Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz E

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 4, Chemistry.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which German metaphysician, when asked in 1785 if he believed he lived in an enlightened age, answered, "No, we are living in an age of enlightenment."
(a) Diderot.
(b) Maupertuis.
(c) Chatelet.
(d) Immanuel Kant.

2. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?
(a) Roberts.
(b) Fontenelle.
(c) Maupertuis.
(d) Marquis de l'Hopital.

3. Who carried rational mechanics to the highest point of generality and abstraction that it was to reach during the Enlightenment?
(a) Daniel.
(b) Hermann.
(c) Lagrange.
(d) Diderot.

4. Some of the "cabinet de physique" became very large, the most famous being the collection of the ________ in Haarlem.
(a) Rockefeller Foundation.
(b) Ford Foundation.
(c) Teyler Foundation.
(d) Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

5. Who coined the expression "Scientific Revolution," according to the narrator in Chapter 1?
(a) Descartes.
(b) Newton.
(c) Malebranche.
(d) Jean Lerond d'Alembert.

Short Answer Questions

1. In Chapter 4, Turgot concluded from the experiments of ________ and ________ on evaporation in a vacuum that extensibility was a property not only of air but of all substances in a vaporous state.

2. Who made the first extensive series of investigations of electricity in his book "De Magnete," according to Chapter 3?

3. What was the name of the philosopher who could enthusiastically claim that "the works of Nature everywhere sufficiently evidence a Diety"?

4. What term did Toland invent for the belief that God and nature were one and the same, according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

5. Who had written a preface to the second edition of the "Principia," supposedly with Newton's blessing, that described gravity as a force acting at a distance without any intervening medium?

(see the answer key)

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