Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz D

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Experimental Physics.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The concept of a ________ was a necessary step in the process of quantification, according to the narrator in Chapter 3.
(a) Transmission fluid.
(b) Acid fluid.
(c) Capacitor fluid.
(d) Subtle fluid.

2. According to Chapter 1, ________, in 1747, attributed the cause of a "great revolution in physics" to Newton's "Principia."
(a) Descartes.
(b) Alexis-Claude Clairaut.
(c) Maupertuis.
(d) Malebranche.

3. In 1819, who gave a clue to the source of this pessimism when he wrote that "the power of our analysis is practically exhausted"?
(a) Isaac Barrow.
(b) Joseph-Louis Lagrange.
(c) Sylvestre-Francois Lacroix.
(d) Diderot.

4. In Chapter 1, who claimed that his "principle of least action" proved the existence of God?
(a) Pierre-Louis-Moreau de Maupertuis.
(b) Leibniz.
(c) Newton.
(d) Malebranche.

5. The eighteenth century was called by the French the ________ because of its emphasis on reason as a path to knowledge.
(a) Century of life.
(b) Century of science.
(c) Century of light.
(d) Century of reason.

Short Answer Questions

1. In the preface to his "Histoire" of the Paris Academy of Science, who argued in 1699 that the new "geometric spirit" could also improve works on politics, morals, literary criticism, and even public speaking?

2. What was the name of the philosopher who was the leading scientific experimenter in seventeenth-century England, who had agreed that he had never seen any "inanimate production of nature, or of chance, whose contrivance was comparable to that of the meanest limb of the despicabilist animal"?

3. Who coined the expression "Scientific Revolution," according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

4. What was the name of the path by which an object slides from one point to another that is not on the same vertical line in the shortest possible time?

5. In the hands of ________, history led not to an understanding of God's will but rather to an understanding of human nature.

(see the answer key)

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