The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?
(a) As a legacy of improvements.
(b) As a hindrance to economic growth.
(c) As a backwards set of superstitions.
(d) As the foundation for industrialism.

2. What caused the middle class ideology to decline, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was vulgarized by business interests.
(b) The advent of monopolies.
(c) Communism was taking hold.
(d) Cutthroat capitalist competition.

3. Who were the working poor typically rebelling against, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) The middle class as much as the elite.
(b) Workers in other nations.
(c) The aristocracy.
(d) The monarchy.

4. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It promoted Freemasonry.
(b) It promoted Jacobinism.
(c) It promoted revolution.
(d) It promoted repression of revolution.

5. What tool did the upper classes use to discriminate against the working poor?
(a) Military repression.
(b) Anti-union gangs.
(c) Legislation.
(d) Hiring decisions.

6. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(b) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.
(c) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.
(d) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.

7. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(b) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(c) It was in general decline.
(d) It was becoming more radical.

8. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.
(b) As a prop to secure the middle class.
(c) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.
(d) As propaganda to build nationalism.

9. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of 'Wealth of Nations".
(b) The publication of "Jane Eyre".
(c) The publication of Hobbes' "Leviathan".
(d) The publication of "Bleak House".

10. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?
(a) They were caught between expensive colonialism abroad, and lack of tax revenues at home.
(b) Those in power were torn between ideological affection for democracy, but faith in the elite as rulers.
(c) They were torn between exhaustion with warfare, and the need to expand their territory.
(d) They were caught between wanting to industrialize, but also to keep their culture the same.

11. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?
(a) Futurism.
(b) Primitive man.
(c) The French Revolution.
(d) The middle ages.

12. What was the state of science in the period after the French Revolution?
(a) It was advancing and clashing with the church.
(b) It was still riddled with superstitions and religious stories.
(c) It still held that the world was flat.
(d) It was developing slowly behind philosophy and literature.

13. What did the new view hold that was spreading through Europe?
(a) The value of tradition in ritual and mystery.
(b) The improvability of the system by engineers and scientists.
(c) The spiritual unification of humanity in a global community.
(d) The progress of society through reason and philosophical enlightenment.

14. What role did Chartists play in politics?
(a) They agitated for conservative politicians.
(b) They agitated for liberal politicians.
(c) They disrupted the political process.
(d) They were elected to local councils.

15. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
(a) France.
(b) Prussia.
(c) Britain.
(d) Austria.

Short Answer Questions

1. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry gain by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?

2. What motive does Hobsbawm say would have to motivate the new owners of the land, if the land were going to develop economically?

3. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?

4. How were the working classes influenced by religion after the French Revolution?

5. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?

(see the answer keys)

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