The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In what way does Hobsbawm say that religion was still useful?
(a) As propaganda to justify xenophobia.
(b) As propaganda to build nationalism.
(c) As a prop to secure the middle class.
(d) As nostalgia for an earlier golden age.

2. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) A tamed beast.
(b) Feudal domains.
(c) A commodity that could be bought and sold.
(d) Farmland again, after years of being battefields.

3. What was increasing at the same time that the railroads were expanding in the 1830s?
(a) Superstition.
(b) Monarchy.
(c) Religion.
(d) Migration.

4. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) They depicted the history of industrialism.
(b) They depicted the consequences of the Napoleonic Wars.
(c) They depicted the eternal struggles of boys and men.
(d) They depicted the horrible working class conditions.

5. How were the working classes influenced by religion after the French Revolution?
(a) They found consolation in the church for their hard lives.
(b) They relied on it as another social service.
(c) They remained tithed to the church.
(d) The were less influenced by it than before.

6. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?
(a) Nationalism.
(b) A market for common goods.
(c) Militarism.
(d) An export market for luxury items.

7. What social structure attended the profession that emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) A new aristocracy.
(b) A plutocracy.
(c) An oligarchy.
(d) A hierarchical bureaucracy.

8. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?
(a) The middle ages.
(b) Primitive man.
(c) Futurism.
(d) The French Revolution.

9. How was the European population changing that made it possible for art to flourish during the Age of Revolution?
(a) The upper classes could travel to artistic centers to buy art.
(b) People were more literate.
(c) The upper classes had more disposable income.
(d) People were wealthier.

10. What fell away as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) Protestantism.
(b) Secularism.
(c) Sons following into their fathers' professions.
(d) Apprenticeship.

11. In what way did conservative thinkers resist middle class ideology?
(a) By studying ancient cultures.
(b) By appealing to history and tradition.
(c) By advocating for international trade.
(d) By inciting revolutions to revert to ancient values.

12. What state were other economies in 1848?
(a) They were developing politically.
(b) They were building the foundations for modern agricultural techniques.
(c) They were still linked to agriculture.
(d) They were refining slave-based production methods.

13. Which religions gained adherents after the French Revolution?
(a) Protestantism and folk religions.
(b) Hinduism and Islam.
(c) Paganism and Protestantism.
(d) Islam and Protestantism.

14. In what way, in Hobsbawm's account, did the nobility use religion?
(a) As a club to keep the lower classes down.
(b) As a source of stability and legitimacy.
(c) As a prop to demonstrate their conspicuous leisure.
(d) As an expensive charity to donate to.

15. What began to emerge as production and industry grew in the early 1800s?
(a) Religious persecution.
(b) Suburbs.
(c) Industrial centers.
(d) An international slave trade.

Short Answer Questions

1. What profession emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?

2. What contribution does Hobsbawm say the Industrial Revolution made to the arts?

3. How does Hobsbawm describe the traditional system of agriculture?

4. Which class was Romanticism popular among, in Hobsbawm's account?

5. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?

(see the answer keys)

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