The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What figure does Hobsbawm say emerged from Romanticism?
(a) The lonely old man.
(b) The alienated genius.
(c) The exiled emperor.
(d) The fertile woman.

2. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Religious freedom.
(b) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
(c) Libertinage.
(d) Stricter government surveillance.

3. How was the European population changing that made it possible for art to flourish during the Age of Revolution?
(a) The upper classes had more disposable income.
(b) People were more literate.
(c) The upper classes could travel to artistic centers to buy art.
(d) People were wealthier.

4. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They embraced it only reluctantly.
(b) They turned it to their advantage politically.
(c) They either followed it or ignored it.
(d) They attempted to repress it, generally.

5. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?
(a) France.
(b) America.
(c) Britain.
(d) Russia.

6. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Dreiser.
(b) Wordsworth.
(c) Goethe.
(d) Dickens.

7. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?
(a) They were established financiers.
(b) They lived in centers of trade.
(c) They were already largely urbanized.
(d) They were typically well-versed in science and technology.

8. What changed in other countries, but did not change in France, in Hobsbawm's analysis?
(a) Population did not increase.
(b) Inflation did not remain low.
(c) Mercantile colonialism did not provide large amounts of revenue.
(d) France did not begin to idealize its ancient past.

9. When, in Hobsbawm's opinion, did the rate of change begin to increase quickly?
(a) 1832.
(b) 1815.
(c) 1830.
(d) 1848.

10. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?
(a) The population needed to expand.
(b) The temperature of Europe had to rise one degree.
(c) It had to be freed from large owners.
(d) The scientific understanding needed to evolve that would let farmers work the land more efficiently.

11. What was the new stance toward religion after the French Revolution?
(a) Radicals were openly antagonistic to the church.
(b) The church had insinuated itself into the government.
(c) The state had seized all church lands, and the church was diminished.
(d) People were not hostile, but society was becoming more secular.

12. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
(a) Nationalism.
(b) A market for common goods.
(c) Militarism.
(d) An export market for luxury items.

13. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
(a) Prussia.
(b) France.
(c) Austria.
(d) Britain.

14. What was increasing at the same time that the railroads were expanding in the 1830s?
(a) Religion.
(b) Monarchy.
(c) Migration.
(d) Superstition.

15. How did Hobsbawm characterize the change in the way that people related to the land, and the way land was related to the economy?
(a) As the least forgivable development of the period.
(b) As the least recognized phenomenon of the period.
(c) As the most catastrophic phenomenon of the period.
(d) As the most lucrative development of the period.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Hobsbawm say conditions for the working poor changed in the mid-1800s?

2. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?

3. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?

4. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?

5. What state were other economies in 1848?

(see the answer keys)

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