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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Based on these landmarks, what were the dates of the beginning and the peak of middle class ideology?
(a) 1789 and 1830.
(b) 1791 and 1812.
(c) 1776 and 1817.
(d) 1795 and 1848.
2. What was the new stance toward religion after the French Revolution?
(a) People were not hostile, but society was becoming more secular.
(b) The state had seized all church lands, and the church was diminished.
(c) The church had insinuated itself into the government.
(d) Radicals were openly antagonistic to the church.
3. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
(a) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to open new trade routes with Asia.
(b) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to capitalize on other nations' industrialization.
(c) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to take the role of supreme military leader.
(d) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to adopt the new technologies and grow its economy.
4. What figure does Hobsbawm say emerged from Romanticism?
(a) The alienated genius.
(b) The lonely old man.
(c) The fertile woman.
(d) The exiled emperor.
5. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Organized terrorism.
(b) Political campaigns.
(d) Strikes and riots.
6. Who does Hobsbawm say typified the third kind of thinking that arose in the early 1800s?
(a) Wordsworth and Blake.
(b) Rousseau and Hegel.
7. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Religious freedom.
(b) Stricter government surveillance.
(c) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
8. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(b) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.
(c) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.
(d) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.
9. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
(a) An export market for luxury items.
(b) A market for common goods.
10. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of "Jane Eyre".
(b) The publication of "Bleak House".
(c) The publication of Hobbes' "Leviathan".
(d) The publication of 'Wealth of Nations".
11. What was the political ideology behind the organizers' promises to the working poor?
12. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.
(b) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.
(c) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(d) As a prop to secure the middle class.
13. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
14. What distinguished the new class of workers that emerged in the Age of Revolution?
(a) They went to school for their trade.
(b) They received pay in money, not goods.
(c) They no longer needed patrons.
(d) They did not use their hands.
15. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?
(a) The scientific understanding needed to evolve that would let farmers work the land more efficiently.
(b) It had to be freed from large owners.
(c) The temperature of Europe had to rise one degree.
(d) The population needed to expand.
Short Answer Questions
1. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?
2. In what way did conservative thinkers resist middle class ideology?
3. What caused the middle class ideology to decline, in Hobsbawm's account?
4. How religious does Hobsbawm say the working classes were, by modern standards?
5. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
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