The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Hobsbawm say conditions for the working poor changed in the mid-1800s?
(a) He says that they deteriorated.
(b) He says that they were better regulated by the government.
(c) He says that they became more and more sanitary over time.
(d) He says that they largely improved.

2. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was becoming more radical.
(b) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(c) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(d) It was in general decline.

3. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Libertinage.
(b) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
(c) Religious freedom.
(d) Stricter government surveillance.

4. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?
(a) As a hindrance to economic growth.
(b) As the foundation for industrialism.
(c) As a backwards set of superstitions.
(d) As a legacy of improvements.

5. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) Austria and Prussia.
(b) France and Spain.
(c) Britain and America.
(d) Russia.

6. When, in Hobsbawm's opinion, did the rate of change begin to increase quickly?
(a) 1848.
(b) 1830.
(c) 1832.
(d) 1815.

7. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?
(a) They seemed to lack the quality that had allowed others to move into the middle class.
(b) They did not need to finance their lives with untrustworthy paper money.
(c) They seemed to be freer than the middle class, who had to be ambitious to get ahead.
(d) They knew how to perform the manual labor that others no longer performed.

8. What began to develop as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) A gap between developed and un-developed nations.
(b) A trade war over tariffs.
(c) An arms race between nations.
(d) Lower prices as producers competed for buyers.

9. What was the new stance toward religion after the French Revolution?
(a) The state had seized all church lands, and the church was diminished.
(b) People were not hostile, but society was becoming more secular.
(c) The church had insinuated itself into the government.
(d) Radicals were openly antagonistic to the church.

10. What social structure attended the profession that emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) A plutocracy.
(b) An oligarchy.
(c) A new aristocracy.
(d) A hierarchical bureaucracy.

11. What capability was open to the middle class, as a result of the age of revolutions, that was not open before the revolutions?
(a) Small business ownership.
(b) Migration.
(c) Land speculation.
(d) Class mobility.

12. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Demonstrations.
(b) Strikes and riots.
(c) Political campaigns.
(d) Organized terrorism.

13. What view of society was beginning to be adopted widely, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) A mechanical view.
(b) A conservative view.
(c) A spiritual view.
(d) A liberal view.

14. The most industrialized countries saw more and more adherents of what religion?
(a) Catholicism.
(b) Folk religion.
(c) Protestantism.
(d) Paganism.

15. Why did places that had not been conquered by France reform their land use, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) They were afraid of their peasantry rising up.
(b) They were inspired by France's example.
(c) They saw the benefits of reforming land use.
(d) They didn't want to be left behind as other countries reformed.

Short Answer Questions

1. What were the three paths for a member of the working poor during the mid-1800s?

2. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?

3. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?

4. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?

5. Based on these landmarks, what were the dates of the beginning and the peak of middle class ideology?

(see the answer keys)

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