Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What category of science, at the beginning of the Enlightenment, was "the science that teaches us the reasons and causes of all the effects that Nature produces," including both living and nonliving phenomena?
(a) Chemistry.
(b) Zoology.
(c) Biology.
(d) Physics.

2. Robert Whytt and Charles Aston studied the properties of ________ and ________ according, to the narrator in Chapter 4.
(a) Lemonlime / electrical heat.
(b) Magnesium citrate / quicklime.
(c) Quicklime / limewater.
(d) Boiling water / freezing water.

3. According to the beginning of Chapter 1, in 1759 the French mathematician ________ described a revolution that he saw taking place in natural philosophy.
(a) Carnot.
(b) Jean Lerond d'Alembert.
(c) Newton.
(d) Euler.

4. The narrator explains that the most important elements for the Chemical Revolution were ________ and ________.
(a) Earth / Water.
(b) Air / fire.
(c) Fire / Earth.
(d) Air / Earth.

5. In Chapter 2, who was the greatest analyst of the Enlightenment and created mathematical theories to predict the buckling of columns and beams?
(a) Leibniz.
(b) Newton.
(c) Bernoulli.
(d) Leonhard Euler.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?

2. All of the following philosophers at the University of Leiden followed Newton's lead in organizing experiments except for whom?

3. According to the narrator in Chapter 4, ________ and ________ were closely associated because they were still based to a large extent on the concept of the Aristotelian elements: earth, water, air, and fire.

4. The influx of German texts coincided with the revival of French chemistry under ________, who began his famous chemical lectures at the Jardin de Roi in 1742.

5. Symmer's socks suggested the presence of ________ electrical fluids, according to the narrator in Chapter 3.

(see the answer key)

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