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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Emerson say he does not need in talking about virtuous action?
(a) The assurance of his fellows.
(b) Consent to do good.
(c) The assurance of philanthropists.
(d) Courage and charity.
2. According to Emerson, what are heroes attended by?
(a) Their victories.
(b) A visible escort of angels.
(c) The worship of others.
(d) An undying light.
3. What is a hobgoblin?
(a) A misinterpretation.
(b) An apparent danger.
(c) An imaginary creature.
(d) A superficial object.
4. Who wrote the verses that Emerson mentions at the beginning of the first paragraph?
(a) A well-known author.
(b) An unknown sculptor.
(c) An well-known painter.
(d) An unknown painter.
5. What does Emerson say a man speaking his opinions would do to other men?
(a) Force them to tell the truth.
(b) Force them to listen.
(c) Force them to see the truth.
(d) Put them in fear.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which of the following did Emerson NOT say by name is misunderstood?
2. What does Emerson say happens to the "voices which we hear in solitude" as we enter into the world?
3. What does Emerson say about the occurrence of virtues?
4. Emerson explains in his essay exactly what it is that "scares us from self-trust." What is it?
5. Why does Emerson say that it is difficult to live his rule?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Emerson mean when he says (in paragraph 10), "Nature is not slow to equip us in the prison-uniform of the party to which we adhere. We come to wear one cut of face and figure"?
2. In paragraph 38, Emerson explains the relationship between education and self-reliance. Describe this relationship.
3. In paragraph 10, Emerson gives a long account of exactly why he objects to conformity. His objection relates to personal "force" and the perception of character. Can you explain this objection?
4. At the beginning of paragraph 9, Emerson states: "What I must do is all that concerns me, not what the people think. This rule ... may serve for the whole distinction between greatness and meanness." What does he mean by that?
5. What does Emerson mean in paragraph 6 when he describes the voices we hear in solitude as "grown faint and inaudible as we enter into the world"?
6. Why does Emerson say in paragraph 26 that the world hates the fact that the soul becomes?
7. Emerson explains in paragraph 8 why he believes men "do what is called a good action." Describe his opinion on this subject.
8. In paragraph 33, Emerson says, "We are become timorous, desponding whimperers." Explain what he means by this.
9. What does Emerson say about strength in numbers?
10. After giving his example of "boys who are sure of a dinner" in paragraph 5, Emerson laments that adults cannot return to this neutrality. He explains what he believes would happen if we could. What does he believe would happen?
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