Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Chapter 2, what was the name of the shape of a chain suspended between two fixed points?
(a) Tractrix.
(b) Involute.
(c) Isoperimeters.
(d) Catenary.

2. Who believed that the universe would run down if it were not for God's intervention to renew his creation?
(a) Eddison.
(b) Newton.
(c) Franklin.
(d) Johnson.

3. Who came out in support of vis viva in 1722 and concluded that "what was before only a dispute of words now becomes a dispute about real things"?
(a) Voltaire.
(b) 'sGravesande.
(c) Galileo Galilei.
(d) Musschenbroek.

4. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?
(a) Fontenelle.
(b) Boyle.
(c) Swift.
(d) Newton.

5. Who carried rational mechanics to the highest point of generality and abstraction that it was to reach during the Enlightenment?
(a) Diderot.
(b) Lagrange.
(c) Daniel.
(d) Hermann.

Short Answer Questions

1. All of the following were the leading chemists and medical doctors, according to the beginning of Chapter 4, except for whom?

2. Chapter 2 reveals that Leibniz wrote the "second difference" in calculus as ________.

3. The narrator reveals that vis viva was a measure of ________ to conserve his creation while "action" was a measure of his efficiency.

4. All of the following English philosophers had shown convincingly that knowledge about the physical world could not be obtained from first principles without resort to experiment except for whom?

5. According to the narrator in Chapter 4, ________ and ________ were closely associated because they were still based to a large extent on the concept of the Aristotelian elements: earth, water, air, and fire.

(see the answer key)

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