The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
(a) Militarism.
(b) Nationalism.
(c) A market for common goods.
(d) An export market for luxury items.

2. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
(a) Decreased agricultural production.
(b) Unprecedented efficiency.
(c) Economic failure.
(d) Guerilla warfare against the British.

3. What did working-class organizers promise the workers, as the gap between rich and poor grew wider?
(a) Equal representation in legislative and judiciary functions of government.
(b) A permanent change in society that recognized their importance as the source of all wealth.
(c) Power to rule in the aristocrats' place, with all of the aristocrats' luxuries.
(d) Ownership of the means of production.

4. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(b) It was declining.
(c) It was expanding.
(d) It was becoming more powerful.

5. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?
(a) As an 'extremist crowd'.
(b) It proposed new ways of representing reality.
(c) It was highly aesthetic.
(d) It valued conformity.

6. What did Hobsbawm find in conservative thinking of the period?
(a) The beginnings of fascism.
(b) Hobsbawm did not find much of value.
(c) Myriad alternatives to industrialization.
(d) A strong tradition, in literature in particular.

7. What possibility did this social structure open to French society?
(a) It became a place where the monarch could appoint friends and supporters.
(b) It became a place where new immigrants could attain citizenship.
(c) It became a place where talent could succeed regardless of wealth or birth.
(d) It became a place where aristocrats could regain their property and standing.

8. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) France and Spain.
(b) Britain and America.
(c) Austria and Prussia.
(d) Russia.

9. What tool did the upper classes use to discriminate against the working poor?
(a) Hiring decisions.
(b) Anti-union gangs.
(c) Military repression.
(d) Legislation.

10. What social structure attended the profession that emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) An oligarchy.
(b) A hierarchical bureaucracy.
(c) A plutocracy.
(d) A new aristocracy.

11. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(b) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.
(c) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.
(d) As a prop to secure the middle class.

12. According to Hobsbawm, what characterized conditions in the neighborhoods of the working poor?
(a) Lower and lower population density over time.
(b) High disease.
(c) Better and more efficient organization over time.
(d) Clean streets.

13. Based on these landmarks, what were the dates of the beginning and the peak of middle class ideology?
(a) 1776 and 1817.
(b) 1789 and 1830.
(c) 1795 and 1848.
(d) 1791 and 1812.

14. What was the state of science in the period after the French Revolution?
(a) It was still riddled with superstitions and religious stories.
(b) It was advancing and clashing with the church.
(c) It was developing slowly behind philosophy and literature.
(d) It still held that the world was flat.

15. In what way did conservative thinkers resist middle class ideology?
(a) By studying ancient cultures.
(b) By inciting revolutions to revert to ancient values.
(c) By advocating for international trade.
(d) By appealing to history and tradition.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?

2. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?

3. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?

4. What contrast became very clear as industrialism developed in Europe?

5. How religious does Hobsbawm say the working classes were, by modern standards?

(see the answer keys)

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