The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Why, according to Hobsbawm, did land reform take place in France?
(a) Because of the Industrial Revolution.
(b) Because of the ravages of the Napoleonic Wars.
(c) Because of Napoleon's defeat in Russia.
(d) Because of the French Revolution.

2. In what way does Hobsbawm say that the sympathies of those in power were split in the early 1800s?
(a) They were caught between expensive colonialism abroad, and lack of tax revenues at home.
(b) Those in power were torn between ideological affection for democracy, but faith in the elite as rulers.
(c) They were caught between wanting to industrialize, but also to keep their culture the same.
(d) They were torn between exhaustion with warfare, and the need to expand their territory.

3. Why were the working poor treated with contempt as a new social structure evolved in Europe?
(a) They seemed to be freer than the middle class, who had to be ambitious to get ahead.
(b) They did not need to finance their lives with untrustworthy paper money.
(c) They knew how to perform the manual labor that others no longer performed.
(d) They seemed to lack the quality that had allowed others to move into the middle class.

4. What view of society was beginning to be adopted widely, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) A liberal view.
(b) A conservative view.
(c) A spiritual view.
(d) A mechanical view.

5. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was declining.
(b) It was expanding.
(c) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(d) It was becoming more powerful.

6. Which religion was expanding from Turkey through Africa and to the east?
(a) Hinduism.
(b) Shinto.
(c) Confucianism.
(d) Islam.

7. How did Hobsbawm characterize the change in the way that people related to the land, and the way land was related to the economy?
(a) As the most lucrative development of the period.
(b) As the most catastrophic phenomenon of the period.
(c) As the least recognized phenomenon of the period.
(d) As the least forgivable development of the period.

8. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Demonstrations.
(b) Organized terrorism.
(c) Political campaigns.
(d) Strikes and riots.

9. What did France produce as other countries' economies changed?
(a) Luxury goods for export.
(b) A full range of products.
(c) Common goods for its domestic market.
(d) Raw materials for export.

10. What did the new view hold that was spreading through Europe?
(a) The spiritual unification of humanity in a global community.
(b) The value of tradition in ritual and mystery.
(c) The progress of society through reason and philosophical enlightenment.
(d) The improvability of the system by engineers and scientists.

11. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?
(a) Futurism.
(b) Primitive man.
(c) The middle ages.
(d) The French Revolution.

12. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
(a) Nationalism.
(b) A market for common goods.
(c) An export market for luxury items.
(d) Militarism.

13. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was in general decline.
(b) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(c) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(d) It was becoming more radical.

14. How was Mozart's Magic Flute connected to the politics of Mozart's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It promoted Freemasonry.
(b) It promoted repression of revolution.
(c) It promoted revolution.
(d) It promoted Jacobinism.

15. What landmark event does Hobsbawm use as the beginning of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of 'Wealth of Nations".
(b) The publication of "Bleak House".
(c) The publication of "Jane Eyre".
(d) The publication of Hobbes' "Leviathan".

Short Answer Questions

1. How was the European population changing that made it possible for art to flourish during the Age of Revolution?

2. What does Hobsbawm say had to happen to the land before its economic potential could be unleashed?

3. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?

4. In what way did conservative thinkers resist middle class ideology?

5. What was the one nation Hobsbawm says could have been considered industrialized in 1848?

(see the answer keys)

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