Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In 1769, ________, a student of Joseph Black's at Glasgow, measured the repulsion between charges with an apparatus that balanced the electrical repulsion against gravitational attraction.
(a) Luigi Galvani.
(b) Charles Augustin Coulomb.
(c) John Robison.
(d) Volta.

2. What term did Toland invent for the belief that God and nature were one and the same, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?
(a) Deism.
(b) Academism.
(c) Pantheism.
(d) Mechanism.

3. According to Chapter 4, what is another name for nitrous oxide?
(a) Shocking gas.
(b) Laughing gas.
(c) Blinding gas.
(d) Tear gas.

4. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?
(a) Fontenelle.
(b) Newton.
(c) Boyle.
(d) Swift.

5. Some of the "cabinet de physique" became very large, the most famous being the collection of the ________ in Haarlem.
(a) Teyler Foundation.
(b) Rockefeller Foundation.
(c) Ford Foundation.
(d) Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Short Answer Questions

1. Symmer's socks suggested the presence of ________ electrical fluids, according to the narrator in Chapter 3.

2. In Chapter 2, what was the name of the path of a body that is dragged over a resisting horizontal surface by a cord of which one end moves along a straight line found?

3. In Chapter 4, what is the name of the group of financiers who obtained from the French government the right to collect taxes?

4. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?

5. The "Philosophical Letters" was a product of Voltaire's visit to ________ according to Chapter 2.

(see the answer key)

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