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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which class was Romanticism popular among, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) The working poor.
(b) The bureaucracy.
(c) The middle class.
(d) The aristocracy.
2. What role did Chartists play in politics?
(a) They agitated for liberal politicians.
(b) They were elected to local councils.
(c) They disrupted the political process.
(d) They agitated for conservative politicians.
3. The most industrialized countries saw more and more adherents of what religion?
(d) Folk religion.
4. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
(a) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to adopt the new technologies and grow its economy.
(b) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to capitalize on other nations' industrialization.
(c) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to open new trade routes with Asia.
(d) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to take the role of supreme military leader.
5. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?
(a) They seemed to lack the quality that had allowed others to move into the middle class.
(b) They seemed to be freer than the middle class, who had to be ambitious to get ahead.
(c) They knew how to perform the manual labor that others no longer performed.
(d) They did not need to finance their lives with untrustworthy paper money.
6. How were the working classes influenced by religion after the French Revolution?
(a) They remained tithed to the church.
(b) They found consolation in the church for their hard lives.
(c) They relied on it as another social service.
(d) The were less influenced by it than before.
7. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Stricter government surveillance.
(b) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
(d) Religious freedom.
8. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry lose by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?
(d) Dependence on local government.
9. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?
(a) It had to be freed from large owners.
(b) The population needed to expand.
(c) The scientific understanding needed to evolve that would let farmers work the land more efficiently.
(d) The temperature of Europe had to rise one degree.
10. What is the paradox in France's failure to develop its industries?
(a) The peasants had more autonomy as a result of land reforms, but they were not well positioned to capitalize on their land.
(b) The workers became more efficient, but the cost of living skyrocketed.
(c) The peasants gained more political power, but with so many voices, the government was paralyzed.
(d) The aristocracy lost the land, but retained the right to what the land produced.
11. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
(a) Unprecedented efficiency.
(b) Decreased agricultural production.
(c) Economic failure.
(d) Guerilla warfare against the British.
12. Which religion was expanding from Turkey through Africa and to the east?
13. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They depicted the horrible working class conditions.
(b) They depicted the consequences of the Napoleonic Wars.
(c) They depicted the eternal struggles of boys and men.
(d) They depicted the history of industrialism.
14. When, in Hobsbawm's opinion, did the rate of change begin to increase quickly?
15. What view of society was beginning to be adopted widely, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) A conservative view.
(b) A liberal view.
(c) A spiritual view.
(d) A mechanical view.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did working-class organizers promise the workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew wider?
2. What does Hobsbawm say was the realm of all important thought at the time?
3. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the Industrial Revolution made to the arts?
4. Why did places that had not been conquered by France reform their land use, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
5. Who were the working poor typically rebelling against, in Hobsbawm's account?
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