Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz C

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Experimental Physics.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What was the name of the priest of the Congregation of the Oratory, who was also a philosopher, mathematician, and member of the French Academy of Sciences?
(a) Nicolas Malebranche.
(b) Newton.
(c) Descartes.
(d) Chatelet.

2. Who was the extraordinary philosopher whose life and career exemplified many aspects of the Enlightenment, although he was not especially prominent as a natural philosopher nor was he the main protagonist in the vis viva controversy?
(a) Bernoulli.
(b) Gabrielle de Breteuil.
(c) Chatelet.
(d) Voltaire.

3. Leibniz, in his differential calculus, broke up the curve into many little straight lines, creating a ________, in Chapter 2 of "Science and the Enlightenment."
(a) Diagonal curve.
(b) Pentagon curve.
(c) Polygon curve.
(d) Centripetal curve.

4. According to the narrator in Chapter 3, who became a famous doctor and chemist and initiated the Dutch program in his oration of 1715 entitled "De comparando certo in physicis"?
(a) Boerhaave.
(b) Mariotte.
(c) Musschenbroek.
(d) Newton.

5. All of the following English philosophers had shown convincingly that knowledge about the physical world could not be obtained from first principles without resort to experiment except for whom?
(a) Newton.
(b) Locke.
(c) Boyle.
(d) Bacon.

Short Answer Questions

1. Chapter 2 reveals that Leibniz wrote the "second difference" in calculus as ________.

2. Who believed that the universe would run down if it were not for God's intervention to renew his creation?

3. In Chapter 2, what was the name of the path of a body that is dragged over a resisting horizontal surface by a cord of which one end moves along a straight line found?

4. Who argued in the "Preliminary discourse" to the "Encyclopedie" that mathematics was basic to all of physics, according to the narrator in Chapter 3?

5. In 1729, ________, a dedicated amateur experimenter and occasional contributor to the "Philosophical Transactions" of the Royal Society, discovered that electricity could be communicated over rather long distances by contact.

(see the answer key)

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