b) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to adopt the new technologies and grow its economy.
(c) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to take the role of supreme military leader.
(d) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to capitalize on other nations' industrialization.

15. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was becoming more powerful.
(b) It was declining.
(c) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(d) It was expanding.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which musician did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?

2. What figure does Hobsbawm say emerged from Romanticism?

3. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?

4. What does Hobsbawm say was the realm of all important thought at the time?

5. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?

(see the answer keys)

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