The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry gain by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?
(a) Freedom.
(b) Tradition.
(c) Culture.
(d) Money.

2. What motive does Hobsbawm say would have to motivate the new owners of the land, if the land were going to develop economically?
(a) Communist sympathy.
(b) Altruism.
(c) The urge to power.
(d) The profit motive.

3. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?
(a) They were typically well-versed in science and technology.
(b) They were established financiers.
(c) They lived in centers of trade.
(d) They were already largely urbanized.

4. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?
(a) Primitive man.
(b) The middle ages.
(c) Futurism.
(d) The French Revolution.

5. Based on these landmarks, what were the dates of the beginning and the peak of middle class ideology?
(a) 1791 and 1812.
(b) 1776 and 1817.
(c) 1789 and 1830.
(d) 1795 and 1848.

6. What role did Chartists play in politics?
(a) They agitated for liberal politicians.
(b) They were elected to local councils.
(c) They agitated for conservative politicians.
(d) They disrupted the political process.

7. In what respect does Hobsbawm say that Britain was well-situated as industrialism expanded?
(a) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to take the role of supreme military leader.
(b) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to adopt the new technologies and grow its economy.
(c) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to open new trade routes with Asia.
(d) Hobsbawm says that Britain was well-situated to capitalize on other nations' industrialization.

8. What tool did the upper classes use to discriminate against the working poor?
(a) Anti-union gangs.
(b) Military repression.
(c) Hiring decisions.
(d) Legislation.

9. What figure does Hobsbawm say emerged from Romanticism?
(a) The fertile woman.
(b) The exiled emperor.
(c) The lonely old man.
(d) The alienated genius.

10. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was becoming more powerful.
(b) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(c) It was declining.
(d) It was expanding.

11. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?
(a) It inured people to gory descriptions of war.
(b) It killed off a generation of older artists.
(c) It saw the development of a publishing industry for newspapers and books.
(d) It inspired artists with an example of people fighting for freedom.

12. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Wordsworth.
(b) Dreiser.
(c) Goethe.
(d) Dickens.

13. What began to develop as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) An arms race between nations.
(b) Lower prices as producers competed for buyers.
(c) A trade war over tariffs.
(d) A gap between developed and un-developed nations.

14. How does Hobsbawm describe Romanticism?
(a) It valued conformity.
(b) As an 'extremist crowd'.
(c) It was highly aesthetic.
(d) It proposed new ways of representing reality.

15. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(b) It was in general decline.
(c) It was becoming more radical.
(d) It was becoming merely ceremonial.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was Chartism?

2. What state were other economies in 1848?

3. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?

4. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?

5. What changed in other countries, but did not change in France, in Hobsbawm's analysis?

(see the answer keys)

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