Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Chapter 2 reveals that Leibniz wrote the "second difference" in calculus as ________.
(a) D2X.
(b) R6Z.
(c) B3C.
(d) A3E.

2. What was the name of the path by which an object slides from one point to another that is not on the same vertical line in the shortest possible time?
(a) Brachistachrone.
(b) Catenary.
(c) Tractrix.
(d) Involute.

3. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?
(a) Maupertuis.
(b) Fontenelle.
(c) Roberts.
(d) Marquis de l'Hopital.

4. In Chapter 2, what was the name of the shape of a chain suspended between two fixed points?
(a) Catenary.
(b) Tractrix.
(c) Isoperimeters.
(d) Involute.

5. According to the beginning of Chapter 1, in 1759 the French mathematician ________ described a revolution that he saw taking place in natural philosophy.
(a) Carnot.
(b) Newton.
(c) Jean Lerond d'Alembert.
(d) Euler.

Short Answer Questions

1. The influx of German texts coincided with the revival of French chemistry under ________, who began his famous chemical lectures at the Jardin de Roi in 1742.

2. What was the name of the philosopher who carried out the following experiments: kite, electric spider, and lightning bells to study electricity?

3. Lavoisier, along with the chemists Macquer, Cadet, and Brisson, performed experiments on ________ at the highest temperature available.

4. According to the narrator in Chapter 4, ________ and ________ were closely associated because they were still based to a large extent on the concept of the Aristotelian elements: earth, water, air, and fire.

5. Who became the leading literary figure of the Enlightenment and in 1734 published "Philosophical Letters"?

(see the answer key)

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