The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did Hobsbawm find in conservative thinking of the period?
(a) The beginnings of fascism.
(b) A strong tradition, in literature in particular.
(c) Myriad alternatives to industrialization.
(d) Hobsbawm did not find much of value.

2. How was the European population changing that made it possible for art to flourish during the Age of Revolution?
(a) People were wealthier.
(b) People were more literate.
(c) The upper classes had more disposable income.
(d) The upper classes could travel to artistic centers to buy art.

3. What tool did the upper classes use to discriminate against the working poor?
(a) Military repression.
(b) Hiring decisions.
(c) Anti-union gangs.
(d) Legislation.

4. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
(a) An export market for luxury items.
(b) A market for common goods.
(c) Militarism.
(d) Nationalism.

5. How was Beethoven's Eroica connected to the politics of Beethoven's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was dedicated to Napoleon.
(b) It glorified conquest.
(c) Beethoven had been deafened by cannon fire before he wrote it.
(d) It contained cannons.

6. What contrast became very clear as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) The contrast between working poor and middle class.
(b) The contrast between Eastern and Western European.
(c) The contrast between men's and women's employments.
(d) The contrast between bourgeoisie and aristocracy.

7. What fell away as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) Protestantism.
(b) Sons following into their fathers' professions.
(c) Secularism.
(d) Apprenticeship.

8. How did many countries impose this transformation of land use on the people?
(a) By abolishing feudalism.
(b) By nationalizing church and state lands.
(c) By seizing the aristocrats' lands for the people.
(d) By founding colonies in the New World.

9. How did Hobsbawm characterize the change in the way that people related to the land, and the way land was related to the economy?
(a) As the most lucrative development of the period.
(b) As the least recognized phenomenon of the period.
(c) As the most catastrophic phenomenon of the period.
(d) As the least forgivable development of the period.

10. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the French Revolution made to the arts?
(a) It saw the development of a publishing industry for newspapers and books.
(b) It inured people to gory descriptions of war.
(c) It inspired artists with an example of people fighting for freedom.
(d) It killed off a generation of older artists.

11. What motive does Hobsbawm say would have to motivate the new owners of the land, if the land were going to develop economically?
(a) The profit motive.
(b) Altruism.
(c) The urge to power.
(d) Communist sympathy.

12. In what way, in Hobsbawm's account, did the nobility use religion?
(a) As a prop to demonstrate their conspicuous leisure.
(b) As a source of stability and legitimacy.
(c) As an expensive charity to donate to.
(d) As a club to keep the lower classes down.

13. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?
(a) It was meeting the political will to begin to strive towards achieving its goals.
(b) It was still a lot of dreaming by people who were powerless to act.
(c) It was establishing coalitions with policemen, soldiers, and union leaders to present demands and back them with force.
(d) It was not well-organized enough to be a threat.

14. What began to develop as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) A gap between developed and un-developed nations.
(b) Lower prices as producers competed for buyers.
(c) A trade war over tariffs.
(d) An arms race between nations.

15. How did the people in political power react to middle class ideology, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They either followed it or ignored it.
(b) They embraced it only reluctantly.
(c) They attempted to repress it, generally.
(d) They turned it to their advantage politically.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?

2. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry lose by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?

3. Which religions gained adherents after the French Revolution?

4. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry gain by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?

5. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?

(see the answer keys)

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