The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.
(b) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.
(c) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(d) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.

2. What social structure attended the profession that emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) A new aristocracy.
(b) A hierarchical bureaucracy.
(c) A plutocracy.
(d) An oligarchy.

3. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?
(a) Religious persecution.
(b) Industrial centers.
(c) Suburbs.
(d) An international slave trade.

4. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(b) It was becoming more radical.
(c) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(d) It was in general decline.

5. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.
(b) As a prop to secure the middle class.
(c) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(d) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.

6. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?
(a) The population needed to expand.
(b) The temperature of Europe had to rise one degree.
(c) It had to be freed from large owners.
(d) The scientific understanding needed to evolve that would let farmers work the land more efficiently.

7. What was the political ideology behind the organizers' promises to the working poor?
(a) Utopianism.
(b) Fourierism.
(c) Radicalism.
(d) Communism.

8. What began to develop as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) Lower prices as producers competed for buyers.
(b) A gap between developed and un-developed nations.
(c) An arms race between nations.
(d) A trade war over tariffs.

9. How was the European population changing that made it possible for art to flourish during the Age of Revolution?
(a) People were wealthier.
(b) The upper classes had more disposable income.
(c) The upper classes could travel to artistic centers to buy art.
(d) People were more literate.

10. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They brought civilization to North Africa for the first time.
(b) They stripped away the wealth of the North African countries.
(c) They installed local officials as a new aristocracy.
(d) They created a discontented class of people who eventually revolted.

11. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry gain by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?
(a) Money.
(b) Culture.
(c) Tradition.
(d) Freedom.

12. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
(a) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to capitalize on other nations' industrialization.
(b) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to open new trade routes with Asia.
(c) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to take the role of supreme military leader.
(d) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to adopt the new technologies and grow its economy.

13. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?
(a) It was still a lot of dreaming by people who were powerless to act.
(b) It was meeting the political will to begin to strive towards achieving its goals.
(c) It was not well-organized enough to be a threat.
(d) It was establishing coalitions with policemen, soldiers, and union leaders to present demands and back them with force.

14. What landmark event does Hobsbawm see as the peak of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of Malthus' theories.
(b) The publication of "Origin of Species".
(c) The publication of "Kubla Khan".
(d) The publication of Ricardo's 'Principles of Political Economy'.

15. What possibility did this social structure open to French society?
(a) It became a place where talent could succeed regardless of wealth or birth.
(b) It became a place where aristocrats could regain their property and standing.
(c) It became a place where new immigrants could attain citizenship.
(d) It became a place where the monarch could appoint friends and supporters.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was Chartism?

2. The most industrialized countries saw more and more adherents of what religion?

3. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?

4. What did Hobsbawm find in conservative thinking of the period?

5. How was Beethoven's Eroica connected to the politics of Beethoven's time, in Hobsbawm's account?

(see the answer keys)

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