Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz C

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Experimental Physics.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who stated in the introduction to their book that, "There are no figures in this book. The methods that I demonstrate here require neither constructions, nor geometrical or mechanical reasoning, but only algebraic operations, subject to a regular and uniform development"?
(a) Lagrange.
(b) Basel.
(c) Hermann.
(d) Euler.

2. According to the narrator in Chapter 1, who was one of the originators of the mechanical philosophy who believed there were no forces or powers in matter?
(a) Leibniz.
(b) Carnot.
(c) Bernoulli.
(d) Descartes.

3. ________, "curator of experiments" at the Royal Society, began research on the luminosity of phosphorus in 1705, under instruction from members of the society.
(a) Abbe Nollet.
(b) William Gilbert.
(c) Francis Hauksbee.
(d) John Cuthbertson.

4. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?
(a) Marquis de l'Hopital.
(b) Fontenelle.
(c) Maupertuis.
(d) Roberts.

5. In Chapter 1, who claimed that his "principle of least action" proved the existence of God?
(a) Malebranche.
(b) Pierre-Louis-Moreau de Maupertuis.
(c) Newton.
(d) Leibniz.

Short Answer Questions

1. In the early years of the Enlightenment, the strongest support on the Continent for Newton's philosophy came from ________.

2. The concept of a ________ was a necessary step in the process of quantification, according to the narrator in Chapter 3.

3. All of the following philosophers at the University of Leiden followed Newton's lead in organizing experiments except for whom?

4. According to the narrator in Chapter 3, who became a famous doctor and chemist and initiated the Dutch program in his oration of 1715 entitled "De comparando certo in physicis"?

5. Who had written a preface to the second edition of the "Principia," supposedly with Newton's blessing, that described gravity as a force acting at a distance without any intervening medium?

(see the answer key)

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