The Age of Revolution: Europe 1789-1848 Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which form of rebellion did the working poor NOT engage in?
(a) Political campaigns.
(b) Organized terrorism.
(c) Demonstrations.
(d) Strikes and riots.

2. Where was Chartism an active part of the political landscape?
(a) Austria.
(b) Prussia.
(c) France.
(d) Britain.

3. What did the new view hold that was spreading through Europe?
(a) The progress of society through reason and philosophical enlightenment.
(b) The improvability of the system by engineers and scientists.
(c) The spiritual unification of humanity in a global community.
(d) The value of tradition in ritual and mystery.

4. What was the consequence of British land reforms in India?
(a) Decreased agricultural production.
(b) Unprecedented efficiency.
(c) Guerilla warfare against the British.
(d) Economic failure.

5. Why did places that had not been conquered by France reform their land use, in Hobsbawm's opinion?
(a) They didn't want to be left behind as other countries reformed.
(b) They were afraid of their peasantry rising up.
(c) They were inspired by France's example.
(d) They saw the benefits of reforming land use.

6. Which class was Romanticism popular among, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) The aristocracy.
(b) The middle class.
(c) The bureaucracy.
(d) The working poor.

7. What fell away as industrialism developed in Europe?
(a) Secularism.
(b) Protestantism.
(c) Apprenticeship.
(d) Sons following into their fathers' professions.

8. What was changing in the role religion played in people's lives, in Hobsbawm's account?
(a) It was becoming merely ceremonial.
(b) It was becoming more radical.
(c) It was expanding into poor neighborhoods.
(d) It was in general decline.

9. Which author did NOT rise to prominence during the Age of Revolution?
(a) Dreiser.
(b) Dickens.
(c) Wordsworth.
(d) Goethe.

10. What was the status of the Catholic Church after the French Revolution?
(a) It was expanding.
(b) It was appealing to the peasantry more and more.
(c) It was becoming more powerful.
(d) It was declining.

11. What was a consequence of the emergence of a new class of people in European society?
(a) Nostalgia for lost cultural heritage.
(b) Stricter government surveillance.
(c) Libertinage.
(d) Religious freedom.

12. What landmark event does Hobsbawm see as the peak of the middle class ideology?
(a) The publication of Malthus' theories.
(b) The publication of Ricardo's 'Principles of Political Economy'.
(c) The publication of "Kubla Khan".
(d) The publication of "Origin of Species".

13. Who does Hobsbawm say typified the third kind of thinking that arose in the early 1800s?
(a) Wordsworth and Blake.
(b) Coleridge.
(c) Rousseau and Hegel.
(d) Goethe.

14. In Hobsbawm's account, what did the peasantry lose by land reforms sweeping the globe in the mid-1800s?
(a) Dependence on local government.
(b) Protections.
(c) Ambition.
(d) Freedom.

15. What stage was the political theory in when the organizers were making promises to the workers in the mid-1800s?
(a) It was still a lot of dreaming by people who were powerless to act.
(b) It was meeting the political will to begin to strive towards achieving its goals.
(c) It was establishing coalitions with policemen, soldiers, and union leaders to present demands and back them with force.
(d) It was not well-organized enough to be a threat.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the consequence of French land reforms in North Africa, in Hobsbawm's account?

2. What did the land have to be turned into before it could be developed economically, in Hobsbawm's opinion?

3. What was the new stance toward religion after the French Revolution?

4. How did many countries impose this transformation of land use on the people?

5. What was Chartism?

(see the answer keys)

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