Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the name of the curve traced by the end of a string as it is unwrapped from another curve found in Chapter 2?
(a) Involute.
(b) Cycloid.
(c) Tractrix.
(d) Isoperimeters.

2. Who carried rational mechanics to the highest point of generality and abstraction that it was to reach during the Enlightenment?
(a) Diderot.
(b) Daniel.
(c) Hermann.
(d) Lagrange.

3. What area of study in the Middle Ages had been the domain of those truths that could be found through the use of reason alone without the revelation of the Bible?
(a) Mied mathematics.
(b) Natural theology.
(c) Psychology.
(d) Physiology.

4. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?
(a) Swift.
(b) Boyle.
(c) Fontenelle.
(d) Newton.

5. ________, working with the knowledge of latent heat, realized that a big difference in heat could be obtained with a small difference in temperature, if one compared water and ice.
(a) Black.
(b) Fordyce.
(c) Newton.
(d) Roebuck.

Short Answer Questions

1. The narrator explained in Chapter 4 that there was very little in Lavoisier's activities prior to 1772 that revealed any interest in ________.

2. In Chapter 4, the narrator reveals that Anne Robert Jacques Turgot was a famous French ________.

3. In 1688, Fontenelle wrote a treatise on the nature of the eclogue or ________.

4. The conversion of 'sGravesande confused the ideological debate because he was one of the leading supporters of ________ philosophy on the Continent.

5. By what name did natural philosophers want to be known as, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

(see the answer key)

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