Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz D

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Experimental Physics.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who argued in the "Preliminary discourse" to the "Encyclopedie" that mathematics was basic to all of physics, according to the narrator in Chapter 3?
(a) Jean d'Alembert.
(b) Boerhaave.
(c) Bacon.
(d) Locke.

2. In 1729, ________, a dedicated amateur experimenter and occasional contributor to the "Philosophical Transactions" of the Royal Society, discovered that electricity could be communicated over rather long distances by contact.
(a) 'sGravesande.
(b) Francis Hauksbee.
(c) Stephen Gray.
(d) Newton.

3. According to the narrator in Chapter 2, the only machine employed by rational mechanics was ________.
(a) The mind.
(b) The soul.
(c) The car.
(d) The body.

4. Who coined the expression "Scientific Revolution," according to the narrator in Chapter 1?
(a) Malebranche.
(b) Jean Lerond d'Alembert.
(c) Descartes.
(d) Newton.

5. What category of science, at the beginning of the Enlightenment, was "the science that teaches us the reasons and causes of all the effects that Nature produces," including both living and nonliving phenomena?
(a) Chemistry.
(b) Zoology.
(c) Physics.
(d) Biology.

Short Answer Questions

1. All of the following philosophers at the University of Leiden followed Newton's lead in organizing experiments except for whom?

2. What was the name of the priest of the Congregation of the Oratory, who was also a philosopher, mathematician, and member of the French Academy of Sciences?

3. Who stated in the introduction to their book that, "There are no figures in this book. The methods that I demonstrate here require neither constructions, nor geometrical or mechanical reasoning, but only algebraic operations, subject to a regular and uniform development"?

4. Of all the subtle fluids conceived of during the Enlightenment, the ________ was the one that caused the most excitement and attracted the most researchers.

5. The concept of a ________ was a necessary step in the process of quantification, according to the narrator in Chapter 3.

(see the answer key)

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