Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the name of the path by which an object slides from one point to another that is not on the same vertical line in the shortest possible time?
(a) Catenary.
(b) Brachistachrone.
(c) Tractrix.
(d) Involute.

2. What was the name of the philosopher who was the leading scientific experimenter in seventeenth-century England, who had agreed that he had never seen any "inanimate production of nature, or of chance, whose contrivance was comparable to that of the meanest limb of the despicabilist animal"?
(a) Robert Boyle.
(b) Locke.
(c) Galileo.
(d) Swift.

3. In Chapter 2, what was the name of the shape of a chain suspended between two fixed points?
(a) Catenary.
(b) Isoperimeters.
(c) Tractrix.
(d) Involute.

4. Who had written a preface to the second edition of the "Principia," supposedly with Newton's blessing, that described gravity as a force acting at a distance without any intervening medium?
(a) James Butler.
(b) Robert Boyle.
(c) Roger Cortes.
(d) Henry Oldenburg.

5. What was the name of the priest of the Congregation of the Oratory, who was also a philosopher, mathematician, and member of the French Academy of Sciences?
(a) Newton.
(b) Descartes.
(c) Nicolas Malebranche.
(d) Chatelet.

Short Answer Questions

1. In Chapter 3, who proposed a single static electrical "atmosphere" that attracted and repelled by pressure rather than by the impact of an electrical wind?

2. All of the following were forms of fire, according to Boerhaave and Musschenbroek, except for which one?

3. In Chapter 4, the narrator reveals that Anne Robert Jacques Turgot was a famous French ________.

4. ________ in Italy and ________ in Holland did experiments in which they measured the impact of a falling ball by dropping in onto clay.

5. Chapter 2 states that ________ had been created to deal with the problem of motion and that the new mathematical techniques discovered in the eighteenth century were all responses to the challenges of mechanics.

(see the answer key)

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