Science and the Enlightenment Quiz | Four Week Quiz B

Thomas L. Hankins
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This quiz consists of 5 multiple choice and 5 short answer questions through Chapter 5, Natural History and Physiology.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Lavoisier, along with the chemists Macquer, Cadet, and Brisson, performed experiments on ________ at the highest temperature available.
(a) Magnets.
(b) Diamonds.
(c) Gold.
(d) Rubies.

2. In Chapter 5, the most scandalous physiology of all was "Man the Machine" of ________.
(a) Boerhaave.
(b) La Mettrie.
(c) Shaftesbury.
(d) Vincennes.

3. Chapter 5 reveals that in ________, natural theology declined after 1750 as a result of the anti-religious sentiment of the Enlightenment.
(a) France.
(b) Germany.
(c) England.
(d) America.

4. Who called natural history the "great root and mother" of all the sciences and made it the indispensable prelude to his experimental philosophy in Chapter 5?
(a) Franklin.
(b) Newton.
(c) Bacon.
(d) Lavoisier.

5. From ________'s law of falling bodies, it was known that the heights would be proportional to the squares of the velocities at impact.
(a) Voltaire.
(b) Galileo.
(c) Descartes.
(d) Poleni.

Short Answer Questions

1. The influx of German texts coincided with the revival of French chemistry under ________, who began his famous chemical lectures at the Jardin de Roi in 1742.

2. Electricians in the following countries concluded from their experiments that electrified seeds germinated faster, that electrified plants sent out shoots earlier, and that electrified animals were slightly lighter than non-electrified ones, except for which country?

3. The reintroduction of atomism into chemistry was accomplished by a meteorologist, ________, who became a chemist only when he saw the implications for chemistry of his ideas about the atmosphere.

4. The concept of a ________ was a necessary step in the process of quantification, according to the narrator in Chapter 3.

5. In Chapter 5, Ingen-Housz was able to show in his "Experiments on Vegetables" that it was ________ not ________, that was essential for the production of oxygen by the leaves.

(see the answer key)

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