Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz C

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Experimental Physics.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In Chapter 3, who proposed a single static electrical "atmosphere" that attracted and repelled by pressure rather than by the impact of an electrical wind?
(a) Desagulier.
(b) Newton.
(c) Franklin.
(d) Musschenbroek.

2. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?
(a) Roberts.
(b) Fontenelle.
(c) Maupertuis.
(d) Marquis de l'Hopital.

3. The eighteenth century was called by the French the ________ because of its emphasis on reason as a path to knowledge.
(a) Century of light.
(b) Century of life.
(c) Century of reason.
(d) Century of science.

4. According to the narrator in Chapter 1, who was one of the originators of the mechanical philosophy who believed there were no forces or powers in matter?
(a) Descartes.
(b) Bernoulli.
(c) Leibniz.
(d) Carnot.

5. In 1769, ________, a student of Joseph Black's at Glasgow, measured the repulsion between charges with an apparatus that balanced the electrical repulsion against gravitational attraction.
(a) John Robison.
(b) Luigi Galvani.
(c) Charles Augustin Coulomb.
(d) Volta.

Short Answer Questions

1. The concept of a ________ was a necessary step in the process of quantification, according to the narrator in Chapter 3.

2. According to the narrator in Chapter 2, the only machine employed by rational mechanics was ________.

3. In Chapter 2, what was the name of the shape of a chain suspended between two fixed points?

4. What was the name of the philosopher who carried out the following experiments: kite, electric spider, and lightning bells to study electricity?

5. Who coined the expression "Scientific Revolution," according to the narrator in Chapter 1?

(see the answer key)

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