The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They depicted the horrible working class conditions.
(b) They depicted the consequences of the Napoleonic Wars.
(c) They depicted the history of industrialism.
(d) They depicted the eternal struggles of boys and men.

2. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) Feudal domains.
(b) A tamed beast.
(c) Farmland again, after years of being battefields.
(d) A commodity that could be bought and sold.

3. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Organized terrorism.
(b) Strikes and riots.
(c) Political campaigns.
(d) Demonstrations.

4. What fell away as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) Secularism.
(b) Protestantism.
(c) Sons following into their fathers' professions.
(d) Apprenticeship.

5. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was becoming more radical.
(b) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(c) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(d) It was in general decline.

6. Why did places that had not been conquered by France reform their land use, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) They saw the benefits of reforming land use.
(b) They didn't want to be left behind as other countries reformed.
(c) They were inspired by France's example.
(d) They were afraid of their peasantry rising up.

7. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were developing politically.
(b) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
(c) They were refining slave-based production methods.
(d) They were still linked to agriculture.

8. What possibility did this social structure open to French society?
(a) It became a place where the monarch could appoint friends and supporters.
(b) It became a place where new immigrants could attain citizenship.
(c) It became a place where talent could succeed regardless of wealth or birth.
(d) It became a place where aristocrats could regain their property and standing.

9. What social structure attended the profession that emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) A new aristocracy.
(b) A plutocracy.
(c) An oligarchy.
(d) A hierarchical bureaucracy.

10. The most industrialized countries saw more and more adherents of what religion?
(a) Catholicism.
(b) Paganism.
(c) Protestantism.
(d) Folk religion.

11. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.
(b) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(c) As a prop to secure the middle class.
(d) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.

12. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
(a) Guerilla warfare against the British.
(b) Unprecedented efficiency.
(c) Decreased agricultural production.
(d) Economic failure.

13. In what way did conservative thinkers resist middle class ideology?
(a) By appealing to history and tradition.
(b) By studying ancient cultures.
(c) By advocating for international trade.
(d) By inciting revolutions to revert to ancient values.

14. What role did Chartists play in politics?
(a) They agitated for conservative politicians.
(b) They disrupted the political process.
(c) They were elected to local councils.
(d) They agitated for liberal politicians.

15. What is the paradox in France's failure to develop its industries?
(a) The peasants had more autonomy as a result of land reforms, but they were not well positioned to capitalize on their land.
(b) The workers became more efficient, but the cost of living skyrocketed.
(c) The aristocracy lost the land, but retained the right to what the land produced.
(d) The peasants gained more political power, but with so many voices, the government was paralyzed.

Short Answer Questions

1. What did working-class organizers promise the workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew wider?

2. How does Hobsbawm say conditions for the working poor changed in the mid-1800s?

3. What landmark event does Hobsbawm see as the peak of the middle class ideology?

4. What figure does Hobsbawm say emerged from Romanticism?

5. Which religions gained adherents after the French Revolution?

(see the answer keys)

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