Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Eight Week Quiz C

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 3, Experimental Physics.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. According to Chapter 1, who made Newton into a supreme rationalist whose laws of motion were a priori deductions of pure thought?
(a) Roberts.
(b) Fontenelle.
(c) Maupertuis.
(d) Marquis de l'Hopital.

2. All of the following were forms of fire, according to Boerhaave and Musschenbroek, except for which one?
(a) Heat.
(b) Wood.
(c) Electricity.
(d) Light.

3. The "Philosophical Letters" was a product of Voltaire's visit to ________ according to Chapter 2.
(a) America.
(b) Germany.
(c) Africa.
(d) England.

4. Who was France's greatest hero of the Enlightenment partly because he was from England, the source of free thought and liberty and partly because he had solved the riddle of the planets, showing that their motions obeyed the same laws as motions on earth?
(a) Boyle.
(b) Swift.
(c) Newton.
(d) Fontenelle.

5. What was the name of the philosopher who was the leading scientific experimenter in seventeenth-century England, who had agreed that he had never seen any "inanimate production of nature, or of chance, whose contrivance was comparable to that of the meanest limb of the despicabilist animal"?
(a) Galileo.
(b) Swift.
(c) Locke.
(d) Robert Boyle.

Short Answer Questions

1. In 1819, who gave a clue to the source of this pessimism when he wrote that "the power of our analysis is practically exhausted"?

2. In Chapter 3, who proposed a single static electrical "atmosphere" that attracted and repelled by pressure rather than by the impact of an electrical wind?

3. Chapter 2 states that ________ had been created to deal with the problem of motion and that the new mathematical techniques discovered in the eighteenth century were all responses to the challenges of mechanics.

4. Who had written a preface to the second edition of the "Principia," supposedly with Newton's blessing, that described gravity as a force acting at a distance without any intervening medium?

5. Who carried rational mechanics to the highest point of generality and abstraction that it was to reach during the Enlightenment?

(see the answer key)

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