The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?
(a) Britain.
(b) America.
(c) France.
(d) Russia.

2. What does Hobsbawm say was the realm of all important thought at the time?
(a) It was political.
(b) It was secular.
(c) It was religious.
(d) It was literary.

3. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) Feudal domains.
(b) A commodity that could be bought and sold.
(c) A tamed beast.
(d) Farmland again, after years of being battefields.

4. What did Hobsbawm find in conservative thinking of the period?
(a) Myriad alternatives to industrialization.
(b) A strong tradition, in literature in particular.
(c) Hobsbawm did not find much of value.
(d) The beginnings of fascism.

5. According to Hobsbawm, what characterized conditions in the neighborhoods of the working poor?
(a) Better and more efficient organization over time.
(b) Lower and lower population density over time.
(c) High disease.
(d) Clean streets.

6. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(b) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.
(c) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.
(d) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.

7. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
(a) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to open new trade routes with Asia.
(b) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to capitalize on other nations' industrialization.
(c) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to take the role of supreme military leader.
(d) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to adopt the new technologies and grow its economy.

8. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.
(b) As a prop to secure the middle class.
(c) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(d) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.

9. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were still linked to agriculture.
(b) They were refining slave-based production methods.
(c) They were developing politically.
(d) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.

10. What view of society was beginning to be adopted widely, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) A mechanical view.
(b) A spiritual view.
(c) A conservative view.
(d) A liberal view.

11. What motive does Hobsbawm say would have to motivate the new owners of the land, if the land were going to develop economically?
(a) Communist sympathy.
(b) The urge to power.
(c) The profit motive.
(d) Altruism.

12. Which musician did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Bach.
(b) Schumann.
(c) Schubert.
(d) Beethoven.

13. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They installed local officials as a new aristocracy.
(b) They stripped away the wealth of the North African countries.
(c) They brought civilization to North Africa for the first time.
(d) They created a discontented class of people who eventually revolted.

14. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was expanding.
(b) It was declining.
(c) It was becoming more powerful.
(d) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.

15. What was the political ideology behind the organizers' promises to the working poor?
(a) Radicalism.
(b) Communism.
(c) Fourierism.
(d) Utopianism.

Short Answer Questions

1. How religious does Hobsbawm say the working classes were, by modern standards?

2. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?

3. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?

4. Based on these landmarks, what were the dates of the beginning and the peak of middle class ideology?

5. What did France produce as other countries' economies changed?

(see the answer keys)

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