The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where were Protestant sects at the head of religious revivals?
(a) Russia.
(b) Britain and America.
(c) France and Spain.
(d) Austria and Prussia.

2. What caused the middle class ideology to decline, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) Communism was taking hold.
(b) Cutthroat capitalist competition.
(c) The advent of monopolies.
(d) It was vulgarized by business interests.

3. How was Beethoven's Eroica connected to the politics of Beethoven's time, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It glorified conquest.
(b) It contained cannons.
(c) Beethoven had been deafened by cannon fire before he wrote it.
(d) It was dedicated to Napoleon.

4. What was the state of science in the period after the French Revolution?
(a) It was developing slowly behind philosophy and literature.
(b) It still held that the world was flat.
(c) It was advancing and clashing with the church.
(d) It was still riddled with superstitions and religious stories.

5. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Stricter government surveillance.
(b) Libertinage.
(c) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
(d) Religious freedom.

6. In Hobsbawm's account, what happened in France as industrialism expanded in neighboring countries?
(a) Land reforms from the French Revolution tied land use to the peasantry, and the economy did not take off.
(b) Economic development was slow for lack of investors willing to put money in French factories.
(c) France industrialized quickly, as the soldiers returned from the Napoleonic Wars and went to work in factories.
(d) The economy was paralyzed by the veterans returning from the wars to the small plots of land Napoleon had promised.

7. What social structure attended the profession that emerged in France as a result of Napoleon?
(a) An oligarchy.
(b) A hierarchical bureaucracy.
(c) A plutocracy.
(d) A new aristocracy.

8. Why were Jews particularly well-suited to take advantage of opportunities to join the new middle class?
(a) They were already largely urbanized.
(b) They lived in centers of trade.
(c) They were typically well-versed in science and technology.
(d) They were established financiers.

9. How religious does Hobsbawm say the working classes were, by modern standards?
(a) More radical than before.
(b) Devoutly religious, as before.
(c) Not religious at all.
(d) Still quite religious.

10. How was the European population changing that made it possible for art to flourish during the Age of Revolution?
(a) People were more literate.
(b) People were wealthier.
(c) The upper classes could travel to artistic centers to buy art.
(d) The upper classes had more disposable income.

11. What was Chartism?
(a) A movement to abolish the monarchy in Prussia.
(b) A movement to unify the workers of the world.
(c) A movement to send workers to domesticate unexplored territories.
(d) A movement that called for election and parliamentary reform.

12. Why, according to Hobsbawm, did land reform take place in France?
(a) Because of the ravages of the Napoleonic Wars.
(b) Because of Napoleon's defeat in Russia.
(c) Because of the French Revolution.
(d) Because of the Industrial Revolution.

13. What is the paradox in France's failure to develop its industries?
(a) The peasants gained more political power, but with so many voices, the government was paralyzed.
(b) The aristocracy lost the land, but retained the right to what the land produced.
(c) The peasants had more autonomy as a result of land reforms, but they were not well positioned to capitalize on their land.
(d) The workers became more efficient, but the cost of living skyrocketed.

14. What view of society was beginning to be adopted widely, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) A conservative view.
(b) A mechanical view.
(c) A liberal view.
(d) A spiritual view.

15. Which religions gained adherents after the French Revolution?
(a) Islam and Protestantism.
(b) Paganism and Protestantism.
(c) Protestantism and folk religions.
(d) Hinduism and Islam.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?

2. What was NOT a source to which Hobsbawm attributes the development of the arts during the industrialization of Europe?

3. How were Charles Dickens' novels connected to the politics of Dickens' time, in Hobsbawm's account?

4. What developed in other European countries, but not in France?

5. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?

(see the answer keys)

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