|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Lawrence frequently utilized which strategy?
(a) Wedge attacks.
(b) Trapping forces by dependency.
2. Which nation did Russia decide to focus their efforts on first?
3. Which of the following is true regarding Hitler's preparations and planning?
(a) He wrote and disclosed his plans far ahead of time.
(b) He never recorded his plans.
(c) He made countless back-up and contingency plans.
(d) He never made plans ahead of time.
4. What is a "wedge attack" intended to achieve?
(a) The separation of enemy forces.
(b) The diversion of resources away from the real attack.
(c) The destruction of a fortified location.
(d) The wholesale destruction of enemy troops.
5. Which of the following best defines military strategy?
(a) The means by which military forces seek policy objectives.
(b) The use of military forces in the field to destroy enemy forces.
(c) The combination of military and political means of warfare.
(d) All movements and applications of military forces.
6. Forces are usually drawn into the "horns of a dilemma" in what way?
(a) Through failures of intelligence and planning.
(b) Through insufficient supply-lines.
(c) For legitimate strategic reasons.
(d) As a result of hot-headed leadership.
7. How were Arab nations vulnerable during the First World War?
(a) They had almost no communication or chain of command.
(b) Their supplies were extremely limited.
(c) They could not afford much loss of manpower.
(d) They had no real firearms.
8. What bias are generals likely to carry during war councils?
(a) They favor the armies and fronts under their command.
(b) They do not want to use thier own forces in an offensive.
(c) They are usually concerned about their careers more than victory.
(d) They trust their own superiors rather than the high command.
9. How did Hitler's military achievements match up against those of Napoleon's?
(a) He far exceeded Napoleon's accomplishments.
(b) Hitler's accomplishments were very different from Napoleon's.
(c) He matched Napoleon's achievements.
(d) He did not come close to matching Napoleon.
10. Which of the following historical commanders did NOT enjoy supreme power in both military and political matters, as did Hitler?
11. How successful were the Austrians in the First World War?
(a) The reconquered previously lost lands.
(b) They gained much new territory.
(c) They did not gain or lose any land.
(d) They lost significant territory.
12. Which war did Clausewitz's writings have a major impact on?
(a) World War I.
(b) The American Civil War.
(c) World War II.
(d) The Crimean War.
13. What field of military leadership generally applies to forces smaller than armies or fleets?
(d) Grand strategy.
14. Late in the war, the primary German leader in the east was allowed to employ the indirect method by using what kind of an attack?
(a) A sea assault on Leningrad.
(b) A flanking maneuver.
(c) A psychological attack using propaganda.
(d) An attack against the Vilna-Dvinsk railway.
15. In general, the Germans avoided what strategic mistake?
(a) Fighting engagements for too long or at too high a cost.
(b) Underestimating the enemy.
(c) Overextending supply lines.
(d) Misusing resources.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who was the main German commander on the eastern front?
2. Which of the following was a significant factor in the psychology of generals during World War II?
3. About how many soldiers did the Italians lose in their two and a half years of fighting in the First World War?
4. How did Hitler secure the loyalty of the commanders serving under him?
5. Which of the following was an important use of air-power in World War II?
This section contains 615 words
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